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Full text of "Jewish school and family Bible"

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UNIVERSITY OF N.C. AT CHAPEL HILL 



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JEWISH 
SCHOOL & FAMILY BIBLE. 



VOLUME II., CONTAINING THE 

HISTORICAL PARTS, 

NEWLY TRANSLATED 

UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF THE REV. THE CHIEF RABBI OF THB 
UNITED CONGREGATIONS OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE. 



BY DR. A. BENISCH, 

Professor of Hebrew to the Jews' and General Literary and Scientific Institution ; 
late Lecturer to the Western Synagogue, St. Alban's Place. 



LONDON: 
S. SOLOMON, DUKE STREET, ALDGATE; 

A. B. DAVIS, 513, NEW OXFORD STREET; NEW YORK, JOHN WILEY. 

1852. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/jewishschoolfami02 



JOSHUA. 



Chap. I. 

1 And it came to pass after the death of Moses the servant of 
the Eternal, that the Eternal said unto Joshua the son of Nun, 

2 Moses' minister, as follows, Moses my servant is dead; 
now therefore arise, pass over this Jordan, thou, and all this 
people, unto the land which I do give to them, even to the 

3 children of Israel. Every place that the sole 1 of your foot 
shall tread upon, thai have I given unto you, as I spake unto 

4 Moses. From the desert and this Lebanon even unto the 
great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, 
and unto the great sea towards the going down 2 of the sun, 

5 shall be your boundary. There shall not any man be able 
to stand 3 before thee all the days of thy life : as I was with 
Moses, so I will be with thee : I will not fail thee, nor for- 

6 sake thee. Be strong and firm : for unto this people shalt 
thou divide for an inheritance the land, which I sware unto 

7 their fathers to give them. Only be thou strong and very 
firm, that thou mayest observe 4 to do according to all the 
law, which Moses my servant commanded thee : depart 
not from it to the right or to the left, that thou mayest act 

8 wisely whithersoever thou goest. This book of the law shall 
not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate 5 

' hollow. 2 coming. 3 place himself. 4 keep. 5 utter. 
B 



JOSHUA, Chap. I. II. 

therein day and night, that thou mayest observe 1 to do 
according to all that is written therein : for then thou shalt 
make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt act wisely. 
9 Have not I commanded thee ? Be strong and firm ; be not 
terrified, neither be thou dismayed: for the Eternal thy 

10 God is with thee whithersoever thou goest. Then Joshua 

11 commanded the bailiffs of the people, saying, Pass through 
the camp, and command the people, saying, Prepare you 
provisions; for within three days ye shall pass over this 
Jordan, to go in to possess the land, which the Eternal your 

12 God give th you to possess it. And to the Reubenites, and 
to the Gadites, and to half the tribe of Manasseh, said 

13 Joshua, as follows, Remember the word which Moses the 
servant of the Eternal commanded you, saying, The Eternal 
your God hath given you rest, and hath given you this land. 

14 Your wives, your little ones, and your cattle, shall abide 
in the land which Moses gave you on this side of the Jordan; 
but as for you, ye shall pass before your brethren harnessed, || 

15 all the heroes of the force, and help them ; Until the Eternal 
hath given your brethren rest, as he hath given you, and they 
also have succeeded to the land which the Eternal your 
God giveth them : then ye shall return unto the land of 
your possession, and succeed to it, which Moses the servant 
of the Eternal gave you on this side of the Jordan towards 

1 6 the sun rising. And they answered Joshua, saying, All that 
thou commandest us we will do, and whithersoever thou 

17 sendest us we will go. According as we hearkened unto 
Moses in all things, so will we hearken unto thee: only the 
Eternal thy God be with thee, as he was with Moses. 

18 Every man that doth rebel against thy commandment, 2 
and will not hearken unto thy words in all that thou com- 
mandest him, he shall be put to death, only be strong and 
firm. 

Chap. II. 

1 And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men as 
spies privately, saying, Go see the land, even Jericho. And 
they went, and came into an harlot's house, and her name 

2 was Rahab, and lay down there. And it was said to the 
king of Jericho, as follows, Behold, there came men in hither 
to-night of the children of Israel to search out 3 the country. 

1 keep. 2 mouth. 3 dig. 
2 



JOSHUA, Crap. II. 

3 And the king of Jericho sent unto Rahab, saying, Bring 
forth the men that are come to thee, who are come into 
thine house : for they are come to search out 1 the country. 

4 And the woman took the two men, and concealed them, 
and said thus, There came men unto me, but I wist not 

5 whence they were : And it came to pass about the time of 
shutting of the gate, in the darkness, that the men went 
out : whither the men went I wot not : pursue after them 

6 quickly ; for ye shall overtake them. But she had brought 
them up to the roof of the house, and hid 3 them with the 
stalks of flax, 3 which she had set in order upon the roof. 

7 And the men pursued after them the way to the Jordan unto 
the fords : and they shut the gate, as soon as the pursuers 

8 had gone out after them. And before they lay down, she 

9 came up unto them upon the roof; And she said unto the 
men, I know that the Eternal hath given you the land, and 
that the horror of you is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabi- 

10 tants of the land faint 4 because of you. For we have heard 
how the Eternal dried up the water of the Red Sea 5 for 
you, when ye came out of Egypt ; and what ye did unto 
the two kings of the Amorites, that were on the other side 
of the Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye doomed to des- 

11 truction. And as soon as we had heard these things, our 
hearts did melt, neither did there remain 6 any more spirit 
in any man, because of you: for the Eternal your God, he 

12 is God in the heaven above, and in the earth beneath. Now, 
therefore, I pray you, swear unto me by the Eternal, since 
I have shown 7 you mercy, that ye will also shew 8 mercy unto 

1 3 my father's house ; and give me a true sign. 9 And that ye 
will keep alive my father, and my mother, and my brethren, 
and my sisters, and all that they have, and deliver our souls 

14 from death. And the men answered her, Our soul be given 
for your's, unto death, if ye tell not these our words. And it 
shall be, when the Eternal hath given us the land, that we 

15 will deal kindly and truly 10 with thee. Then she let them 
down by the cord through the window : for her house was in 

16 a wall of the rampart, and she abode in the rampart. And 
she said unto them, Go ye to the mountain, lest the pursuers 
meet you ; and hide yourselves there three days, until the 
pursuers be returned : and afterwards may ye go your way. 

17 And the men said unto her, We will be guiltless of this 

1 dig. 2 secreted. 3 flax of the wood. 4 dissolve. s sea of flags. 6 rise. " done. 
8 do. 9 sign of truth. 10 do mercy and truth. 
3 2 b 



JOSHUA, Chap. II. III. 

18 thine oath which thou hast adjured us. Behold, when we 
come into the land, thou shalt bind this cord of crimson 
thread in the window which thou didst let us down by : 
and thou shalt gather thy father, and thy mother, and thy 
brethren, and all thy father's household into the house unto 

19 thee. And it shall be, that whosoever shall go outside of 
the doors of thy house, his blood shall be upon his head, 
and we will be guiltless : and whosoever shall be with thee 
in the house, his blood shall be on our head, if any hand 

20 be upon him. And if thou tell this our word, then we will 
be guiltless of thine oath, with which thou hast adjured us. 

21 And she said, According unto your words, so be it. And 
she let them go, and they went: and she bound the 

22 crimson cord in the window. And they went, and came 
unto the mountain, and abode there three days, until the 
pursuers were returned : and the pursuers sought them 

23 throughout all the way, but found them not. So the two 
men returned, and came down from the mountain, and 
passed over, and came to Joshua the son of Nun, and 

24 related to him all that befel 1 them : And they said unto 
Joshua, Truly the Eternal hath given into our hands all 
the land; for even all the inhabitants of the country do 
faint 2 because of us. 

Chap. III. 

1 And Joshua rose early in the morning; and they journeyed 
from Shittim, and came to the Jordan, he and all the 
children of Israel, and lodged there before they passed over. 

2 And it came to pass after 3 three days, that the bailiffs 

3 went through the camp; And they commanded the people, 
saying, When ye see the ark 4 of the covenant of the Eternal 
your God, and the priests the Levites bearing it, then ye shall 

4 journey from your place, and go after it. Yet there shall be 
a distance between you and it, about two thousand cubits by 
the measure: do not approach it, that ye may know the way 
by which ye must go: for ye have not passed this way hereto- 

5 fore. 5 And Joshua said unto the people, Sanctify yourselves: 

6 for to-morrow the Eternal will do wonders among you. And 
Joshua said unto the priests, as follows, Bear the ark 4 of 
the covenant, and pass over before the people. And they 
bare the ark 4 of the covenant, and went before the people. 

1 found. 2 dissolve. 3 at the extremity of. 4 case. 5 from yesterday before yesterday. 
4 



JOSHUA, Chap. III. IV. 

7 And the Eternal said unto Joshua, This day will I begin 
to magnify thee in the eyes of all Israel, that they may know 

8 that, as I was with Moses, so will I be with thee. And 
thou shalt command the priests that bear the ark 1 of the 
covenant, saying, When ye are come to the extremity of 
the waters of the Jordan, ye shall stand still in the Jordan. 

9 And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, Step hither, 

10 and hear the words of the Eternal your God, And Joshua 
said, Hereby ye shall know that the living God is among 
you, and that he will without fail dispossess from before you 
the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Hivite, and the 
Perizzite, and the Girgashite, and the Amorite, and the 

1 1 Jebusite. Behold, the ark 1 of the covenant of the Eternal 

12 of all the earth passeth over before you into the Jordan. Now 
therefore take you twelve men out of the tribes of Israel, 

13 out of every tribe a man. 2 And it shall come to pass, as 
soon as the soles 3 of the feet of the priests that bear the ark 1 
of the Eternal, the Eternal of all the earth, shall rest in the 
waters of the Jordan, that the waters of the Jordan shall be 
cut off from the waters that come down from above ; and 

14 they shall stand upon a mound. And it came to pass, when 
the people journeyed from their tents, to pass over the 
Jordan, and the priests bearing the ark 1 of the covenant 

15 before the people; And as they that bare the ark 1 were 
come unto the Jordan, and the feet of the priests that bare 
the ark 1 were dipped in the extremity of the water, and 
the Jordan being full on all its banks all the time 4 of harvest 

16 That the waters which came down from above stood and 
rose up as one mound very far from the city Adam, that is 
beside Zaretan : and those that came down towards the 
sea of the plain, even the salt sea failed, 5 and were cut off: 

17 and the people passed over right against Jericho. And 
the priests that bare the ark 1 of the covenant of the Eternal 
stood firm 6 on the dry ground in the midst of the Jordan, 
and all the Israelites passed over on the dry ground, until all 
the people were completely passed over the Jordan. 

Chap. IV. 

1 And it came to pass, when all the people were completely 
passed over the Jordan, that the Eternal said unto Joshua, 

1 case. 2 one man one man for a tribe. 3 hollows. 4 days. 5 were 
complete. 6 prepared. 
5 



JOSHUA, Chap. IV. 

2 as follows, Take you twelve men out of the people, out of 
every tribe a man, 1 

3 And command ye them, saying, Bear you hence out of 
the midst of the Jordan, out of the place where the priests' 
feet stood firm, 2 twelve stones, and ye shall carry them 3 
over with you, and place them in the lodging-place, where 

4 ye shall lodge this night. Then Joshua called the twelve 
men, whom he had prepared of the children of Israel, 

5 out of every tribe a man i 1 And Joshua said unto them, 
Pass over before the ark 4 of the Eternal your God into the 
midst of the Jordan, and heave you up every man of you 
a stone upon his shoulder, according to the number of 

6 the tribes of the children of Israel : That this may be a 
sign among you, that when your children ask their fathers 
in time to come, 5 saying, What mean ye 6 by these stones ? 

7 Then ye shall say unto them, That the waters of the Jordan 
were cut off before the ark 4 of the covenant of the Eternal ; 
when it passed over the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan 
were cut off: and these stones shall be for a memorial 

8 unto the children of Israel for ever. And the children of 
Israel did so as Joshua commanded, and took up 7 twelve 
stones out of the midst of the Jordan, as the Eternal spake 
unto Joshua, according to the number of the tribes of the 
children of Israel, and carried them over, 8 with them unto 

9 the lodging-place, and placed them there. And Joshua 
raised twelve stones in the midst of the Jordan, in the 
place where the feet of the priests bearers of the ark 4 of 
the covenant stood: and they are 9 there unto this day. 

10 And the priests, the bearers of the ark, 4 stood in the midst 
of the Jordan, until everything was completed that the 
Eternal commanded Joshua to speak unto the people, 
according to all that Moses commanded Joshua : and the 

1 1 people hasted and passed over. And it came to pass, when 
all the people had completely passed over, that the ark 4 of 
the Eternal passed over, and the priests, in the pre- 

12 sence of the people. And the children of Reuben, and 
the children of Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh, passed 
over harnessed before the children of Israel, as Moses spake 

13 unto them : About forty thousand equipped for the host 
passed over before the Eternal unto the war, to the plains 

1 one man one man from a tribe. 2 prepared. 3 cause them to pass. 4 case. 
5 to-morrow. 6 to you. 7 carried. 8 caused them to pass. 9 were. 
G 



JOSHUA, Chap. IV. V. 

14 of Jericho. On that day the Eternal magnified Joshua in 
the eyes of all Israel ; and they feared him, as they feared 

15 Moses, all the days of his life. And the Eternal said unto 

16 Joshua as follows, Command the priests the bearers of the 
ark 1 of the testimony, that they come up out of the Jordan. 

17 Joshua therefore commanded the priests, saying, Come ye 

18 up out of the Jordan. And it came to pass, when the 
priests the bearers of the ark 1 of the covenant of the Eternal 
were come up out of the midst of the Jordan, and the soles 2 
of the priests' feet were withdrawn towards the dryland, that 
the waters of the Jordan returned unto their place, and 

19 flowed 3 over all its banks, as before. 4 And the people came 
up out of the Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, 
and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border 5 of Jericho. 

20 And those twelve stones, which they took out of the Jordan, 

2 1 did Joshua raise in Gilgal. And he spake unto the chil- 
dren of Israel, saying, When your children shall ask their 
fathers in time to come, 6 saying, What mean these stones ? 

22 Then ye shall let your children know, saying, Israel came 

23 over this Jordan on dry 7 land, For the Eternal your 
God dried up the waters of the Jordan from before you, 
until ye were passed over, as the Eternal your God did 
to the Red Sea, 8 which he dried up from before us, until 

24 we were gone over: That all the peoples of the earth 
might know the hand of the Eternal, that it is strong ; 
that ye might fear the Eternal your God for ever. 



Chap. V. 

1 And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorite, 
who were on the side of the Jordan westward, 9 and all the 
kings of the Canaanite, who were by the sea, heard that 
the Eternal had dried up the waters of the Jordan from 
before the children of Israel, until they 10 were passed over, 
that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them 

2 any more, because of the children of Israel. At that time 
the Eternal said unto Joshua, Make thee sharp knives, 11 
and circumcise again 12 the children of Israel the second 

3 time. And Joshua made him sharp knives, 11 and circum- 

1 case. 2 hollows. 3 went. 4 yesterday before yesterday. 5 extremity of sunrise. 

6 to-morrow. 7 dried up. 8 sea of flags. 9 seaward. l0 we. u swords of 

crags. ls return. 

7 



JOSHUA, Chap. V. 

cised the children of Israel at the hill of the foreskins. 

4 And this is the cause 1 why Joshua did circumcise: All 
the people that came out of Egypt, that were males, even 
all the men of the war, died in the desert by the way, after 

5 they came out of Egypt. Now all the people that came 
out were circumcised : but all the people that were born in 
the desert by the way as they came forth out of Eg} 7 pt, 

6 them they had not circumcised. For the children of Israel 
walked forty years in the desert, till all the nation the 
men of the war, who came out of Egypt, were consumed, 2 
because they obeyed not the voice of the Eternal: unto 
whom the Eternal sware that he would not shew them the 
land which the Eternal sware unto their fathers that he 

7 would give us, a land flowing with milk and honey. And 
their children, whom he raised up in their stead, them 
Joshua circumcised : for they were uncircumcised, because 

8 they had not circumcised them by the way. And it came 
to pass, when they had completed circumcising all the 
nation, that they abode in their places in the camp till they 

9 were whole. 3 And the Eternal said unto Joshua, This 
day have I rolled away the disgrace of Egypt from off you. 
Wherefore the name of the place is called Gilgal unto this 

10 day. And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and 
kept 4 the passover on the fourteenth day of the month, at 

1 1 even, in the plains of Jericho. And they did eat of the 
produce of the land, from the morrow of the passover, un- 
leavened cakes and parched corn in the self-same day. 

12 And the manna left off from the morrow after they had 
eaten of the produce of the land ; neither had the children 
of Israel manna any more ; but they did eat of the fruit 5 of 

13 the land of Canaan that year. And it came to pass, when 
Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, 
and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his 
sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, 
and said unto him, Art thou for us or for our adversaries ? 

14 And he said, Nay ; for I am an officer of the host of the 
Eternal ; I am just now come. And Joshua fell on his 
face to the earth, and prostrated himself, and said unto 

15 him, What speaketh my lord unto his servant? And the 
officer of the host of the Eternal, said unto Joshua, Put off 
thy shoe from thy foot ; for the place whereon thou standest 
is holiness. And Joshua did so. 

1 word. 2 completed. 3 lived. 4 made. 5 increase. 
8 



JOSHUA, Chap. VI. 

Chap. VI. 

1 Now Jericho was straitly 1 shut up, because of the children 

2 of Israel; none went out and none came in. And the 
Eternal said unto Joshua, See, I have given into thine 
hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the heroes of the 

3 force. And ye shall compass the city, all ye men of the war, 
and go round about the city once : thus shalt thou do 

4 six days. And seven priests shall bear before the ark 2 
seven jubilee cornets: and the seventh day ye shall com- 
pass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with 3 

5 the cornets. And it shall come to pass, that when they 
make along blast 1 with the jubilee horn, and when ye hear 
the sound 5 of the cornet, all the people shall shout with 
a great shout ; 6 and the rampart of the city shall fall down 
flat, and the people shall go up, every man straight before 7 

6 him. And Joshua the son of Nun called the priests, and 
said unto them, Bear the ark 2 of the covenant, and seven 
priests shall bear seven jubilee cornets before the ark 2 of 

7 the Eternal. And he said unto the people, Pass on, and 
compass the city, and let him that is armed pass on before 

8 the ark 2 of the Eternal. And it was as Joshua had said 
unto the people: the seven priests bearing the seven jubi- 
lee cornets passed on before the Eternal, and blew 8 with 
the trumpets; and the ark 2 of the covenant of the Eternal 

9 went after them. And the equipped men went before the 
priests that blew 8 with the cornets, and the rereward 9 
went after the ark, 2 the priests going on, and blowing 10 

10 with the cornets. And Joshua had commanded the 
people, saying, Ye shall not shout 11 nor let your voice 
be heard, neither shall any word proceed 12 out of your 
mouth, until the day I say unto you shout ; n then 

11 shall ye shout. 11 So the ark 2 of the Eternal compassed 
the city, going about it once: and they came into the 

12 camp, and lodged over night in the camp. And Joshua 
rose early in the morning, and the priests carried the ark 2 

13 of the Eternal. And the seven priests, bearing seven 
jubilee cornets before the ark 2 of the Eternal, went on 
continually, 13 and blew 8 with the cornets : and the equipped 
men went before them ; but the rereward 9 went after the 
ark 2 of the Eternal, the priests going on, and blowing 10 

14 with the cornets. And the second day they compassed the 

1 shutting. 2 case. 3 fix. 4 in the drawing. s voice. G diu a great din, 

7 opposite. 8 fixed. 9 gatherer. 10 fixing, "din. ia go. 3 going. 
9 



JOSHUA, Chap. VI. 

city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six 

15 days. And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they 
rose early about the rising 1 of the dawn, and compassed 
the city after the same manner 2 seven times ; only on that 

16 day they compassed the city seven times. And it came 
to pass at the seventh time, when the priests blew 3 with 
the cornets, Joshua said unto the people, Shout ; 4 for the 

17 Eternal hath given you the city. And the city shall be 
doomed, even it and all that are therein, to the Eternal : 
only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all that are with 
her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we 

18 sent. And you, in any wise keep yourselves from the 
doomed thing, lest ye make yourselves doomed when ye 
take of the doomed thing, and make the camp of Israel 

19 doomed, and trouble it. But all the silver, and gold, 
and vessels of copper and iron, are holiness unto the 
Eternal ; they shall come into the treasury of the Eternal. 

20 So the people shouted 5 when the priests blew 3 with the 
cornets: and it came to pass, when the people heard the 
sound 6 of the cornet, and the people shouted with a great 
shout 7 that the rampart fell down fiat, 8 so that the people 
went up into the city, every man straight before 9 him, and 

21 they conquered the city: And they doomed to death all 
that was in the city, from man to woman, from young to 
old, to any of the herd, or flock, and ass, with the edge 10 of 

22 the sword. But unto the two men that had spied out 
the country, Joshua had said, Go into the house of the 
woman, the harlot, and bring out thence the woman, and 

23 all that she hath, as ye sware unto her. And the young 
men 11 that were spies went in, and brought out Rahab, 
and her father, and her mother, and her brethren, and 
all that she had ; and they brought out all her kindred, 12 

24 and placed them without the camp of Israel. And they 
burnt the city with fire, and all that was therein : only the 
silver, and the gold, and the vessels of copper and of iron, 
they put 13 into the treasury of the house of the Eternal. 

25 And Rahab the harlot, and her father's household, and 
all belonging to her Joshua kept alive ; and she abideth 14 in 
Israel even unto this day ; because she hid the messengers 

26 which Joshua sent to spy out Jericho. And Joshua 
adjured them, at that time, saying, Cursed be the man 

1 going up. 2 judgement. 3 fixed. 4 din. s dinned. 6 voice. 7 dinned a great din. 
8 underneath it. 9 opposite. 10 mouth. " lads. 12 families. 13 gave. 14 abode. 
10 



JOSHUA, Chap. VI. VII. 

before the Eternal, that riseth up and buildeth this city- 
Jericho; with his first-born he shall lay the foundation 
thereof, and with his youngest son shall he set up the 
27 gates of it. So the Eternal was with Joshua; and his 
fame was throughout all the land. 

Chap. VII. 

1 But the children of Israel committed 1 a trespass in the 
doomed thing : for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of 
Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the 
doomed thing: and the wrath of the Eternal glowed 

2 against the children of Israel. And Joshua sent men from 
Jericho to the Ai, which is beside Beth-aven, on the east 
of Bethel, and spake unto them, saying, Go up and spy 

3 the land. And the men went up and spied the Ai. And 
they returned to Joshua, and said unto him, Let not all 
the people go up ; but let about two or three thousand 
men go up and smite the Ai ; and make not all the people 

4 to labour 2 thither; for they are but few. So there went 
up thither of the people about three thousand men : and 

5 they ran away from before the men of the Ai. And the 
men of the Ai smote of them about thirty and six men : 
and they pursued them from before the gate even unto 
the breaches, and smote them in the descent : wherefore 
the hearts of the people were dissolved, and became as 

6 water. And Joshua rent his outer garments, and fell to 
the earth upon his face before the ark 3 of the Eternal 
until the evening, he and the elders of Israel, and put 4 

7 dust upon their heads. And Joshua said, Alas ! O Lord 
Eternal, wherefore hast thou at all caused this people to 
pass over the Jordan, to give us into the hand of the 
Amorite, to cause us to perish ? Would we had been con- 

8 tent/ and abode on the other side of the Jordan ! O 
Lord, what shall I say, after Israel have turned their 

9 backs 6 before their enemies ! For the Canaanite, and all 
the inhabitants of the land, shall hear of it, and shall com- 
pass us, and cut off our name from the earth : and what 

10 wilt thou do unto thy great name ? And the Eternal said 
unto Joshua, Get 7 thee up ; wherefore art thou thus fallen 

1 1 upon thy face ? Israel hath sinned, and they have also trans- 
gressed 8 my covenant which I commanded them : for they 
have even taken of the doomed thing, and have also stolen, 

1 trespassed. 2 fatigue. 3 case. 4 brought up. 5 consented. 6 nape of the neck. 
7 arise. 8 passed. 
11 



JOSHUA, Chap. VII. 

and denied also, and they have put it even among their 

12 vessels. Therefore the children of Israel will not be able 
to stand 1 before their enemies, their backs 2 they will turn 
before their enemies, because they were doomed : neither 
will I be with you any more, except ye exterminate the 

13 doomed from among you. Arise, sanctify the people, and 
say, Sanctify yourselves against to-morrow : for thus saith 
the Eternal God of Israel, A thing doomed is in the midst 
of thee, O Israel : thou wilt not be able to stand 1 before 
thine enemies, until ye remove the doomed thing from 

14 among you. In the morning therefore ye shall approach 
according to your tribes : and it shall be, that the tribe 
which the Eternal taketh 3 shall approach according to the 
families thereof ; and the family which the Eternal shall 
take 4 shall approach by households; and the household 
which the Eternal shall take 4 shall approach man by man.'' 

15 And it shall be, that he that is taken 6 with the doomed 
thing shall be burnt with fire, he and all that he hath : 
because he hath transgressed 7 the covenant of the Eternal, 

16 and because he hath wrought 8 a base deed in Israel. So 
Joshua rose up early in the morning, and caused Israel to 
approach by their tribes; and the tribe of Judah was 

17 taken : 6 And he caused the family of Judah to approach; 
and he took 6 the family of the Zarhites : and he caused 
the family of the Zarhites to approach man by man ; 5 and 

18 Zabdi was taken: 6 And he caused his household to 
approach man by man ; 5 and Achan, the son of Carmi, 
the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, 

19 was taken. 6 And Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give, 9 
I pray thee, glory to the Eternal God of Israel, and make 
confession 10 unto him ; and tell me now what thou hast 

20 done; deny it not from me. And Achan answered 
Joshua, and said, Indeed I have sinned against the 
Eternal God of Israel, and thus and thus have I done : 

21 When I saw among the spoil a goodly robe of Shinar, and 
two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge 11 of gold of 
fifty shekels weight, then I coveted them, and took them ; 
and behold, they are secreted in the earth in the midst of 

22 my tent, and the silver under it. So Joshua sent mes- 
sengers, and they ran unto the tent ; and, behold, it was 

23 secreted in his tent, and the silver under it. And they 
took them out of the midst of the tent, and brought them 

1 rise. 2 nape of the neck. 3 conquereth. ' conquer. 5 to the adult men. 6 con- 
quered. 7 passed. 8 done. 9 put. 10 give acknowledgement. n tongue. 
12 



JOSHUA, Chap. VII. VIII. 

unto Joshua, and unto all the children of Israel, and laid 1 

24 them out before the Eternal. And Joshua, and all Israel 
with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, 
and the robe, and the wedge 2 of gold, and his sons, and 
his daughters, and every one of his herd, and his asses, and 
his flock, and his tent, and all that he had: and they 

25 brought them up unto the valley of Achor. And Joshua 
said, Why 3 hast thou troubled us ? the Eternal shall trou- 
ble thee this day. And all Israel overwhelmed him with 
stones, and burned them with fire, and stoned them with 

26 stones. And they raised over him a great heap of stones 
unto this day. So the Eternal turned from the fierceness 
of his wrath. Wherefore they called the name of the place, 
The valley of Achor, unto this day. 

Chap. VIII. 

1 And the Eternal said unto Joshua, Fear not, neither be 
thou dismayed : take all the people of war with thee, and 
arise, go up to the Ai : see, I have given into thy hand the 
king of the Ai, and his people, and his city, and his land. 

2 And thou shalt do to the Ai and her king as thou didst 
unto Jericho and her king : only the spoil thereof, and 
the beasts thereof, shall ye take for a prey 4 unto your- 

3 selves : lay 5 thee an ambush for the city behind it. So 
Joshua arose, and all the people of the war, to go up against 
the Ai : and Joshua chose out thirty thousand men, 

4 heroes of the force, and sent them away by night. And 
he commanded them, saying, Behold, ye shall lie in 
ambush against the city, even behind the city : go not very 

5 far from the city, but be ye all ready. 6 And I, and all the 
people that are with me, will approach unto the city : and 
it shall come to pass, when they come out towards us, as 

6 at the first, that we will run away from before them, And 
they will come out after us, till we have drawn them away 
from the city: for they will say, They run away from 
before us, as at the first : therefore we will run away from 

7 before them. Then ye shall rise up from the ambush, and 
dispossess them of the city : for the Eternal your God will 

8 give it into your hand, And it shall be, when ye have 
taken 7 the city, that ye shall set the city on fire : according 
to the word of the Eternal shall ye do: See, I have 

9 commanded you. Joshua therefore sent them forth : and 
they went to the place of ambush, and abode between 

1 poured. 2 tongue. 3 what. '' plunder. 5 put. 6 established. 7 caught. 
13 



JOSHUA, Chap. VIII. 

Beth-el and the Ai, on the west 1 of the Ai : and Joshua 

10 lodged that night among the people. And Joshua 
rose up early in the morning, and mustered the people, 
and went up, he and the elders of Israel, before the people 

1 1 to the Ai. And all the people of the war that tvere with him, 
went up, and stepped nigh, and came before the city, and 
encamped on the north of the Ai : and the glen was 

12 between them and the Ai. And he took about five 
thousand men, and put them in ambush between Beth-el 

13 and the Ai, on the west 1 of the city. And the people set 
the camp that was on the north of the city, and their liers 
in wait on the west 1 of the city, and Joshua went that 

14 night into the midst of the valley. ■ And it came to pass, 
when the king of the Ai saw it, that they hasted and rose up 
early, and the men of the city went out against Israel to 
war, he and all his people, at the time appointed, before 
the plain; but he knew not that there was an ambush 

15 against him behind the city. And Joshua and all Israel 
made as if they were beaten before them, and ran away 

1 6 by the way of the desert. And all the people that were in 
the Ai were called 2 together to pursue after them : and they 
pursued after Joshua, and were drawn away from the city. 

17 And there remained not a man in the Ai or Beth-el that 
went not out after Israel : and they left 3 the city open, 

18 and pursued after Israel. And the Eternal said unto 
Joshua, Stretch out 4 the spear that is in thy hand towards 
the Ai; for I will give it into thine hand. And Joshua 
stretched out 5 the spear that he had in his hand towards 

1 9 the city. And the ambush arose quickly out of their place, 
and they ran as soon as he had stretched out 5 his hand : 
and they came into the city, and conquered it, and hasted, 

20 and set the city on fire. And when the men of the Ai 
turned behind them, they saw, and, behold, the smoke of 
the city went up to heaven, and they had no power 6 to 
run away this way 7 or that way : 7 and the people that ran 

21 away to the desert was turned into the pursuer. For when 
Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had conquered 
the city, and that the smoke of the city went up, they 

22 turned and smote the men of the Ai. And the other s 
went out of the city against them ; so they were in the 
midst of Israel, some 8 on this side, and some 8 on that 
side : and they smote them, so that they left of them 

1 sea. 2 cried. 3 forsook. 4 incline. 5 inclined. 6 hands. 7 hither. 8 these. 
14 



JOSHUA, Chap. VIII. 

23 neither a remnant nor a fugitive. And the king of the Ai 

24 they caught alive, and brought 1 him to Joshua. And it 
came to pass, when Israel had finished slaying all the 
inhabitants of the Ai in the field, in the desert wherein 
they pursued them, and when they were all fallen on the 
edge 2 of the sword, until they were consumed, 3 that all 
the Israelites returned unto the Ai, and smote it with the 

25 edge 2 of the sword. And so it was, that all that fell that 
day, both of men and women, icere twelve thousand, even 

26 all the men of the Ai. For Joshua drew 4 not his hand 
back, wherewith he stretched out 5 the spear, until he had 
utterly doomed to death all the inhabitants of the Ai. 

27 Only the beasts and the spoil of that city, Israel took for 
a prey 6 unto themselves, according to the word of the 

28 Eternal, which he commanded Joshua. And Joshua burnt 
the Ai, and made 7 it a heap of ruins for ever, even a 

29 desolation, unto this day. And the king of the Ai he 
hanged on a tree until the evening time : and as soon as 
the sun was down, 8 Joshua commanded that they should 
take his carcase 9 down from the tree, and cast it at the 
entrance of the gate of the city, and raise thereon a great 

30 heap of stones, that remaineth unto this day. Then Joshua 
built an altar unto the Eternal God of Israel in mount 

31 Ebal, As Moses the servant of the Eternal commanded 
the children of Israel, as it is written in the book of the 
law of Moses, An altar of whole stones, over which no 
man hath waved any iron : and they brought up thereon 
burnt-offerings unto the Eternal, and sacrificed feast- 

32 offerings. And he wrote there upon the stones the repeti- 
tion of the law of Moses, which he wrote before the children 

33 of Israel. And all Israel, and their elders, and bailiffs, 
and their judges, stood on this side the ark 10 and on that 
side, opposite the priests the Levites, bearers of the ark 10 
of the covenant of the Eternal, as well the stranger as the 
native among them : half of them over against mount 
Gerizim ; and half of them over against mount Ebal ; as 
Moses the servant of the Eternal had commanded before 11 

34 that they should bless the people of Israel. And after- 
wards he read all the words of the law, the blessings and 
cursings, according to all that is written in the book of 

35 the law. There was not a word of all that Moses com- 
manded which Joshua read not before all the congregation 

1 caused him to approach. 2 mouth. 3 completed. 4 restored. 5 inclined. 
6 plundered. 7 put. 8 come. 9 carrion. 10 case. " at first. 
15 



JOSHUA, Chap. VIII. IX. 

of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the 
strangers that were conversant 1 among them. 

Chap. IX. 

1 And it came to pass, when all the kings who were on this 
side of the Jordan, in the mountain, and in the low-land, 
and in all the coast of the great sea over against Lebanon, 
the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, 

2 the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard thereof, That they 
gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and 

3 with Israel, with one accord. 2 And when the inhabitants 
of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to 

4 the Ai, They also acted with guile, and went and made as 
if they had been ambassadors ; and took worn sacks upon 
their asses, and skin bottles for wine, worn and burst, and 

5 bound up ; And worn shoes and clouted upon their feet, and 
worn outer garments upon them ; and all the bread of their 

6 provision was dried up and mouldy. || And they went to 
Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal, and said unto him, and 
to the men of Israel, We are come from a far land : now 

7 therefore make 3 ye a covenant with us. And the men of 
Israel said unto the Hivites, Peradventure ye abide among 

8 us ; and how shall we make 3 a covenant with you ? And 
they said unto Joshua, We are thy servants. And Joshua 
said unto them, Who are ye? and from whence come ye? 

9 And they said unto him, From a very far land thy servants 
are come, because of the name of the Eternal thy God : 
for we have heard the fame of him, and all that he did in 

10 Egypt, And all that he did to the two kings of the 
Amorite that were on the other side of the Jordan, to 
Sihon king of Heshbon, and to Og king of Bashan, who 

11 was at Ashtaroth. Wherefore our elders and all the 
inhabitants of our land spake to us, saying, Take provision 
with you 4 for the journey, 5 and go towards them, and say 
unto them, We are your servants : therefore now make 3 ye 

12 a covenant with us. This our bread we took hot for our 
provision out of our houses on the day we went forth to 
go unto you ; but now, behold, it is dried up, and it is 

13 mouldy : || And these skin bottles for wine, which we filled, 
were new ; and, behold, they are burst : and these our outer 
garments and our shoes are become faded 6 by reason of the 

14 very long journey. 7 And the men took of their provision, 

1 walking. 2 mouth. 3 cut. 4 into your hand. 5 way. 6 worn. 7 from the 
multitude of the way exceedingly. 
16 



JOSHUA, Chap. IX. X. 

15 and asked not counsel at the mouth of the Eternal. And 
Joshua made peace with them, and made 1 a covenant with 
them to let them live : and the princes of the congregation 

16 sware unto them. And it came to pass, at the end 2 of 
three days, after they had made 1 a covenant with them, 
that they heard that they ivere near to them, and that they 

17 abode among them. And the children of Israel journeyed, 
and came unto their cities on the third day. Now their 
cities were Gibeon, and the Chephirah, and Beeroth, and 

18 Kirjath-jearim. And the children of Israel smote them 
not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn 
unto them by the Eternal God of Israel. And all the 

19 congregation murmured against the princes. But all the 
princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn 
unto them by the Eternal God of Israel : now, therefore, 

20 we may not touch them. This we will do to them ; we 
will even suffer them to live ; lest anger be upon us, be- 

21 cause of the oath which we sware unto them. And the 
princes said unto them, Let them live ; and they were 
hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congre- 

22 gation, as the princes had promised them. And Joshua 
called for them, and he spake unto them, saying, Where- 
fore have ye deceived us, saying, We are very far from you ; 

23 when ye abide among us ? Now therefore ye are cursed ; 
and there shall never fail 3 of you a servant, and hewers of 

24 wood and drawers of water for the house of my God. And 
they answered Joshua, and said, Because it was certainly 
told thy servants, how that the Eternal thy God commanded 
his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to extermi- 
nate all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore 
we were sore afraid of our lives 4 because of you, and have 

25 done this thing. And now, behold, we are in thine hand : 
as it seemeth good and right unto thee to do unto us, do. 

26 And so did he unto them, and delivered them out of the 
hand of the children of Israel, that they slew them not. 

27 And Joshua made 5 them that day hewers of wood and 
drawers of waters, for the congregation and for the altar of 
the Eternal, even unto this day, in the place which he 
should choose. 

Chap. X. 

1 Now it came to pass, when Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem 
1 cut. 2 extremity. 3 be cut off. 4 souls. 6 gave. 

17 c 



JOSHUA, Chap. X. 

had heard how Joshua had conquered the Ai, and had 
doomed it ; as he had done to Jericho and its king, so he 
had done to the Ai and its king ; and how the inhabitants 
of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among 

2 them ; That they feared greatly, because Gibeon was a 
great city, as one of the cities of the kingdom, and because 
it was greater than the Ai, and all the men thereof were 

3 heroes. Wherefore Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem sent 
unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of 
Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir 

4 king of Eglon, saying, Come up unto me, and help me, 
that we may smite Gibeon : for it hath made peace with 

5 Joshua and with the children of Israel. Therefore the 
five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king 
of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the 
king of Eglon, congregated, and went up, they and all 
their hosts, 1 and encamped before Gibeon, and fought 

6 against it. And the men of Gibeon sent unto Joshua to 
the camp at Gilgal, saying, Let not thy hand fail thy 
servants ; come up to us quickly, and save us, and help 
us : for all the kings of the Amorites dwellers of 

7 the mountain are congregated against us. So Joshua went 
up from Gilgal, he, and all the people of the war with him, 

8 and all the heroes of the force. And the Eternal said 
unto Joshua, Fear them not ; for I have given them into 
thine hand : there shall not a man of them stand before 

9 thee. Joshua therefore came unto them suddenly, and went 

10 up from Gilgal all night. And the Eternal confounded them 
before Israel, and they smote them with a great slaughter 2 
at Gibeon, and pursued them along the way of the ascent 
to Beth-horon, and smote them to Azekah, and unto 

1 1 Makkedah. And it came to pass, as they fled from before 
Israel, and were in the descent to Beth-horon, that the 
Eternal cast down great stones from heaven upon them 
unto Azekah, and they died : they were more who died 
with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew 

12 with the sword. Then spake Joshua to the Eternal in the 
day when the Eternal gave up the Amorite before the 
children of Israel, and he said before the eyes of Israel, 
Sun, stay thou in Gibeon ; and thou, Moon, in the valley 

13 of Ajalon. And the sun stayed, and the moon stood, 

1 camps. 2 stroke. 
18 



JOSHUA, Chap. X. 

until a nation had avenged themselves upon their enemies. 
Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood in 
the midst of the heaven, and hasted 1 not to go down 2 about 

14 a whole 3 day. And there was no day like that before it 
or after it, that the Eternal hearkened unto the voice of a 

15 man: for the Eternal fought for Israel. And Joshua 
returned, and all Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgal. 

16 But these five kings fled, and hid themselves in a cave at 

17 Makkedah. And it was told Joshua, saying, The five 

1 8 kings were found hid in a cave at Makkedah. And Joshua 
said, Roll great stones upon the mouth of the cave, and 

1 9 appoint men over it to keep them : And stand you not, 
but pursue after your enemies, and smite the hindmost of 
them ; suffer 4 them not to come into their cities : for the 

20 Eternal your God hath given them into your hand. And 
it came to pass, when Joshua and the children of Israel 
had finished smiting them with a very great slaughter, 5 till 
they were consumed, 6 and the escaping remnants of them had 

2 1 come into the fortified cities ; That all the people returned 
to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah in peace : none moved 7 

22 his tongue against any of the children of Israel. Then 
said Joshua, Open the mouth of the cave, and bring out 

23 those five kings unto me out of the cave. And they did 
so, and brought forth those five kings unto him out of the 
cave, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king 
of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon. 

24 And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings 
unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, 
and said unto the captains of the men of the war who went 
with him, Approach, put your feet upon the necks 
of these kings. And they approached, and put their feet 

25 upon the necks of them. And Joshua said unto them, 
Fear not, nor be dismayed, be strong and firm : for thus 
shall the Eternal do to all your enemies against whom ye 

26 fight. And afterwards Joshua smote them, and put them 
to death, and hanged them on five trees : and they were 

27 hanging upon the trees until the evening. And it came 
to pass at the time of the going 8 down of the sun, that 
Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the 
trees, and cast them into the cave wherein they had been 

1 urged. 2 come. 3 perfect. * give. 6 stroke. 6 completed. 7 pointed. 

8 coming. 

19 2 c 



JOSHUA, Chap. X. 

hid, and put great stones at the cave's mouth, which 

28 remain until this very day. And that day Joshua con- 
quered Makkedah, and smote it with the edge 1 of the 
sword, and the king thereof he doomed, them, and all the 
souls that were therein ; he let not remain a remnant : and 
he did to the king of Makkedah as he did unto the king 

29 of Jericho. Then Joshua passed from Makkedah, and all 
Israel with him, unto Libnah, and fought against Libnah : 

30 And the Eternal gave it also, and the king thereof, into 
the hand of Israel ; and he smote it with the edge 1 of the 
sword, and every soul that was therein ; he let not remain 
a remnant in it ; but did unto the king thereof as he did 

31 unto the king of Jericho: And Joshua passed from 
Libnah, and all Israel with him, unto Lachish, and 

32 encamped against it, and fought against it: And the 
Eternal gave Lachish into the hand of Israel, who con- 
quered it on the second day, and smote it with the edge 1 
of the sword, and every soul that was therein, according 

33 to all that he had done to Libnah. Then Horam king of 
Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote] him 
and his people, until he suffered no remnant of him to 

34 remain. And from Lachish Joshua passed unto Eglon, 
and all Israel with him ; and they encamped against it, 

35 and fought against it: And they conquered it on that 
day, and smote it with the edge 1 of the sword ; and every 
soul that was therein he doomed that day, according to all 

36 that he had done to Lachish. And Joshua went up from 
Eglon, and all Israel with him, unto Hebron ; and they 

37 fought against it: And they conquered it, and smote it 
with the edge 1 of the sword, and the king thereof, and all 
the cities thereof, and every soul that was therein ; he 
suffered no remnant to remain, according to all that he 
had done to Eglon ; but doomed it and every soul that 

38 was therein. And Joshua returned, and all Israel with 

39 him, to Debir, and fought against it: And he conquered 
it, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof; and 
they smote them with the edge 1 of the sword, and doomed 
every soul that was therein ; he suffered no remnant to 
remain : as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, 
and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah, 

40 and to her king. So Joshua smote all the land, the 
mountain, and the south, and the low-land, and the 

1 mouth. 

20 



JOSHUA, Chap. X. XL 

ravines, [| and all their kings: he suffered no remnant to 
remain, but doomed all that breathed, 1 as the Eternal God 

41 of Israel commanded. And Joshua smote them from 
Kadesh-barnea even unto Gaza, and all the land of 

42 Goshen even unto Gibeon. And all these kings and their 
land did Joshua conquer at one time, because the Eternal 

43 God of Israel fought for Israel. And Joshua returned, 
and all Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgal. 



Chap. XL 

1 And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard 
those things that he sent to Jobab, king of Madon, and to 

2 the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph, And 
to the kings that were on the north, on the mountain, and 
in the plain south of Chinneroth, and in the low-land, and 

3 in the regions of Dor on the west, And to the Canaanite 
towards the rising of the sun and towards the west, and 
to the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and 
the Jebusite in the mountain, and to the Hivite under 

4 Hermon, in the land of Mizpeh. And they went out, they 
and all their hosts 2 with them, much people, even as the 
sand that is upon the sea-shore 3 in multitude, with horses 

5 and chariots very many. And when all these kings had 
made an appointment, they came and encamped together 

6 at the water of Merom, to fight against Israel. And the 
Eternal said unto Joshua, Be not afraid because of them : 
for to-morrow about this time will I give them up all 
stabbed to death before Israel : thou shalt hough their 

7 horses, and burn their vehicles with fire. So Joshua came, 
and all the people of the war with him, against them by the 

8 water of Merom suddenly ; and they fell upon them. And 
the Eternal gave them into the hand of Israel, who smote 
them, and pursued them unto great 4 Zidon, and unto Misre- 
photh-maim, and unto the deep valley of Mizpeh eastward; 5 
and they smote them, until they suffered no remnant of 

9 them to remain. And Joshua did unto them as the Eternal 
said to him : he houghed their horses, and burnt their 

10 vehicles with fire. And Joshua at that time returned 
1 every breath. 2 camps. 3 lip 4 numerous. 5 towards the rising of the sun. 

21 



JOSHUA, Chap. XL 

and conquered Hazor, and smote the king thereof with 
the sword : for Hazor before-time was the head of all those 

1 1 kingdoms. And they smote every soul that was therein 
with the edge 1 of the sword, dooming them : there was not 

12 any left to breathe : 2 and he burnt Hazor with fire. And 
all the cities of those kings, and all the kings of them, did 
Joshua conquer, and smote them with the edge 1 of the 
sword ; and he doomed them, as Moses the servant of the 

13 Eternal commanded. But the cities that stood still in 
their strength, 3 Israel burned none of them, save Hazor 

14 only ; that did Joshua burn. And all the spoil of these 
cities, and the cattle, the children of Israel took for a prey 4 
unto themselves ; but every man they smote with the edge 1 
of the sword, until they had exterminated them, neither 

15 suffered they any remaining to breathe. 2 As the Eternal 
commanded Moses his servant, so did Moses command 
Joshua, and so did Joshua ; he left nothing undone 5 of all 

16 that the Eternal commanded Moses. So Joshua took all 
that land, the mountain, and all the south, and all the land 
of Goshen, and the low-land, and the plain, and the moun- 

17 tain of Israel, and the low-land of the same; Even from 
the bare 6 mount that goeth up to Seir, unto Baal-gad, in 
the deep valley of Lebanon, unto mount Hermon : and all 
their kings he conquered, and smote them, and slew them. 

18 Joshua made war many days with all those kings. 

19 There was not a city that made peace with the children 
of Israel, save the Hivites, the inhabitants of Gibeon : all 

20 other they took in the war. For it was of the Eternal to 
strengthen their hearts, that they should come against Israel 
in the war, that he might doom them, and that they might 
have no grace, but that he might exterminate them, as the 

21 Eternal commanded Moses. And at that time came 
Joshua, and cut off the Anakim from the mountain, from 
Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the moun- 
tains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: 

22 Joshua doomed them with their cities. There was none 
of the Anakim left in the land of the children of Israel : 
only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained. 

23 So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the 
Eternal said unto Moses ; and Joshua gave it for an inhe- 

' mouth. - no breath. 3 mound. 4 plundered. 5 did not remove a thing. 

6 smooth. 



JOSHUA, Chap. XL XII. 

ritance unto Israel, according to their divisions by their 
tribes. And the land was quiet from war. 

Chap. XII. 

1 Now these are the kings of the land, whom the children of 
Israel smote, and possessed their land on the other side of 
the Jordan, towards the rising of the sun ; from the brook of 
Arnon unto mount Hermon, and all the plain towards the 

2 rising of the sun : Sihon king of the Amorite, who abode 
in Heshbon, and ruled from Aroer, which is upon the 
bank 1 of the brook of Arnon, and from the middle of the 
brook, and from half Gilead, unto the brook Jabbok, which 

3 is the boundary of the children of Ammon; And the 
plain to the sea of Chinneroth towards the east, 2 and unto 
the sea of the plain, even the salt sea towards the rising of 
the sun, the way to Beth-jeshimoth ; and from the south, 

4 under the ravines of Pisgah : And the boundary of Og 
king of Bashan, who was of the remnant of the giants, that 

5 abode at Ashtaroth and at Edrei, And ruled in mount 
Hermon, and in Salcah, and in all Bashan, unto the boun- 
dary of the Geshurites, and the Maachathites, and half 

G Gilead, the boundary of Sihon king of Heshbon. Them 
did Moses the servant of the Eternal and the children of 
Israel smite: and Moses the servant of the Eternal gave it 
for a possession unto the Reubenites, and Gadites, and the 

7 half tribe of Manasseh. And these are the kings of the 
land whom Joshua and the children of Israel smote on this 
side of the Jordan on the west, 3 from Baal-gad in the deep 
valley of Lebanon even unto the bare 4 mount that goeth up 
to Seir ; which Joshua gave unto the tribes of Israel for a 

8 possession, according to their divisions: In the mountain, 
and in the low-land, and in the plain, and in the ravines, 
and in the desert, and in the south country; the Hittite, 
the Amorite, and the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Llivite, 
and the Jebusite : 

9 The king of Jericho, one; 

the king of the Ai, which is beside Bethel, one ; 

10 The king of Jerusalem, one; 

the king of Hebron, one ; 

1 1 The king of Jarmuth, one ; 

the king of Lachish, one ; 

1 lip. 2 rising of the sun. 3 sea. 4 smooth. 

23 



JOSHUA, Chap. %JL 

12 The king of Eglon, one ; 

the king of Gezer, one ; 

13 The king of Debir, one; 

the king of Geder, one ; 

14 The king of Hormah, one ; 

the king of Arad, one ; 

1 5 The king of Libnah, one ; 

the king of Adullam, one ; 

16 The king of Makkedah, one; 

the king of Beth-el, one ; 

1 7 The king of Tappuah, one ; 

the king of Hepher, one ; 

1 8 The king of Aphek, one ; 

the king of Lasharon, one ; 

1 9 The king of Madon, one ; 

the king of Hazor, one ; 

20 The king of Shimron-meron, one ; 

the king of Achshaph, one ; 

2 1 The king of Taanach, one ; 

the king of Megiddo, one ; 

22 The king of Kedesh, one ; 

the king of Jokneam of Carmel, one ; 

23 The king of Dor in the regions of Dor, one ; 

the king of Goyim at Gilgal, one ; 

24 The king of Tirzah, one : 

All the kings thirty and one. 

24 



JOSHUA, Chap. XIII. 

Chap. XIII. 

1 Now Joshua was old and stricken 1 in years ; and the Eternal 
said unto him, Thou art old and stricken 1 in years, and 

2 there remaineth yet very much land to be possessed. This 
is the land that yet remaineth : all the regions of the Phil- 

3 istines, and all Geshuri, From Shihor, which is before 
Egypt, even unto the boundary of Ekron northward, which 
is reckoned to the Canaanite : five chiefs of the Philistines ; 
the Gazathite, and the Ashdothite, the Eshkalonite, the 

4 Gittite, and the Ekronite ; also the Avites : From the 
south, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that is 
beside the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the boundaries of 

5 the Amorite : And the land of the Giblites, and all 
Lebanon, towards the sun-rising, from Baal-gad unto 

6 mount Hermon unto the coming into Hamath : All the 
inhabitants of the mountain, from Lebanon unto Misre- 
photh-maim, and all the Sidonians, them will I dispossess 
from before the children of Israel : only divide thou it by 
lot 2 unto the Israelites for an inheritance, as I have com- 

7 manded thee. Now therefore divide this land for an 
inheritance unto the nine tribes and the half tribe of 

8 Manasseh, With whom the Reubenites and the Gadites 
have taken their inheritance, which Moses gave them, 
beyond the Jordan towards the sun-rising, even as Moses 

9 the servant of the Eternal gave them ; From Aroer, that 
is upon the bank 3 of the brook of Arnon, and the city that is 
in the midst of the brook, and all the level of Medeba unto 

10 Dibon; And all the cities of Sihon king of the Amorite, 
who reigned in Heshbon, unto the boundary of the chil- 

1 1 dren of Ammon ; And the Gilead, and the boundary of 
the Geshurite and Maachathite, and all mount Hermon, 

1 2 and all Bashan unto Salcah : All the kingdom of Og in 
Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei, who 
remained of the rest of the giants : for these did Moses 

13 smite, and dispossessed them. Nevertheless the children 
of Israel dispossessed not the Geshurite, nor the Maacha- 
thite ; and the Geshur and the Maachath abide among 

14 the Israelites until this day. Only unto the tribe 
of Levi he gave no inheritance ; the fire-offerings of the 
Eternal God of Israel are their inheritance, as he promised 

15 them. And Moses gave unto the tribe of the children of 

16 Reuben inheritance according to their families : And their 
boundary was from Aroer, that is on the bank 3 of the 

1 come. 2 cause it to fall. 3 lip. 
25 



JOSHUA, Chap. XIII. 

brook Arnon, and the city that is in the midst of the 

17 brook, and all the level by Medeba; Heshbon, and all her 
cities that are in the level ; Dibon, and Bamoth-baal, and 

18 Beth-baal-meon, And Jahaza, and Kedemoth, and Me- 

19 phaath, And Kirjathaim, and Sibmah, and Zareth-shahar 

20 in the mount of the valley, And Beth-peor, and the ravines 

21 of Pisgah, and Beth-jeshimoth, And all the cities of the 
level, and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorite, 
who reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses smote with the 
princes of Midian, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, 

22 and Reba, dukes of Sihon, inhabitants of the land. Balaam 
also the son of Beor, the soothsayer, did the children of 
Israel slay with the sword among them that were stabbed 

23 to death by them. And the boundary of the children of 
Reuben was the Jordan, and the boundary thereof. This 
was the inheritance of the children of Reuben after their 

24 families, the cities and enclosures thereof. And Moses 
gave inheritance unto the tribe of Gad, even unto the chil- 

25 dren of Gad, according to their families: And their 
boundary was Jazer, and all the cities of Gilead, and half 
the land of the children of Ammon, unto Aroer, that is 

26 before Rabbah; And from Heshbon unto Ramath-mizpeh, 
and Betonim ; and from Mahanaim unto the boundary of 

27 Debir ; And in the valley, Beth-aram, and Beth-nimrah, 
and Succoth, and Zaphon, the rest of the kingdom of 
Sihon king of Heshbon, the Jordan and its boundary, even 
unto the extremity of the sea of Chinneroth, on the other 

28 side of the Jordan towards the sun-rising. This is the 
inheritance of the children of Gad after their families, the 

29 cities, and their enclosures. And Moses gave inheritance 
unto the half tribe of Manasseh : and it belonged 2 to the 
half tribe of the children of Manasseh by their families : 

30 And their boundary was from Mahanaim, all Bashan, all 
the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and all Chavot-jair, 

31 which is in Bashan, threescore cities; And half Gilead, 
and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in 
Bashan, were pertaining unto the children of Machir the 
son of Manasseh, even to the one half of the children of 

32 Machir by their families. These are the countries which 
Moses did distribute for inheritance in the plains of Moab, 
on the other side of the Jordan, by Jericho towards sun- 

33 rising. But unto the tribe of Levi, Moses gave not any 
inheritance : the Eternal God of Israel was their inherit- 
ance, as he said unto them. 

1 lip. a was to. 
26 



JOSHUA, Chap. XIV. 

Chap. XIV. 

1 And these are the countries which the children of Israel inhe- 
rited in the land of Canaan, which Eleazer the priest, and 
Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the 
tribes of the children of Israel, distributed for inheritance to 

2 them. By lot was their inheritance, as the Eternal com- 
manded by the hand of Moses, for the nine tribes, and for 

3 the half tribe. For Moses had given the inheritance of 
■ two tribes and an half tribe on the other side of the Jordan : 

but unto the Levites he gave no inheritance among them. 

4 For the children of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and 
Ephraim : therefore they gave no portion unto the Levites 
in the land, save cities to abide in, with their districts for 

5 their cattle and for their property. As the Eternal com- 
manded Moses, so the children of Israel did, and they 

6 divided the land. Then the children of Judah stepped 
unto Joshua in Gilgal : and Caleb the son of Jephunneh 
the Kenezite said unto him, Thou knowest the thing that 
the Eternal spake unto Moses the man of God concerning 

7 me and thee in Kadesh-barnea. Forty years old 1 was I 
when Moses the servant of the Eternal sent me from 
Kadesh-barnea to espy out the land ; and I brought 2 him 

8 word again as it tuas in mine heart. Nevertheless my 
brethren that went up with me made the heart of the people 

9 melt : but I wholly followed 3 the Eternal my God. And 
Moses sware on that day, saying, If the land whereon thy 
feet have trodden shall not be thine inheritance, and thy 
children's for ever, because thou hast wholly followed 3 the 

10 Eternal my God, .... And now, behold, the Eternal 
hath kept me alive, as he spake, these forty and five years, 
even since the Eternal spake this word unto Moses, while 
Israel wandered 4 in the desert : and now, lo, I am this day 

1 1 fourscore and five years old. As yet I am as strong this 
day as in the day that Moses sent me ; as my strength 
was then, even so is my strength now for war, both to go 

12 out and to come in. Now therefore give me this moun- 
tain, whereof the Eternal spake in that day ; for thou 
heardest in that day how the Anakim were there, and that 
the cities were great and fortified : perhaps the Eternal 
will he with me ; I shall dispossess them as the Eternal 

13 spake. And Joshua blessed him, and gave unto Caleb, 

1 a son. 2 restored. 3 fulfilled. 4 went. 



JOSHUA, Chap. XIV, XV. 

14 the son of Jephunneh, Hebron for an inheritance. Hebroil 
therefore became the inheritance of Caleb, the son of 
Jephunneh the Kenezite unto this day, because that he 

15 wholly followed 1 the Eternal God of Israel. And the name 
of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba ; who was the tallest 2 
man among the Anakim. And the land was quiet from 
war. 

Chap. XV. 

1 And the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their 
families, was to the boundary of Edom ; the desert of Zin 

2 southward was the extremity of the south coast. And their 
south boundary was from the extremity of the salt sea, 

3 from the bay 3 that turneth southward : And it went out 
to the south side to Maaleh-acrabbim, and passed along to 
Zin, and went up on the south side unto Kadesh-barnea ; 
and passed along to Hezron, and went up to Adar, and 

4 fetched a compass to Karkaa : It then passed towards 
Azmon, and went out unto the river of Egypt; and the 
goings out of that boundary were at the sea : This shall be 

5 your south boundary. And the east boundary was the salt 
sea, even unto the extremity of the Jordan. And their 
boundary in the north corner was from the bay 3 of the sea 

6 at the extremity of the Jordan : And the boundary went 
up to Beth-hogla, and passed along by the north of Beth- 
araba; and the boundary went up to Eben Bohan the 

7 the son of Reuben : And the boundary went up towards 
Debir from the valley of Achor, and so northward, turning 
towards Gilgal, that is before the ascent to Adummin, 
which is on the south side of the brook : and the boundary 
passed towards the water of En-shemesh, and the goings 

8 out thereof were at En-rogel : And the boundary went 
up by the glen of the son of Hinnom unto the south side 4 
of the Jebusite ; the same is Jerusalem : and the boundary 
went up to the top 5 of the mountain that lieth before the 
glen of Hinnom westward, 6 which is at the extremity of 

9 the valley of the giants northward : And the boundary 
was drawn from the top 5 of the hill unto the fountain of 
the water of Nephtoah, and went out to the cities of mount 
Ephron ; and the boundary was drawn to Baalah, which is 

10 Kirjath-jearim : And the boundary compassed from Baalah 
westward unto mount Seir, and passed along unto the side 4 
1 fulfilled. 2 greatest. 3 tongue. 4 shoulder. 5 head. 6 seaward. 

28 



JOSHUA, Chap. XV. 

of mount Jearim, which is Chesalon, on the north side, 
and went down to Beth-shemesh, and passed on to Timnah : 

11 And the boundary went out unto the side 1 of Ekron 
northward : and the boundary was drawn to Shicron, and 
passed along to mount Baalah, and went out unto Jabneel ; 

12 and the goings out of the boundary were at the sea. And 
the west 2 boundary was to the great sea, and the boundary 
thereof. This is the boundary of the children of Judah 

13 round about, according to their families. And unto Caleb 
the son of Jephunneh he gave a portion among the children 
of Judah, according to the commandment of the Eternal 
to Joshua, even the city of Arba the father of Anak, which 

14 city is Hebron. And Caleb dispossessed thence the three 
sons of Anak, Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai, the children 

15 of Anak. And he went up thence to the inhabitants of 
Debir; and the name of Debir before was Kirjath-sepher. 

16 And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjath-sepher, and con- 
quereth it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife. 

17 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, con- 
quered it : and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife. 

18 And it came to pass, as she came unto him, that she enticed 
him to ask of her father a field : and she lighted off her 

19 ass ; and Caleb said unto her, What 3 wouldest thou ? Who 
answered, Give me a blessing ; for thou hast given me a 
south land ; give me also water-tanks. And he gave her 

20 the upper tanks, and the nether tanks. This is the inhe- 
ritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to 

21 their families. And the cities at the extremity of the 
tribe of the children of Judah, towards the boundary of 
Edom southward, were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur, 

22 23 And Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah, And Kedesh, 

24 and Hazor, and Ithnan, Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth, 

25 And Hazor, Hadattah, and Kerioth, and Hezron, which is 

26 27 Hazor, Aman and Shema, and Moladah, And 

28 Hazar-gaddah, and Heshmon, and Beth-palet, And 

29 Hazar-shual, and Beersheba, and Bizjothjah, Baalah, and 

30 Iim, and Azem, And Eltolad, and Chesil, and Hormah, 

31 32 And Ziklag, and Madmannah, and Sansannah, And 
Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Rimmon: all the 

33 cities are twenty and nine, with their enclosures : And in 

34 the low-land, Eshtaol, and Zoreah, and Ashnah, And 

35 Zanoah, and En-gannim, Tappuah, and Enam, Jarmuth, 

36 and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah, And Sharaim, and 

1 shoulder. 2 sea. 3 is unto thee. 
29 



JOSHUA, Chap. XV. XVI. 

Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim ; fourteen cities 

37 with their enclosures : Zenan, and Hadashah, and Mig- 

38 39 dalgad, And Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel, La- 

40 chish, and Bozkath, and Eglon, And Cabbon, and 

41 Lahmam, and Cithlish, And Gederoth, Beth-dagon, and 
Naamah, and Makkedan ; sixteen cities with their enclo- 

42 43 sures : Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan, And Jiphtah, 

44 and Ashnah, and Nezib, And Keilah, and Achzib, and 

45 Mareshah ; nine cities with their enclosures. Ekron with 

46 her towns, and her enclosures ; From Ekron even unto 
the sea, all that lay near Ashdod, with their enclosures : 

47 Ashdod with her towns 1 and her enclosures, Gaza with her 
towns 1 and her enclosures, unto the brook of Egypt, and 

48 the great sea, and the boundary thereof: And in the 

49 mountain, Shamir, and Jattir, and Socoh, And Dannah, 

50 and Kirjath-sannah, which is Debir, And Anab, and 

51 Eshtemoh, and Anim, And Goshen, and Holon, and 

52 Giloh; eleven cities with their enclosures: Arab, and 

53 Dumah, and Eshean. And Janum, and Beth-tappuah, 

54 Aphekah, And Humtah, and Kirjath-arba (which is 
Hebron), and Zior ; nine cities with their enclosures : 

55 56 Maon, Carmel, and Ziph, and Juttah, And Jezreel, 

57 and Jokdean, and Zanoah, Cain, Gibeah, and Timnah ; 

58 ten cities with their enclosures: Halhul, Bethzur and 

59 Gedor, And Maarath, and Beth-anoth, and Eltekon ; six 

60 cities with their enclosures : Kirjath-baal (which is Kirjath- 

61 jearim), and Rabbah; two cities with their enclosures : In 

62 the desert, Beth-arabah, Middin, and Secacah, And Nib- 
shan, and the city of Salt, and En-gedi ; six cities with 

63 their enclosures. As for the Jebusites, the inhabitants of 
Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not dispossess them; 
and the Jebusites abide with the children of Judah at Jeru- 
salem unto this day. 

Chap. XVI. 

1 And the lot of the children of Joseph fell 2 from the Jordan by 
Jericho, into the water of Jericho towards the sun-rising, to 
the desert that goethup from Jericho throughout mount Beth - 

2 el, And goeth out from Beth-el to Luz, and passeth along 

3 unto the boundary of Archi to Ataroth, And goeth down 
westward to the boundary of Japhleti, unto the boundary of 
Beth-horon the nether, and to Gezer : and the goings 

4 out thereof are at the sea. So the children of Joseph, 

1 daughters. a went forih. 3 sea. 
30 



JOSHUA, Chap. XVI. XVII. 

5 Manasseh and Ephraim, took their inheritance. And the 
boundary of the children of Ephraim, according to their 
families, was thus : even the boundary of their inheritance 
towards the sun-rise was Attaroth-addar, unto Beth-horon 

6 the upper : And the boundary went out towards the sea 
to Michmethah on the north side ; and the boundary 
compassed towards the sun-rise unto Taanath-shiloh, and 

7 passed by it towards the sun-rise to Janohah : And it 
went down from Janohah to Ataroth, and to Naarath, and 

8 came 1 to Jericho, and went out at the Jordan. The boun- 
dary went out from Tappuah westward unto the brook 
Kanah ; and the goings out thereof were at the sea. This 
is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Ephraim 

9 by their families. And the separate cities for the children 
of Ephraim were among the inheritance of the children of 

10 Manasseh, all the cities with their enclosures. And they 
dispossessed not the Canaanites abiding in Gezer: the 
Canaanites abide among the Ephraimites unto this day, 
and were serving under tribute. 

Chap. XVII. 

1 There was also a lot for the tribe of Manasseh, for he was 
the first-born of Joseph, to zoit, for Machir the first-born 
of Manasseh, the father of Gilead ; because he was a man 

2 of war, therefore he had Gilead and Bashan. There was 
also a lot for those that were left of the children of Man- 
asseh by their families ; for the children of Abiezer, and 
for the children of Helek, and for the children of Asriel, 
and for the children of Shechem, and for the children of 
Hepher, and for the children of Shemida : these were the 
male children of Manasseh the son of Joseph by their 

3 families. But Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of 
Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, had no 
sons, but daughters : and these are the names of his 
daughters, Mahlah, and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and 

4 Tirzah. And they approached unto Eleazar the priest, 
and unto Joshua the son of Nun, and unto the princes, 
saying, The Eternal commanded Moses to give us an 
inheritance among our brethren. Therefore, according to 
the commandment of the Eternal, he gave them an inherit- 

5 ance among the brethren of their father. And there fell 
ten portions 3 to Manasseh, beside the land of Gilead and 
Bashan, which were on the other side of the Jordan ; 

8 Because the daughters of Manasseh had an inheritance 
1 met. 2 sea. 3 cords. 
31 



JOSHUA, Chap. XVII. 

among his sons : and Manasseh's sons that were left had 

7 the land of Gilead. And the boundary of Manasseh was 
from Asher to Michmethah, that lieth before Shechem; 
and the boundary went along on the right unto the inhab- 

8 itants of En-Tappuah. Now Manasseh had the land of 
Tappuah: but Tappuah, on the boundary of Manasseh, 

9 belonged to the children of Ephraim. And the boundary 
went down urto the brook Kanah, southward of the brook: 
these cities of Ephraim are among the cities of Manasseh: 
the boundary of Manasseh also was on the north of the 

1 brook, and the out-goings of it were at the sea : South- 
ward it was Ephraim's, and northward it was Manasseh's, 
and the sea is his boundary ; and they met together in 
Asher on the north, and in Issachar towards the sun-rise. 

1 1 And Manasseh had in Issachar, and in Asher, Beth-shean 
and her towns 1 and Ibleam and her towns, 1 and the inhab- 
itants of Dor and her towns, 1 and the inhabitants of Endor 
and her towns, 1 and the inhabitants of Taanach and her 
towns, 1 and the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns, 1 

12 even three regions. Yet the children of Manasseh could 
not dispossess the inhabitants of those cities ; but the 

13 Canaanite was willing to abide in that land. Yet it came 
to pass, when the children of Israel were waxen strong, 
that they put 2 the Canaanite to tribute ; but did not 

14 utterly dispossess him. And the children of Joseph spake 
unto Joshua, saying, Why hast thou given me as inherit- 
ance but one lot and one portion, 3 seeing I am a numerous 
people, forasmuch as the Eternal hath blessed me hitherto ? 

15 And Joshua answered them, If thou be a numerous people, 
then go. up to the forest, and clear away for thyself there 
in the land of the Perizzite and of the giants, if mount 

1 6 Ephraim be too narrow for thee. And the children of Joseph 
said, The mountain will not be found sufficient for us : 
and all the Canaanites that abide in the land of the valley 
have chariots of iron, both they who are of Beth-shean and 
her towns 1 , and they who are of the valley of Jezreel. And 

17 Joshua spake unto the house of Joseph, even to Ephraim 
and to Manasseh, saying, Thou art a numerous people, 
and hast great strength ; thou shalt not have one lot only: 
But the mountain shall be thine ; for it is a forest, and thou 
shalt clear it away : and the out-goings of it shall be thine: 
for thou shalt dispossess the Canaanite, though he have 
iron chariots and though he be strong. 

1 daughters. 3 gave. 3 cord. 
32 



JOSHUA, Chap. XVIII. 

Chap. XVIII. 

1 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel 
assembled together at Shiloh, and set up 1 the appointed 

2 tent there. And the land was subdued before them. And 
there were left among the children of Israel seven tribes 

3 which had not yet taken their inheritance. And Joshua 
said unto the children of Israel, How long are ye slack to 
go to possess the land which the Eternal God of your 

4 fathers hath given you ? Get for you three men for each 
tribe : and I will send them, and they shall rise and go 
about in the land, and describe 2 it, according to the 
inheritance of them ; and they shall come again to me. 

5 And they shall divide it into seven portions : Judah shall 
abide 3 in his boundary on the south, and the house of 

6 Joseph shall abide 3 in their boundary on the north. Ye 
shall therefore describe 2 the land into seven portions, and 
bring the description hither to me, that I may cast 4 lots for 

7 you here before the Eternal our God. But the Levites 
have no portion among you ; for the priesthood of the 
Eternal is their inheritance : and Gad, and Reuben, and 
half the tribe of Manasseh, have taken their inheritance 
beyond the Jordan towards the sun-rise, which Moses the 

8 servant of the Eternal gave them. And the men arose, 
and went away : and Joshua commanded them that went 
to describe 2 the land, saying, Go and walk about in the 
land, and describe 2 it, and come again to me, that I may 

9 here cast 4 lots for you before the Eternal in Shiloh. And 
the men went, and passed through the land, and described 5 
it by cities, into seven portions, in a book, and came again 

10 to Joshua to the camp at Shiloh. And Joshua cast 4 lots 
for them in Shiloh before the Eternal: and there Joshua 
divided the land unto the children of Israel, according to 

1 1 their divisions. And the lot of the tribe of the children of 
Benjamin came up according to their families : and the 
boundary of their lot came up forth between the children 

12 of Judah and the children of Joseph. And their boun- 
dary, on the north, was from the Jordan : and the boun- 
dary went up to the side 6 of Jericho on the north, and 
went up through the mountain westward ; and the goings 

13 out thereof were at the desert of Beth-aven. And the 
boundary went over from thence towards Luz, to the side 6 
of Luz, which is Bethel, southward ; and the boundary 

1 stationed. 2 write. 3 stand. 4 shoot. s wrote. 6 shoulder. 7 sea. 
33 d 



JOSHUA, Chap. XVIII. XIX. 

went down to Ataroth-adar, on the mountain that lieth on 

14 the south of the nether Beth-horon. And the boundary 
was drawn thence, and compassed the corner of the sea 
southward, from the mountain that lieth before Beth-horon 
southward ; and the goings out thereof were at Kirjath- 
baal, which is Kirjath-jearim, a city of the children of 

15 Judah : this was the west 1 corner. And the south corner 
was from the extremity of Kirjath-jearim ; and the boun- 
dary went out on the west, 1 and went out to the fountain 

1 6 of waters of Nephtoah : And the boundary went down to 
the extremity of the mountain that lieth before the glen 
of the son of Hinnom, and which is in the valley of 
giants on the north, and went down to the glen of Hinnom, 
to the side 2 of the Jebusi on the south, and went down to 

1 7 En-rogel, And was drawn from the north, and went forth 
to En-shemesh, and went forth towards Geliloth, which is 
over against the ascent of Adummim, and went down to 

18 the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben, And passed along 
towards the side 2 over against Arabah northward, and 

19 went down unto Arabah: And the boundary passed along 
to the side 2 of Beth-hoglah northward : and the out-goings 
of the boundary were at the north bay 3 of the salt sea, at 
the southern extremity of the Jordan : this teas the south 

20 boundary. And the Jordan bounded it on the east corner. 
This ivas the inheritance of the children of Benjamin, by 
the boundaries thereof round about, according to their 

21 families. Now the cities of the tribe of the children of 
Benjamin, according to their families, were Jericho, and 

22 Beth-hoglah, and the valley of Keziz, And Beth-arabah, 

23 and Zemaraim, and Beth- el, And Avim, and Parah, and 

24 Ophrah, And Chephar-haammonai, and Ophni, and 

25 Gaba; twelve cities with their enclosures: Gibeon, and 

26 Ramah, and Beeroth, And Mizpeh, and Chephirah, and 

27 28 Mozah, And Rekem, and Irpeel, and Taralah, And 
Zelah, Eleph, and the Jebusi, which is Jerusalem, Gibeath, 
and Kirjath ; fourteen cities with their enclosures. This 
is the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according 
to their families. 

Chap. XIX. 
1 And the second lot came forth to Simeon, even for the 
tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families : 
and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the 
1 sea. 2 shoulder. 3 tongue. 

34 



JOSHUA, Chap. XIX. 

2 children of Judah. And they had in their inheritance, 

3 Beer-sheba and Sheba, and Moladah, And Hazar-shual, 

4 and Balah, and Azera, And Eltolad, and Bethul, and 

5 Hormah, And Ziklag, and Beth-marcaboth, and Hazar- 

6 susah, And Beth-lebaoth, and Sharuhen ; thirteen cities 

7 and their enclosures : Ain, Remmon, and Ether, and 

8 Ashan ; four cities and their enclosures : And all the 
enclosures that were round about these cities, to Baalath- 
beer, Ramath of the south. This is the inheritance of the 
tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families. 

9 Out of the portion 1 of the children of Judah was the 
inheritance of the children of Simeon : for the portion of 
the children of Judah was too much for them ; therefore 
the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the 

10 inheritance of them. And the third lot came up for the 
children of Zebulun, according to their families : and the 

1 1 boundary of their inheritance was unto Sarid : And their 
boundary went up towards the sea, and Maralah, and 
reached 2 to Dabbasheth, and reached 2 to the brook that is 

12 before Jokneam ; And turned 3 from Sarid eastward, 
towards the sun-rising, unto the boundary of Chisloth- 
tabor, and then goeth out to Daberath, and goeth up to 

23 Japhia, And from thence passeth on along on the east to 
Gittah-hepher, to Ittah-kazin, and goeth out to Remmon- 

14 methoar to Neah : And the boundary compasseth it on 
the north to Hannathon : and the out-goings thereof are 

15 in the glen of Jiphthah-ei : And Kattath, and Nahallal, 
and Shimron, and Idalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities 

16 with their enclosures. This is the inheritance of the chil- 
dren of Zebulun according to their families, these cities 

17 with their enclosures. And the fourth lot came out to 
Issachar, for the children of Issachar according to their 

18 families. And their boundary was towards Jezreel, and 

19 Chesulloth, and Shunem, And Haphraim, and Shihon, 

20 Anaharath, And Rabbith, and Kishion, and Abez, 

21 And Remeth, and En-gannim, and En-haddah, and Beth- 

22 pazzez ; And the boundary reacheth 2 to Tabor, and Sha- 
hazimah, and Beth-shemesh ; and the out-goings of their 
boundary were at the Jordan : sixteen cities with their 

23 enclosures. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the 
children of Issachar, according to their families, the cities 

24 and their enclosures. And the fifth lot came out for the 
tribe of the children of Asher according to their families. 

25 And their boundary was Helkath, and Hali, and Beten, 

1 cord. 2 met. 3 returned. 
35 d 2 



JOSHUA, Chap. XIX. 

26 and Achshaph, And Alammelech, and Amad, and Misheal ; 
and reacheth 1 to Carmel westward, and to Shihor-libnath ; 

27 And turneth 3 towards the sun-rising to Beth-dagon, and 
reacheth 1 to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthah-el, 
towards the north of Beth-emek, and Neiel, and goeth out 

28 to Cabul on the left. And Hebron, and Rehob, and 

29 Hammon, and Kanah, even unto great 4 Zidon; And then 
the boundary turneth 3 to Ramah, and to the fortress city of 
Tyre ; and the boundary turneth 3 to Hosah ; and the out- 
goings thereof are at the sea, from Chebel to Achzib: 

30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two 

31 cities with their enclosures. This is the inheritance of the 
tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, 

32 these cities with their enclosures. The sixth lot came out 
to the children of Naphtali, even for the children of Naph- 

33 tali according to their families. And their boundary was 
from Heleph, from the oak in the marshes, and Adami, 
Nekeb, and Jabneel, unto Lakum ; and the out-goings 

34 thereof were at the Jordan; And then the boundary 
turneth 3 westward lo Aznoth-tabor, and goeth out from 
thence to Hukkok, and reacheth 1 to Zebulun on the south, 
and reacheth 1 to Asher on the west, 2 and to Judah upon 

35 the Jordan towards the sun-rising. And the fortified cities 
are Ziddim, Zer, and Hammath, Rakkath, and Chinnereth, 

36 37 And Adamah, and Ramah, and Hazor, And Kedesh, 

38 and Edrei, and En-hazor, And Iron, and Migdal-el, 
Horem, and Beth-anath, and Beth-shemesh ; nineteen 

39 cities with their enclosures. This is the inheritance of the 
tribe of the children of Naphtali according to their families, 

40 the cities and their enclosures. And the seventh lot came 
out for the tribe of the children of Dan according to their 

41 families. And the boundary of their inheritance was 

42 Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Ir-shemesh, And Shaalabbin, 

43 and Ajalon, and Jethlah, And Elon, and Thimnathah, 

44 and Ekron, And Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath, 

45 46 And Jehud, and Bene-berak, and Gath-rimmon, And 
Me-jarkon, and Rakkon, with the boundary before Japho. 

47 And the boundary of the children of Dan went beyond 
them ; for the children of Dan went up to fight against 
Leshem, and conquered it, and smote it with the edge 5 of 
the sword, and possessed it, and abode therein, and called 

48 Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father. This 
is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Dan 
according to their families, these cities with their enclosures. 

1 met. 2 sea. 3 returneth. 4 numerous. 5 mouth. 
36 



JOSHUA, Chap. XIX. XX. 

49 When they had finished dividing the land for inheritance 
by their boundaries, the children of Israel gave an inheri- 
tance to Joshua the son of Nun in the midst of them : 

50 According to the word 1 of the Eternal, they gave him the 
city which he asked, even Timnath-serah in mount 

51 Ephraim : and he built the city, and abode therein. These 
are the inheritances which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua 
the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes 
of the children of Israel, divided for an inheritance by lot 
in Shiloh before the Eternal, at the entrance of the 
appointed tent So they finished dividing the land. 

Chap. XX. 

1 2 The Eternal also spake unto Joshua, saying, Speak to 
the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out 2 for you cities 
of refuge, 3 whereof I spake unto you by the hand of Moses : 

3 That the slayer 4 that smiteth any person 5 in error and un- 
wittingly may run away thither : and they shall be your 

4 refuge 3 from the avenger 6 of the blood. And when he 
that doth run away unto one of those cities shall stand at 
the entrance of the gate of the city, and shall declare his 
cause 7 in the ears of the elders of that city, they shall take 8 
him into the city, unto them, and give him a place, that 

5 he may abide among them. And if the avenger 6 of the 
blood pursue after him, then they shall not deliver the 
slayer 4 up into his hand ; for he smote his fellow unwit- 

6 tingly, and hated him not before-time. 9 And he shall 
abide in that city, until he stand before the congregation 
for judgment, until the death of the high priest that shall 
be in those days : then shall the slayer 4 return, and come 
unto his own city, and unto his own house, unto the city 

7 from whence he ran away. And they appointed 10 Kadesh 
in Galilee in mount Naphtali, and Shechem in mount 
Ephraim, and Kirjath-arba, which is Hebron, in the moun- 

8 tain of Judah. And on the other side of the Jordan by 
Jericho towards sun-rise, they assigned 11 Bezer in the 
desert upon the level out of the tribe of Reuben, and Ra- 
moth in Gilead out of the tribe of Gad, and Golan in 

9 Bashan out of the tribe of Manasseh. These were the 
cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and for the 

'mouth. 2 give. 3 reception. 4 murderer. 5 soul. 6 redeemer. 7 speak his 
words. 8 gather. 9 from yesterday before yesterday. I0 sanctified. " gave. 

37 



JOSHUA, Chap. XX. XXL 

stranger that sojourneth among them, that whosoever 
smiteth any person 1 in error might run away thither, and 
not die by the hand of the avenger 2 of the blood, until he 
stood before the congregation. 



Chap. XXI. 

1 Then stepped near the heads of the fathers of the Levites 
unto Eleazar the priest, and unto Joshua the son of Nun, 
and unto the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the chil- 

2 dren of Israel ; And they spake unto them at Shiloh in 
the land of Canaan, saying, The Eternal commanded by 
the hand of Moses to give us cities to abide in, with the 

3 districts thereof for our beasts. And the children of Israel 
gave unto the Levites out of their inheritance, at the com- 
mandment 3 of the Eternal, these cities and their districts. 

4 And the lot came out for the families of the Kohathites : 
and the children of Aaron the priest, who were of the 
Levites, had by lot, out of the tribe of Judah, and out of 
the tribe of Simeon, and out of the tribe of Benjamin, 

5 thirteen cities. And the children of Kohath that were 
left had by lot, out of the families of the tribe of Ephraim, 
and out of the tribe of Dan, and out of the half tribe of 

6 Manasseh, ten cities. And the children of Gershon had 
by lot, out of the families of the tribe of Issachar, and out 
of the tribe of Asher, and out of the tribe of Naphtali, and 
out of the half tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, thirteen cities. 

7 The children of Merari, by their families, had, out of the 
tribe of Reuben, and out of the tribe of Gad, and out of 

8 the tribe of Zebulun, twelve cities. And the children of 
Israel gave by lot unto the Levites these cities with their 
districts, as the Eternal commanded by the hand of Moses. 

9 And they gave out of the tribe of the children of Judah, 
and out of the tribe of the children of Simeon, these cities 

10 which are here mentioned 4 by name, Which the children 
of Aaron, being of the families of the Kohathites, who were 
of the children of Levi, had : for theirs was the first lot. 



1 soul. 2 redeemer. 3 mouth. 4 one calls. 
38 



JOSHUA, Chap. XXL 

1 1 And they gave them the city of Arba, the father of Anak 
which city is Hebron, in the mountain of Judah, with the 

12 districts thereof round about it. But the fields of the city, 
and the enclosures thereof, gave they to Caleb the son of 

13 Jephunneh for his possession. And they gave to the chil- 
dren of Aaron the priest, Hebron with its districts, to be a 
city of refuge 1 for the slayer f and Libnah with its districts, 

14 And Jattir with its districts, and Eshtemoa with its dis- 

15 tricts, And Hoi on with its districts, and Debir with its 

16 districts, And A in with its districts, and Juttah with its 
districts, and Beth-shemesh with its districts ; nine cities 

17 out of those two tribes. And out of the tribe of Benjamin, 

18 Gibeon with its districts, Geba with its districts, Anathoth 
with its districts, and Almon with its districts ; four cities. 

19 All the cities of the children of Aaron, the priests, were 

20 thirteen cities with their districts. And the families of the 
children of Kohath, the Levites that were left of the chil- 
dren of Kohath, even they had the cities of their lot out 

21 of the tribe of Ephraim. For they gave them Shechem 
with its districts in mount Ephraim, to be a city of refuge 1 

22 for the slayer; 2 and Gezer with its districts, And Kib- 
zaim with its districts, and Beth-horon with its districts ; 

23 four cities. And out of the tribe of Dan, Eltekeh with its 

24 districts, Gibbethon with its districts, Aijalon with its 

25 districts, Gath-rimmon with its districts ; four cities. And 
out of the half tribe of Manasseh, Taanach with its districts, 

26 and Gath-rimmon with its districts ; two cities. All the 
cities were ten, with their districts, for the families of the 

27 children of Kohath that were left. And unto the children 
of Gershon, of the families of the Levites, out of the other 
half tribe of Manasseh, they gave Golan in Bashan with its 
districts to be a city of refuge 1 for the slayer f and Beesh- 

28 terah with its districts ; two cities. And out of the tribe 
of Isaachar, Kishon with its districts, Dabareh with its dis- 

29 tricts, Jarmuth with its districts, Engannim with its 

30 districts ; four cities. And out of the tribe of Asher, 

3 1 Mishal with its districts, Abdon with its districts, Helkath 
with its districts, and Rehob with its districts ; four cities. 

32 And out of the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh in Galilee with 



1 feceptiou. 2 murderer. 
39 



JOSHUA, Chap. XXL XXII. 

its districts, to be a city of refuge 1 for the slayer ; 2 and 
Hammoth-dor with its districts, and Kartan with its dis- 

33 tricts; three cities. All the cities of the Gershonites, 
according to their families, were thirteen cities with their 

34 districts. And unto the families of the children of Merari, 
the Levites that were left out of the tribe of Zebulun, 
Jokneam with its districts, and Kartah with its districts, 

35 Dimnah with its districts, Nahalal with its districts ; four 

36 cities. And out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer with its 

37 districts, and Jahazah with its districts, Kedemoth with 
its districts, and Mephaath with its districts ; four cities. 

38 And out of the tribe of Gad, Ramoth in Gilead with its 
districts, to be a city of refuge 1 for the slayer ; 2 and Maha- 

39 naim with its districts, Heshbon with its districts, Jazer 

40 with its districts ; four cities in all. So all the cities for 
the children of Merari, by their families, that were left of 
the families of the Levites, were, by their lot, twelve cities. 

4 1 All the cities of the Levites in the midst of the possession 
of the children of Israel were forty and eight cities with 

42 their districts. These cities were every one with their 
districts round about them, thus were all these cities. 

43 And the Eternal gave unto Israel all the land which he 
sware to give unto their fathers; and they possessed it, 

44 and abode therein. And the Eternal gave them rest round 
about, according to all that he sware unto their fathers : 
and there stood not a man of all their enemies before them ; 

45 the Eternal gave all their enemies into their hand. There 
failed not ought 3 of any good thing which the Eternal had 
spoken unto the house of Israel ; all came to pass. 



Chap. XXII. 

1 Then Joshua called the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and 

2 the half tribe of Manasseh, And said unto them, Ye have 
kept all that Moses the servant of the Eternal commanded 
you, and have obeyed my voice in all that I have com- 

3 manded you : Ye have not forsaken your brethren these 

1 reception. a murderer. 3 fell not a word. , 
40 



JOSHUA, Chap. XXII. 

many days unto this day, but have kept the charge of the 

4 commandment of the Eternal your God. And now the 
Eternal your God hath given rest unto your brethren, as 
he promised them : therefore now turn ye and go you unto 
your tents, and unto the land of your possession, which 
Moses the servant of the Eternal gave you on the other 

5 side of the Jordan. But take diligent heed 1 to do the 
commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of the 
Eternal commanded you, to love the Eternal your God, 
and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, 
and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your 

6 heart and with all your soul. So Joshua blessed them, 

7 and let them go : and they went unto their tents. Now, 
to the one half of the tribe of Manasseh, Moses had given 
possession in Bashan ; but unto the other half thereof gave 
Joshua among their brethren on this side of the Jordan 
westward. And when Joshua let them go also unto their 

8 tents, then he blessed them ; And he spake unto them, 
saying, Return with much wealth unto your tents, and with 
very much cattle, with silver, and with gold, and with 
copper, and with iron, and with very much raiment : 3 

9 divide the spoil of your enemies with your brethren. And 
the children of Reuben, and the children of Gad, and the 
half tribe of Manasseh, returned, and went from the chil- 
dren of Israel out of Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan, 
to o-o unto the land of Gilead, to the land of their posses- 
sion, whereof they were possessed, 4 according to the word 5 

10 of the Eternal by the hand of Moses. And when they 
came unto the regions of the Jordan, that are in the land 
of Canaan, the children of Reuben, and the children of 
Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, built there an altar 

1 1 by the Jordan, a great altar for show. 6 And the children 
of Israel heard say, Behold, the children of Reuben, and 
the children of Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, have 
built an altar over against the land of Canaan, in the 
regions of the Jordan, on this side of the children of Israel. 

12 And when the children of Israel heard of it, the whole 
congregation of the children of Israel assembled at Shiloh, 

13 to go up to war 7 against them. And the children of 
Israel sent unto the children of Reuben, and to the chil- 

1 keep exceedingly. 2 sea. 3 outer garments. 4 seized, 5 mouth. 6 sight. 
7 into the host. 
41 



JOSHUA, Chap. XXII. 

dren of Gad, and to the half tribe of Manasseh, into the 
land of Gilead, Phinehas, the son of Eleazar the priest: 

14 And ten princes with him of each chief house a prince 1 
throughout all the tribes of Israel ; and each one 2 was a 
head of the house of their fathers among the thousands of 

15 Israel. And they came unto the children of Reuben, and 
to the children of Gad, and to the half tribe of Manasseh, 
unto the land of Gilead ; and they spake with them, 

16 saying, Thus saith the whole congregation of the Eternal, 
What trespass is this that ye have trespassed against the 
God of Israel, to turn away 3 this day from after the 
Eternal, in that ye have builded you an altar, that ye 

17 might rebel this day against the Eternal. Is the iniquity 
of Peor too little for us, from which we are not cleansed 
until this day, when there was a plague 4 in the congrega- 

18 tion of the Eternal, But that ye must turn away 3 this day 
from after the Eternal ? and it will be, seeing ye rebel to- 
day against the Eternal, that to-morrow he will be angry 

19 with the whole congregation of Israel. Notwithstanding, 
if the land of your possession be unclean, then pass ye over 
unto the land of the possession of the Eternal, wherein the 
dwelling of the Eternal is established, 5 and take possession 
in the midst of us : but rebel not against the Eternal, nor 
rebel against us, in building you an altar, beside the altar 

20 of the Eternal our God. Did not Achan the son of Zerah 
trespass a trespass in the doomed thing, and anger was on 
all the congregation of Israel ? and that man expired not 

21 alone in his iniquity. Then the children of Reuben, and 
the children of Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, 
answered and spake unto the heads of the thousands of 

22 Israel, The God of gods the Eternal, the God of gods 
the Eternal, he knoweth, and Israel he shall know ; if it be 
in rebellion, or if in trespass against the Eternal, save us 

23 not this day. If we have built us an altar to turn 3 from 
after the Eternal, or if to offer 6 thereon burnt-offering or 
oblation, or if to offer 6 feast- offerings thereon, let the 

24 Eternal himself seek into it ; And if we have not rather 
done it for apprehension of this thing, saying, In time 
to come 7 your children might say unto our children, 
as follows, What have you to do with the Eternal God 

1 one prince one prince to the house of a father. - a man. 3 return. 
4 infliction. 6 dwelleth. 6 bring up. 7 to-morrow. 

42 



JOSHUA, Chap. XXII. 

25 of Israel? A boundary hath God placed 1 between us and 
you, ye children of Reuben and ye children of Gad, the 
Jordan ; ye have no portion in the Eternal : so shall your 
children make our children leave off fearing the Eternal. 

26 Therefore we said, Let us now prepare 2 to build us an altar, 

27 not for burnt-offering, nor for sacrifice : But that it may be a 
witness between us and you, and our generations after us, 
that we might do the service of the Eternal before him with 
our burnt-offerings, and with our sacrifices, and with our 
feast-offerings; that your children may not say to our 
children in time to come, 3 Ye have no portion in the 

28 Eternal. Therefore said we, that it shall be, when they 
should so say to us, or to our generations, in time to come, 3 
that we say again, Behold the pattern of the altar of the 
Eternal, which our fathers made, not for burnt-offerings, 
nor for sacrifices ; but it is a witness between us and you. 

29 It is unworthy of us that we should rebel against the 
Eternal, and turn 4 this day from after the Eternal, to build 
an altar for burnt-offerings, for oblations, or for sacrifices, 
besides the altar of the Eternal our God that is before his 

30 dwelling. And when Phinehas the priest, and the princes 
of the congregation, and heads of the thousands of Israel 
who were with him, heard the words that the children of 
Reuben, and the children of Gad, and the children of 

31 Manasseh, spake, it was good in their eyes. And Phinehas 
the son of Eleazar the priest said unto the children of 
Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the children 
of Manasseh, This day we know that the Eternal is among 
us, because ye have not trespassed this trespass against the 
Eternal: now 5 ye have delivered the children of Israel 

32 out of the hand of the Eternal. And Phinehas the son of 
Eleazar the priest, and the princes, returned from the 
children of Reuben, and from the children of Gad, out of 
the land of Gilead, unto the land of Canaan, to the children 

33 of Israel, and brought 6 them word again. And the thing 
was good in the eyes of the children of Israel ; and the 
children of Israel blessed God, and did not intend 7 to go 
up against them in battle, 8 to destroy 9 the land wherein 

34 the children of Reuben and Gad abode. And the children 
of Reuben, and the children of Gad, called the altar Ed : 
for it is a witness between us that the Eternal is God. 

1 given. - make. 3 to-morrow. 4 return. 5 then. 6 restored. 

7 say. 8 to the host. ° corrupt. 
43 



JOSHUA, Chap. XXIII. 



Chap. XXIII. 

1 And it came to pass a long time 1 after that the Eternal 
had given rest unto Israel from all their enemies round about, 

2 that Joshua waxed old and stricken in age. 2 And Joshua 
called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, 
and for their judges, and for their bailiffs, and said unto 

3 them, I am old and stricken in age : 3 And ye have seen 
all that the Eternal your God hath done unto all these 
nations because of you: for the Eternal your God is he 

4 that fighteth for you. Behold, I have divided 4 unto you 
these remaining nations, to be an inheritance for your 
tribes, from the Jordan, with all the nations that I have 

5 cut off, even unto the great sea westward. And the 
Eternal your God, he shall thrust them out from before 
you, and dispossess them from out of your sight ; and ye 
shall possess their land, as the Eternal your God hath 

6 promised unto you. Be ye therefore very courageous, 6 
to keep and to do all that is written in the book of the law 
of Moses, that ye depart not therefrom to the right or to 

7 the left ; That ye come not among these nations, these 
that remain among you ; neither make mention of the 
name of their gods, nor cause to swear by them, neither 

8 serve them, nor prostrate yourselves unto them : But 
cleave unto the Eternal your God, as ye have done unto 

9 this day. For the Eternal hath dispossessd from before 
you great nations and mighty ; but as for you, no man 

10 hath been able to stand 7 before you unto this day. One 
man of you shall pursue a thousand : for the Eternal your 
God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised 

11 you. Take good heed therefore unto yourselves, that ye 

12 love the Eternal your God. Else if ye do in any wise go 
back, 8 and cleave unto the rest of these nations, even these 
that remain among you, and shall intermarry with them, 

13 and come unto them, and they to you: Know for a 
certainty 9 that the Eternal your God will not continue to 
dispossess any of these nations from before you ; but they 

1 from many days. 2 coming in days. 3 I have come in days. 4 caused to fall. 

s the coming of the sun. 6 strong. 7 stood. 8 returning ye do return. 

9 knowing ye shall know. 

44 



JOSHUA, Chap. XXIII. XXIV. 

shall be a snare and a trap unto you/and a scourge in your 
sides, and prickles in your eyes, until ye perish from off 
this good land, 1 which the Eternal your God hath given 

14 you. And, behold, this day I am going the way of 
all the earth : and ye know in all your heart, and in all 
your soul, that no one thing hath failed 2 of all the good 
things which the Eternal your God spake concerning you ; 
all are come to pass unto you, and not one thing hath 

15 failed 2 thereof. Therefore it shall come to pass, that as all 
good things are come upon you, which the Eternal your 
God promised you ; so shall the Eternal bring upon you 
all evil things, until he have exterminated you from off 
this good land which the Eternal your God hath given 

16 you. When ye have transgressed 3 the covenant of the 
Eternal your God, which he commanded you, and have 
gone and served other gods, and prostrated yourselves to 
them ; then shall the wrath of the Eternal glow against 
you, and ye shall perish quickly from off the good land 
which he hath given unto you. 



Chap. XXIV. 

And Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, 
and called for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and 
for their judges, and for their bailiffs ; and they placed 
themselves before God. And Joshua said unto all the 
people, Thus saith the Eternal God of Israel, Your fathers 
abode on the other side of the river in old time, even Terah 
the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor : and 
they served other gods. And I took your father Abra- 
ham from the other side of the river, and led 3 him through- 
out all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his seed, and 
gave him Isaac. And I gave unto Isaac, Jacob and Esau ; 
and I gave unto Esau mount Seir, to possess it : but Jacob 
and his children went down into Egypt. I sent Moses 
also and Aaron, and I plagued Egypt, according to that 
which I did among them : and afterwards I brought you 

'ground. 2 fallen. 3 passed. 4 caused to go. 

45 



JOSHUA, Chap. XXIV. 

6 out. And I brought your fathers out of Egypt : and you 
came unto the sea ; and the Egyptians pursued after your 
fathers with chariots and horsemen unto the Red Sea. 1 

7 And when they cried unto the Eternal, he put thick 
darkness between you and the Egyptians, and brought the 
sea upon them, and covered them : and your eyes have 
seen what I have done in Egypt : and ye abode in the 

8 desert many days. And I brought you into the land of 
the Amorites, who abode on the other side of the Jordan ; 
and they fought with you : and I gave them into your 
hand, that ye might possess their land ; and I exterminated 

9 them from before you. Then Balak the son of Zippor, 
king of Moab, arose and fought with Israel, and sent and 

10 called Balaam the son of Beor to execrate you: But I 
would not hearken unto Balaam ; therefore he blessed 

1 1 you still : 2 so I delivered you out of his hand. And ye 
went over the Jordan, and came unto Jericho : and the 
owners of Jericho fought against you, the Amorites, and 
the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and 
the Girgashites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites : and I gave 

12 them into your hand. And I sent the hornet before you, 
which drove them out from before you, even the two kings 
of the Amorites; but not with thy sword, nor with thy 

13 bow. And I have given you a land for which ye did not 
weary yourselves by labour, and cities which ye built not, 
and ye abide in them; of the vineyards and oliveyards 

14 which ye planted not, do ye eat. Now therefore fear the 
Eternal, and serve him in sincerity 3 and truth : and remove 
the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the 

1 5 river, and in Egypt ; and serve ye the Eternal. And if it 
seem evil in your eyes to serve the Eternal, choose you 
this day whom you will serve ; whether the gods which 
your fathers served, that were on the other side of the 
river, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye abide : 
but as for me and my house, we will serve the Eternal. 

16 And the people answered and said, it were unworthy of us 
that we should forsake the Eternal, to serve other gods ; 

17 For the Eternal our God, he it is that brought us up, 
and our fathers, out of the land of Egypt, from the 

1 sea of flags. 2 blessed blessing you. 3 perfection. 
4G 



JOSHUA, Chap. XXIV. 

house of servants, and who did those great signs in our 
eyes, and kept us in all the way wherein we went, and 

18 among all the peoples through whom we passed : And the 
Eternal drove out from before us all the peoples, even the 
Amorites who abode in the land : therefore will we also 

19 serve the Eternal; for he is our God. And Joshua said 
unto the people, Ye cannot serve the Eternal : for he is a 
holy God ; he is a jealous God ; he will not bear with your 

20 transgressions nor your sins. If ye forsake the Eternal, 
and serve strange gods, then he will turn 1 and do you evil, 
and consume 3 you, after that he hath done you good. 

21 And the people said unto Joshua, Nay, but we will serve 

22 the Eternal. And Joshua said unto the people, Ye are 
witnesses amongst yourselves that ye have chosen you the 
Eternal, to serve him. And they said, We are witnesses. 

23 Now therefore remove, said he, the strange gods which are 
among you, and incline your heart unto the Eternal God of 

24 Israel. And the people said unto Joshua, The Eternal 

25 our God will we serve, and his voice will we obey. So 
Joshua made 3 a covenant with the people that day, and 

26 set 4 them a statute and an ordinance 5 in Shechem. And 
Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God, 
and took a great stone, and raised it up there under the 

27 terebinth, that was in the sanctuary of the Eternal. And 
Joshua said unto all the people, Behold, this stone shall be 
a witness unto us ; for it hath heard all the words of the 
Eternal which he spake unto us : it shall be therefore a 

28 witness unto you, lest ye deny your God. So Joshua let 

29 the people go, every man unto his inheritance. And 
it came to pass after these things, that Joshua the son of 
Nun, the servant of the Eternal, died, being an hundred 

30 and ten years old. 6 And they buried him in the boundary 
of his inheritance in Timnath-serah, which is in mount 

31 Ephraim, on the north of the hill of Gaash. And Israel 
served the Eternal all the days of Joshua, and all the days 
of the elders that overlived 7 Joshua, and who had known 
all the deeds of the Eternal, that he had done for Israel. 

32 And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel 



return. 3 finish. 3 cut. 4 put. 5 judgment. 6 a son of a hundred and ten years. 
7 prolonged days after. 

47 



JOSHUA, Chap. XXIV. 

brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a 
portion of the field which Jacob obtained of the sons of 
Hamor, the father of Shechem, for an hundred kesitah : 
and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph. 
33 And Eleazar, the son of Aaron died ; and they buried 
him in the hill of Phinehas his son, which was given him 
in mount Ephraim. 

END OF THE BOOK OF JOSHUA. 



JUDGES. 



Chap. L 

1 And after the death of Joshua, it came to pass, that the 
children of Israel asked the Eternal, saying, Who shall go 
up for us against the Canaanites at first, 1 to fight against 

2 them? And the Eternal said, Judah shall go up : behold, 

3 I have given the land into his hand. And Judah said unto 
Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my lot, that 
we may fight against the Canaanite ; and I likewise will 

4 go with thee into thy lot. So Simeon went with him. And 
Judah went up ; and the Eternal gave the Canaanite and 
the Perizzite into their hand : and they smote of them in 

5 Bezek ten thousand men. And they found Adoni-bezek 
in Bezek : and they fought against him, and they smote 

6 the Canaanite and the Perizzite. But Adoni-bezek ran 
away : and they pursued after him, and seized him, and 

7 cut off his thumbs and his great toes. 2 And Adoni-bezek 
said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and 
their great toes 3 cut off, collected their meat under my 
table : as I have done, so God hath paid me. And they 

8 brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died. And the 
children of Judah fought against Jerusalem, and conquered 
it, and smote it with the edge 4 of the sword, and set 5 the 

9 city on fire. And afterwards, the children of Judah went 
down to fight against the Canaanite, that abode in the 

10 mountain, and in the south, and in the low-land. And 
Judah went against the Canaanite that abode in Hebron, 
now the name of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba, and 

1 previously. 2 the thumbs of his hands and feet. 3 the thumbs of their hands 
and feet. 4 mouth. 5 let go. 
49 E 



JUDGES, Chap. I. 

11 they smote Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai. And from 
thence he went against the inhabitants of Debir ; and the 

12 name of Debir before was Kirjath-sepher : And Caleb 
said, He that smiteth Kirjath-sepher, and conquereth it, 

13 to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife. And 
Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger 1 brother, con- 
quered it : and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife. 

14 And it came to pass, when she came to him, that she en- 
ticed him to ask of her father a field : and she lighted 
from off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wilt 

15 thou? 2 And she said unto him, Get me a blessing: for 
thou hast given me a south land, give me also tanks of 
water. And Caleb gave her the upper tanks and the 

16 nether tanks. And the children of the Kenite, Moses' 
father-in-law, went up out of the city of the palm-trees 
with the children of Judah into the desert of Judah, which 
lieth in the south of Arad: and they went and abode 

17 among the people. And Judah went with Simeon his 
brother, and they smote the Canaanite that abode in 
Zephath, and doomed it : And the name of the city was 

18 called Hormah. Also Judah conquered Gaza with the 
boundary thereof, and Askelon with the boundary thereof, 

19 and Ekron with the boundary thereof. And the Eternal 
was with Judah, and he dispossessed the inhabitants of the 
mountain, but could not dispossess the inhabitants of the 

20 valley, because they had chariots of iron. And they gave 
Hebron unto Caleb, as Moses spake : and he dispossessed 

21 thence the three sons of Anak. And the Jebusite the 
inhabitant of Jerusalem Benjamin did not dispossess ; 
but the Jebusite abideth with the children of Benjamin in 

22 Jerusalem unto this day. And the house of Joseph, they 
also went up against Beth-el : and the Eternal was with 

23 them. And the house of Joseph caused Beth-el to be 

24 descried : Now the name of the city before was Luz. And 
the spies 3 saw a man come forth out of the city ; and they 
said unto him, Shew us, pray, the entrance 4 into the city, 

25 and we will shew 5 thee mercy. And when he shewed them 
the entrance 4 into the city, they smote the city with the 
edge 6 of the sword ; but they let go the man and all his 

26 family. And the man went into the land of the Hittites, and 
built a city, and called the name thereof Luz : which is the 

1 smaller. 2 is unto thee. 3 keepers. 4 coming. s do. 6 mouth. 
50 



JUDGES, Chap. I. II. 

27 name thereof unto this day. Neither did Manasseh dispossess 
the inhabitants of Beth-shean and its towns, 1 nor Taanach 
and its towns, 1 nor the inhabitants of Dor and its towns, 1 
nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and its towns, 1 nor the 
inhabitants of Megiddo and its towns, 1 but the Canaanite 

28 was content to abide in that land. And it came to pass, 
when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanite to 

29 tribute, and did not utterly dispossess him. 2 Neither did 
Ephraim dispossess the Canaanite that abode in Gezer; 

30 but the Canaanite abode in Gezer among them. Neither 
did Zebulun dispossess the inhabitants of Kitron, nor th<* 
inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanite abode among 

31 them, and was tributary. Neither did Asher dispossess 
the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, 
nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, 

32 nor of Rehob: But the Asherite abode among the 
Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land ; for they did not 

33 dispossess them. Neither did Naphtali dispossess the 
inhabitants of Beth-shemesh, nor the inhabitants of Beth- 
anath ; but he abode among the Canaanites, the inhabit- 
ants of the land : nevertheless, the inhabitants of Beth- 
shemesh and of Beth-anath were tributary unto them. 

34 And the Amorites forced 3 the children of Dan into the 
mountain : for they would not suffer 4 them to come down 

35 to the valley : But the Amorites were content to abide 
in mount Heres in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim; yet the 
hand of the house of Joseph prevailed, 5 so that they were 

36 tributary. And the boundary of the Amorites was from 
the ascent to Akrabbim, from the rock, and upwards. 

Chap. II. 

1 And a messenger of the Eternal came up from Gilgal to 
Bochim, and said, I brought you up out of Egypt, and 
have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your 
fathers ; and I said, I will never make void my covenant 

2 with you. And ye shall make 6 no covenant with the 
inhabitants of this land ; ye shall pull down their altars : 
but ye have not obeyed my voice : why 7 have ye done 

3 this ? Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out 
from before you ; but they shall be as entanglements fl unto 

4 you, and their gods shall be a snare unto you. And it 

came to pass, when the messenger of the Eternal spake 

1 daughters. 2 dispossessing dispossess. 3 pressed. 4 give. 5 was heavy. 
6 cut. 7 what. 

51 e 2 



JUDGES, Chap. II. 

these words unto all the children of Israel, that the people 

5 lifted up their voice, and wept. And they called the name 
of that place Bochim : and they sacrificed there unto the 

6 Eternal. And when Joshua had let the people go, the 
children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to 

7 possess the land. And the people served the Eternal all 
the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that out- 
lived 1 Joshua, who had seen every great deed of the 

8 Eternal, that he did for Israel. And Joshua the son of 
Nun, the servant of the Eternal, died, being a hundred and 

9 ten years old. 2 And they buried him in the boundary of 
his inheritance in Timnath-heres, in the mount of Ephraim, 

10 on the north of the hill Gaash. And also all that genera- 
tion were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose 
another generation after them, which knew not the 
Eternal, nor yet the deeds which he had done for Israel. 

11 And the children of Israel did evil in the eyes of the 

12 Eternal, and served the Baalim : And they forsook the 
Eternal God of their fathers, who brought them out of the 
land of Egypt, and went after other gods, of the gods of 
the peoples that were round about them, and prostrated 
themselves unto them, and provoked the Eternal to anger. 

13 And they forsook the Eternal, and served the Baal and 

14 the Ashtaroth. And the wrath of the Eternal glowed 
against Israel, and he gave them into the hands of spoilers 
that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of 
their enemies round about, so that they could not any 

15 longer stand before their enemies. Whithersoever they 
went out, the hand of the Eternal was against them for 
evil, as the Eternal had said, and as the Eternal had sworn 

16 unto them : and they were greatly distressed. Never- 
theless, the Eternal raised up judges, who saved them out 

17 of the hand of those that spoiled them. And yet they 
would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a 
whoring after other gods, and prostrated themselves unto 
them : they departed quickly out of the way which their 
fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the 

18 Eternal; but they did not do so. And when the Eternal 
raised them up judges, then the Eternal was with the 
judge, and saved them out of the hand of their enemies all 
the days of the judge : for it repented the Eternal because 
of their groanings, by reason of them that oppressed 3 them 

1 prolonged days. 2 a son of. 3 pressed upon. 
52 



JUDGES, Chap. II. III. 

19 and vexed them. And it came to pass, when the judge 
was dead, that they returned and corrupted themselves more 
than their fathers, in going after other gods to serve them, 
and to prostrate themselves unto them : they ceased 1 not 

20 from their own doings, nor from their stubborn 2 way. And 
the wrath of the Eternal glowed against Israel ; and he 
said, Because that this nation hath transgressed 3 my cove- 
nant which I commanded their fathers, and have not 

21 hearkened unto my voice, I also will not continue to 
dispossess any from before them of the nations which 

22 Joshua left 4 when he died ; In order to try Israel through 
them, whether they will keep the way of the Eternal, to 

23 walk therein, as their fathers did keep it, or not. There- 
fore the Eternal left 5 those nations, without dispossessing 
them hastily; neither gave he them into the hand of 
Joshua. 

Chap. III. 

1 Now these are the nations which the Eternal left 5 to try 
Israel through them ; even all those that had not known all 

2 the wars of Canaan ; Only that the generations of the 
children of Israel might know, to teach them war, only 

3 those that before knew nothing thereof; Namely, five 
chiefs of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the 
Sidonians, and the Hivites inhabitants of mount Lebanon, 
from mount Baal-hermon unto the coming into Hamath. 

4 And they were to try Israel through them, to know 
whether they would hearken unto the commandments of 
the Eternal, which he commanded their fathers by the 

5 hand of Moses. And the children of Israel abode among 
the Canaanite, Hittite, and Amorite, and Perizzite, and 

6 Hivite, and Jebusite : And they took their daughters to 
be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and 

7 served their gods. And the children of Israel did evil in 
the eyes of the Eternal, and forgot the Eternal their God, 

8 and served the Baalim and the Asheroth. 6 Therefore the 
wrath of the Eternal glowed against Israel, and he sold 
them into the hand of Chushan-rishathaim king of Meso- 
potamia: and the children of Israel served Chusan-risha- 

9 thaim eight years. And when the children of Israel cried unto 
the Eternal, the Eternal raised up a deliverer 7 to the children 

1 caused to fall. 2 hard. 3 passed. 4 forsook. 5 placed. 6 happy ones. 7 saviour. 
53 



JUDGES, Chap. III. 

of Israel, who saved them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz 

10 Caleb's younger 1 brother. And the spirit of the Eternal 
was upon him, and be judged Israel, and went out to the 
war: and the Eternal gave Chushan-rishathaim king of 
Mesopotamia into his hand ; and his hand prevailed against 

1 1 Chushan-rishathaim. And the land was quiet forty years : 

12 and Othniel the son of Kenaz died. And the children of 
Israel continued to do evil in the eyes of the Eternal : and 
the Eternal strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against 
Israel, because they had done evil in the eyes of the 

13 Eternal. And he gathered unto him the children of 
Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and 

14 succeeded to the city of palm-trees. So the children 
of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years. 

15 But when the children of Israel cried unto the Eternal, the 
Eternal raised them up a deliverer, 2 Ehud the son of Gera, a 
Benjamite, a man left-handed ; 3 and by him the children 
of Israel sent a present 4 unto Eglon the king of Moab. 

16 But Ehud made him a sword, which had two edges, 5 of a 
gomed length : and he did gird it under his raiment upon 

17 his right thigh. And he offered the present 4 unto Eglon 

18 king of Moab : and Eglon was a very fat man. And when 
he had finished offering the present, 4 he sent away the 

1 9 people the bearers of the present. 4 But he himself turned 
again from the quarries that ivere by Gilgal, and said, I 
have a word in secrecy unto thee, O king: who said, 
Hush. And all that stood by him went out from him. 

20 And Ehud came unto him ; and he was sitting in the cool 
of the upper chamber, which he had for himself, alone : 
and Ehud said, I have a word from God unto thee. And 

21 he arose out of his chair. And Ehud put forth 6 his left 
hand, and took the sword from his right thigh, and thrust 7 

22 it into his belly. And the haft also went in after the blade; 8 
and the fat shut upon the blade, 8 so that he could not draw 

23 the sword out of his belly ; and the dirt|| came out. Then 
Ehud went forth through the porch, and shut the doors 

24 of the upper chamber upon him, and locked them. When 
he was gone out, his servants came ; and when they saw that, 
behold, the doors of the upper chamber were locked, they 

1 little. 2 saviour 3 his right hand being restrained. * oblation. 5 mouths. 
6 sent. 7 fixed. 8 flame. 

54 



JUDGES, Chap. III. IV. 

said, Surely he covereth|| his feet in the cooling of his upper 

25 chamber. And they tarried till they were ashamed ; and, 
behold, he opened not the doors of the upper chamber : 
therefore they took the key and opened them : and, behold, 

26 their lord was fallen down dead on the earth. And Ehud 
escaped while they lingered, and passed beyond the quar- 

27 ries, and escaped unto Seirath. And it came to pass, when 
he was come, that he blew 1 the cornet in the mountain of 
Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him 

28 from the mount, and he before them. And he said unto 
them, Follow 2 after me ; for the Eternal hath given your 
enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went 
down after him, and conquered the fords of the Jordan 
towards Moab, and suffered 3 not a man to pass over. 

29 And they smote of Moab at that time about ten thousand 
men, all lusty, and all men of force ; and there escaped not 

30 a man. So Moab was humbled that day under the hand 

3 1 of Israel. And the land was quiet fourscore years. And 
after him was Shamgar, the son of Anath, who smote of 
the Philistines six hundred men with an ox-goad: and 
he also saved Israel. 



Chap. IV. 

1 And the children of Israel continued to do evil in the eyes 

2 of the Eternal, when Ehud was dead. And the Eternal 
sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that 
reigned in Hazor ; the officer of whose host was Sisera, 

3 who abode in Harosheth Hagoyim. And the children of 
Israel cried unto the Eternal ; for he had nine hundred 
chariots of iron : and twenty years he mightily oppressed 

4 the children of Israel. And Deborah, a woman that was 
a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at 

5 that time. And she abode under the palm-tree of Deborah, 
between Ramah and Beth-el in mount Ephraim ; and the 

6 children of Israel came up to her for judgment. And 
she sent and called Barak, the son of Abinoam, out of 
Kedesh-naphtali, and said unto him, Hath not the 
Eternal God of Israel commanded, saying, Go, and 
draw towards mount Tabor, and take with thee ten 

1 fixed. 2 plursue. 3 gave. 
55 



JUDGES, Chap. IV. 

thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the chil- 

7 dren of Zebulun ? And I will draw unto thee, to the 
river Kishon, Sisera, the officer of Jabin's host, with his 
chariots and his multitude ; and I will give him into thine 

8 hand. And Barak said unto her, If thou wilt go with me, 
then I will go ; but if thou wilt not go with me, then I will 

9 not go. And she said, I will surely go with thee: 1 only 
that the honour 2 will not be thine on the way on which 
thou goest; for the Eternal shall sell Sisera into the hand 
of a woman. And Deborah arose, and went with Barak 

10 to Kedesh. And Barak summoned Zebulun and Naphtali 
to Kedesh ; and he went up with ten thousand men at his 

1 1 feet ; and Deborah went up with him. Now Heber the 
Kenite had parted from Kain, from the sons of Hobab, 
the father-in-law of Moses, and pitched 3 his tent at the oak 

12 of the marshes, which is by Kedesh. And they told Sisera 
that Barak, the son of Abinoam, was gone up to mount 

13 Tabor. And Sisera summoned all his chariots, even nine 
hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with 
him, from Harosheth Hagoyim unto the brook of Kishon. 

14 And Deborah said unto Barak, Arise ; for this is the day, 
in which the Eternal hath given Sisera into thine hand : 
is not the Eternal gone out before thee ? So Barak went 
down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him. 

15 And the Eternal discomfited 4 Sisera, and all his chariots, 
and all his camp, with the edge 5 of the sword, before 
Barak ; so that Sisera went down off his vehicle, and ran 

16 away on his feet. But Barak pursued after the chariots, 
and after the host, 6 unto Harosheth Hagoyim : and all the 
host 6 of Sisera fell by the edge 5 of the sword ; and not one 

17 remained. And Sisera ran away on his feet to the tent of 
Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite : for there was peace 
between Jabin the king of Hazor and the house of Heber 

18 the Kenite. And Jael went out towards Sisera, and said 
unto him, Turn in, 7 my lord, turn in 7 to me : fear not : 
and when he had turned in 8 unto her into the tent, she 

1 9 covered him with a coverlet. And he said unto her, Give 
me, pray, a little water to drink ; for I am thirsty : and 
she opened the skin bottle of milk, and gave him drink, 

20 and covered him. Again he said unto her, Stand in the 

1 going I will go. 3 splendour. 3 inclined. * confounded. 5 mouth. 6 camp. 
7 depart. s departed. 

56 



JUDGES, Chap, IV. V. 

entrance of the tent ; and it shall be, when any man doth 
come and ask thee, and say, Is there any man here ? that 

21 thou shalt say, No. Then Jael, Heber's wife, took the 
tent-pin, and took a hammer in her hand, and went 
softly unto him, and fixed the pin into his temples, and it 
sank 1 into the ground; for he was fast asleep, and faint: 

22 so he died. And, behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, Jael 
came out towards him, and said unto him, Come, and I 
will shew thee the man whom thou seekest. And when he 
came into her tent) behold, Sisera lay 2 dead and the pin was 

23 in his temples. So God humbled on that day Jabin the 

24 king of Canaan before the children of Israel. And the 
hand of the children of Israel prospered and prevailed 3 
against Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had destroyed 
Jabin king of Canaan. 

Chap. V. 

1 Then sang Deborah, and Barak the son of Abinoam, on 
that day, saying, 

2 When disorder disordered Israel, then a people willingly 
offered themselves ; for this bless ye the Eternal. 

3 Hear, O ye kings ; give ear, O ye distinguished men : I, 
even I, will sing unto the Eternal ; I will sing hymns to 
the Eternal God of Israel. 

4 Eternal, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou 
marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth quaked, and 
the heavens dropped, the thick clouds also dropped water. 

5 Mountains flowed from before the Eternal, even that Sinai 
from before the Eternal God of Israel. 

6 In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, in the days of 
Jael, roads had ceased, and the travellers 4 walked through 
crooked roads. 

7 Captains|| had ceased, they had ceased in Israel, until that 
I Deborah arose, that I arose a mother in Israel. 

8 They chose new gods ; then was war in the gates : was 
there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand. in Israel? 

1 lighted. 2 falling. 3 went on going and hardening. 4 walkers of paths. 
57 



JUDGES, Chap. V. 

9 My heart is towards the law-givers of Israel, that offered 
themselves willingly among the people. Bless ye the 
Eternal. 

10 Ye that ride on glistening she-asses, ye that sit on carpets,|| 
and walk by the way, praise ! 

11 There with the voice of distributors! in the places of 
drawing water, they rehearse the righteous acts of the 
Eternal, even the righteous acts of the captain || of Israel: 
then may the people of the Eternal go down to the gates. 

12 Awake, awake, Deborah; awake, awake; utter 1 a song; 
arise, Barak, and capture thy captives, thou son of 
Abinoam. 

13 Then a remnant of the powerful ruleth a people: the 
Eternal ruleth for me over the mighty. 

14 Ye that have your root from Ephraim march against 
Amalek; after thee, Benjamin, with thy peoples: out of 
Machir came down law-givers, and out of Zebulun they 
that handle the pen 2 of the scribe. 

15 And the princes of Issachar were with Deborah; even 
Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the 
valley. At the rills of Reuben great were the deliberations 
of heart. 

16 Why abodest thou among the sheep-folds, to hear the 
bleatings 3 of the droves? At the rills of Reuben great 
were the searchings of heart. 

17 Gilead dwelt beyond the Jordan : and wherefore did 
Dan sojourn in ships ? Asher abode on the coast of seas, 
and dwelt in his creeks. 4 

18 Zebulun is a people that jeoparded their lives unto the 
death, even so Naphtali, in the high places of the field. 

19 Kings came and fought ; then fought the kings of 
Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo : they took 
no gain of money. 

20 They fought from heaven; the stars in their highways 
fought against Sisera. 

21 The river of Kishon carried them away, that ancient river, 
the river Kishon. O my soul, thou treadest along with 
might. 

1 speak. 2 draw the rod. 3 hissings. 4 breaches. 

58 



JUDGES, Chap. V. VI. 

22 Then pawed 1 the horse-hoofs, 2 through the charges, the 
charges of their mighty ones. 

23 Curse ye Meroz, said the messenger of the Eternal ; curse 
ye bitterly 3 the inhabitants thereof; because they came 
not to the help of the Eternal, to the help of the Eternal 
among the heroes. 

24 Blessed above women shall Jael the wife of Heber the 
Kenite be ; blessed shall she be above women in the tent. 

25 He asked water, and she gave him milk ; she offered clotted 
cream in a dish of the powerful ones. 

26 She put 4 her hand to the pin, and her right hand to the 
workmen's hammer; and with the hammer she struck 
Sisera; she battered his head, and she shattered and 
pierced 5 through his temple. 

27 At her feet he stooped down, he fell, he lay down: at her 
feet he stooped down, he fell; where he stooped down, 
there he fell lifeless. 6 

28 Out of the window glanced the mother of Sisera, and 
wailed through the lattice, Why loiters his chariot so long ? 
why tarry 7 the wheels of his vehicles ? 

29 The wise among her ladies answer her, yea, she returns 
answer 8 to herself: 

30 Shall they not find and divide the prey; to every man a 
damsel or two ? y to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey 
of divers colours of embroidery, of divers colours of a pair 
of embroideries, meet for the necks of them that take the 
spoil. 

31 So let all thine enemies perish, O Eternal: but let them 
that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his 
might. And the land was quiet forty years. 

Chap. VI. 

1 And the children of Israel did evil in the eyes of the 
Eternal; and the Eternal gave them into the hand of 

2 Midian seven years. And the hand of Midian prevailed 
against Israel : and because of the Midianites the children 
of Israel made them the dens which are in the mountains, 

1 struck. 2 heels. 3 cursing ye shall curse. 4 sent. 5 charged. 6 robbed. 
7 stop. 8 sayings. 9 a womb or two wombs for the head of an adult man. 

59 



JUDGES, Chap. VI. 

3 and caves, and strong holds. And so it was, when Israel 
had sown, that Midian came up, and Amalek, and the 
children of the east, even they came up against them ; 

4 And they encamped against them, and destroyed 1 the pro- 
duce of the earth, till thou come unto Gaza; and suffered 
no sustenance to remain for Israel, neither any of the flock, 

5 herd, nor an ass. For they came up with their cattle, and 
their tents, and they came as locusts for multitude: for 
both they and their camels were without number: and 

6 they entered into the land to destroy 2 it. And Israel was 
greatly impoverished because of Midian ; and the children 

7 of Israel cried unto the Eternal. And it came to pass, 
when the children of Israel cried unto the Eternal because 

8 of Midian, That the Eternal sent a man, a prophet, "unto 
the children of Israel, and he said unto them, Thus saith 
the Eternal God of Israel, I brought you up from Egypt, 

9 and brought you forth out of the house of servants ; And 
I delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out 
of the hand of all your oppressors, and drove them out 

10 from before you, and gave you their land: And I said 
unto you, I am the Eternal your God ; fear not the gods 
of the Amorite, in whose land ye abide : but ye have not 

11 obeyed my voice. And there came an angel 3 of the Eternal, 
and sat under the terebinth, which was in Ophrah, that 
pertained unto Joash the Abi-ezrite ; and his son Gideon 
threshed 4 wheat in the wine-press, to hide it 5 from Midian. 

12 And the angel 3 of the Eternal appeared unto him, and 
said unto him, The Eternal is with thee, thou hero of the 

13 force. And Gideon said unto him, Oh, my Lord, if the 
Eternal be with us, wherefore then is all this befallen 6 us ? 
and where are all his wonderful things which our fathers 
related to us, saying, Did not the Eternal bring us up from 
Egypt? but now the Eternal hath forsaken 7 us, and given 

14 us into the hands 8 of Midian. And the Eternal turned 
to him, and said, Go in this thy strength, and thou shalt 
save Israel from the hand 8 of Midian : have not I sent 

15 thee? And he said unto him, Oh, my Lord, wherewith 
shall I save Israel? behold, my family 9 is the most indi- 
gent in Manasseh, and I am the youngest in my father's 

16 house. And the Eternal said unto him, Surely I will be 
with thee, and thou shalt smite Midian as one man. 

1 corrupted. 2 corrupt. 3 messenger. 4 beat out. 3 cause it to flee. 

6 found. 7 let. 8 hollow. 9 thousand. 
60 



JUDGES, Chap. VI. 

17 And he said unto him, If now I have found favour in 
thy eyes, then shew 1 me a sign that thou speakest with 

18 me. Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto 
thee, and bring forth my present 2 , and place it before 

19 thee. And he said, I will abide until thou return. And 
Gideon went in, and made ready a kid of the goats, and 
unleavened cakes of an ephah of meal : the flesh he put 
in the basket, and he put the broth in the pot, and 
brought it out unto him under the terebinth, and reached 

20 it him. And the angel 3 of God said unto him, Take 
the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and place them upon 
this rock, and pour 4 out the broth. And he did so. 

21 Then the angel 3 of the Eternal put forth 5 the extremity 
of his staff", 6 that wets in his hand, and touched the flesh 
and the unleavened cakes ; and there rose up fire out of 
the crag, and consumed 7 the flesh and the unleavened 
cakes. Then the angel 3 of the Eternal went out of his 

22 sight. 8 And when Gideon saw that he ivas an angel 3 of 
the Eternal, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord Eternal! for 
because I have seen an angel 3 of the Eternal face to face. 

23 And the Eternal said unto him 3 Peace be unto thee; fear 

24 not : thou shalt not die. Then Gideon built an altar there 
unto the Eternal, and called it Adonai-shalom : unto this 

25 day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abi-ezrite. And it came to 
pass the same night, that the Eternal said unto him, Take 
thy father's bull of the herd ; and the second bull of seven 
years old, and pull down the altar of Baal that thy father 

26 hath, and cut down the grove 9 that is by it ; And build 
an altar unto the Eternal thy God upon the top 10 of this 
rock, 11 in the row, and take the second bull, and bring it up 
for a burnt-sacrifice with the wood of the grove 9 which thou 

27 shalt cut down. Then Gideon took ten men of his ser- 
vants, and did as the Eternal had spoken unto him : and 
so it was, because he feared his father's house/ioZcZ, and the 
men of the city, that he could not do it by day, that he 

28 did it by night. And when the men of the city arose 
early in the morning, behold, the altar of Baal was cast 
down, and the grove 9 was cut down, that was by it, and 
the second bull was brought upon the altar that was built. 

29 And they said one to another, 12 Who hath done this thing? 
And when they inquired and sought, they said, Gideon 

30 the son of Joash hath done this thing. Then the men of 

1 do. 2 oblation. 3 messenger. 4 shed. 5 sent. 6 prop. 7 ate. 8 eyes. 
9 happy one. 10 head. " munition. 12 a man to his fellow. 

61 



JUDGES, Chap. VI. VII. 

the city said unto Joash, Bring out thy son, that he may 
die : because he hath cast down the altar of Baal, and 

3 1 because he hath cut down the grove 1 that was by it. And 
Joash said unto all that stood against him, Will ye plead 2 
for Baal ? will ye save him ? he that will plead 2 for him, 
let him be put to death whilst it is yet morning : if he be a 
god, let him plead 3 for himself, because one hath cast down 

32 his altar. Therefore on that day he called him Jerubbaal, 
saying, Let Baal plead 2 against him because one hath cast 

33 down his altar. Then all Midian, and Amalek, and the 
children of the east, were gathered together, and passed 

34 over, and encamped in the valley of Jezreel. But the 
Spirit of the Eternal came 3 upon Gideon, and he blew 4 a 

35 cornet; and Abi-ezer was summoned to him. And he 
sent messengers throughout all Manasseh ; who also was 
summoned to him : and he sent messengers unto Asher, 
and unto Zebulun, and unto Naphtali ; and they came up 

36 towards them. And Gideon said unto God, If thou wilt 

37 save Israel by mine hand, as thou hast spoken, Behold, I 
will put a fleece of wool in the threshing-floor ; and if the 
dew be on the fleece only, and it be dry 5 upon the earth 
beside, then shall I know that thou wilt save Israel by mine 

38 hand, as thou hast said. And it was so : for he rose up 
early on the morrow, and compressed the fleece, and 
wringed the dew out of the fleece, a dish full of water. 

39 And Gideon said unto God, Let not thy wrath glow 
against me, and I will speak but this once : Let me try I 
pray, but this once with the fleece; let it now be dry 5 
only upon the fleece, and upon all the ground 6 let there be 

40 dew. And God did so that night : for it was dry 5 upon 
the fleece only, and there was dew on all the ground. 6 

Chap. VII. 

1 Then Jerubbaal, who is Gideon, and all the people that 
were with him, rose up early, and encamped beside the 
fountain 7 of Harod : so that the camp of Midian was on 
the north of them, by the hill of Moreh, in the valley. 

2 And the Eternal said unto Gideon, The people that are 
with thee are too numerous for me to give Midian into 

1 happy one. 2 quarrel. 3 clothed. 4 fixed. 5 drought. 6 earth. i eye. 
62 



JUDGES, Chap. VII. 

their hands, lest Israel glorify themselves against me, say- 

3 ing, Mine own hand hath saved me. Now, therefore, go, 
call in the ears of the people, saying, Whosoever is fearful 
and trembling, let him return, and depart early || from 
mount Gilead : and there returned of the people twenty 
and two thousand, and there remained ten thousand. 

4 And the Eternal said unto Gideon, The people are yet 
too numerous ; bring them down unto the water, and I 
will try 1 them for thee there: and it shall be, that of whom 
I say unto thee, This shall go with thee, the same shall go 
with thee ; and of whomsoever I say unto thee, This shall 

5 not go with thee, the same shall not go. So he brought 
down the people unto the water : and the Eternal said 
unto Gideon, Every one that lappeth of the water with 
his tongue, as a dog lappeth, him shalt thou set by him- 
self: likewise every one that stoopeth down upon his 

6 knees to drink. And the number of them that lapped, 
putting their hand to their mouth, were three hundred 
men : but all the rest of the people stooped down upon 

7 their knees to drink water. And the Eternal said unto 
Gideon, By the three hundred men that lapped will I save 
you, and give Midian into thy hand : and let all the other 

8 people go every man unto his place. And they took the 
provisions of the people in their hand, and their cornets : 
and he sent away every man of Israel, every man unto 
his tent, and retained 2 those three hundred men. And 

9 the camp of Midian was beneath him in the valley. And 
it came to pass the same night, that the Eternal said unto 
him, Arise, go down unto the camp ; for I have given it 

10 into thy hand. But if thou fear to go down, go thou with 

1 1 Phurah thy lad down to the camp : And thou shalt hear 
what they speak; and afterwards shall thy hands be 
strengthened to go down unto the camp. Then went he 
down with Phurah his lad unto the extremity of the 

12 equipped men that were in the camp. And Midian, and 
Amalek, and all the children of the east, lay 3 along in the 
valley like locusts for multitude ; and their camels were 
without number, as the sand by the sea-side 4 for multitude. 

13 And when Gideon was come, behold, there ivas a man that 
related a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold, I dreamed 
a dream, and, lo, a cake|| of barley-bread turned itself into 
the camp of Midian, and came unto the tent, and smote it 

14 that it fell, and overturned it, so that the tent fell. And 
his fellow answered and said, This is nothing else save the 

'refine. Maid hold of. 3 fell. "lip. 

63 



JUDGES, Chap. VII. 

sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel : for 
into his hand hath God given Midian, and all the camp. 

15 And it was so, when Gideon heard the telling 1 of the 
dream, and the interpretation || thereof, that he prostrated 
himself, and returned into the camp of Israel, and said, 
Arise ; for the Eternal hath given into your hand the 

16 camp of Midian. And he divided the three hundred men 
into three companies, 2 and he gave cornets in the hands 
of all, with empty pitchers, and torches within the 

17 pitchers. And he said unto them, Look 3 on me, and do 
likewise : and behold, when I come to the extremity of 

18 the camp, it shall be, that as I do, so shall ye do. When 
I blow 4 with a cornet, I and all that are with me, then 
blow 4 ye the cornets also round about all the camp, and 

1 9 say, For the Eternal and for Gideon. So Gideon, and the 
hundred men that were with him, came unto the extremity 
of the camp, in the beginning 5 of the middle watch ; and 
they had but newly set 6 the watches : and they blew 7 the 
cornets, and brake the pitchers that were in their hands. 

20 And the three companies blew 8 the cornets, and brake the 
pitchers, and laid hold with their left hands on the torches, 
and the cornets were in their right hands to blow 4 withal, 
and they called, The sword of the Eternal and of Gideon. 

21 And they stood every man in his place 9 round about the 
camp, and all the host 10 ran, and cried, 11 and ran away. 

22 And the three hundred blew 7 the cornets, and the Eternal 
set 12 every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout 
all the camp: and the host 10 ran away to Beth-shittah in 
Zererath, and to the border 13 of Abel-meholah, unto Tab- 

23 bath. And the men of Israel were summoned out of 
Naphtali, and out of Asher, and out of all Manasseh, and 

24 pursued after Midian. And Gideon sent messengers 
throughout all Mount Ephraim, saying, Come down towards 
Midian, and take 14 before them the water unto Beth-barah 
and the Jordan. Then all the men of Ephraim were 
summoned, and took 15 the water unto Beth-barah and 

25 the Jordan. And they took 15 two officers of Midian, 

1 number. 2 heads. * see. 4 fix. 6 head 6 raising they had raised. 7 fixed. 

8 heads fixed. 9 beneath him. 10 camp. u dinned. 12 put 13 lip. 

14 conquer. 15 conquered. 

64 



JUDGES, Chap. VII. VIII. 

Oreb and Zeeb ; and they slew Oreb upon the crag Oreb, 
and Zeeb they slew at the wine-vat of Zeeb, and pursued 
Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to 
Gideon on the other side of the Jordan. 
Chap. VIII. 

1 And the men of Ephraim said unto him, What is the thing 
thou hast done unto us , that thou ealledst us not when 
thou wentest to fight with Midian ? And they quarrelled 

2 with him sharply. 1 And he said unto them, What have I 
done now in comparison of you? 2 Is not the gleaning of 
the grapes of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abi-ezer? 

3 God hath given into your hands the officers of Midian, 
Oreb and Zeeb : and what was I able to do in comparison 
of you ? 2 Then their anger was abated 3 towards him, when 

4 he had spoken this word. And Gideon came to the 
Jordan, and passed over, he and the three hundred men 

5 that were with him, faint, yet pursuing them. And he said 
unto the men of Succoth, Give, I pray you, loaves 4 of 
bread unto the people that are at my feet; for they are 
faint, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna, 

6 kings of Midian. And the officers of Succoth said, Are 
the hands 5 of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thy hand, that 

7 we should give bread unto thy host ? And Gideon said, 
Therefore, when the Eternal hath given Zebah and Zal- 
munna into my hand, then I will tear 6 your flesh with the 

8 thorns of the desert and with the briers. || And he went up 
thence to Penuel, and spake unto them likewise : and the 
men of Penuel answered him as the men of Succoth had 

9 answered him. And he spake also unto the men of Penuel, 
saying, When I return in peace, I will pull down this 

10 tower. Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and 
their camps with them, about fifteen thousand men, all that 
were left of all the camp of the children of the east: for 
there fell a hundred and twenty thousand men that drew 

11 sword. And Gideon went up by the way of them that 
dwell in tents, on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and 

12 smote the camp: for the camp was secure. And when 
Zebah and Zalmunna ran away, he pursued after them, 
and took 7 the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, 

13 and frightened away all the camp. And Gideon, the son of 
Joash, returned from the war before the solar orb was up,|| 

14 And caught 7 a lad of the men of Succoth, and asked him: 

1 with strength. 2 like you. 3 spirit relaxed. 4 circles. 5 hollow. 6 thresh. 
7 conquered. 
€5 f 



JUDGES, Chap. VIII. 

and he wrote down for him the officers of Succoth, and 
the elders thereof, even threescore and seventeen men. 

15 And he came unto the men of Succoth, and said, Behold 
Zebah and Zalmunna, with whom ye did reproach me, 
saying, Are the hands 1 of Zebah and Zalmunna now in 
thy hand, that we should give bread unto thy men that 

16 are faint? And he took the elders of the city, and thorns 
of the desert and the briers,|| and with them he taught[| the 

17 men of Succoth. And he pulled down the tower of Penuel, 

18 and slew the men of the city. Then said he unto Zebah 
and Zalmunna, What manner of men were they 2 whom ye 
slew at Tabor ? And they answered, As thou art, so were 

19 they; each one had the form of children of the king. And 
he said, They were my brethren, even the sons of my 
mother : as the Eternal liveth, if ye had kept them alive, 

20 I would not slay you. And he said unto Jether his first- 
born, Arise, and slay them : but the lad drew not his 

2 1 sword ; for he feared, because he was yet a lad. Then 
Zebah and Zalmunna said, Arise thou, and fall upon 3 us : 
for as the man is, so is his might. And Gideon arose, 
and slew Zebah and Zalmunna, and took away the cres- 
cent-shaped ornaments that were on their camels' necks. 

22 Then the men of Israel said unto Gideon, Govern thou 
over us, both thou and thy son, and thy son's son also ; for 

23 thou hast saved us from the hand of Midian. And Gideon 
said unto them, I will not govern over you, neither shall 
my son govern over you : the Eternal shall govern over 

24 you. And Gideon said unto them, I would ask a request 
of you, that ye would give me every man the pendant of 
his spoil : for they had golden pendants, because they were 

25 Ishmaelites. And they answered, We will willingly give 
them.* And they spread the upper-garment, and did cast 

26 therein every man the pendants of his spoil. And the 
weight of the golden pendants that he asked for was a thou- 
sand and seven hundred shekels of gold, besides the cres- 
cent-shaped ornaments, and ear-drops, || and red-purple 
garments that were on the kings of Midian, and besides the 

27 chains that were about their camels' necks. And Gideon 
made an ephod thereof, and set it in his city, even in 
Ophrah : and all Israel went thither a whoring after it: 
and it became a snare unto Gideon, and to his house. 

28 Thus was Midian humbled before the children of Israel, 

1 hollow. J where are the men. 3 meet. 4 giving we will give. 
66 



JUDGES, Chap. VIII. IX. 

so that they lifted up their heads no more : x and the coun- 

29 try was quiet forty years in the days of Gideon. And 
Jerubbaal, the son of Joash, went and abode in his own 

30 house. And Gideon had threescore and ten sons of his 

31 body begotten : 2 for he had many wives. And his concu- 
bine, that was in Shechem, she also bare him a son, and 

32 he called 3 his name Abimelech. And Gideon, the son of 
Joash, died in a good old age, 4 and was buried in the 
burying-place of Joash his father, in Ophrah of the Abi- 

33 ezrites. And it came to pass, as soon as Gideon was 
dead, that the children of Israel turned again, 5 and went a 
whoring after the Baalim, and made 3 Baal-berith their god. 

34 And the children of Israel remembered not the Eternal 
their God, who had delivered them out of the hands of all 

35 their enemies round about. Neither shewed 6 they mercy 
to the house of Jerubbaal, namely Gideon, according to 
all the goodness which he had shewed 7 unto Israel. 

Chap. IX. 

1 And Abimelech, the son of Jerubbaal, went to Shechem 
unto his mother's brethren, and spake to them, and to all 
the family of the house of bis mother's father, saying, 

2 Pray speak, in the ears of all the men 8 of Shechem, 
Whether it is better for you either that threescore and ten 
men, all the sons of Jerubbaal, reign over you, or that one 
man reign over you ? remember also that I am your bone 

3 and your flesh. And his mother's brethren spake of him 
in the ears of all the men 8 of Shechem all these words : 
and their hearts inclined after Abimelech ; for they said, 

4 He is our brother. And they gave him threescore and 
ten pieces of silver out of the house of Baal-berith ; where- 
with Abimelech hired empty and light persons, who went 

5 after him. And he went unto his father's house at Oph- 
rah, and slew his brethren, the sons of Jerubbaal, being 
threescore and ten persons upon one stone : notwithstand- 
ing, yet Jotham, the youngest 9 son of Jerubbaal, was left : 

6 for he was hidden. And all the men 8 of Shechem gathered 
together, and all the house of Millo, and went and made 
Abimelech king, by the oak of Mutsab that, was in She- 

7 chem. And when they told it to Jotham, he went and 
stood in the top 10 of mount Gerizim, and lifted up his 
voice, and called, and said unto them, Hearken unto me, 

1 continued not. s coming out of his thigh. 3 put. 4 grey hairs. 5 returned. 

6 did. 7 done. 8 owners. 9 little. 10 head. 

67 f2 



JUDGES, Chap. IX. 

ye men 1 of Shechem, that God may hearken unto you. 

8 The trees went forth 2 on a time to anoint a king over them : 
and they said unto the olive-tree, Reign thou over us. 

9 But the olive-tree said unto them, Should I leave 3 my 
fatness, 4 wherewith by me they honour God and man, 

10 and go to move over the trees ? And the trees said to the 

1 1 fig-tree, Come thou, and reign over us. But the fig-tree 
said unto them, Should 1 forsake my sweetness, and my 

12 good produce, and go to move above the trees ? Then 
said the trees unto the vine, Come thou, and reign over 

13 us. And the vine said unto them, Should I leave 3 my 
must, which cheereth God and man, and go to move above 

14 the trees ? Then said all the trees unto the blackthorn, 

15 Come thou, and reign over us. And the blackthorn said 
unto the trees, If in truth ye anoint me king over you, 
then come and trust in my shadow ; and if not, let fire 
come out of the blackthorn, and devour 5 the cedars of 

16 Lebanon. Now therefore, if ye have acted 6 with truth 
and integrity 7 in that ye have made Abimelech king, and 
if ye have done good to Jerubbaal and his house, and have 
done unto him according, to the deserving 8 of his hands ; 

17 For my father fought for you, and adventured 9 his life 

18 far, 10 and delivered you out of the hand of Midian ; And 
ye are risen up against my father's house this day, and 
have slain his sons, threescore and ten men upon one 
stone, and have made Abimelech, the son of his hand- 
maid, king over the men of Shechem, because he is your 

19 brother; If ye then have dealt 6 with truth and integrity T 
with Jerubbaal and with his house this day, then rejoice 

20 ye in Abimelech, and let him also rejoice in you ; But if 
not, let fire come out from Abimelech, and devour 5 the 
men 1 of Shechem and Bet Millo ; and let fire come out 
from the men 1 of Shechem, and from Bet Millo, and 

2 1 devour 5 Abimelech. And Jotham fled and ran away, and 
went to Beer, and abode there, for fear 11 of Abimelech his 

22 brother. And Abimelech held sway three years over 

23 Israel, And God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech 
and the men 1 of Shechem ; and the men 1 of Shechem 

24 dealt treacherously with Abimelech: That the violence 
done to the threescore and ten sons of Jerubbaal might 

1 owners. ' going they went. 3 cease. 4 ashes of fat. 5 eat. 6 done. 7 per- 
fection. 8 requital, 9 cast. I0 from opposite. " from the face. 
68 



JUDGES, Chap. IX. 

come, and their blood be laid 1 upon Abimelech their 
brother, who slew them ; and upon the men 2 of Shechem, 
who strengthened his hands in the slaying of his brethren. 

25 And the men 2 of Shechem put liers in wait for him in the 
tops 3 of the mountains, and they robbed all that passed 
along that way by them : and it was told Abimelech. 

26 And Gaal, the son of Ebed, came with his brethren, and 
passed over to Shechem : and the men 2 of Shechem 

27 trusted in him. And they went out into the fields, and 
gathered the vintage in their vineyards, and trode the 
grapes, and made merry, 4 and went into the house of their 
god, and did eat and drink, and execrated Abimelech. 

28 And Gaal, the son of Ebed, said, Who is Abimelech, and 
who is Shechem, that we should serve him ? 7s not he 
the son of Jerubbaal ? and Zebul his overseer ? Serve the 
men of Hamor, the father of Shechem ; for why should 

29 we even we serve him ? And would that this people were 
under my hand ! 5 then would I remove Abimelech. And 
he said to Abimelech, Increase thy host, and come out. 

30 And when Zebul, the officer of the city, heard the words 

31 of Gaal, the son of Ebed, his wrath glowed. And he 
sent messengers unto Abimelech in Tormah, saying, 
Behold, Gaal the son of Ebed, and his brethren, are come 
to Shechem; and, behold, they fortify 6 the city against 

32 thee. Now, therefore, arise by night, thou and the people 

33 that is with thee, and lie in wait in the field : And it shall 
be, that in the morning, as soon as the sun shineth, thou 
shalt rise early, and set 7 upon the city : and, behold, when 
he and the people that is with him come out against thee, 
then mayest thou do to them as thy hand shall be able. 8 

34 And Abimelech rose up, and all the people that were with 
him, by night, and they laid wait against Shechem in four 

35 companies. 3 And Gaal, the son of Ebed, went out, and 
stood in the entrance of the gate of the city : and Abime- 
lech rose up, and the people that were with him, from the 

36 ambush. And when Gaal saw the people, he said to 
Zebul, Behold, there come people down from the tops 3 of 
the mountains. And Zebul said unto him, Thou seest the 

37 shadow of the mountains as if they were men. And Gaal 
continued to speak, and said, See, there come people down 
by the summit of the land, and another company 10 come 

1 put. 2 owners. 3 heads. 4 praises. s And who will give this people into 
my hand. 6 besiege. 7 unfold. 8 findeth. l0 one head. 
69 



JUDGES, Chap. IX. 

38 along by the oak of Meonenim. Then said Zebul unto 
him, Where is now thy mouth, wherewith thou saidst, Who 
is Abimelech, that we should serve him ? Is not this the 
people that thou hast despised? go out, pray, and fight 

39 with them. And Gaal went out before the men 1 of She- 

40 chem, and fought with Abimelech. And Abimelech 
pursued him, and he ran away before him ; and many fell 

41 stabbed to death, even unto the entrance of the gate. And 
Abimelech abode at Arumah : and Zebul drove out Gaal 
and his brethren, that they should not abide 2 in Shechem. 

42 And it came to pass on the morrow that the people went 

43 out into the field; and they told Abimelech. And he took 
the people and divided them into three companies, 3 and 
laid wait in the field, and saw, and, behold, the people 
were come forth out of the city ; and he rose up against 

44 them, and smote them. And Abimelech, and the com- 
pany 3 that was with him, rushed forward, 4 and stood in 
the entrance of the gate of the city : and the two other 
companies 3 ran 4 upon all that were in the field, and smote 

45 them. And Abimelech fought against the city all that 
day : and he conquered the city, and slew the people that 
was therein, and pulled down the city, and sowed it with 

46 salt. And when all the owners of the tower of Shechem 
heard that, they entered into a hold|| of the house of the 

47 god Berith. And it was told Abimelech that all the 

48 owners of the tower of Shechem had congregated. And 
Abimelech went up to mount Zalmon, he and all the 
people that were with him ; and Abimelech took the axes 
in his hand, and cut off a bough from the trees, and carried 
it, and laid it on his shoulder, and said unto the people 
that were with him, What ye have seen that I have done, 

49 make haste, and do like me. And all the people likewise 
cut off every man his bough, and went after Abimelech, 
and put them to the hold,|| and set the hold|| on fire upon 
them ; so that all the owners of the tower of Shechem died 

50 also, about a thousand men and women. Then went 
Abimelech to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez, and 

51 conquered it. But there was a tower of strength 5 in the 
midst of the city, and thither fled 6 all the men and women, 
and all they 7 of the city, and shut it to them, and went up 

52 to the roof of the tower. And Abimelech came unto the 
1 owners. s from abiding. 3 heads. 4 unfolded. 5 power. 6 ran away. 

7 the owners. 

70 



JUDGES, Chap. IX. X. 

tower, and fought against it, and stepped unto the entrance 

53 of the tower to burn it with fire. And a certain woman cast 

54 an upper millstone upon Abimelech's head, and shivered his 
scull. Then he called hastily unto the young man 1 his ar- 
mour-bearer, 2 and said unto him, Draw thy sword, and kill 
me, that men say not of me, A woman slew him. And his young 

55 man 1 thrust him through, and he died. And when the men of 
Israel saw that Abimelech was dead, they went every man 

56 unto his place. Thus God rendered 3 the evil of Abimelech 
which he did unto his father, in slaying his seventy 

57 brethren. And all the evil of the men of Shechem did 
God render 4 upon their heads : and upon them came the 
curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal. 

Chap. X. 

1 And after Abimelech there arose, to save Israel, Tola the 
son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar ; and he 

2 abode in Shamir in mount Ephraim. And he judged 
Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried in 

3 Shamir. And after him arose Jair a Gileadite, and judged 

4 Israel twenty and two years. And he had thirty sons that 
rode on thirty ass-colts, and they had thirty cities which 
are called Havoth-jair unto this day, which are in the land 

5 of Gilead. And Jair died, and was buried in Camon. 

6 And the children of Israel continued to do evil in the 
eyes of the Eternal, and served the Baalim, and the Ash- 
taroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and 
the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, 
and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the Eternal, 

7 and served not him. And the wrath of the Eternal glowed 
against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the 
Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon. 

8 And they vexed 5 and crushed the children of Israel that 
year; but eighteen years, all the children of Israel that 
were on the other side of the Jordan, in the land of the 

9 Amorite, which is in Gilead ; And the children of 
Ammon passed over the Jordan to fight also against 
Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of 

10 Ephraim: so that Israel was sore distressed. And the 
children of Israel cried unto the Eternal, saying, We have 
sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our 

1 lad. 2 the bearer of his vessels. 3 restored. 4 restore. 5 dashed in pi«ces. 

71 



JUDGES, Chap. X. XL 

1 1 God r and also served the Baalim. And the Eternal said 
unto the children of Israel, Did not / deliver you from 
Egypt, and from the Amorite, from the children of Ammon, 

12 and from the Philistines ? The Zidonians also, and Ama- 
lek, and Maon, did oppress you ; and ye cried to me, and 

13 I saved you out of their hand. Yet ye have forsaken me, 
and served other gods : I will not continue to save you. 

14 Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen ; let 

15 them save you in the time of your distress. And the chil- 
dren of Israel said unto the Eternal, We have sinned, do 

* thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good in thy eyes : deliver 

16 us only, we pray thee, this day. And they removed the 
strange gods from among them, and served the Eternal : 

17 and his soul was grieved 1 for the trouble of Israel. Then 
the children of Ammon were summoned together, and 
encamped in Gilead : and the children of Israel assembled 

18 themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh. And the 
people and officers of Gilead said one to another, 2 What 
man is he that will begin to fight against the children of 
Ammon ? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of 
Gilead. 

Chap. XI. 

1 Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a hero of force, and he 

2 was the son of a harlot : and Gilead begat Jephthah. And 
Gilead's wife bare him sons : and his wife's sons grew up, 
and they drove away Jephthah, and said unto him, Thou 
shalt not inherit in our father's house ; for thou art the son 

3 of another woman. Then Jephthah fled from his brethren, 
and abode in the land of Tob : and there were collected 

4 empty men to Jephthah, and went out with him. And it 
came to pass in process of time, 3 that the children of 

5 Ammon fought with Israel. And it was so, that when the 
children of Ammon fought with Israel, the elders of Gilead 

6 went to fetch 4 Jephthah out of the land of Tob : And 
they said unto Jephthah, Come, and be our captain, that 

7 we may fight with the children of Ammon. And Jephthah 
said unto the elders of Gilead, Did not ye hate me, and drive 
me out of my father's house ? and why are ye come unto me now 

1 became impatient, short. s a man to his fellow. 3 from days. 4 take. 

72 



JUDGES, Chap. XL 

8 when ye are in distress? And the elders of Gilead said 
unto Jephthah, Therefore we return unto thee now, that 
thou mayest go with us, and fight against the children of 
Amnion, and be our head over all the inhabitants of Gilead. 

9 And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, If ye bring 
me home again 1 to fight against the children of Ammon, 
and the Eternal deliver 2 them before me, shall I be your 

10 head? And the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, The 
Eternal be witness 3 between us, if we do not so according 

11 to thy word. Then Jephthah went with the elders of 
Gilead, and the people made 4 him head and captain over 
them: and Jephthah spake all his words before the Eternal 

12 in Mizpeh. And Jephthah sent messengers unto the king 
of the children of Ammon, saying, What hast thou to do 
with me, 5 that thou art come against me to fight in my 

13 land? And the king of the children of Ammon answered 
unto the messengers of Jephthah, Because Israel took 
away my land when they came up out of Egypt, from 
Arnon even unto the Jabbok, and unto the Jordan: now, 

14 therefore, restore those lands again peaceably. 6 And 
Jephthah sent messengers again 7 unto the king of the 

15 children of Ammon, And said unto him, Thus saith 
Jephthah, Israel took not away the land of Moab, nor the 

16 land of the children of Ammon: But when Israel came 
up from Egypt, and walked through the desert unto the 

17 Red Sea, 8 and came to Kadesh: Then Israel sent mes- 
sengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, pray, 
pass through thy land : but the king of Edom would not 
hearken thereto. And in like manner they sent unto the 
king of Moab ; but he was not willing : and Israel abode 

18 in Kadesh. Then they went along through the desert, 
and compassed the land of Edom and the land of Moab, 
and came by the east side 9 of the land of Moab, and en- 
camped on the other side of Arnon, but came not within 
the boundary of Moab : for Arnon was the boundary of 

19 Moab* And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of 
the Amorites, the king of Heshbon ; and Israel said unto 
him, Let us pass, pray, through thy land unto my place. 

20 But Sihon trusted not 10 Israel to pass through his boun- 
dary; but Sihon gathered all his people together, and 

21 encamped in Jahaz, and fought against Israel. And 

1 restore me. 2 give. 3 hearer. 4 put. 5 what is unto me and thee ? 

6 in peace. 7 continued further to send. 8 sea of flags. 9 sunrise. 10 believed not. 

73 



JUDGES, Chap. XL 

the Eternal God of Israel gave Sihon and all his people 
into the hand of Israel, and they smote them : so Israel 
possessed all the land of the Amorite, the inhabitant 

22 of that land. And they possessed all the boundaries of the 
Amorite, from Arnon even unto the Jabbok, and from the 

23 desert even unto the Jordan. So now the Eternal God of 
Israel hath dispossessed the Amorite from before his people 

24 Israel, and shouldst thou possess it? Wilt not thou 
possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess? 
So whomsoever the Eternal our God shall dispossess from 

25 before us, them will we possess. And now, art thou any 
thing better 1 than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? 
did he ever quarrel with Israel, or did he ever fight against 

26 them. While Israel abode in Heshbon and her towns, 2 
and in Aroer and her towns, 2 and in all the cities that are 
along by the coasts 3 of Arnon, three hundred years : why 
therefore did ye not recover 4 them within that time? 

27 Wherefore I have not sinned against thee, but thou doest 
me evil to fight against me : the Eternal, the Judge, be 
judge this day between the children of Israel and the 

28 children of Ammon. Howbeit the king of the children of 
Ammon hearkened not unto the words of Jephthah which 

29 he sent him. Then the Spirit of the Eternal came 5 upon 
Jephthah ; and he passed over Gilead and Manasseh, and 
passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead 

30 he passed over unto the children of Ammon. And Jeph- 
thah vowed a vow unto the Eternal, and said, If thou shalt 
without fail give 6 the children of Ammon into mine hands, 

31 Then it shall be, that he who going forth cometh out of the 
doors of my house towards me, when I return in peace from 
the children of Ammon, shall belong to the Eternal, and I 

32 will offer 7 it up for a burnt- offering. So Jephthah passed 
over unto the children of Ammon, to fight against them ; 

33 and the Eternal gave them into his hands. And he smote 
them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, even 
twenty cities, and unto Abel Keranim, with a very great 
slaughter, Thus the children of Ammon were humbled 

34 before the children of Israel. And Jephthah came to 
Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came 
out towards him with tabrets and with dances, and she 
was his only child : besides her he had neither son nor 

35 daughter. And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he 

1 better better. 2 daughters. 3 upon the hands. * deliver. 5 was. 6 giving 
thou wilt give. 7 bring. 

74 



JUDGES, Chap. XL XII 

rent his garments, and said, Alas, my daughter ! thou hast 
laid me very low, and thou art among those that trouble 
me : for I have opened 1 my mouth unto the Eternal, and 

36 I cannot go back. 2 And she said unto him, My father, if 
thou hast opened 1 thy mouth unto the Eternal, do to me 
according to that which hath gone forth out of thy mouth ; 
forasmuch as the Eternal hath taken 3 vengeance for thee 

37 of thine enemies, even of the children of Ammon. And 
she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me : 
Let me alone 4 two months, that I may go up and down 5 
upon the mountains, and weep for my virginity, I and my 

38 fellows. And he said, Go. And he sent her aioay for 
two months ; and she went, she and her fellows, and wept 

39 for her virginity upon the mountains. And it came to pass, 
at the end of two months, that she returned unto her 
father, and he did with her according to his vow which he 
had vowed : and she knew no man. And it was a custom 6 

40 in Israel, That the daughters of Israel went yearly 7 to 
give praise to the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four 
days in a year. 

Chap. XII. 

1 And the men of Ephraim were summoned together, and 
passed northward, and said unto Jephthah, Wherefore 
passedst thou over to fight against the children of Ammon, 
and didst not call us to go with thee ? we will burn thy 

2 house upon thee with fire. And Jephthah said unto them, 
I and my people were at great strife 8 with the children of 
Ammon ; and when I called 9 you, ye saved me not out of 

3 their hands. And when I saw that ye saved me not, I put 
my life in my hands, 10 and passed over against the children 
of Ammon, and the Eternal gave them into my hand: 
wherefore then are ye come up unto me this day to fight 

4 against me ? Then Jephthah gathered together 11 all the 
men of Gilead, and fought with Ephraim : and the men of 
Gilead smote Ephraim, because they said, Ye, O Gilead, 
are fugitives 12 of Ephraim in the midst of Ephraim and in 

5 the midst of Manasseh. And Gilead' took 13 the fords of 
the Jordan before Ephraim : and it was, that when those 
Ephraimites who were escaped said, Let me pass over, 
that the men of Gilead said unto him, Art thou an 

6 Ephraimite ? If he said, Nay ; Then said they unto him, 

1 opened wide. 2 return. 3 made. * fail me. 5 and go down. 6 statute. 7 from 

days to days. 6 a man of quarrel was I and my people. 9 cried. 10 hollow. 

11 stored up. 12 escaped ones. " conquered. 

75 



JUDGES, Chap. XII. XIII. 

Say now Shibboleth ; and he said Sibboleth : for he could 
not frame 1 to speak it right. Then they seized him, and 
slaughtered him at the fords of the Jordan ; and there fell 

7 at that time of Ephraim forty and two thousand. And 
Jephthah judged Israel six years : then died Jephthah the 
Gileadite, and was buried in one of the cities of Gilead. 

8 9 And after him Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel. And 
he had thirty sons, and thirty daughters, he sent abroad, 
and brought in thirty daughters from abroad for his sons : 

10 and he judged Israel seven years. Then died Ibzan, and 

11 was buried at Beth-lehem. And after him Elon the Zebu- 
lonite judged Israel; and he judged Israel ten years. 

12 And Elon the Zebulonite died, and was buried in Aijalon, 

13 in the country of Zebulun. And after him Abdon, the 

14 son of Hillel the Pirathonite, judged Israel. And he had 
forty sons and thirty grandsons, that rode on threescore 

15 and ten ass-colts : and he judged Israel eight years And 
Abdon, the son of Hillel the Pirathonite, died, and was 
buried in Pirathon, in the land of Ephraim, in the Ama- 
lekite mountain. 



Chap. XIII. 

1 And the children of Israel did evil again 2 in the eyes of 
the Eternal ; and the Eternal gave them into the hand of 

2 the Philistines forty years. And there was a certain 3 man 
of Zorah, of the family of the Danites, whose name was 

3 Manoah ; and his wife was barren, and bare not. And an 
angeP of the Eternal appeared unto the woman and said 
unto her, Behold now, thou art barren, and bearest not : 

4 but thou shalt be pregnant, and bear a son. Now there- 
. fore beware, I pray thee, and drink not wine nor strong 

5 drink, and eat not any unclean thing : For lo, thou shalt 
be pregnant, and bear a son ; and no razor shall come 5 on 
his head: for the lad shall be a Nazarite unto God from 
the womb : 6 and he shall begin to save Israel out of the 

6 hand of the Philistines. Then the woman came, and said 
to her husband as follows, A man of God came unto me, 
and his countenance 7 was like the countenance 7 of an angel* 

establish. 2 continued to do evil. 3 one. 4 messenger. 6 go up. B belly. 

7 sight. 

76 



JUDGES, Chap. XIII. 

of God, very fearful ; but I asked him not whence he was, 

7 neither told he me his name. But he said unto me, 
Behold, thou shalt be pregnant, and bear a son ; and now 
drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean 
thing : for the lad shall be a Nazarite to God from the 

8 womb 1 to the day of his death. Then Manoah entreated 
the Eternal, and said, O my Lord, let the man of God 
which thou didst send come again unto us, and teach us 

9 what we shall do unto the lad that shall be born. And 
God hearkened to the voice of Manoah ; and an angel 2 of 

'God came again unto the woman as she sat in the field : 

10 but Manoah her husband was not with her.. And the 
woman made haste, and ran, and told her husband, and 
said unto him, Behold, the man hath appeared unto me, 

1 1 that came unto me the other day. And Manoah arose, and 
went after his wife, and came to the man, and said unto 
him, Art thou the man that spakest unto the woman ? And 

12 he said, I am. And Manoah said, Now let thy words 
come to pass what shall be the treatment 3 of the lad and 

13 his doings? And the angel 2 of the Eternal said unto 
Manoah, Of all that I said unto the woman let her beware. 

14 She may not eat of any thing that cometh out of the vine, 4 
neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any 
unclean thing: all that I commanded her let her keep. 

15 And Manoah said unto the angel 2 of the Eternal, pray, let 
us detain 5 thee until we shall have made ready a kid of the 

16 goats for thee. And the angel 2 of the Eternal said unto 
Manoah, Though thou detain 5 me, I will not eat of thy 
bread ; and if thou wilt offer 6 a burnt-offering, thou must 
offer it 7 unto the Eternal : for Manoah knew not that he 

1 7 was an angel 2 of the Eternal. And Manoah said unto the 
angel 2 of the Eternal, What 8 is thy name, that when thy 

18 words come to pass, we may do thee honour? And the 
angel 2 of the Eternal said unto him, Wherefore askest thou 

19 after my name, seeing it is secret? 9 So Manoah took a 
kid of the goats, with an oblation, and offered it 10 upon the 
crag unto the Eternal : and the angel did wondrously ; and 

20 Manoah and his wife looked on. 11 For it came to pass, 

when the flame went up towards the heaven from off the 

altar, that the angel 2 of the Eternal went up in the flame 

1 belly. 2 messenger. 3 judgment. 4 that goeth out of the vine of the wine. 
5 restrain. 6 make. 7 bring it up. 8 who. 9 a wonder. 10 brought it 

up. u saw. 

77 



JUDGES, Chap. XIII. XIV. 

of the altar : and Manoah and his wife saw it, and fell on 

21 their faces to the earth. And the angel 1 of the Eternal 
did not continue to appear to Manoah and to his wife. 
Then Manoah knew that he was an angel 1 of the Eternal. 

22 And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, 

23 because we have seen God. But his wife said unto him, 
If the Eternal were pleased 2 to put us to death, he would 
not have taken a burnt-offering and an oblation at our 
hands ; neither would he have shewed us all these things, 
nor would, as at this time, have told us 3 such things as these. 

24 And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson ; 

25 and the boy grew, and the Eternal blessed him. And 
the Spirit of the Eternal began to move 4 him in the camp 
of Dan, between Zorah and Eshtaol. 

Chap. XIV. 

1 And Samson went down to Timnath, and saw a woman 

2 in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines. And he 
came up and told his father and his mother, and said, I 
have seen a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the 

3 Philistines ; now, therefore take her for me to wife. Then 
his father and his mother said unto him, Is there no woman 
among the daughters of thy brethren, or among all my 
people, that thou goest to take a wife of the uncircumcised 
Philistines ? and Samson said unto his father, Take her 

4 for me ; for she pleaseth me well. 5 But his father and his 
mother knew not that it was of the Eternal that he sought 
an occasion against the Philistines : for at that time the 

5 Philistines had dominion over Israel. Then went Samson 
down, and his father and his mother, to Timnath, and 
came to the vineyards of Timnath : and, behold, a young 

6 lion roared against him. And the Spirit of the Eternal 
came mightily upon him, and he rent him as he would 
have rent a kid, and he had nothing in his hand : but he 

7 told not his father or his mother what he had done. And 
he went down, and spake with the woman : and she pleased 

8 Samson well. 6 And after a time 7 he returned to take 
her, and he turned aside 8 to see the carcase 9 of the lion ; 
and, behold, there was a swarm 10 of bees and honey in the 

9 body of the lion. And he tookj] thereof in his hands, 11 
and went on eating, 12 and came to his father and mother, 

1 messenger. 2 had liked. 3 caused us to hear. 4 strike. 5 is right in my eyes. 

6 and she was right in the eyes of Samson. 7 from days. 8 departed. 

9 fallen body. 10 congregation. u hollows. ia going and eating. 

78 



JUDGES, Chap. XIV. XV. 

and he gave them, and they did eat : but he told not them 
that he had taken | the honey out of the body of the lion. 

10 So his father went down unto the woman : and Samson 
made there a feast ; for so used the young men to do. 

1 1 And it came to pass, when they saw him, that they brought 1 

12 thirty companions, and they were with him And Samson 
said unto them, I will now put forth 2 a riddle unto you : 
if you can certainly tell it me within the seven days of the 
feast, and find it out, then I will give you thirty shirts, 

1 3 and thirty change of garments : But if ye cannot tell it 
me, then shall ye give me thirty shirts, and thirty change 
of garments. And they said unto him, Put forth 2 thy 

1 4 riddle, that we may hear it. And he said unto them, Out 
of the eater came forth meat, and out of the powerful came 
forth sweetness. And they could not in three days tell 

15 the riddle. And it came to pass on the seventh day, that 
they said unto Samson's wife, Persuade thy husband, that 
he may tell us the riddle, lest we burn thee and thy father's 
house with fire : have ye called us to possess yourselves of 

16 what we have? 3 is it not so? And Samson's wife wept 
before him, and said, Thou dost but hate me, and lovest 
me not : thou hast put forth 4 a riddle unto the children of 
my people, and hast not told it me. And he said unto her, 
Behold, I have not told it my father nor my mother, and 

17 shall I tell it thee? And she wept before him the seven 
days, while their feast lasted : and it came to pass on the 
seventh day that he told her, because she lay sore upon 
him ; and she told the riddle to the children of her people. 

18 And the men of the city said unto him on the seventh 
day, before the solar orb went down, What is sweeter than 
honey ? and what is more powerful than a lion ? And he 
said unto them, If ye had not ploughed with my heifer, 3 

19 ye had not found out my riddle. And the Spirit of the 
Eternal came mightily upon him, and he went down to 
Ashkelon, and smote thirty men of them, and took 
their raiment, 6 and gave change of garments unto 
them who told the riddle : and his wrath glowed, and he 

20 went up to his father's house. But Samson's wife was 
given to his companion, whom he had used as his friend. 

Chap. XV. 
1 But it came to pass within a while after, 7 in the days of 
wheat harvest, that Samson visited his wife with a kid 
1 took. 2 riddle. 3 to us. 4 riddled. 5 calf. 6 stript of them. 7 from days. 

79 



JUDGES, Chap. XV. 

of the goats ; and he said, I will go to my wife into the 
chamber : but her father would not suffer 1 him to go in. 

2 And her father said, I verily thought 2 that thou hadst 
utterly hated her ; therefore I gave her to thy companion : 
is not her younger 3 sister fairer 4 than she ? let her be thine, 

3 pray, instead of her. And Samson said concerning them, 
This time shall I be guiltless to the Philistines, if I do them 

4 evil. And Samson went and caught three hundred jackals, 5 
and took torches, and turned tail to tail, and put a torch in 

5 the midst between two tails. And when he had set the 
torches on fire, 6 he let them go into the standing corn of 
the Philistines, and laid waste from shock and standing 

6 corn to vineyard and olive. Then the Philistines said, 
Who hath done this ? And they answered, Samson, the 
son-in-law of the Timnite, because he had taken his wife, 
and given her to his companion. And the Philistines 

7 came up, and burnt her and her father with fire. And 
Samson said unto them, If ye will do thus .... unless I 

8 be avenged of you, and after that I will cease. And he 
smote them hip and thigh with a great slaughter ; and he 

9 went down and abode in the cleft of the rock Etam. Then 
the Philistines went up, and encamped in Judah, and 

10 spread themselves in Lehi. And the men of Judah said, 
Wherefore are ye come up against us ? And they answered, 
To bind Samson are we come up, to do to him as he hath 

11 done to us. Then three thousand men of Judah went 
down to the cleft of the rock Etam, and said to Samson, 
Knowest thou not that the Philistines have dominion over 
us ? what is this that thou hast done unto us ? And he said 
unto them, As they did unto me, so have I done unto 

12 them. And they said unto him, We are come down to 
bind thee, that we may give thee into the hand of the 
Philistines. And Samson said unto them, Swear unto me, 

13 that ye will not fall 7 upon me yourselves. And they spake 
unto him, saying, No; but we will certainly bind thee, 
and give thee into their hand : but surely we will not put 
thee to death. And they bound him with two new cords, 

14 and brought him up from the rock. And when he came 
unto Lehi, the Philistines shouted 8 against him : and the 
Spirit of the Eternal came mightily upon him ; and the 
cords that were upon his arms became as flax that was 

1 give. 2 said. 3 little. 4 better. 5 foxes. 6 laid waste the torches by fire. 
7 light. 8 raised a din. 
80 



JUDGES, Chap. XV. XVI. 

consumed with fire, and his bands loosed 1 from off his hands. 

15 And he found a fresh cheek-bone of an ass, and put forth 3 
his hand and took it, and smote a thousand men therewith. 

16 And Samson said, With the cheek-hone of the ass, a couple 
of heaps, a heap, with the cheek of the ass have I smitten a 

17 thousand men. And it came to pass, when he had finished 
speaking, that he cast away the cheek-bone out of his hand, 

18 and called that place Ramath-lehi. And he was sore 
athirst, and called on the Eternal, and said, Thou hast 
given this great deliverance into the hand of thy servant : 
and now shall I die for thirst, and fall into the hand of the 

19 uncircumcised ? But God clave the mortar-like place that 
is at Lehi, and there came water thereout ; and when he 
had drunk, his spirit returned, and he revived : 3 wherefore 
he called the name thereof En-hakkore, which is in Lehi 

20 unto this day. And he judged Israel, in the days of the 
Philistines, twenty years. 

Chap. XVI. 

1 Then went Samson to Gaza, and saw there a woman, a harlot, 

2 and went unto her. And it was told the Gazites, saying, 
Samson is come hither. And they compassed him in, and 
laid wait for him all the night in the gate of the city, and were 
quiet all the night, saying, In the morning, when it is day, 4 

3 we shall kill him. And Samson lay till midnight, and 
arose at midnight, and seized the doors of the gate of the 
city, and the two door posts, and pulled them up, bolt and 
all, and put them upon his shoulders, and brought them up 

4 to the top 5 of the mountain that is before Hebron. And 
it came to pass afterwards, that he loved a woman in the 

5 valley 6 of Sorek, whose name was Delilah. And the lords 7 
of the Philistines came up unto her, and said unto her, 
Persuade him, and see wherein his great strength lieth, and 
by what means we may prevail against him, that we may 
bind him to afflict him ; and we will give thee every one 

6 of us 8 , eleven hundred pieces of silver. And Delilah said 
to Samson, Tell me, pray, wherein thy great strength lieth, 
and wherewith thou mightest be bound to afflict thee. 

7 And Samson said unto her, If they bind me with seven 
moist withs that were never dried, then shall I be weak, 9 

1 melted. 2 sent. 3 lived. 4 until the light of the morning. 5 head. 

6 brook. 7 axles. 8 a man. 9 sick. 

81 G 



JUDGES, Chap. XVI. 

8 and be as another man. 1 Then the lords 2 of the Philistines 
brought up to her seven moist withs which had not been 

9 dried, and she bound him with them. Now the ambush 
abode with her in the chamber. And she said unto him, 
The Philistines are upon thee, Samson. And he loosened 
the withs, as a string of tow is loosened when it toucheth 3 

10 fire : so his strength was not known. And Delilah 
said unto Samson, Behold, thou hast deceived me, and 
told 4 me falsehoods : now tell me, pray, wherewith thou 

1 1 mightest be bound. And he said unto her, If they bind 
me fast with new cords wherewith no work has been done, 

12 then shall I be weak, 5 and be as another man. 1 Delilah 
therefore took new cords, and bound him therewith, and 
said unto him, The Philistines are upon thee, Samson. 
And the ambush abode in the chamber. And he loosened 

13 them from off his arms like a thread. And Delilah said 
unto Samson, Hitherto thou hast deceived me, and told 4 
me falsehoods : tell me wherewith thou mightest be bound. 
And he said unto her, If thou weavest the seven locks of 

14 my head with the web. And she fixed it with the pin, 
and said unto him, The Philistines are upon thee, Samson. 
And he awaked out of his sleep, and pulled up 6 the pin of 

15 the beam, and the web. And she said unto him, How 
canst thou say, I love thee, when thy heart is not with me ? 
thou hast deceived me these three times, and hast not told 

16 me wherein thy great strength lieth. And it came to pass, 
when she lay sore upon him all the day with her words, 
and strongly urged him, so that his soul was vexed 7 unto 

17 death, That he told her all his heart, and said unto her, 
There hath not come a razor upon my head; for I have 
been a Nazarite unto God from my mother's womb : 8 if I be 
shaven, 9 then my strength will depart from me, and 1 shall 

18 become weak, 5 and be like any other man. And when 
Delilah saw that he had told her all his heart, she sent and 
called for the lords 2 of the Philistines, saying, Come up this 
once ; for he hath told me all his heart. Then the lords 2 
of the Philistines came up unto her, and brought the money 

19 in their hand. And she made him sleep upon her knees: 
and she called for the man, and she clipped the seven locks of 
his head ; and she began to afflict him, and his strength 

1 like one of men. 2 axles. 3 smelleth. 4 spoken to. 4 sick. 6 journeyed. 
7 became short. 8 belly. 9 clipped. 

82 



JUDGES, Crap. XVI. 

20 departed from him. And she said, The Philistines are upon 
thee, Samson. And he awoke out of his sleep, and said, I 
will go out as at other times before, and shake myself. 
And he knew not that the Eternal was departed from him. 

21 But the Philistines seized him, and put out his eyes, and 
brought him down to Gaza, and bound him with fetters of 

22 copper ; and he did grind in the prison a -house. And the 
hair of his head began to grow again after his hair was 

23 clipped. And the lords 2 of the Philistines gathered them- 
selves together to sacrifice a great sacrifice unto Dagon 
their god, and to rejoice : for they said, Our god hath 

24 given Samson our enemy into our hand. And when the 
people saw him, they praised their god ; for they said, Our 
god hath given into our hands our enemy, and the devas- 

25 tator of our country, and who slew many of us. 3 And it 
came to pass, when their hearts were merry, 4 that they said, 
Call for Samson, that he may make us sport. And they 
called for Samson out of the prison 1 -house ; and he made 
sport before them : and they made him stand between the 

26 columns. And Samson said unto the lad that laid hold of 
his hand, Place me so that I may feel the columns where- 
upon the house standeth, 5 that I may lean upon them. 

27 Now the house was full of men and women; and all the 
lords 2 of the Philistines ivere there : and there were upon 
the roof about three thousand men and women, that beheld 6 

28 while Samson made sport. And Samson called unto the 
Eternal, and said, O Lord Eternal, remember me, pray, 
and strengthen me, pray, only this once, O God, that I 
may be avenged on the Philistines the vengeance of one of 

29 my two eyes. And Samson clasped the two middle columns 
upon which the house stood," and laid himself against them, 

30 the one with his right hand, and the other with his left. And 
Samson said, Let me 8 die with the Philistines. And he 
bowed himself with all his strength ; and the house fell 
upon the lords, 2 and upon all the people that were therein : 
so the dead whom he put to death at his death were more 

31 than they whom he put to death in his life. Then his 
brethren, and all the house of his father, came down, and 
carried him, and brought him up, and buried him between 
Zorah and Eshtaol, in the burying-place of Manoah his 
father. And he judged Israel twenty years. 

5 bound. 2 axles. 3 multiplied our stabbed ones. 4 good. 5 is established. 
6 saw. 7 was established. 8 my soul. 9 inclined. 
83 g 2 



JUDGES, Chap. XVII. XVIII. 

Chap. XVII. 

1 And there was a man of mount Ephraim, whose name was 

2 Micah. And he said unto his mother, The eleven hundred 
shekels of silver that were taken from thee, about which 
thou exeeratedst, and spakest of also in mine ears, behold, 
the silver is with me ; I took it. And his mother said, 

3 Blessed be thou of the Eternal, my son. And when he had 
restored the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother, 
his mother said, I had wholly sanctified the silver unto the 
Eternal, from my hand, for my son, to make a graven image 
and a molten image ; now, therefore, I will restore it unto 

4 thee. Yet he restored the money unto his mother; and 
his mother took two hundred shekels of silver, and gave 
them to the refiner, who made thereof a graven image and 
a molten image : and they were in the house of Micah, 

5 And the man Micah had a house of gods, and made an 
ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated 1 one of his sons, who 

6 became his priest. In those days there was no king in 
Israel, but every man did that which was right in his own 

7 eyes. And there was a lad out of Beth-lehem-judah, of 
the family of Judah, who was a Levite, and he sojourned 

8 there. And the man went out of the city from Beth-lehem- 
judah, to sojourn where he could find a place : and he 
came to mount Ephraim, to the house of Micah, to proceed 

9 on. 2 And Micah said unto him, Whence comest thou? 
And he said unto him, I am a Levite of Beth-lehem-judah, 

10 and I go to sojourn where I may find a place. And Micah 
said unto him, Abide with me, and be unto me a father 
and a priest, and I will give thee ten shekels of silver by 
the year, 3 and a suit of apparel, 4 and thy victuals. So the 

11 Levite went in. And the Levite consented to abide with 
the man ; and the lad was unto him as one of his sons. 

12 And Micah consecrated 1 the Levite ; and the lad became 

13 his priest, and was in the house of Micah. Then said 
Micah, Now know I that the Eternal will do me good, 
seeing I have a Levite to my priest. 

Chap. XVIII. 

1 In those days there was no king in Israel : and in those 
days the tribe of the Danites sought them an inheritance 
to abide in ; for unto that day all their inheritance had 

1 filled the hand of. 2 make his way. 3 for the days. 4 an arrangement of 

garments. 
84 



JUDGES, Chap. XVIII. 

2 not fallen unto them among the tribes of Israel. And the 
children of Dan sent of their family five men from among 
them, 1 men of force, from Zorah, and from Eshtaol, to spy 
out the land, and to search it ; and they said unto them, 
Go, search 2 the land : and when they came to mount 
Ephraim, to the house of Micah, they lodged there over 

3 night. When they were by the house of Micah, they 
recognised the voice of the lad, the Levite; and they 
turned in 3 thither, and said unto him, Who brought thee 
hither ? and what doest thou in this place f and what hast 

4 thou here ? And he said unto them, Thus and thus did 
Micah with me, and hath hired me, and I am his priest. 

5 And they said unto him, Pray, ask of God, that we may 
know whether our way which we go shall be prosperous. 

6 And the priest said unto them, Go in peace : before 4 the 

7 Eternal is your way wherein ye go. Then the five men 
went, and came to Laish, and saw the people that were 
in the interior, how they abode in safety, after the manner 5 
of the Zidonians, quiet and secure; 6 and there was no 
magistrate 7 in the land, that might put them to shame 8 in 
any thing : and they were far from the Zidonians, and had 

8 no business 9 with any man. And they came unto their 
brethren to Zorah and to Eshtaol : and their brethren said 

9 unto them, What say ye ? And they said, Arise, that we 
may go up against them : for we have seen the land, and, 
behold, it is very good : and do ye hold your peace ? be 

10 not slothful to go, and to enter 10 to possess the land. When 
ye go, 10 ye shall come unto a people secure, 6 and the land 
is large : u for God hath given it into your hands; a place 
where there is no want of anything that is in the earth. 

11 And there journeyed from thence of the family of the 
Danites, out of Zorah and out of Eshtaol, six hundred 

12 men girded with weapons 12 of war. And they went up, 
and encamped in Kirjath-jearim, in Judah : wherefore 
they called that place Mahanehdan, unto this day : behold, 

13 it is behind Kirjath-jearim. And they passed thence unto 
mount Ephraim, and came unto the house of Micah. 

14 Then answered the five men that went to spy out the 
country of Laish, and said unto their brethren, Do ye 
know that there is in these houses an ephod, and teraphim, 

1 from their extremity. 2 investigate. 3 departed. * opposite. 5 judgment. 
6 trusting. 7 heir to the restraint. 8 confound. 9 word. 10 come. u wide of 
hand. 12 vessels. 
85 



JUDGES, Chap. XVIII. 

and a graven image, and a molten image ? now, therefore, 

15 know what ye have to do. And they turned 1 thitherward, 
and came to the house of the lad, the Levite, even unto the 

16 house of Micah, and saluted him. 2 And the six hundred 
men girded with their weapons 3 of war, who were of the 
children of Dan, were placed by the entrance of the gate. 

17 And the five men that went to spy out the land went up, 
and came in thither, and took the graven image, and the 
ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image : and the 
priest stood 4 in the entrance of the gate with the six hun- 

18 dred men that were girded with weapons 3 of the war. And 
these went into Micah's house, and took the graven 
image, the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten 
image. Then said the priest unto them, What do ye? 

19 And they said unto him, Hold thy peace, lay thy hand 
upon thy mouth, and go with us, and be to us a father 
and a priest ; is it better for thee to be a priest unto the 
house of one man, or that thou be a priest unto a tribe 

20 and a family in Israel ? And the priest's heart was glad ; 5 
and he took the ephod, and the teraphim, and the graven 

21 image, and went among the people. So they turned and 
went, and put the little ones, and the cattle, and the bag- 

22 gage, before them. And when they were a good distance 
from the house of Micah, the men that were in the houses 
near to Micah's house were summoned together, and over- 

23 took 6 the children of Dan. And they called unto the 
children of Dan : and they turned 7 their faces, and said 
unto Micah, What aileth thee, that ye were summoned? 

24 And he said, Ye have taken away my gods which I made, 
and the priest, and ye are gone away : and what have I 
more ? and what is this that ye say unto me, What aileth 

25 thee ? And the children of Dan said unto him, Let not 
thy voice be heard among us, lest men of rebellious souls 
meet thee, and thou lose thy life, 8 with the lives 9 of thy 

26 household. And the children of Dan went their way : and 
when Micah saw that they were stronger than he, he 

27 turned, and went back unto his house. And they took 
the things which Micah had made, and the priest which 
he had, and came unto Laish, unto a people quiet and 
secure : 10 and they smote them with the edge 11 of the 

28 sword, and burnt the city with fire. And there was no 
deliverer, because it was far from Zidon, and they had no 

1 departed. 2 asked him after peace. 3 vessels. 4 was placed. 5 good. 6 caused 
to cleave. 7 compassed. 8 gathereth thy soul. 9 souls. 10 trusting. u mouth. 

86 



JUDGES, Chap. XVIII. XIX. 

business 1 with any man ; and it was in the valley that lieth 
by Beth-rehob. And they built a city, and abode therein. 

29 And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name 
of Dan their father, who was born unto Israel : howbeit, 

30 the name of the city ivas Laish at the first. And the chil- 
dren of Dan set up 2 the graven image : and Jonathan the 
son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh, he and his sons 
were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the cap- 

31 tivity of the land. And they set them up 3 Micah's graven 
image, which he made, all the time that the house of God 
was in Shiloh. 

Chap. XIX. 

1 And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king 
in Israel, that there was a man, a Levite, sojourning on 
the side 4 of mount Ephraim, who took to him a woman, a 

2 concubine, out of Beth-lehem-judah. And his concubine 
played the harlot against him, and went away from him 
unto her father's house to Beth-lehem-judah, and was 

3 there one year 5 and four months. And her husband arose, 
and went after her, to speak friendly unto her, 6 and to 
bring her again, 7 having his lad with him, and a couple of 
asses : and she brought him into her father's house ; and 
when the father of the damsel saw him, he rejoiced to 

4 meet 8 him. And his father-in-law, the damsel's father, 
retained 9 him ; and he abode with him three days : so 

5 they did eat and drink, and lodged there over night. And 
it came to pass on the fourth day, when they arose early 
in the morning, that he rose up to go : and the damsel's 
father said unto his son-in-law, Sustain thy heart with a 

6 morsel of bread, and afterwards go your way. And they 
sat down, and did eat and drink both of them together : 
and the damsel's father said unto the man, Consent, pray, 

7 and lodge all night, and let thy heart be merry. 10 And 
when the man rose up to go, his father-in-law urged him ; 

8 therefore he lodged there again. 11 And he arose early in 
the morning on the fifth day to go : and the damsel's 
father said, Sustain thy heart, pray. And they lingered 
until the decline of the day, and they did eat both of 

9 them. And when the man rose up to go, he and his con- 
cubine, and his lad, his father-in-law, the damsel's father, 
said unto him, Behold now, the day draweth 12 towards 
evening ; pray lodge all night : behold, the day groweth 
to an end ; 13 lodge here over night, that thy heart may 

1 word. 2 established. 3 put. 4 thighs. 5 days. 6 to her heart. 7 restore her. 

8 towards. 9 laid hold. I0 good. " and he returned and lodged there. 12 be- 

cometh weak. 13 the encamping of the day. 

87 



JUDGES, Chap. XIX. 

be merry j 1 and to-morrow get 2 you early on your way, 

10 that thou may est go to thy tent. But the man would not 
lodge there that night, but he rose up and went, and came 
over against Jebus, which is Jerusalem: and there were 
with him a couple of asses saddled ; his concubine also 

1 1 was with him. And when they were by Jebus, the day 
was far spent ; and the lad said unto his lord, Come, pray, 
and let us turn 3 into this city of the Jebusites, and lodge 

12 in it over night. And his lord said unto him, We will 
not turn aside 3 hither into the city of an alien, that is not 
of the children of Israel ; we will pass over to Gibeah. 

13 And he said unto his lad, Come, and let us approach to 
one of these places to lodge all night, in Gibeah, or in 

14 Ramah. And they passed on and went their way ; and 
the sun went down upon them when they were by Gibeah, 

15 which belongeth to Benjamin. And they turned aside 4 
thither, to go in and to lodge over night in Gibeah : and 
when he went in, he sat him down in a street of the city ; 
for there was no man that took 5 them into his house to 

16 lodge over night. And, behold, there came an old man 
from his work 6 out of the field at even, and the man was 
of mount Ephraim ; and he sojourned in Gibeah : but the 

17 men of the place were Benjamites. And he lifted up his 
eyes, he saw the wayfaring man in the street of the city : 
and the old man said, Whither goest thou? and whence 

18 comest thou ? And he said unto him, We are passing from 
Beth-lehem-judah towards the side 7 of mount Ephraim ; 
from thence am I : and I went to Beth-lehem-judah, and 
I am going to the house of the Eternal ; and there is no 

19 man that receive th 8 me to house. Yet there is both straw 
and provender for our asses ; and there is bread and wine 
also for me, and for thy handmaid, and for the lad who is 

20 with thy servants : there is no want of any thing. And 
the old man said, Peace be with thee : howsoever, let all 
thy wants lie upon me ; only lodge not in the street over 

2 1 night. So he brought him into his house, and mixed pro- 
vender for the asses : and they laved their feet, and did 

22 eat and drink. Now, as they were making their hearts 
merry, 1 behold, the men of the city, sons of perdition, 
compassed the house round about, beating at the door, 
and said to the owner of the house, the old man, as fol- 
lows, Bring forth the man that came into thy house, that 

23 we may know him. And the man, the owner of the house, 
1 good. 2 rise. 3 depart. 4 departed. 5 gathered. 6 deed. 7 thighs. 8 gathereth. 

88 



JUDGES, Chap. XIX. XX. 

went out unto them, and said unto them, Nay, my brethren, 
nay, pray do not so wickedly ; after that this man is come 

24 into my house, do not this base deed. Behold, here 
is my daughter, a virgin, and his concubine ; them I will 
bring out now, and afflict ye them, and do with them 
what seemeth good in your eyes : but unto this man do not 

25 so vile a thing. 1 But the men would not hearken to him : 
so the man laid hold of his concubine, and brought her 
forth unto them outside ; and they knew her, and abused 
her all the night until the morning: and sent her away at the 

26 going up of the morning dawn. Then came the woman, 
at daybreak, at the turning of the morning, and fell down 
at the entrance of the man's house where her lord was, till 

27 it was light. And her lord rose up in the morning, and 
opened the doors of the house, and went out to go his 
way : and, behold, the woman his concubine was fallen 
down at the entrance of the house, and her hands were 

28 upon the threshold. And he said unto her, Up, and let 
us be going : but none answered. Then the man took 
her up upon an ass, and the man rose up, and went unto 

29 his place. And when he was come into his house, he 
took the slaughtering knife, and laid hold on his concu- 
bine, and severed her by her bones, into twelve pieces, 

30 and sent her into all the boundaries of Israel. And it was 
so, that all that saw it said, There was no such deed done 
nor seen from the day that the children of Israel came up 
out of the land of Egypt unto this day : consider 2 of it, 
take advice, and speak your minds. 

Chap. XX. 

1 Then all the children of Israel went out, and the congre- 
gation was assembled together as one man, from Dan even 
to Beer-sheba, with the land of Gilead, unto the Eternal 

2 in Mizpeh. And the chiefs 3 of all the people, even of all 
the tribes of Israel, placed themselves in the assembly of 
the people of God, four hundred thousand men on foot that 

3 drew sword. Now the children of Benjamin heard that 
the children of Israel were gone up to Mizpeh. Then 
said the children of Israel, Tell us, how was this evil? 

4 And the Levite, the husband of .the murdered woman, 
answered and said, I came into Gibeah that belongeth to 
Benjamin, I and my concubine, to lodge over night : 

5 And the men 4 of Gibeah rose against me, and compassed 

1 a thing of this base deed. 2 put. 3 corners. 4 owners. 
89 



JUDGES, Chap. XX. 

the house about me by night, and thought 1 to have slain 
me; and my concubine have they afflicted, that she is 

6 dead. And I seized my concubine, and severed her in 
pieces, and sent her about throughout all the country 2 of 
the inheritance of Israel : for they have done lewdness 3 

7 and a base deed in Israel. Behold, ye are all children of 

8 Israel ; give 4 here your advice and counsel. 5 And all the 
people arose as one man, saying, We will not any of us go 
to his tent, neither will we any of us depart into his 

9 house : But now, this shall be the thing which we will do 

10 to Gibeah, we will go up by lot against it : And we will 
take ten men of a hundred throughout all the tribes of 
Israel, and a hundred of a thousand, and a thousand out 
of a myriad, to take provision for the people, that they 
may do, when they come to Gibeah of Benjamin, accord- 

1 1 ing to the base deed that they have done in Israel. So 
all the men of Israel were gathered against the city, asso- 

12 ciates as one man. And the tribes of Israel sent men 
through all the tribe of Benjamin, saying, What evil is this 

13 that is done 6 among you? Now therefore deliver 7 us the 
men, the children of perdition, who are in Gibeah, that 
we may put them to death, and put away evil from Israel. 
But the children of Benjamin would not hearken to the 

14 voice of their brethren the children of Israel: But the 
children of Benjamin gathered themselves together out of 
the cities unto Gibeah, to go out to the war against the 

15 children of Israel. And the children of Benjamin were 
mustered at that time, out of the cities, twenty and six 
thousand men that drew sword, besides the inhabitants of 
Gibeah, who were mustered seven hundred chosen men. 

16 Among all this people there were seven hundred chosen 
men unable to use their right hand ; every one could sling 

17 stones at a hair, and not miss. And the men of Israel, 
besides Benjamin, were mustered four hundred thousand 

18 men that drew sword: all these were men of war. And 
the children of Israel arose, and went up to Beth-el, and 
asked of God, and said, Which of us shall go up first to 
the war against the children of Benjamin? And the 

1 9 Eternal said, Judah shall go up first. And the children of 
Israel rose up in the morning, and encamped against 

20 Gibeah. And the men of Israel went out to the war against 
Benjamin ; and the men of Israel joined battle with 8 them 

1 imagined. 2 field. 3 evil imagination. 4 get. 6 word. 6 become. 7 give. 
8 set in order war. 
90 



JUDGES, Chap. XX. 

21 at Gibeah. And the children of Benjamin came forth 
ont of Gibeah, and destroyed down to the earth, 1 of the 

22 Israelites that day, twenty and two thousand men. And 
the people, the men of Israel, strengthened themselves, 
and continued to join battle, in the place where they 

23 joined the first day. And the children of Israel went up, 
and wept before the Eternal until even, and asked of the 
Eternal, saying, Shall I go 2 against the children of Ben- 
jamin my brother? And the Eternal said, Go up against 

24 him. And the children of Israel approached the children 

25 of Benjamin the second day. And Benjamin went forth 
towards them out of Gibeah the second day, and des- 
troyed down to the earth, 1 of the children of Israel again, 

26 eighteen thousand men ; all these drew the sword. Then 
all the children of Israel, and all the people, went up, and 
came unto Beth-el, and wept, and abode there before the 
Eternal, and fasted that day until the even, and offered 3 burnt 

27 offerings and feast offerings before the Eternal. And the 
children of Israel asked of the Eternal ; for the ark 4 of the 

28 covenant of God was there in those days ; And Phineas, 
the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, stood before it in 
those days, saying, Shall I continue to go out to the war 
against the children of Benjamin my brother, or shall I 
cease ? And the Eternal said, Go up ; for to-morrow I 

29 will give them into thy hand. And Israel set 5 Hers in 

30 wait round about Gibeah. And the children of Israel 
went up against the children of Benjamin on the 
third day, and set themselves in order against Gibeah, 

31 as at other times. And the children of Benjamin 
went out against the people, and were drawn away 6 from 
the city ; and they began to smite of the people and kill, 7 
as at other times, in the highways, of whicb one goeth up 
to Beth-el, and the other to Gibeah in the field, about 

32 thirty men of Israel. And the children of Benjamin said, 
They are beaten before us, as at the first. But the chil- 
dren of Israel said, Let us run away, and draw 8 them from 

33 the city unto the highways. And all the men of Israel 
rose up out of their place, and set themselves in order at 
Baal-tamar; and the liers in wait of Israel broke forth 
out of their places, even out of the plain of Gibeah. 

34 And there came against Gibeah ten thousand chosen 
men out of all Israel, and the battle was sore ;9 but 

Corrupted. 2 continue to step near to the war. 3 brought up. 4 case. 5 put. 
6 loosened. 7 stabbed. s loosen. 9 the war was heavy. 

91 



JUDGES, Chap. XX. 

35 they knew not that evil was near 1 them. And the Eternal 
smote 2 Benjamin before Israel : and the children of Israel 
destroyed 3 of Benjamin that day twenty and five thousand 

36 and a hundred men: all these drew the sword. So the 
children of Benjamin saw that they were beaten : for the 
men of Israel gave place to Benjamin, because they trusted 
unto the liers in wait whom they had set 4 beside Gibeah. 

37 And the liers in wait hasted, 5 and rushed 6 upon Gibeah ; 
and the liers in wait drew themselves along, and smote all 

38 the city with the edge 7 of the sword. Now the appointed 
sign 8 between the men of Israel and the liers in wait, was 
that they should make a great conflagration with smoke 

39 rise up out of the city. And when the men of Israel 
turned in the battle, 9 Benjamin began to smite and kill 10 
of the men of Israel about thirty persons ; for they said, 
Surely they are beaten before us, as in the first battle. 9 

40 But when the conflagration began to arise up out of the 
city with a column of smoke, Benjamin turned back, and, 

41 behold, the entire city went up inflames to heaven. And 
when the men of Israel turned again, the men of Benjamin 
were amazed : for they saw that the evil was come 1 upon 

42 them. Therefore they turned before the men of Israel 
unto the way of the desert ; but the battle overtook 11 
them : and them who came out of the cities they destroyed 3 

43 in the midst of them. Thus they inclosed the Benjamites 
round about, and chased them from their repose, and trode 
them down, over against Gibeah towards the sun-rising. 

44 And there fell of Benjamin eighteen thousand men : all 

45 these were men of valour. 12 And they turned, and ran 
away towards the desert unto Sala Rimmon : and they 
gleaned of them in the highways five thousand men ; and 
pursued hard 13 after them unto Gidom, and smote two 

46 thousand men of them. So that all who fell that day of 
Benjamin were twenty and five thousand men that drew 

47 the sword : all these were men of valour. 12 But six hun- 
dred men turned, and ran away to the desert unto Sala 

48 Rimmon, and abode in the Sala Rimmon four months. And 
the men of Israel turned again 14 upon the children of Benja- 
min, and smote them with the edge 7 of the sword, as well 
the men of every city as the beast, and all that came to hand: 14 
also they set on 15 fire all the cities that they came to. 16 

1 touched. 2 plagued. 3 corrupted. 4 put. 5 accelerated. 6 unfolded. 
7 mouth. 8 appointment. 9 war- 10 stabbed. u the war clave to them. 
12 force. 13 clave. 14 returned. u was found. 1S sent. 16 that were found. 
92 



JUDGES, Chap. XXL 

Chap. XXI. 

1 Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpeh, saying, 
There shall not any of us give his daughter unto Benjamin 

2 to wife. And the people came to Beth-el, and abode there 
till the evening before God, and lifted up their voices, and 

3 wept sore 5 1 And said, O Eternal God of Israel, where- 
fore is this come to pass in Israel, that there should be 

4 to-day one tribe missing in Israel ? And it came to pass 
on the morrow, that the people rose early, and built there 
an altar, and offered 2 burnt-offerings and feast-offerings. 

5 And the children of Israel said, Who is there among all the 
tribes of Israel that came not up with the assembly unto 
the Eternal? for the great oath was concerning him that 
came not up to the Eternal to Mizpeh, saying, He shall 

6 surely be put to death. And the children of Israel 
repented them for Benjamin their brother, and said, There 

7 is one tribe cut off 3 from Israel this day : What shall we 
do for wives for them that are left, seeing we have sworn 
by the Eternal, that we will not give them of our daughters 

8 to wives? And they said, What one is there of the tribes 
of Israel that came not up to Mizpeh to the Eternal ? 
And, behold, there came none to the camp from Jabesh- 

9 gilead to the assembly. For the people were mustered, 
and, behold, there were none of the inhabitants of Jabesh- 

10 gilead there. And the congregation sent thither twelve 
thousand men of the most valiant, 4 and commanded them, 
saying, Go and smite the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead with 
the edge 5 of the sword, with the women and the little 

11 ones. And this is the thing that ye shall do, ye shall 
doom every male, and every woman that hath lain by 6 man. 

12 And they found among the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead 
four hundred young 7 virgins, that had known no man by 
lying with any male ; and they brought them unto the camp 

13 to Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan. And the whole 
congregation sent some to speak to the children of Benja- 
min that were at Sala Rimmon, and they called peaceably 8 

14 unto them. And Benjamin returned at that time; and 
they gave them wives which they had kept alive of the 
women of Jabesh-gilead : and yet so they sufficed 9 them 

15 not. And the people repented them for Benjamin, because 
that the Eternal had made a breach in the tribes of Israel. 

1 a great weeping. 2 brought up. 3 cut down. 4 sons of the force. 5 mouth- 
6 knowing the lving with. 7 damsel. 8 peace. 9 found. 
93 



JUDGES, Chap. XXL 

16 Then the elders of the congregation said, What shall we 
do for wives for them that are left, seeing woman is exter- 

17 minated out of Benjamin? And they said, There must be 
an inheritance for them that are escaped of Benjamin, that 

18 a tribe be not blotted out of Israel. Howbeit we may not 
give them wives of our daughters : for the children of 
Israel have sworn, saying, Cursed be he that giveth a wife 

19 to Benjamin. Then they said, Behold, there is a festival 
of the Eternal in Shiloh yearly, 1 in a place which is on the 
north of Beth-el, on the east 2 of the highway that goeth up 
from Beth-el to Shechem, and on the south of Lebonah. 

20 Therefore they commanded the children of Benjamin, 

2 1 saying, Go and lie in wait in the vineyards ; And see, 
and, behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance 
in dances, then come ye out of the vineyards, and snatch 
you every man his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go 

22 to the land of Benjamin. And it shall be, when their 
fathers or their brethren come unto us to complain, 3 that 
we will say unto them, Be gracious unto them for our 
sakes ; for we did not each 4 take his wife in the war : for 
ye did not give unto them at this time, 5 that ye should be 

23 guilty. And the children of Benjamin did so, and took 6 
them wives according to their number, of them that danced, 
whom they took away violently : and they went and 
returned unto their inheritance, and built the cities, and 

24 abode in them: And the children of Israel departed 7 
thence at that time, every man to his tribe, and to his 
family; and they went out from thence every man to his 

25 inheritance. In those days there was no king in Israel : 
every man did that which was right in his own eyes. 

1 from days to days. 2 rising of the sun. 3 strive. 4 a man. 5 as the time. 
6 bore. 7 walked about. 



END OF THE BOOK OF JUDGES. 



I. SAMUEL 



Chap. I. 



1 Now there was a man of Ramathaim-zophim, of mount 
Ephraim, and his name teas Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, 
the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an 

2 Ephrathite : And he had two wives ; the name of the 
one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah : 
and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. 

3 And this man went up out of his city yearly 1 to prostrate 
himself for, and to sacrifice unto the Eternal of hosts in 
Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, 

4 the priests of the Eternal, ivere there. And when the time 
was 2 that Elkanah sacrificed, he gave to Peninnah his wife, 

5 and to all her sons and her daughters, portions : 3 But unto 
Hannah he gave one part twice over : for he loved Hannah, 

6 but the Eternal had shut up her womb. And her adver- 
sary also provoked her sore, 4 for to rouse her to anger, 5 

7 for the Eternal had shut up her womb. And as he did 
so year by year, when she went up to the house of the 
Eternal, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and 

8 did not eat. Then said Elkanah her husband to her, 
Hannah, wherefore weepest thou ? and why eatest thou 
not ? and why is thy heart grieved ? 6 am not I better to 

9 thee than ten sons ? So Hannah rose, after she had eaten 
in Shiloh, and after she had drunk : now Eli the priest sat 
upon the chair by a door post of the temple 7 of the Eternal: 

10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the 

1 1 Eternal, and wept sore. 8 And she vowed a vow, and said, 
O Eternal of hosts, if thou wilt indeed see the misery of 
thy handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thy 

1 from days to days. 2 and it was the day. 3 parts. 4 a provocation. 5 to cause 
her to thunder. 6 evil. 7 palace. 8 weeping she wept. 
95 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. I. 

handmaid, but wilt give unto thy handmaid a man child, 1 
then I will give him unto the Eternal all the days of his 

12 life, and there shall no razor come upon his head. And 
it came to pass, as she continued 2 praying before the 

13 Eternal, that Eli marked 3 her mouth. Now Hannah, she 
spake in her heart ; only her lips moved, but her voice was 
not heard : therefore Eli thought she had been drunken. 

14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken ? 

15 remove thy wine from thee. And Hannah answered and 
said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful 4 spirit : I 
have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured 

16 out 5 my soul before the Eternal. Count 6 not thy hand- 
maid for a daughter of perdition : for out of the abundance 
of my complaint and provocation have I spoken hitherto. 

17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace : and the God 
of Israel give thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him. 

18 And she said, Let thy handmaid find favour in thy eyes. 
So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her coun- 

19 tenance was no more as before. 7 And they rose in the 
morning early, and prostrated themselves before the Eter- 
nal, and returned, and came to their house to Raman : and 
Elkanah knew Hannah his wife ; and the Eternal remem- 

20 bered her. Wherefore it came to pass, when the time 
was come about 8 after Hannah had become pregnant, that 
she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because 

21 I have asked him of the Eternal. And the man Elkanah, 
and all his house, went up to sacrifice unto the Eternal 

22 the yearly sacrifice 9 and his vow. But Hannah went not 
up ; for she said unto her husband, / will not go up until 
the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he 
may appear before the Eternal, and there abide for ever. 

23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth 
good in thy eyes ; abide until thou have weaned him ; 
only the Eternal establish his word. So the woman abode 

24 and suckled her son until she weaned him. And when 
she had weaned him, she brought him up with her, with 
three bulls, and one ephah of meal, and a bottle of wine, 
and brought him unto the house of the Eternal in Shiloh ; 

25 and the lad was young. And they slaughtered the bulls, 

26 and brought the lad to Eli. And she said, O my lord : 
as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood 10 

1 seed of men. 2 multiplied. 3 kept. 4 hard. 5 shed. 6 give. 7 further. 8 at 
the circuits of days. 9 the sacrifice of the days. 10 was placed. 
96 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. I. II. 

27 by thee here, to pray unto the Eternal. For this lad I 
prayed ; and the Eternal hath given me my petition which 

28 I asked of him : Therefore also I have given him freely to the 
Eternal ; all the days which he liveth he shall be lent 1 to the 
Eternal. And he prostrated himself there before the 
Eternal. 

Chap. II. 

1 And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart triumpheth in 
the Eternal ; my horn is exalted in the Eternal ; my 
mouth is enlarged over mine enemies ; because I rejoice 

2 in thy salvation. There is none holy as the Eternal : for 
there is none besides thee ; neither is there any rock 2 like 

3 our God. Talk no more so exceeding proudly ; 3 let not 
defiance come out of your mouth : for the Eternal is a God 

4 of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed. 4 The 
bows of the heroes are broken, 5 and they that stumbled 

5 have girded on force. Tliey that were satisfied are hired 
for bread ; and they that were hungry ceased ; so that the 
barren hath born seven ; and she that hath many children 

6 is waxed feeble. The Eternal killeth, and keepeth alive ; 

7 he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up. The 
Eternal maketh poor, and maketh rich; he bringeth low, 

8 and lifteth 6 up. He raiseth up 7 the indigent out of the 
dust, and lifteth 6 up the needy from the dunghill, to set 
them among nobles, and to make them inherit the 
throne 8 of glory : for the pillars of the earth belong to the 

9 Eternal, and he hath set the world upon them. He will 
keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent 

10 in darkness ; for by strength shall no man prevail. The 
Eternal, those that strive against him shall be dismayed ; 
out of heaven shall he thunder upon them : the Eternal 
shall pronounce judgment on the uttermost ends of the 
earth ; and he shall give power unto^his King, and raise the 

11 horn of his Anointed. And Elkanah went to the Ramah 
to his house ; and the lad did minister unto the Eternal 

12 before Eli the priest. Now the sons of Eli were sons of 

13 perdition ; they knew not the Eternal. And the priest's 
custom 9 with the people was, that, when any man sacrificed 
a sacrifice, the priest's lad came, while the flesh was in 
seething, 10 with a flesh-hook of three teeth in his hand ; 

14 And he struck 11 it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or 

1 asked. 2 crag. 3 do not multiply talk high high. 4 made equal. s dismayed. 
6 raiseth. 7 establisheth. 8 chair, "judgment. 10 cooking, "smote. 

97 h 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. II. 

pot ; all that the flesh-hook brought up the priest took for 
himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that 

15 came thither. Also before they caused the fat to ascend 
in fumes, the priest's lad came, and said to the man that 
sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest ; for he will 

16 not have sodden 1 flesh of thee, but raw. 2 And if any man 
said unto him, They will not fail presently to cause the fat 
to ascend in fumes, and then take as much as thy soul 
lusteth ; then he would answer him, Nay ; but thou shalt 

17 give it me now : and if not, I will take it by force. 3 Where- 
fore the sin of the young men 4 was very great before the 
Eternal : for the men abhorred 5 the oblation of the Eternal. 

18 But Samuel ministered before the face of the Eternal, 

19 being a lad, girded with a linen ephod. Moreover, his 
mother made him a little mantle, and brought it up to him 
from year to year, 6 when she came up with her husband 

20 to sacrifice the yearly sacrifice. 7 And Eli blessed Elkanah 
and his wife, and said, The Eternal give 8 thee seed of this 
woman, for the petition which was asked of the Eternal. 

21 And they went unto their own place. When the Eternal 
visited Hannah, she became pregnant, and bare three sons 
and two daughters. And the lad Samuel grew before the 

22 Eternal. Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his 
sons did unto all Israel ; and how they lay with the women 

23 that crowded at the entrance of the appointed tent. And 
he said unto them, Wherefore do ye such things ? for I 

24 hear of your evil words by all this people. Nay, my sons : 
for it is no good report that I hear the people of the 

25 Eternal spread. 9 If one man sin against another, the 
judge 10 shall judge 11 him : but if a man sin against the 
Eternal, who shall pray for him ? Notwithstanding, they 
hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the 

26 Eternal would put them to death. And the lad Samuel 
grew on, 12 and was in favour 13 both with the Eternal, and 

27 also with men. And there came a man of God unto Eli, 
and said unto him, Thus saith the Eternal, Did I plainly 
reveal myself unto the house of thy father, when they 

28 were in Egypt in Pharaoh's house ? And did I choose 
him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to go up 
to mine altar, to cause incense to ascend in fumes, to wear 

1 cooked. 2 alive. 3 strength. 4 lads. s provoked. 6 days to days. 7 sacrifice 
of the days. 8 put. 9 cause to pass. 10 god. n meditate. 1S went and grew. 

13 good. 
98 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. II. Illr 

an ephod before me ? and did I give unto the house of thy 
father all the fire offerings "of the children of Israel? 

29 Wherefore kick je at my sacrifice and at mine oblation, 
which I have commanded in my habitation, and honourest 
thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest 1 

30 of every oblation of Israel my people ? Therefore is the 
declaration of the Eternal God of Israel, I said indeed that 
thy house, and the house of thy father, should walk before 
me for ever : but now the declaration of the Eternal is, It 
were unworthy of me ; for them that honour me I will 

31 honour, and they that scorn me shall be slighted. Behold, 
the days come that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm 
of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in 

32 thy house. And thou, the adversary of my habitation, 
shalt look enviously at all the good which God shall do 
Israel : and there shall not be an old man in thy house for 

33 ever. 2 And no man of thine, none will I cut off from 
mine altar, in order to consume 3 thine eyes, and to grieve 
thy heart : but all the increase of thy house shall die in 

34 the flower of their age. 4 And this shall be a sign unto 
thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and 

35 Phinehas : in one day they shall die both of them. And 
I will establish for me a faithful priest, that shall do accord- 
ing to that which is in my heart, and in my soul : and I 
will build him a sure 5 house; and he shall walk before 

36 mine Anointed all the days. And it shall come to pass, 
that every one that is left in thy house shall come and 
prostrate himself before him for a piece || of silver and a 
loaf 6 of bread, and shall say, Admit me, pray, to one of the 
priests' offices, that I may eat a morsel of bread. 

Chap. III. 

1 And the lad Samuel ministered unto the Eternal before 
Eli. And the word of the Eternal was precious 7 in those 

2 days ; there was no open 8 vision. And it came to pass at 
that time, 9 when Eli was laid down in his place, and his 

3 eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see ; And ere 
the lamp of God went out in the temple 10 of the Eternal, 
where the ark 11 of God was, and Samuel was laid down to 

4 sleep ; That the Eternal called Samuel : and he answered, 

5 Here am I. And he ran unto Eli, and said, Here am I ; 
for thou calledst me. And he said, I called not ; lie down 

6 again. 12 And he went and lay down. And the Eternal 

1 beginning. 2 all the days. 3 finish. 4 men. 5 faithful. 6 circle. 7 costly. 
8 burst forth. 9 day. 10 palace. u case. 12 return. 

99 h 2 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. in. IV. 

continued to call, Samuel. And Samuel arose, and went 
to Eli, and said, Here am I ; for thou didst call me. And 

7 he answered, I called not, my son ; return, lie down. Now 
Samuel did not yet know the Eternal, neither was the word 

8 of the Eternal yet revealed unto him. And the Eternal 
continued to call Samuel, the third time. And he arose, 
and went to Eli, and said, Here am I ; for thou didst call 
me. And Eli perceived that the Eternal had called the 

9 lad. Therefore Eli said unto Samuel, Go, lie down : and 
it shall be, if he call thee, that thou shalt say, Speak, 
Eternal ; for thy servant heareth. So Samuel went and 

10 lay down in his place. And the Eternal came, and placed 
himself, and called as at other times, Samuel, Samuel. 
Then Samuel answered, Speak ; for thy servant heareth. 

11 And the Eternal said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing 
in Israel, at which both the ears of every one that heareth 

12 it shall tingle. In that day I will perform 1 against Eli all 
things which I have spoken concerning his house : begin- 

13 ning and ending. For I have told him, that 1 will judge 
his house for ever, for the iniquity which he knoweth; 
because his sons made themselves an execration, and he 

14 impeded them not. And therefore I have sworn unto the 
house of Eli, if the iniquity of Eli's house be expiated with 

15 sacrifice or offering for ever And Samuel lay 

until the morning, and opened the doors of the house of 
the Eternal : and Samuel feared to tell Eli the vision. 

16 Then Eli called Samuel, and said, Samuel, my son. And 

1 7 he answered, Here am I. And he said, What is the thing 
that He hath spoken unto thee ? pray withhold nothing 
from me : God do so to thee, and continue thus, if thou 
withhold any thing from me of all the things that he said 

18 unto thee. And Samuel told him all the words, and with- 
held nothing from him. And he said, It is the Eternal : 

19 let him do what is good in his eyes. And Samuel grew, 
and the Eternal was with him, and did let none of his 

20 words fall to the ground. 2 And all Israel, from Dan even 
to Beer-sheba, knew that Samuel was established 3 to be a 

21 prophet of the Eternal. And the Eternal continued to 
appear in Shiloh : for the Eternal revealed himself to 
Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the Eternal. 

Chap. IV. 
1 And the word of Samuel came 4 to all Israel. Now Israel 
1 establish. 2 earth. 3 faithful. 4 was. 
100 



I. SAMUEL^ Chap. IV. 

went out against the Philistines to the war, and encamped 
beside Eben-ezer ; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. 

2 And the Philistines set themselves in order against Israel : 
and, when the battle 1 spread, Israel was defeated before 
the Philistines ; and they smote of those arrayed 2 in the 

3 field about four thousand men. And when the people 
were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, 
Wherefore hath the Eternal defeated us to-day before the 
Philistines ? Let us take the ark 3 of the covenant of tb,e 
Eternal out of Shiloh unto us, that, when it cometh 
among us, it may save us out of the hand of our enemies. 

4 So the people sent to Shiloh, and they carried from thence 
the ark 3 of the covenant of the Eternal of hosts, abiding 
betiveen the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni 
and Phinehas, toere there with the ark 3 of the covenant of 

5 God. And when the ark 3 of the covenant of the Eternal 
came into the camp, all Israel shouted 4 with a great 

6 shout, 5 so that the earth rang. And when the Philistines 
heard the noise of the shout, 6 they said, What meaneih the 
noise of this great shout 7 in the camp of the Hebrews? 
And they understood 8 that the ark 3 of the Eternal was 

7 come into the camp. And the Philistines were afraid ; 
for they said, God is come into the camp. And they said, 
Woe unto us ! for there hath not been such a thing here- 

8 tofore. 9 Woe unto us ! who shall deliver us out of the 
hand of these mighty Gods ? these are the Gods that 
smote the Egyptians with all the plagues 10 in the desert. 

9 Strengthen yourselves, and be men, O ye Philistines, that 
ye be not servants unto the Hebrews, as they have served 

10 you: be men, and fight And the Philistines fought; 
and Israel was defeated, and they ran away every man 
into his tent : and there was a very great slaughter ; for 

1 1 there fell of Israel thirty thousand men on foot. And the 
ark 3 of God was taken ; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni 

12 and Phinehas, were slain. 11 And there ran a man of Ben- 
jamin from those arrayed, 2 and came to Shiloh the same 
day, with his clothes rent, and with earth 12 upon his head. 

13 And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon the chair by the way- 
side, 13 watching: for his heart trembled for the ark 3 of 
God. And when the man came into the city, and told it, 

14 all the city cried out. And when Eli heard the noise 14 of 

1 war. 2 disposition. 3 case. 4 dinned. 5 din. * the voice of the din. 7 the 
voice of this great din. 8 knew. ° yesterday before yesterday. 10 slaughters. 
11 died. 13 ground. 13 hand of the way. u voice. 
101 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. IV. V. 

the crying, he said, What meaneih the noise 1 of this tumult? 

15 And the man came in hastily, and told Eli. Now Eli was 
ninety and eight years old ; 2 and his eyes were dim, 3 that 

16 he could not see. And the man said unto Eli, 1 am he 
that came from among those arrayed, 4 and I ran away 
to-day from among those arrayed. 4 And he said, What is 

17 the matter, 5 my son ? And the news-bearer answered and 
said, Israel is run away before the Philistines ; and there 
hath been also a great slaughter 6 among the people ; and 
thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead ; and 

1 8 the ark 7 of God is taken. And it came to pass, when he 
made mention of the ark T of God, that he fell from off the 
chair backward, by the side 8 of the gate ; and the nape of 
his neck was broken, and he died ; for he was an old man, 

1 9 and heavy : and he had judged Israel forty years. And 
his daughter-in-law, Phinehas' wife, was pregnant, near to 
be delivered : 9 and when she heard the tidings, 10 that the 
ark 7 of God was taken, and that her husband's father and 
her husband were dead, she stooped down and travailed ; u 

20 for her pangs came 12 upon her. And about the time of 
her death, the women that were placed by her said unto 
her, Fear not, for thou hast born a son. But she answered 

21 not, neither did she regard 13 it. And she called the child 14 
I-chabod, saying, The glory is departed 15 from Israel: 
because the ark 7 of God was taken, and because of her 

22 husband's father and her husband : And she said, The 
glory is departed 15 from Israel; for the ark 7 of God is 
taken. 

Chap. V. 

1 And the Philistines took the ark 7 of God, and brought it 

2 from Eben-ezer unto Ashdod. When the Philistines took 
the ark 7 of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, 

3 and set it by Dagon. And when they of Ashdod arose 
early on the morrow, behold, Dagon ivas fallen upon his 
face to the earth before the ark 7 of the Eternal. And 

4 they took Dagon, and restored him to his place. And 
when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold, 
Dagon was fallen upon his face to the earth before the 
ark 7 of the Eternal ; and the head of Dagon and both the 
palms 16 of his hands were cut off upon the threshold ; only 

5 a fish stump had remained of him. Therefore neither the 

} voice. 2 a son of ninety and eight years. 3 rising. 4 disposition. * word. 
6 pestilence. 7 case. 8 hand. 9 to bear. 10 report. u bare. 12 were turned. 

13 set her heart. ,4 lad. 15 gone into captivity. 10 hollows. 

102 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. V. VI. 

priests of Dagon, nor any that come into Dagon's house, 
tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto this day. 

6 But the hand of the Eternal was heavy upon them of 
Ashdod; and he made them desolate, and smote them 
with tumours, even Ashdod, and the boundaries thereof 

7 And when the men of Ashdod saw that it was so, they 
said, The, ark 1 of the God of Israel shall not abide with 
us : for his hand is sore 2 upon us, and upon Dagon our 

8 god. They sent, therefore, and gathered all the lords 6 of 
the Philistines unto them, and said, What shall we do 
with the ark 1 of the God of Israel ? And they answered, 
Let the ark 1 of the God of Israel be carried about 3 unto 
Gath. And they carried 4 the ark 1 of the God of Israel 

9 about thither. And it was so, that after they had carried 
it about, 5 the hand of the Eternal was against the city with 
a very great confusion : and he smote the men of the city, 
both small and great, and they had tumours in their secret 

10 parts. Therefore they sent away the ark 1 of God to 
Ekron. And it came to pass, as the ark 1 of God came to 
Ekron, that the Ekronites cried out, saying, They have 
brought about 4 the ark 1 of the God of Israel to us, to put 

11 us to death and our people. So they sent and gathered 
together all the lords 6 of the Philistines, and said, Send 
away the ark 1 of the God of Israel, and let it return to its 
own place, that it put us not to death, and our people : 
for there was a deadly destruction 7 throughout all the 

12 city ; the hand of God was very heavy there. And the 
men that died not were smitten with the tumours : and 
the cry of the city went up to heaven. 

Chap. VI. 

1 And the ark 1 of the Eternal was in the country 8 of the 

2 Philistines seven months. And the Philistines called for 
the priests and the soothsayers, saying, What shall we do 
to the ark 1 of the Eternal? make known unto us where- 

3 with we shall send it to its place. And they said, If ye 
send away the ark 1 of the God of Israel, send it not 
empty ; but in any wise return 9 him a guilt-offering : then 
ye shall be healed, and it shall be known to you why his 

4 hand is not departed from you. Then said they, What 
shall be the guilt-offering which we shall return 9 to him ? 

1 case. 2 hard. 3 encompass. * encompassed. 5 encompassed it. 6 axles. 
7 a confusion of death. 8 field, 9 restore. 
103 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. VI. 

They answered, According to the number of the lords 1 
of the Philistines, five golden tumours, and five golden 
mice : for one pestilence was on you all, and on your lords. 1 

5 Wherefore ye shall make images of your tumours, and 
images of your mice that corrupt the land; and ye shall 
give glory unto the God of Israel : peradventure he will 
lighten his hand from off you, and from off your gods, and 

6 from off your land. Wherefore then do ye harden 2 your 
hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened 3 their 
hearts ? When he had used his power against them, did 

7 they not let the people go, and they departed? Now 
therefore make a new wagon, and take two milch kine on 
which there hath come no yoke, and bind the kine to the 

8 wagon, and bring 4 their calves home 5 from them : And 
take the ark 6 of the Eternal, and lay 7 it upon the wagon : 
and put the vessels of gold which ye return 4 him for a 
guilt-offering, in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it 

9 away, that it may go. And see, if it goeth up by the way 
of his own boundary to Beth-shemesh, then he hath done 
us this great evil : but if not, then we shall know that it is 
not his hand that touched us ; it was a chance that hap- 

10 pened to us. And the men did so; and took two milch 
kine, and bound them to the wagon, and shut up 8 their 

11 calves at home. And they put the ark 6 of the Eternal 
upon the wagon, and the coffer with the mice of gold and 

12 the images of their tumours. And the kine took the 
straight way to the way of Beth-shemesh, and went 
along one highway, lowing as they went, and did not 
depart to the right or to the left; and the lords 1 of the 
Philistines went after them unto the boundary of Beth- 

13 shemesh. And they of Beth-shemesh were reaping their 
wheat-harvest in the valley : and they lifted up their eyes, 

14 and saw the ark, 6 and rejoiced to see it. And the wagon 
came into the field of Joshua, a Beth-shemite, and stood 
there, where there was a great stone : and they clave the 
wood of the wagon, and offered 9 the kine a burnt offering 

15 unto the Eternal. And the Levites took down the ark 6 of 
the Eternal, and the coffer that was with it, wherein the 
vessels of gold were, and put them on the great stone : and 
the men of Beth-shemesh offered 9 burnt offerings, and 

16 sacrificed sacrifices, the same day unto the Eternal. And 

1 axles. 2 make heavy. 3 made heavy. * restore. s to the house. 6 case. 
7 give. 8 withheld. 9 brought up. 
104 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. VI. VII. 

when the five lords 1 of the Philistines had seen it, they 

17 returned to Ekron the same day. And these are the 
golden tumours which the Philistines returned 2 for a guilt- 
offering unto the Eternal ; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, 

18 for Askelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one: And the 
golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of 
the Philistines belonging to the five lords, 1 both of fortified 
cities and of country villages, even unto the great stone of 
Abel, whereon they placed the ark 3 of the Eternal ; which 
stone remaineth unto this day in the field of Joshua the 

19 Beth-shemite. And he smote the men of Beth-shemesh, 
because they had looked 4 into the ark 3 of the Eternal, 
even he smote of the people fifty thousand and threescore 
and ten men, And the people mourned, because the 
Eternal had smitten many of the people with a great 

20 slaughter. And the men of Beth-shemesh said, Who is 
able to stand before this holy Eternal God ? and to whom 

21 shall he go up from us ? And they sent messengers to the 
inhabitants of* Kirjath-jearim, saying, The Philistines have 
restored the ark 3 of the Eternal ; come ye down, and bring 
it up to you. 

Chap. VII. 

1 And the men of Kirjath-jearim came, and brought up the 
ark 3 of the Eternal, and brought it into the house of 
Abinadab, in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to 

2 keep the ark 3 of the Eternal. And it came to pass, while 5 
the ark 3 abode in Kirjath-jearhn, that the time was long; 6 
for it was twenty years: and all the house of Israel 

3 lamented after the Eternal. And Samuel spake unto all 
the house of Israel, saying, If ye do return unto the 
Eternal with all your hearts, then remove the strange gods 
and the Ashtaroth from among you, and prepare your 
hearts unto the Eternal, and serve him only ; and he will 

4 deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines, Then the 
children of Israel did remove the Baalim and the Ashtaroth, 

5 and served the Eternal only. And Samuel said, Gather 7 
all Israel to the Mizpeh, and I will pray for you unto the 

6 Eternal. And they gathered together 8 to the Mizpeh, and 

1 axles. 2 restored. 3 case. 4 seen. 5 from the day. 6 days were numerous. 
7 store up. 8 were stored up. 
105 



SAMUEL, Chap. VII. VIII. 

• 

drew water, and poured 1 it out before the Eternal, and 
fasted on that day, and said there, We have sinned against 
the Eternal. And Samuel judged the children of Israel 

7 in the Mizpeh. And when the Philistines heard that the 
children of Israel were gathered together 2 to the Mizpeh, the 
lords 3 of the Philistines went up against Israel. And when 
the children of Israel heard it, they were afraid of the 

8 Philistines. And the children of Israel said to Samuel, 
Cease not 4 to cry unto the Eternal our God for us, that 

9 he may save us out of the hand of the Philistines, And 
Samuel took a sucking lamb, 5 and offered 6 it for a burnt 
offering wholly unto the Eternal : and Samuel cried unto 

10 the Eternal for Israel ; and the Eternal heard him. And 
as Samuel was offering 7 up the burnt offering, the Philis- 
tines drew 8 near to the war against Israel : but the Eternal 
caused it to thunder with a great thunder 9 on that day 
upon the Philistines, and confounded them; and they 

1 1 were defeated before Israel. And the men of Israel went 
out of the Mizpeh, and pursued the Philistines, and smote 

1 2 them, until they came under Beth-car. Then Samuel took 
one stone, and set 10 it between the Mizpeh and the Shen, and 
called the name of it Eben-ezer, saying, Hitherto hath the 

13 Eternal helped us. So the Philistines were humbled, and 
they continued not to come into the boundary of Israel, 
and the hand of the Eternal was against the Philistines all 

14 the days of Samuel. And the cities which the Philistines 
had taken from Israel were restored 11 to Israel, from Ekron 
even unto Gath ; and the boundaries thereof did Israel 
deliver out of the hands of the Philistines. And there 

15 was peace between Israel and the Amorite. And Samuel 

16 judged Israel all the days of his life. And he went from 
year to year in circuit 12 to Beth-el, and the Gilgal, and the 

17 Mizpeh, and judged Israel in all those places. And his 
return was to the Ramah ; for there was his house : and 
there he judged Israel ; and there he built an altar unto 
the Eternal. 

Chap. VIII. 
1 And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made 10 

' shed. 2 stored up. 3 axles. 4 hold not thy peace. 6 one lamb of milk. 
6 brought up. 7 bringing. 8 stepped. 9 voice. 10 put. u returned. n and 

encompassed. 
106 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. VIII. 

2 his sons judges over Israel. Now the name of his first- 
born was Joel, and the name of his second 1 Abiah : they 

3 were judges in Beer-sheba, And his sons walked not in 
his ways, but inclined after lucre, and took bribes, and 

4 perverted 2 judgment. Then all the elders of Israel 
gathered 3 themselves together, and came to Samuel unto 

5 the Ramah, And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, 
and thy sons walk not in thy ways : now make 4 us a king 

6 to judge us like all the nations. But the thing was evil in 
the eyes of Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to 

7 judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the Eternal. And the 
Eternal said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the 
people in all that they say unto thee : for they have not 
despised thee, but they have despised me, that I should 

8 not reign over them. According to all the deeds which 
they have done, since the day that 1 brought them up out 
of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have for- 
saken me, and served other gods ; so do they also unto 

9 thee. Now, therefore, hearken unto their voice : howbeit 
yet protest solemnly unto them, and tell them the manner 5 

10 of the king that shall reign over them. And Samuel told 
all the words of the Eternal unto the people that asked of 

1 1 him a king. And he said, This will be the manner 5 of the 
king that shall reign over you ; He will take your sons, 
and appoint 4 them for himself, for his chariots, and to be 

12 his horsemen ; and some shall run before his vehicle. And 
he will appoint 4 him officers over thousands, and officers over 
fifties, and will set them to plough his ploughing-soil, and 
to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments 6 of 

13 war, and instruments 6 of his chariots. And he will 
take your daughters to be confectioners, 7 and to be 

14 cooks, 8 and to be bakers. And he will take your 
fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the 

15 best of them, and give them to his servants. And he will 
take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and 

16 give to his eunuchs, and to his servants. And he will 
take your men-servants, and your maid-servants, 9 and 
your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put 10 them 

17 to his work. He will take the tenth of your flock : and 

18 ye shall be his servants. And ye shall cry out in that day, 
because of your king whom ye shall have chosen you ; and 

19 the Eternal will not answer you in that day. Nevertheless, 

'double. 2 inclined. 3 stored up. 4 put. s judgment. 6 vessels. 7 com- 
pounders. s killers. ° handmaids. l0 make. 

107 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. VIII. IX. 

the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel : and they 

20 said, Nay ; but we will have a king over us ; That we 
also may be like all the nations ; and that our king may 
judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. 1 

21 And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he 

22 rehearsed 2 them in the ears of the Eternal. And the 
Eternal said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and 
make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of 
Israel, Go ye every man unto his city. 



Chap. IX. 

Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, 
the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, 
the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a hero of force. And he 
had a son whose name was Saul, a choice young man, and 
a goodly ; and there was none among the children of Israel 
goodlier than he : from his shoulders and upwards he was 
higher than any of the people. And the she-asses of Kish, 
Saul's father, were lost: and Kish said to Saul his son, 
Take now one of the lads with thee, and arise, go seek the 
she-asses. And he passed through mount Ephraim, and 
passed through the land of Shalisha, but they found them 
not: then they passed through the land of Shalim, and 
there they were not ; and he passed through the land of the 
Benjamites, but they found them not. And when they 
were come to the land of Zuph, Saul said to his lad that 
was with him, Come, and let us return ; lest my father 
cease caring for the asses, and be apprehensive for us. And 
he said unto him, Behold now, there is in this city a man 
of God, and he is an honoured man ; all that he saith 
cometh surely to pass : now, let us go thither ; perad- 
venture he can tell us our way that we should go. Then 
said Saul to his lad, But, behold, if we go, what shall we 
bring the man ? for the bread is spent in our vessels, and 
there is not a present to bring to the man of God, what 
have we ? And the lad answered Saul again, 3 and said, 
Behold, I have here at hand the fourth part of a shekel 
of silver ; that will I give to the man of God that he may 
tell us our way. Beforetime in Israel, when a man went 
to inquire of God, thus he spake, Come, and let us go to the 
1 wars. - spoke. 3 continued. 
108 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. IX. 

seer : for he that is now called a Prophet, was beforetime 

10 called a Seer. Then said Saul to his lad, Thy word is 
good ; come, let us go : so they went unto the city where 

11 the man of God was. And as they went up the ascent to 
the city, they found damsels going out to draw water, and 

12 said unto them, Is the seer here ? And they answered 
them, and said, He is; behold he is before you: make 
haste now, for he came to-day to the city ; for there is a 

13 sacrifice of the people to-day in the high place: As soon 
as ye be come into the city ye shall straightway find him, 
before he go up to the high place to eat : for the people 
will not eat until he come, because he doth bless the sacri- 
fice; and afterwards they eat that are invited. 1 Now 
therefore go ye up ; for about this time 2 ye shall find him. 

14 And they went up into the city : and when they were come 
into the city, behold, Samuel came out towards them, for 

15 to go up to the high place. Now the Eternal had revealed 

16 to Samuel's ear one day before Saul came, saying, To- 
morrow, about this time, I will send thee a man out of the 
land of Benjamin ; and thou shalt anoint him to be chief 
over my people Israel, that he may save my people out of 
the hand of the Philistines : for I have looked upon 3 my 

17 people, because their cry is come unto me. And when 
Samuel saw Saul, the Eternal said unto him, Behold the 
man whom I spake to thee of: this same shall reign over 4 

18 my people. Then Saul stepped nigh to Samuel in the gate, 
and said, Tell me, I pray thee, where the seer's house is. 

19 And Samuel answered Saul, and said, I am the seer: go 
up before me up to the high place ; for ye shall eat with me 
to-day ; and to-morrow I will let thee go, and all that is in 

20 thy heart will I tell thee. And as for thy she-asses, that were 
lost three days ago, set 5 not thy heart on them ; for they 
are found. And on whom is all the delight of Israel ? is 

21 it not on thee, and on all thy father's house? And Saul 
answered and said, Am not I a Benjamite, of the smallest 
of the tribes of Israel ? and my family the least of all the 
families of the tribe of Benjamin ? wherefore then speakest 

22 thou so 6 to me ? And Samuel took Saul and his lad, and 
brought them into the parlour, and assigned 7 them a place 
at the head of them that were called, 8 who were about 

1 called. J as the day. 3 seen. 4 restrain. 5 put. 6 like this word. 7 made. 

8 invited. 

109 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. IX. X. 

23 thirty men. And Samuel said unto the cook, 1 Bring the 
part which I gave thee, of which I said unto thee, Put it 

24 by thee. And the cook 1 took up 2 the shoulder, and that 
which was upon it, and put it before Saul. And Samuel 
said, Behold that which remaineth : put it before thee, and 
eat ; for unto this appointed time hath it been kept for thee, 
since I said, I have invited 3 the people. So Saul did eat 

25 with Samuel that day. And when they were come down 
from the high place into the city, Samuel spake with Saul 

26 upon the roof. And they arose early : and it came to pass, 
about the going up of the dawn, that Samuel called Saul 
to the roof, saying, Arise, and I will let thee go. And 
Saul arose, and they went out both of them, he and 

27 Samuel, abroad. And as they were going down to the 
extremity of the city, Samuel said to Saul, Bid 4 the lad 
pass on before us, and he passed on, but stand thou still a 
while, 5 that I may announce to thee the word of God. 

Chap. X. 

1 Then Samuel took the flask of oil, and poured it upon his 
head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the 
Eternal hath anointed thee to be chief over his inheritance ? 

2 When thou art gone from me to-day, then thou shalt find 
two men by Rachel's sepulchre, in the boundary of Ben- 
jamin, at Zelzah ; and they will say unto thee, These asses 
which thou wentest to seek are found : and, lo, thy father 
hath left 6 the care of the asses, and apprehends for you, 

3 saying, What shall I do for my son ? Then shalt thou go 
on forward from thence, and thou shalt come to the oak of 
Tabor, and there shall find thee three men going up to 
God to Beth-el, one carrying three kids, and another carrying 
three loaves 7 of bread, and another carrying a bottle of 

A wine: And they will salute thee, 8 and give thee two 
loaves of bread, and thou shalt take them of their hands. 

5 After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where is the 
station of the Philistines : and it shall come to pass, when 
thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt light on 
a company 9 of prophets coming down from the high place, 
with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, 

6 before them ; and they shall prophesy : And the Spirit 
of the Eternal will come upon thee, and thou shalt 

1 killer. 2 heaved. 3 called. 4 say. s as the day. 6 let. 7 circles. 8 ask 
thee after peace. 9 cord. 

110 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. X. 

prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another 

7 man. And let it be, when these signs are come unto thee, 
that thou do as occasion serve thee ; x for God is with thee. 

8 And thou shalt go down before me to the Gilgal; and, be- 
hold, I will come down unto thee, to offer 2 burnt offerings, 
and to sacrifice sacrifices of feast-offerings : seven days shalt 
thou wait, till I come to thee, and make known to thee 

9 what thou shalt do. And it was so, that when he had 
turned his back to go from Samuel, God gave him another 

10 heart: and all those signs came to pass that day„ And 
when they came thither to the hill, behold, a company 3 of 
prophets went towards him ; and the Spirit of God came 

1 1 upon him, and he prophesied among them. And it came 
to pass, when all that knew him beforetime 4 saw that, 
behold, he prophesied among the prophets, then the 
people said one to another, 5 What is this that is come unto 

12 the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets? And 
one from there answered, and said, But who is their 
father ? Therefore it became a proverb, Is Saul also 

13 among the prophets? And when he had finished prophe- 

14 sying, he came to the high place. And Saul's uncle said 
unto him and to his lad, Whither went ye ? And he said, 
To seek the she-asses : and when we saw that they ivere no- 

15 where, we came to Samuel. And Saul's uncle said, Tell 

16 me, pray, what Samuel said unto you. And Saul said 
unto his uncle, He told us plainly that the she-asses were 
found. But of the matter of the kingdom, whereof 

17 Samuel spake, 6 he told him not. And Samuel summoned the 

18 people together unto the Eternal to the Mizpeh ; And said 
unto the children of Israel, Thus saith the Eternal God of 
Israel, I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you 
out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of 

19 all the kingdoms, and of them that oppressed you; And ye 
have this day scorned your God, who himself saved you 
out of all your evils and your troubles; and ye have said 
unto him, Nay, but set 7 a king over us. Now therefore 
place yourselves before the Eternal by your tribes, and by 

20 your thousands. And when Samuel had caused all the 
tribes of Israel to approach, the tribe of Benjamin was 

21 taken. 8 When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin 
to approach by their families, the family of Matri was 

1 which thy hand shall find. 2 bring up. 3 cord. 4 from yesterday before yes- 
terday. 5 a man to his fellow. 6 said. 7 put. s conquered. 
Ill 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. X. XL 

taken, 1 and Saul, the son of Kish, was taken r 1 and when 

22 they sought him, he could not be found. Therefore they 
asked of the Eternal further, Did any man else come 
thither? And the Eternal said, Behold, he hath hid him- 

23 self among the stuff, 2 And they ran and fetched 3 him 
thence : and he placed himself among the people, and he 
was higher than any of the people, from his shoulders and 

24 upwards. And Samuel said to all the people, See ye him 
whom the Eternal hath chosen, that there is none like him 
among all the people ? And all the people shouted, 4 and 

25 said, May the king live. Then Samuel told 5 the people 
the manner 6 of royalty, and wrote it in the book, and 
placed it before the Eternal. And Samuel sent all the 

26 people away, every man to his house. And Saul also 
went home to Gibeah : and there went with him the force, 

27 whose hearts God had touched. But the children of 
perdition said, How 7 shall this man save us? And they 
despised him, and brought him no presents : 8 but he was 
like one that held his peace. 

Chap. XL 

1 Then Nahash the Ammonite came up, and encamped 
against Jabesh-gilead : and all the men of Jabesh said 
unto Nahash, Make 9 a covenant with us, and we will 

2 serve thee. And Nahash the Ammonite answered them, 
On this condition will I make 9 a covenant with you, in 
thrusting out every eye of yours on the right side, and 

3 lay 10 it for a disgrace upon all Israel. And the elders of 
Jabesh said unto him. Give us seven days' respite, 11 that 
we may send messengers unto all the boundaries of Israel: 
and then, if there be no man to save us, we will come out 

4 to thee. Then came the messengers to Gibeah of Saul, 
and spoke the words in the ears of the people : and all the 

5 people lifted up their voices, and wept. And, behold, 
Saul came after the herd out of the field; and Saul said, 
What aileth the people that they weep ? And they related 

6 him the words of the men of Jabesh. And the Spirit of 
God came upon Saul when he heard those words, and his 

7 wrath glowed greatly. And he took a team of a herd, and 
severed them in pieces, and sent them about throughout 
all the boundaries of Israel by the hands of the messengers, 
saying, Whosoever cometh not forth after Saul and after 

1 conquered. 2 vessels. 3 took. 4 raised a din. 5 spoke. 6 judgment. 7 what. 
8 oblation. 9 cut. l0 put. " loosen from us seven davs. 
112 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XL XII. 

Samuel, so shall it be done unto his herd. And the fright 
of the Eternal fell on the people, and they came out as 

8 one man. And when he mustered them in Bezek, the 
children of Israel were three hundred thousand, and the 

9 men of Judah thirty thousand. And they said unto the 
messengers that came, Thus shall ye say unto the men of 
Jabesh-gilead, To-morrow, by that time the sun is hot, ye 
shall have help. 1 And the messengers came and told it 

10 to the men of Jabesh; and they were glad. And the 
men of Jabesh said, To-morrow we will come out unto 
you, and ye shall do with us all that seemeth good in your 

1 1 eyes. And it was so on the morrow, that Saul put the 
people in three companies ; 2 and they came into the midst 
of the camp in the morning watch, and smote the Ammon- 
ites until the heat of the day : and it came to pass, that 
they that remained were scattered, so that not two of 

12 them remained together. And the people said unto 
Samuel, Who is he that said, Shall Saul reign over us ? 

13 bring 3 the men, that we may put them to death. And 
Saul said, There shall not a man be put to death this day : 
for to-day the Eternal hath wrought* salvation in Israel. 

14 Then said Samuel to the people, Come, and let us go to the 

15 Gilgal, and renew the kingdom there. And all the people 
went to the Gilgal ; and there they made Saul king before 
the Eternal in the Gilgal ; and there they sacrificed sacri- 
fices of feast-offerings before the Eternal ; and there Saul 
and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly. 



Chap. XII. 

And Samuel said unto all Israel, Behold, I have hearkened 
unto your voice in all that ye said unto me, and have 
made a king over you. And now, behold, the king 
walketh before you : and I am old and gray-headed ; and, 
behold, my sons are with you ; and I have walked before 
you from my youth unto this day. Behold, here I am : 
witness 5 against me before the Eternal, and before his 
anointed ; whose ox 6 have I taken ? or whose ass have I 
taken ? or whom have I wronged ? whom have I crushed ? 
or of whose hand have I taken any ransom so that I hid 
'salvation. 2 heads. 3 give. 4 done. s answer. 6 one of the herd. 
113 i 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XII. 

4 mine eyes from him ? and I will restore it you. And they 
said, Thou hast not wronged us, nor crushed us, neither 

5 hast thou taken ought of any man's hand. And he said 
unto them, The Eternal is witness against you, and his 
anointed is witness this day. that ye have not found ought 

6 in my hand. And they answered, He is witness. And 
Samuel said unto the people, It is the Eternal that 
created 1 Moses and Aaron, and that brought your fathers up 

7 out of the land of Egypt. Now, therefore, stand still, 2 
that I may reason 3 with you before the Eternal of all the 
righteous acts of the Eternal, which he did to you and to 

8 your fathers. When Jacob was come into Egypt, and 
your fathers cried unto the Eternal, then the Eternal sent 
Moses and Aaron, who brought forth your fathers out of 

9 Egypt, and made them abide in this place. And when 
they forgat the Eternal their God, he sold them into the 
hand of Sisera, officer of the host of Hazor, and into the 
hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of 

10 Moab ; and they fought against them. And they cried 
unto the Eternal, and said, We have sinned, because we 
have forsaken the Eternal, and have served the Baalim 
and the Ashtaroth : but now deliver us out of the hand of 

11 our enemies, and we will serve thee. And the Eternal 
sent Jerubbaal, and Bedan, and Jephthah, and Samuel, 
and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies round 

12 about, and ye abode safe. And when ye saw that Nahash, 
the king of the children of Ammon, came against you, ye 
said unto me, Nay, but a king shall reign over us ; when 

13 the Eternal your God was your king. Now therefore 
behold the king whom ye have chosen, and whom ye have 
asked for : and, behold, the Eternal hath set 4 a king over 

14 you. If ye will fear the Eternal, and serve him, and obey 
his voice, and not rebel against the commandment 5 of 
the Eternal, both ye, and also the king that reigneth 
over you, continue following 6 the Eternal your God. . . . 

15 But if ye will not obey the voice of the Eternal, but rebel 
against the commandment 5 of the Eternal, then shall the 
hand of the Eternal be against you, as it was against your 

16 fathers. Now therefore stand 2 and see this great thing, 

17 which the Eternal will do before your eyes. Is it not 
wheat-harvest to-day ? I will call unto the Eternal, and 
he shall send thunder 7 and rain ; that ye may know and 

1 made. 2 place yourselves. 3 be judged. 4 given. s mouth. 6 be after. 
7 give voices. 
114 



L SAMUEL, Chap. XII. XIII. 

see that your evil is great, which ye have done in the 

18 eyes of the Eternal, in asking you a king. So Samuel 
called unto the Eternal; and the Eternal sent thunder 1 
and rain that day : and all the people greatly feared the 

19 Eternal and Samuel. And all the people said unto 
Samuel, Pray for thy servants unto the Eternal thy God, 
that we die not : for we have added unto all our sins this 

20 evil, to ask us a king. And Samuel said unto the people, 
Fear not : ye have done all this evil ; yet depart not from 
the Eternal, but serve the Eternal with all your heart ; 

21 And turn ye not aside: for then should ye go after vain 2 
things, which cannot profit nor deliver ; for they are vain : 2 

22 For the Eternal will not forsake 3 his people for his great 
name's sake ; because the Eternal hath consented to make 

23 you his people. Moreover, as for me, it were unworthy 
of me to sin against the Eternal in ceasing to pray for 
you : but I will teach you the good and the right way : 

24 Only fear the Eternal, and serve him in truth, with all 
your heart: for see what great things he hath done for 

25 you. But if ye shall still do wickedly, ye shall be swept 
away, both ye and your king. 



Chap. XIII. 

1 Saul reigned one year; 4 and when he had reigned two 

2 years over Israel, Saul chose him three thousand men of 
Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Mich- 
mash and in mount Beth-el, and a thousand were with 
Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the 

3 people he sent away every man to his tent. And Jonathan 
smote the garrison 5 of the Philistines that was in Geba; 
and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew 6 the cor- 
net throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear. 

4 And all Israel heard say, that Saul had smitten a garrison 5 
of the Philistines, and that Israel also was had in abomi- 
nation 7 with the Philistines. And the people were sum- 

5 moned together after Saul to the Gilgal. And the Philistines 
were gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand 
chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the 

gave voices. 2 desolate. 3 let. 4 a son of a year was Saul when he reigned. 
5 station. 6 fixed. 7 stank. 
115 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XIII. 

sand which is on the sea-shore 1 in multitude : and they 
came up and encamped in Michmash eastward from Beth- 

6 aven. When the men of Israel saw that they were dis- 
tressed, for the people were straitened, 2 then the people 
did hide themselves in the caves, and in the brambles, 

7 and in the rocks, and in the holds, || and in the pits. And 
some of the Hebrews went over the Jordan to the land of « 
Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was yet in the Gilgal, and 

8 all the people followed him trembling. 3 And he waited 
seven days, according to the appointed time which Samuel 
named : 4 but Samuel came not to the Gilgal ; and the 

9 people were scattered from him. And Saul said, Reach 
me the burnt-offering and the feast-offerings; and he 

10 offered 5 the burnt-offering. And it came to pass that as 
soon as he finished offering 6 the burnt-offering, behold, 
Samuel came : and Saul went out towards him, to bless 

1 1 him. And Samuel said, What hast thou done ? And Saul 
said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from 
me, and that thou earnest not within the days appointed, 7 
and that the Philistines were gathered together at Mich- 

12 mash; Therefore said I, Now will the Philistines come 
down upon me to the Gilgal, and I have not besought the 
face of the Eternal, and I forced 8 myself therefore, and 

13 offered 5 the burnt-offering. And Samuel said to Saul, 
Thou hast done foolishly : thou hast not kept the com- 
mandment of the Eternal thy God, which he commanded 
thee : for now would the Eternal have established thy 

14 kingdom upon Israel for ever. But now thy kingdom 
shall not continue : 9 the Eternal hath sought him a man 
after his own heart, and the Eternal hath commanded 
him to be a leader of his people, because thou hast not 

15 kept that which the Eternal commanded thee. And 
Samuel arose and went up from the Gilgal of Gibeah of 
Benjamin. And Saul mustered the people that was found 

16 with him, about six hundred men. And Saul, and Jona- 
than his son, and the people that were found with him, 
abode in Gibeah of Benjamin: but the Philistines en- 

1 1 camped in Michmash. And the spoilers 10 came out of the 
camp of the Philistines in three companies : n one com- 
pany 12 turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto 

18 the land of Shual, And another 13 company turned the 
way to Beth-horon : and another 13 company turned to the 
way of the boundary that is discerned on the glen 

19 of the Zeboim towards the desert And no smith 14 

1 lip. • exacted. 3 trembled after him. * said. 6 brought up. 8 bringing up. 
7 to the appointed time of the days. 6 refrained. 9 rise. l0 destroyer. n heads. 
12 head. 13 one. H engraver 
116 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XIII. XIV. 

was found throughout all the land of Israel : for the 
Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them sword or 

20 spear. But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines to 
sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, | and his axe, 

2 1 and his mattock. || Yet they had a file| for the mattocks, || and 
for the coulters,|| and for the trident, and for the axes, and to 

22 sharpen 1 the goads. So it came to pass on the day of war, 
that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand 
of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan ; 

23 but with Saul and Jonathan was there found. And a 
garrison 2 of the Philistines went out to the passage of 
Michmash. 

Chap. XIV. 

1 Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of 
Saul said unto the lad, bearer of his armour, 3 Come and 
let us pass over to the Philistines' station that is on yonder 

2 side ; but he told not his father. And Saul abode at the 
extremity of the Gibeah, under the pomegranate tree which 
is in Migron : and the people that were with him were 

3 about six hundred men. And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, 
Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, was 
priest of the Eternal in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And 

4 the people knew not that Jonathan was gone. And 
between the passages by which Jonathan sought to pass 
over unto the Philistines' station, there was a sharp 4 rock 
on the one side, 5 and a sharp 4 rock on the other side : 5 and 
the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other 

5 Seneh. The one jagg 4 formed a protuberance 6 from the 
north over against Michmash, and the other 7 from the 

6 south over against Gibeah. And Jonathan said to the lad, 
bearer of his armour, 3 Come and let us go over unto the 
station of these uncircumcised : perhaps the Eternal will 
work 8 for us : for there is no hindrance to the Eternal 

7 to save by many or by few. And his armour 3 -bearer said 
unto him, Do all that is in thy heart, turns thee, behold, I 

8 am with thee according to thy heart. Then said Jonathan, 
Behold, we will pass over unto the men, and we will dis- 

9 cover ourselves unto them. If they say thus unto us, Stay 
until we come 10 to touch you, then we will stand still in 

10 our place, 11 and will not go up to them. But if they say 

1 place. * station- 3 vessels. 4 tooth. s from the side from this. 6 pillar. 
7 one. 8 do. 9 incline. 10 cause. u underneath us. 

117 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XIV. 

thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up: for the 
Eternal hath given them into our hand, and this shall be 

1 1 the sign unto us. And both of them discovered themselves 
unto the garrison 1 of the Philistines : and the Philistines 
said, Behold, Hebrews come forth out of the holes where 

12 they had hid themselves. And the men of the station 
answered Jonathan and his armour 2 -bearer, and said, 
Come up to us, and we will make known a thing to you. 
And Jonathan said unto his armour 2 -bearer, Come up 
after me, for the Eternal hath given them into the hand 

13 of Israel. And Jonathan went up upon his hands and 
upon his feet, and his armour 2 -bearer after him, and they 
fell before Jonathan, and his armour 2 -bearer massacred 

14 after him. And the first slaughter which Jonathan and 
his armour 2 -bearer made 3 was about twenty men, within as 

15 it were the half of a furrow of an acre of land. 4 And 
there was trembling in the camp, in the field, and among 
all the people : the garrison and the spoilers, 5 they also 
trembled, and the earth shook, and it was a trembling from 

16 God. And the watchmen of Saul in the Gibeah of Ben- 
jamin saw; and, behold, the crowd dissolved, and went 

17 hither and thither. Then said Saul unto the people that 
were with him, Muster now, and see who is gone from us. 
And when they had mustered, behold, Jonathan and his 

18 armour 2 -bearer were not there. And Saul said unto Ahiah, 
Bring 6 the ark 7 of God. For the ark 7 of God was at that 

19 time with the children of Israel. And it came to pass, 
while Saul spoke to the priest, that the noise 8 that was in 
the camp of the Philistines, went on and increased, and 

20 Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw^ thy hand. And Saul 
and all the people that were with him were summoned, 
and they came to the war, and, behold, every man's sword 

21 was against his fellow, a very great confusion. Moreover, 
the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before that 
time, 10 who went up with them into the camp, from the 
country round about, even they also turned to be with the 

22 Israelites that were with Saul and Jonathan. Likewise 
all the men of Israel who had hid themselves in mount 
Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines ran away, 

23 even they also followed hard after them in the war. So 
the Eternal saved Israel that day: and the war passed 

24 over beyond Beth-aven. And the men of Israel were 

1 station. 2 vessels. 3 smote. 4 field. 5 the station and the destroyer. 6 reach. 
7 case. 8 crowd. 9 gather. 10 as yesterday before yesterday. 
118 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XIV. 

distressed 1 that day : for Saul had adjured the people by an 
execration, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food 2 
until the evening, that 1 may be avenged on mine enemies. 

25 So none of the people tasted any food. 2 And all they of 
the land came to the wood, and there was honey upon the 

26 face of the field. And when the people were come into 
the wood, behold, there was a flowing of honey ; but no 
man put 3 his hand to his mouth : for the people feared the 

27 oath. But Jonathan had not heard when his father adjured 
the people : wherefore he put forth 4 the extremity of the 
staff that was in his hand, and dipped it in a honey-comb, 
and put 5 his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were 

28 enlightened. Then answered one of the people, and said, 
Thy father straitly adjured the people, saying, Cursed be 
the man that eateth any food 2 this day, and the people are 

29 faint. Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the 
land : see, pray, how mine eyes have been enlightened, 

30 because I tasted a little of this honey ; How much more, 
if haply the people had eaten freely to-day of the spoil of 
their enemies which they found, for had there not been 
now a much greater 6 slaughter among the Philistines ? 

31 And they smote the Philistines that day from Michmash 

32 to Aijalon : and the people were very faint. And the 
people pounced upon the spoil, and took flocks, and herds, 
and calves, 7 and slaughtered them on the ground: 8 and the 

33 people ate over the blood. Then they told Saul, saying, 
Behold, the people sin against the Eternal, in that they eat 
over the blood. And he said, Ye have dealt treacherously : 

34 roll a great stone unto me this day. And Saul said, Scatter 
yourselves among the people, and say unto them, Bring 9 
me hither every man his one of the herd, and every man 
his one of the flock, and slaughter them here, and eat ; and 
sin not against the Eternal in eating 10 with the blood. 
And all the people brought 11 every man his one of the 
herd with him that night, and slaughtered them there. 

35 And Saul built an altar unto the Eternal : the same he 

36 began to build as an altar unto the Eternal. And Saul 
said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and 
spoil 12 them until the morning light, so that not a man of 
them remain. And they said, Do whatsoever seemeth 
good in thy eyes. Then said the priest, Let us approach 

37 hither unto God. And Saul asked of God, Shall I go 

1 exacted. * bread. 3 overtook. 4 sent. s restored. 6 more numerous. 7 sons 
of herds. 8 earth. 9 reach. 10 towards. n reached. n plunder. 
119 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XIV. 

down after the Philistines ? wilt thou give them into the 

38 hand of Israel ? But he answered him not that day. And 
Saul said, Step ye near hither all the chief 1 of the people ; 
and know and see wherein this sin hath been this day : 

39 For, as the Eternal liveth, who saveth Israel, though it be 
in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. And no one of 

40 all the people answered him. Then said he unto all Israel, 
Be ye on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on 
the other 2 side. And the people said unto Saul, Do what 

41 seemeth good in thy eyes. And Saul said unto the Eternal, 
God of Israel, Give 3 a perfect lot. And Saul and Jonathan 

42 were taken: 4 but the people escaped. 5 And Saul said, 
Cast 6 lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jona- 

43 than was taken. 4 Then Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me 
what hast thou done. And Jonathan told him, and said, 
I did but taste a little honey with the extremity of the 

44 staff that was in my hand, and, lo, I shall die. And 
Saul answered, Thus may God do and thus continue : for 

45 thou shalt surely die, Jonathan. And the people said 
unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who hath wrought 7 this 
great salvation in Israel ? It is unworthy : as the Eternal 
liveth, if there falleth one hair of his head to the earth. . . . 
for he hath wrought 7 with God this day. So the people 

46 released Jonathan, that he died not. Then Saul went up 
from after the Philistines : and the Philistines went to 

47 their own place. So Saul assumed 4 the royalty over Israel, 
and fought against all his enemies round about, against 
Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against 
Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the 
Philistines : and whithersoever he turned himself, he spread 

48 terror. 8 And he did mighty acts, 9 and smote Amalek, and 
delivered Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them. 

49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishui, and 
Melchishua : and the names of his two daughters were these; 
the name of the first-born Merab, and the name of the 

50 younger 10 Michal: And the name of Saul's wife ivas 
Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz : and the name of the 
officer of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle : 

51 And Kish, the father of Saul, and Ner, the father of 

52 Abner, were sons of Abiel. And the war was sore 11 against 
1 corners. 2 one. 3 get. 4 conquered. s went out. 6 cause to fall. 7 done. 

8 declared guilty. 9 force. 10 little one. n strong. 
120 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XIV. XV. 

the Philistines all the days of Saul : and when Saul saw 
any strong 1 man, or any valiant man, 2 he took 3 him unto him. 

Chap. XV. 

1 Samuel also said unto Saul, Me the Eternal sent to anoint 
thee to be king over his people, over Israel : now therefore 
hearken thou unto the voice of the words of the Eternal. 

2 Thus saith the Eternal of hosts, I have borne in mind that 
which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid tvait* for him 

3 in the way when he came up from Egypt. Now go, and 
smite Amalek, and doom to destruction all that they have, 
and pity them not ; but put to death from man to woman, 
from infant to suckling, from ox 5 to sheep, 6 from camel to 

4 ass. And Saul summoned the people together, and mus- 
tered them in Telaim, two hundred thousand men on foot, 

5 and ten thousand with the men of Judah. And Saul came 

6 to a city of Amalek, and laid wait 7 at the brook. And 
Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, go down from 
among the Amalekites, lest I sweep you away with them : 
for ye shewed 8 mercy to all the children of Israel when 
they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenite de- 

7 parted from among the Amalekites. And Saul smote the 
Amalekite from Havilah until thou comest to Shur, that is 

8 over against Egypt. And he caught Agag the king of 
Amalek alive, and doomed all the people to destruction 

9 with the edge 9 of the sword. But Saul and the people 
spared 10 Agag, and the best of the flocks, and of the herds, 
and of the fatlings, and the pasture lambs, and all that was 
good, and would not doom them to destruction : but every 
thing that was vile and refuse, that they doomed to 

10 destruction. Then came 11 the word of the Eternal unto 

1 1 Samuel, saying, I repent that I have declared Saul king : 
for he is turned back from following 12 me, and hath not 
performed 13 my commandments. 14 And it grieved 15 

12 Samuel; and he cried unto the Eternal all night. And 
when Samuel rose early to meet 16 Saul in the morning, it 
was told Samuel, saying, Saul came to Carmel, and, behold, 
he set him up a monument, 17 and is gone about, and passed 

13 on, and gone down to theGilgal. And Samuel came to Saul: 
and Saul said unto him, Blessed be thou of the Eternal : 

14 I have performed 13 the word of the Eternal. And Samuel 

1 hero. 2 son of force. 3 gathered. 4 put. 5 one of the herd. 6 one of the 
flock. 7 quarrelled. 8 did. 9 mouth. 10 pitied. " was. 18 after. 13 established. 
14 words. 13 glowed. 16 towards. 17 hand. 
121 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XV. 

said, What meaneth then this bleating 1 of the flocks in mine 

15 ears, and the lowing 1 of the herds which I hear ? And 
Saul said, They have brought them from the Amalekites : 
for the people spared 2 the best of the flocks and of the 
herds to sacrifice unto the Eternal thy God ; and the rest 

16 we have doomed. Then Samuel said unto Saul, Keep 
off, 3 and I will tell thee what the Eternal hath spoken unto 

17 me this night. And he said unto him, Speak. And 
Samuel said, Is it not although thou wast little in thine 
own eyes, thou art yet the head of the tribes of Israel, and 

18 the Eternal anointed thee king over Israel, And the 
Eternal sent thee on a journey, 4 and said, Go, and doom 
the sinners Amalek, and fight against them until they be 

19 consumed. 5 Wherefore then didst thou not obey the voice 
of the Eternal, but didst dart upon the spoil, and didst evil 

20 in the eyes of the Eternal ? And Saul said unto Samuel, 
Yea, I have obeyed the voice of the Eternal, and have 
gone the way which the Eternal sent me, and have brought 
Agag the king of Amalek, and Amalek have I doomed. 

21 But the people took of the spoil, flocks and herds, the 
chief 6 of the doomed things, to sacrifice unto the Eternal 

22 thy God in the Gilgal. And Samuel said, Hath the 
Eternal as great delight in burnt-offerings and sacrifices as 
in obeying the voice of the Eternal? Behold, to obey is 
better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams. 

23 For as the sin of divination is rebellion, and as iniquity and 
teraphim is stubbornness. Because thou hast scorned the 
word of the Eternal, he hath also rejected 7 thee from being 

24 king. And Saul said unto Samuel, I have sinned : for I 
have transgressed the commandment 8 of the Eternal, and 
thy words ; because I feared the people, and obeyed their 

25 voice. Now therefore, pray, bear with my sin, and return 

26 with me, that I may prostrate myself to the Eternal. And 
Samuel said unto Saul, I will not return with thee: for 
thou hast scorned the word of the Eternal, and the Eternal 

27 hath rejected 7 thee from being king over Israel. And as 
Samuel turned about to go away, he laid hold upon the 

28 skirt 9 of his mantle, and it was rent. And Samuel said unto 
him. The Eternal hath rent the kingdom of Israel from 
thee this day, and hath given it to thy fellow, that is better 

29 than thou. And also the Everlasting one of Israel 

1 voice. * pitied. 3 fail. 4 way. s finished. 6 beginning. 7 scorned. 8 passed 
over the mouth. 9 wing. 
122 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XV. XVI. 

will not lie, nor repent : for he is not a man, that he should 

30 repent Then he said, I have sinned; yet honour me 
now, pray, before the elders of my people, and before 
Israel, and return with me, that I may prostrate myself to 

31 the Eternal thy God. So Samuel returned with Saul: 

32 and Saul prostrated himself to the Eternal. Then said 
Samuel, Bring 1 you hither to me Agag the king of Ama- 
lek : and Agag came unto him gratified. And Agag said, 

33 Surely the bitterness of death is departed. And Samuel 
said, As thy sword hath robbed women of children, so 
shall thy mother be bereaved among women. And Samuel 
hewed Agag in pieces before the Eternal in the Gilgal. 

34 Then Samuel went to the Ramah ; and Saul went up to 

35 his house to Gibeah of Saul. And Samuel came no more 2 
to see Saul until the day of his death ; for Samuel mourned 
for Saul: and the Eternal repented that he had made 
Saul king over Israel. 



Chap. XVI. 

1 And the Eternal said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou 
mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected 3 him from reigning 
over Israel ? Fill thy horn with oil, and go ; I will send 
thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite : for I have provided 4 me 

2 a king among his sons. And Samuel said, How can I 
go ? if Saul hear it, he will kill me. And the Eternal 
said, Take a heifer of the herd with thee, 5 and say, I am 

3 come to sacrifice to the Eternal. And call Jesse to the 
sacrifice, and I will make known to thee what thou shalt 
do : and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name 6 

4 unto thee. And Samuel did that which the Eternal 
spake, and came to Bethlehem : and the elders of the 
town hastened tremblingly towards him, and said, Be thy 

5 coming peace. And he said, Peace : I am come to sacri- 
fice unto the Eternal ; sanctify yourselves, and come with 
me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified Jesse and his sons, 

6 and called them to the sacrifice. And it came to pass r 
when they were come, that he saw Eliab, and said, 

7 Surely the anointed of the Eternal is before him. But 
the Eternal said unto Samuel, Look not on his coun- 
tenance, 7 or on the height of his stature ; for I have 

1 reach. 2 continued not. 3 scorned. 4 seen. * in thy hand. 6 say. 7 sight. 
123 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XVI. 

scorned him: for not what man seeth, .... for 
man looketh on the outward appearance, 1 but the Eternal 

8 looketh on the heart. Then Jesse called Abinadab, and 
made him pass before Samuel. And he said, Neither hath 

9 the Eternal chosen this. Then Jesse made Shammah to 
pass by. And he said, Neither hath the Eternal chosen 

10 this. Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before 
Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse, The Eternal hath 

11 not chosen these. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here 
all thy children ? 2 And he said, There remaineth yet the 
youngest, 3 and, behold, he feedeth the flock. And Samuel 
said unto Jesse, Send and fetch 4 him : for we will not sit 

12 down 5 till he come hither. And he sent and brought him 
in. Now he was red-haired, and withal of beautiful eyes, 
and goodly to look to. And the Eternal said, Arise, anoint 

13 him : for this is he. Then Samuel took the horn of oil, 
and anointed him among his brethren : and the Spirit of 
the Eternal came powerfully upon David from that day 
forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to the Ramah. 

14 But the Spirit of the Eternal departed from Saul, and an 

15 evil spirit from the Eternal affrighted him. And Saul's 
servants said unto him, Behold now, an evil spirit from 

16 God affrighteth thee. Let our lord only say to thy ser- 
vants before thee, that they seek out a man, a cunning 6 
player on the harp : and it shall come to pass, when the 
evil spirit from God is upon thee, that he shall play with 

17 his hand, and thou shalt be well. And Saul said unto his 
servants, Provide 7 me now a man that can play well, and 

18 bring him to me. Then answered one of the servants, and 
said, Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Beth-lehemite, 
that is cunning 6 in playing, and a hero in the force, and a 
man of war, and understanding in matters, and a comely 

19 person, 8 and the Eternal is with him. Wherefore Saul 
sent messengers unto Jesse, and said, Send me David thy 

20 son, who is with the flock. And Jesse took an ass laden 
with bread, and a skin bottle of wine, and a kid of the 
goats, and sent them through the hand of David his son 

21 unto Saul. And David came to Saul, and stood before 
him : and he loved him greatly ; and he became his 

22 armour-bearer. 9 And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, Let 
David, pray, stand before me ; for he hath found favour 

1 eyes. 2 are the lads complete. 3 smallest. 4 take. 6 compass. 6 knowing. 
7 see. 8 a man of form. 9 bearer of vessels. 
124 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XVI. XVII. 

23 in my eyes. And it came to pass, when the evil spirit 
from God was upon Saul, that David took the harp, and 
played with his hand : so Saul was relieved, and was well, 
and the evil spirit departed from him. 



Chap. XVII. 

1 Now the Philistines gathered together their armies 1 to the 
war, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which be- 
longeth to Judah, and encamped between Shochoh and 

2 Azekah, in Ephes-dammim. And Saul and the men of 
Israel were gathered together, and encamped by the valley 
of Elah, and set themselves in order for the war against the 

3 Philistines. And the Philistines stood on the mountain 
on the one side, 2 and Israel stood on the mountain on the 

4 other side : 2 and the glen was between them. And there 
went out the champion out of the camps of the Philistines, 
his name was Goliath, of Gath, and his height ivas six 

5 cubits and a span. And he had a helmet of copper upon 
his head, and he ivas clothed in a scale coat of mail ; and 
the weight of the coat of mail ivas five thousand shekels of 

6 copper. And he had greaves of copper upon his legs, and 

7 a javelin of copper between his shoulders. And the staff 3 
of his spear was like a weaver's beam, and his spear's 
blade 4 weighed six hundred shekels of iron : and one bear- 

8 ing the large shield went before him. And he stood and 
cried unto the ranks 5 of Israel, and said unto them, 
Wherefore do ye come out to set yourselves in order for 
war? Am not I the Philistine, and you servants to Saul ? 
Select you a man for you, and let him come down to me. 

9 If he be able to fight with me, and to smite me, then will 
we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and 
smite him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us. 

10 And the Philistine said, I have insulted the ranks 6 of 
Israel this day : give me a man, that we may fight 

11 together. When Saul and all Israel heard those words of 
the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid. 

1 2 Now David icas the son of that Ephrathite of Beth-lehem- 
judah, whose name was Jesse ; and he had eight sons : 
and the man was reckoned old in the days of Saul, coming 

13 among the principal men. And the three eldest sons of 

1 camp. 2 from here. 3 wood. * flame. 5 rows. 6 files. 
125 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XVII. 

Jesse went going after Saul to the war : and the names of 
his three sons that went to the war, were Eliab the first- 
born ; and the second next unto him, Abinadab ; and the 

14 third, Shammah. And David teas the youngest: 1 and the 

15 three eldest 2 went after Saul. But David went and 
returned from Saul to feed his father's flock at Beth- 

16 lehem. And the Philistine stepped nigh early and late, 

17 and presented 3 himself forty days. And Jesse said unto 
David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this 
parched corn, and these ten loaves, and bring it quickly to 

18 the camp to thy brethren: And bring these ten slices of 
cheeses 4 unto the officer of their thousand, and look how 

19 thy brethren fare, 5 and take their pledge. Now Saul, and 
they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, 

20 fighting with the Philistines. And David rose up early 
in the morning, and left 6 the flock with a keeper, and 
took, and carried, as Jesse had commanded him : and he 
came to the entrenchment, and the force was going forth 

21 to the fight, 7 and they shouted 8 for the battle. 9 And Israel 
and the Philistines set themselves in order, rank 7 against 

22 rank. 7 And David left 6 his vessels in the hand of the 
keeper of the vessels, and ran unto the rank, 7 and came 

23 and saluted his brethren. 10 And as he spoke with them, 
behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, 
Goliath by name, out of the ranks 11 of the Philistines, and 
spake according to the same words : and David heard 

24 them. And all the men of Israel, when they saw the 

25 man, ran away before him, and were sore afraid. And the 
men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come 
up ? for to insult Israel is he come up : and it shall be, 
that the man who smiteth him, the king will enrich him 
with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and 

26 make his father's house free in Israel. And David said to 
the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to 
the man that smiteth this Philistine, and removeth disgrace 
from Israel ? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that 

27 he should insult the ranks 11 of the living God ? And the 
people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it 

28 be done to the man that smiteth him. And Eliab his 
eldest 2 brother, heard when he spake unto the men ; and 

1 smallest. 2 greatest. 3 placed. 4 milk. s visit thy brethren to peace. 6 let. 
7 row. 8 raised a din. 9 war. ,0 and asked his brethren unto peace. " rows. 
126 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XVII. 

Eliab's wrath glowed against David, and he said, Where- 
fore earnest thou down hither ? and with whom hast thou 
left 1 those few sheep 2 in the desert? I know thy pre- 
sumption, and the wickedness of thy heart ; for thou art 

29 come down that thou mightest see the war. And David 
said, What have I now done ? Is it not merely a word ? 

30 And he turned away from him towards another, and spake 3 
after the same manner: 4 and the people answered 5 him 

31 again after the former manner. 4 And when the words 
were heard which David spake, they told them before 

32 Saul ; and he sent for 6 him. And David said to Saul, 
Let no man's heart fail 7 because of him : thy servant will 

33 go and fight with this Philistine. And Saul said to David, 
Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight 
with him : for thou art but a lad, and he a man of war 

34 from his youth. And David said unto Saul, Thy servant 
fed his father's flock, and there came the lion, or the bear, 

35 and took one of the flock out of the drove ; Then I went out 
after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth : 
and when he arose against me, I laid hold of his beard, and 

36 smote him, and put him to death. Thy servant smote both 
the Hop and the bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine 
shall be as one of them, for he hath insulted the ranks 8 of 

37 the living God. David said, moreover, The Eternal that 
delivered me out of the paw 9 of the lion, and out of the 
paw 9 of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this 
Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the 

38 Eternal be with thee. And Saul clothed David with his 
robe, and he put 10 a helmet of copper upon his head ; 

39 also he clothed him with a coat of mail. And David 
girded his sword upon his armour, and he consented to 
go ; for he had not yet tried it. And David said unto 
Saul, I cannot go with these ; for I have not tried them. 

40 And David put 11 them off him. And he took his stick in his 
hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and 
put them in a vessel of the shepherd, which he had, and in 
the scrip ; and his sling was in his hand : and he stepped 

41 nigh to the Philistine. And the Philistine came on, and 
drew near 12 unto David ; and the man that bare the large 

42 shield went before him. And when the Philistine looked 

1 let. 2 flocks. 3 said. 4 word. 5 restored. 6 took. 7 fall. 8 rows. 9 hand. 
10 gave. " removed. u going and approaching. 

127 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XVII. 

about and saw David, he despised him ; for he was but a 
lad, and red-haired, with a beautiful countenance. 1 And 

43 the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou 
comest to me with sticks ? And the Philistine execrated 

44 David by his gods. And the Philistine said to David, 
Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the 

45 heaven, and unto the beasts of the field. Then said David 
to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and 
with a spear, and with a javelin ; but I come to thee in 
the name of the Eternal of hosts, the God of the ranks 2 of 

46 Israel, whom thou hast defied. 3 This day will the Eternal 
deliver thee into my hand ; and I will smite thee, and 
take 4 thine head from thee ; and I will give the carcases of 
the camp of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the 
heaven, and unto the animals of the earth ; that all the earth 

47 may know that there is a God in Israel. And all this 
assembly shall know that the Eternal saveth not with 
sword and spear : for the war is the Eternal's, and he will 

48 give you into our hands. And it came to pass, when the 
Philistine arose, and came and approached towards David, 
that David hasted, and ran to the rank 5 towards the Philis- 

49 tine. And David put 6 his hand into his vessel, and took 
thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in 
his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead : and 

50 he fell upon his face to the earth. So David prevailed 7 
over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and 
smote the Philistine, and put him to death ; but there was 

51 no sword in the hand of David. Therefore David ran, 
and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and 
drew it out of the sheath thereof, and killed him, and cut 
off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw 

52 their hero was dead, they ran away. And the men 
of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, 8 and pursued 
the Philistines, until thou come to the glen, and to the 
gates of Ekron : and those stabbed of the Philistines fell 
down by the way to Shaarim, even unto Gath, and 

53 unto Ekron. And the children of Israel returned from 
hotly pursuing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their 

54 tents. And David took the head of the Philistine, and 
brought it to Jerusalem : but his armour 9 he put in his 

53 tent. And when Saul saw David go forth against the 

1 sight. 2 rows. 3 insulted. 4 remove. 5 row. 6 sent. 7 was stronger. 
8 raised a din. 9 vessels. 
128 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XVII. XVIII. 

Philistine, he said unto Abner, the officer of the host, 
Abner, whose son is this youth ? And Abner said, As thy 

56 soul liveth, O king, if I know . . . And the king said, 

57 Ask thou whose son the youth is. And as David returned 
from smiting the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought 
him before Saul, with the head of the Philistine in his 

58 hand. And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, O lad ? 
And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse 
the Beth-lehemite. 

Chap. XVIII. 

1 And it came to pass, when he had finished speaking unto 
Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was bound up 1 with the 
soul of David ; and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. 

2 And Saul took him that day, and would not let' 2 him return 

3 to his father's house. Then Jonathan and David made 3 a 

4 covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. And 
Jonathan stripped himself of the mantle that ivas upon him, 
and gave it to David, and his robes, even to his sword, and 

5 to his bow, and to his girdle. And David went out 
whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: 
and Saul set 4 him over the men of the war; and he was 
accepted 5 in the eyes of all the people, and also in the eyes 

6 of Saul's servants. And it came to pass, as they came, 
when David was returned from smiting the Philistine, that 
the women came out of all cities of Israel sinking; and 
dancing, tow r ards Saul the king, with tabrets, with joy, and 

7 with triangles. And the women answered one another as 
they made merry, and said, Saul hath smitten his thousands, 

8 and David his myriads. And Saul was very wroth, 6 and 
this thing displeased him ; 7 and he said, They have ascribed 8 
unto David myriads, and to me they have ascribed 8 but the 
thousands : and ivhat can he have further but the royalty ? 

9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward. 

10 And it came to pass, on the morrow, that an evil spirit from 
God came mightily upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst 
of the house ; and David played with his hand, as at other 

11 times: 9 and the spear was in Saul's hand. And Saul 
hurled the spear ; for he said, I will smite David even to 
the wall with it. And David turned away from his pre- 

12 sence twice. And Saul was afraid of David, because the 

tied. 2 give. 3 cut. 4 put. s good. 6 glowed. 7 was evil in his eyes. * given. 
a as day in day. 
129 k 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XVIII. 

13 Eternal was with him, and was departed from Saul. There- 
fore Saul removed him from him, and made 1 him his officer 
over a thousand: and he went out and came in before the 

14 people, And David behaved himself wisely in all his 

15 ways; and the Eternal was with him, Wherefore when 
Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was in 

16 dread of him. But all Israel and Judah loved David, 

17 because he went out and came in before them. And Saul 
said to David, Behold, my elder daughter Merab, her will 
I give thee to wife; only be thou valiant 2 for me, and 
fight the battles of the Eternal : for Saul said, Let not 
my hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines 

18 be upon him. And David said unto Saul, Who am I? and 
what is my life, or my father's family in Israel, that I 

19 should be son-in-law to the king? But it came to pass, 
at the time when Merab, Saul's daughter, should have 
been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the 

20 Meholathite to wife. And Michal, Saul's daughter, loved 
David : and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him. 3 

21 And Saul said, 1 will give him her, that she may be a 
snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be 
against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, In the one of 

22 the twain thou shalt this day be my son-in-law. And Saul 
commanded his servants, saying, Speak with David privily, 
and say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his 
servants love thee : now, therefore, be the king's son-in- 

23 law. And Saul's servants spake those words in the ears of 
David. And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing 
to be a king's son-in-law, seeing that I am an indigent 

24 man, and lightly esteemed ? And the servants of Saul 

25 told him, saying, These words spake David. And Saul 
said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth 4 not 
any dowry, but a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to 
be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to 

26 make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. And when 
his servants told David these words, the thing pleased in 
the eyes of David to be the king's son-in-law : and the 

27 days were not expired, 5 When David arose, he and his 
men, and smote of the Philistines two hundred men ; and 
David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full 
tale to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. 

28 And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife. And 

1 put. 9 a son of force. 3 in his eyes. * liketh. 5 full. 
130 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XVIII. XIX. 

Saul saw and knew that the Eternal was with David ; and 

29 Michal, Saul's daughter, loved him. And Saul continued 
to be afraid of David ; and Saul became David's enemy 

30 continually. 1 Then the officers of the Philistines went 
forth : and it came to pass, whenever they went forth, that 
David succeeded better than all the servants of Saul ; so 
that his name was much set by. 2 



Chap. XIX. 

1 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his ser- 
vants, that they should put David to death : but Jonathan, 

2 Saul's son, delighted 3 much in David. And Jonathan told 
David, saying, Saul my father seeketh to put thee to death. 
Now, therefore, pray, take heed to thyself in the morning, 

3 and abide in a secret place, and hide thyself : And I will 
go out and stand beside 4 my father in the field where thou 
art, and I will speak to my father of thee ; and I shall see 

4 what it is, and tell it thee. And Jonathan spake good of 
David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not 
the king sin against his servant, against David ; because 
he hath not sinned against thee, and because his deeds 

5 have been very good to thee. For he did put his life in his 
hand, 5 and smote the Philistine, and the Eternal wrought 6 
a great salvation for all Israel : thou sawest it, and didst 
rejoice; wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent 

6 blood, to put David to death for nothing? And Saul 
hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan : and Saul sware, 

7 As the Eternal liveth, if he be put to death And 

Jonathan told him all those words : and Jonathan brought 
David to Saul, and he was in his presence as in times 

8 past. 7 And there was war again : 8 and David went out 
and fought with the Philistines, and smote them with a 

9 great slaughter ; and they ran away before him. And the 
evil spirit from the Eternal was upon Saul, as he sat in his 
house with his spear in his hand : and David played with 

10 his hand. And Saul sought to smite David even to the 
wall with the spear ; but he slipped away out 9 of Saul's 
presence, and he smote the spear into the wall : and David 

11 ran away, and escaped that night. And Saul also sent 

1 all the days. 2 very precious. 3 liked. * to the hand. s hollow. 6 did. 
7 yesterday before vesterdav. 8 the war continued to be. 9 discharged. 

131 k 2 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XIX. 

messenger's unto David's house, to watch 1 him, and to put 
him to death in the morning : and Michal, David's wife, 
told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to-night, 

12 to-morrow thou shalt be put to death. So Michal 
let David down through a window : and he went, and fled, 

13 and escaped. And Michal took the teraphim, and laid 
them in the bed, and put a tissue || of goats' hair for a 
resting-place for the head, and covered them with the 

14 garment. And when Saul sent messengers to take David, 

15 she said, He is sick. And Saul sent the messengers again 
to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the bed, in 

16 order to put him to death. And when the messengers 
were come in, behold, the teraphim were in the bed, and a 

17 tissue|| of goats' hair for a resting place for the head. And 
Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, 
and let go mine enemy, that he is escaped ? And Michal 
answered Saul, He said unto me, Let me go; why should 

18 I put thee to death? So David fled, and escaped, and 
came to Samuel to the Ramah, and told him all that Saul 
had done to him : and he and Samuel went and abode in 

19 Naioth. And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is 

20 at Naioth in the Ramah. And Saul sent messengers to take 
David : and when they saw the company of the prophets 
prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed 2 over 
them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul 

21 and they also prophesied. And when it was told Saul, he 
sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. And 
Saul sent messengers again 3 the third time, and they pro- 

22 phesied also. Then went he also to the Ramah, and came 
to the great pit that is in Sechu : and he asked and said, 
Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, 

23 they are at Naioth in the Ramah. And he went thither 
to Naioth in the Ramah : and the Spirit of God was upon 
him also, and he went on and prophesied, until he came 

24 to Naioth in the Ramah. And he stripped off his gar- 
ments also, and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, 
and lay down 4 naked all that day, and all that night. 
Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets ! 



• keep. 2 placed. 3 continued. 4 fell. 
132 



I SAMUEL, Chap. XX. 

Chap. XX. 

1 And David fled from Naioth in the Ramah, and came and 
said before Jonathan, What have I done ? what is mine 
iniquity ? and what is my sin before thy father, that he 

2 seeketh my life ? l And he said unto him, It were unworthy : 
thou shalt not die : behold, my father will not do either a 
great or a small thing but he will reveal it to me f and why 
should my father hide 3 this thing from me ? it is not so. 

3 And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly 
knoweth that I have found favour in thine eyes ; and he 
saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be pained : but 
truly, as the Eternal liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is 

4 but a step between me and death. Then said Jonathan 
unto David, Whatsoever thy soul desireth, 4 I will even do 

5 it for thee. And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to- 
morrow is the new moon, and I should unfailingly sit with 
the king to eat ; but let me go, that I may hide myself 5 in 

6 the field unto the third day at even. If thy father at all 
miss 6 me, then thou shalt say, David earnestly asked leave 
of me that he might run to Beth-lehem his city ; for there 

7 is a yearly sacrifice 7 there for all the family. If he say 
thus, It is well ; thy servant shall have peace : but if he be 
very wroth, 8 then know that the evil is determined 9 by him. 

8 Therefore thou shalt shew 10 mercy to thy servant ; for into 
the covenant of the Eternal with thee hast thou brought 
thy servant : notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, 
put me to death thyself; for wherefore shouldest thou 

9 bring me to thy father ? And Jonathan said, It is un- 
worthy of thee : for if I knew certainly that the evil were 
determined 9 by my father to come unto thee, then would 

10 not I tell it thee? Then said David to Jonathan, Who 
shall tell me ? or what if thy father answer thee roughly ? 

11 And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out 
into the field. And they went out both of them into the 

12 field. And Jonathan said unto David, O Eternal God of 
Israel, when I have sounded 11 my father to-morrow about 
this time, or the third day, and, behold, if there be good 
towards David, and I then send not unto thee, and reveal 

13 it to thine ear, The Eternal do so, and continue to Jona- 
than : but if it please my father to do thee the evil, then I 
will reveal it to thine ear, and send thee away, that thou 

1 soul. 2 my ear. 8 screen. 4 sayeth. s be kept close. s visit. 7 the sacrifice 
of days. 6 glowing he glow. 9 finished. 10 do. " investigated. 
133 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XX. 

may est go in peace : and the Eternal be with thee, as he 

14 hath been with my father. And not only, while yet I live, 
shalt thou shew 1 me the mercy of the Eternal, that I die 

15 not ; But also thou shalt not cut off thy mercy from my 
house for ever; not even when the Eternal shall cut off 
the enemies of David every one 2 from the face of the earth. 3 

16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, 
saying, Let the Eternal even require 4 it at the hand of 

17 David's enemies. And Jonathan adjured David again, 5 in 
his love for him : for he loved him as he loved his own 

18 soul. Then Jonathan said to him, To-morrow is the new 
moon; 6 and thou shalt be missed, 7 because thy seat 

19 will be empty. 8 And after to-morrow 9 thou shalt go down 
quickly, 10 and come to the place where thou wast 
hidden 11 on the day of the work, 12 and shalt abide by the 

20 stone Ezel. And I will shoot three arrows towards the 

21 side thereof, as though I shot 13 at a mark. And, behold, I 
will send the lad, saying, Go find out the arrows. If I 
expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this 
side of thee, lay hold 14 of him and come : for there is peace 

22 to thee, and no hurt ; 15 as the Eternal liveth. But if I 
say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are 
beyond thee ; go thy way : for the Eternal hath sent thee 

23 away. And as touching the thing which thou and I have 
spoken of, behold, the Eternal be between thee and me for 

24 ever. So David hid himself 16 in the field : and when the 

25 new moon 6 was come, the king sat him down to eat. And 
the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a 
seat by the wall : and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by 

26 Saul's side, and David's place was empty. Nevertheless, 
Saul spake not any thing that day : for he thought, 17 It is 

27 a casualty, he is not clean ; surely he is not clean. And it 
came to pass on the second morrow of the new moon, 6 that 
David's place was empty: 8 and Saul said unto Jonathan 
his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, 18 

28 neither yesterday nor to-day ? And Jonathan answered 
Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Beth- 

29 lehem : And he said, Let me go, pray, for we have a 
family sacrifice in the city, and my brother he hath com- 
manded me to be there ; and now, if I have found favour in 
thine eyes, let me get away, 19 pray, and see my brethren : 

1 do. s a man. 3 ground. 4 seek. 5 continued. 6 month. 7 visited. 8 missed. 
9 thou shalt treble. 10 exceedingly. u kept close. 12 deed. ,3 sent forth. 
M take. la sword. 16 was kept close. 17 said. ,8 the bread. 19 escape. 
134 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XX. XXL 

30 therefore he cometh not unto the king's table. Then Saul's 
wrath glowed against Jonathan; and he said unto him, 
Thou son of perverse rebelliousness, do not 1 know that 
thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own shame, and 

31 unto the shame of thy mother's nakedness? For as long 
as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not 
be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send 

32 and fetch 1 him unto me, for he shall surely die. 2 And 
Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, 
Wherefore shall he be put to death ? what hath he done ? 

33 And Saul hurled the spear at him to smite him ; whereby 
Jonathan knew that it was determined 3 of his father to put 

34 David to death. So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce 
wrath, and did eat no meat 4 the second new moon 5 day : 
for he was pained for David, for his father had put him to 

35 shame. And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan 
went out into the field, at the time appointed with David, 

36 and a little lad with him. And he said unto his lad, Run, 
find out now the arrows which I shoot. And, as the lad 

37 ran, he shot an arrow, causing it to pass him. And when 
the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan 
had shot, Jonathan called after the lad, and said, Is not 

38 the arrow beyond thee ? And Jonathan cried after the 
lad, Quickly, make speed, stand not. And Jonathan's 

39 lad collected the arrows, and came to his lord. But the 
lad knew not any thing : only Jonathan and David knew 

40 the thing. And Jonathan gave his vessels unto his lad, 

4 1 and said unto him, Go, carry 6 them to the city. And as 
soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of the south 
side, and fell on his face 7 to the ground, and prostrated 
himself three times ; and they kissed one another, 8 and 

42 wept one with another, 9 until David exceeded. 10 And 
Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we 
have sworn both of us in the name of the Eternal, saying, 
The Eternal be between me and thee for ever, and between 
my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed; 
and Jonathan went into the city. 

Chap. XXI. 
1 Then came David to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest : and 
Ahimelech tremblingly hastened towards David, and said 
unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee ? 

1 take. 2 is a son of death. ' finished. 4 bread. 5 month. 6 bring. 7 nostrils. 
8 a man his fellow. 9 a man with his fellow. I0 magnified. 

135 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXL 

2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath 
commanded me a business, 1 and hath said unto me, Let 
no man know any thing of the business 1 whereabout I send 
thee, and what I have commanded thee : and I have 

3 appointed 2 the lords to such and such a place. Now, there- 
fore, what is under thy hand ? five loaves of bread give it 

4 into my hand, or what there is to be found. And the 
priest answered David, and said, There is no common 
bread under my hand; but there is bread of holiness; if 

5 the lads have kept themselves at least from women. And 
David answered the priest, and said unto him, But women 
have been kept 3 from us since yesterday and before yesterday 
when I came out, and the vessels of the lads were holy, 4 
and this is the way with the common, how much the more 

6 will it be holy this day in the vessel. So the priest gave 
him hallowed bread; for there was no bread there, but the 
shew-bread that was removed from before the Eternal to 

7 put hot bread in the day when it was taken away. And 
there was a certain man of the servants of Saul on that day 
detained 3 before the Eternal ; and his name was Doeg, an 
Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul. 

8 And David said unto Ahimelech , And is there not here 
under thy hand spear or sword ? for I have neither taken 
my sword nor my weapons 5 with me, because the king's 

9 word was urgent. And the priest said, The sword of 
Goliath the Philistine, whom thou smotest in the valley of 
Elah, behold, it is here enveloped in a cloth 6 behind the 
ephod : if thou wilt take that, take it; for there is no other 
save that here. And David said, There is none like that; 

10 give it me. And David arose, and fled that day from 

11 before Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. And 
the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this David 
the king of the land ? did they not sing one to another of 
him in dances, saying, Saul hath smitten his thousands, 

12 and David his myriads? And David laid up 7 these words 
in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath. 

13 And he assumed another behaviour 8 before them, and 
feigned himself silly in their hands, and scribbled on the 
doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his 

14 beard. Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, you see 
the man is mad ; wherefore then have ye brought him to 

1 word. 2 made known. 3 restrained. 4 holiness. s vessels. 6 outer garment. 
7 put. s taste. 
136 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXI. XXII. 

15 me? Have I need of madmen, that ye have brought this 
fellow to play the madman in my presence ? shall this 
fellow come into my house ? 

Chap.- XXII. 

1 David therefore went from thence, and escaped to the cave 
Adullam : and when his brethren and all his father's house 

2 heard it, they went down thither to him. And there gathered 1 
themselves to him every man that was in distress, and every 
man that had a creditor, and every man that was discon- 
tented ; 2 and he became a captain 3 over them : and there 

3 were with him about four hundred men. And David 
went thence to Mizpeh of Moab : and he said unto the 
king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, pray, go 

4 forth with you, till I know what God will do to me. And 
he brought them 4 before the king of Moab : and they abode 

5 with him all the while that David was in the hold. And 
the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the hold ; 
depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. Then David 

6 went, and came into the forest of Hareth. When Saul 
heard that David was discovered, 5 and the men that were 
with him, and Saul abode in the Gibeah under the tama- 
risk in the Ramah, having his spear in his hand, and all 

7 his servants were standing about him; Then Saul said 
unto his servants that stood 6 about him, Hear now, ye 
Benjamites ; Will the son of Jesse give every one of you 
fields and vineyards, and make you all officers of thousands, 

8 and officers of hundreds ; That all of you have conspired 
against me, and there is none that revealeth to mine ear 
that my son hath made 7 a covenant with the son of Jesse, 
and there is none of you that is sorry 8 for me, or revealeth 
unto mine ear that my son hath stirred up 9 my servant 

9 against me, as an ambush, as at this day ? Then answered 
Doeg the Edomite, who was placed 10 by the servants of 
Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to 

10 Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. And he asked of the 
Eternal for him, and gave him provisions, and gave him 

1 1 the sword of Goliath the Philistine. Then the king sent 
to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all 

1 stored up themselves. 2 of a bitter soul. 3 officer. 4 caused them to guide. 
5 known. 6 were placed. 7 cut. s sick. 8 raised. 10 stood. 

137 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXII. 

his father's house, the priests that were in Nob : and they 

12 came all of them to the king. And Saul said, Hear now, 
thou son of Ahitub. And he answered, Here I am, my 

13 lord. And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired 
against me, thou and the son of Jesse, in that thou hast 
given him bread, and a sword, and hast inquired 1 of God 
for him, that he should rise against me, as an ambush, as 

14 at this day ? Then Ahimelech answered the king, and 
said, And who is so faithful among all thy servants as 
David the king's son-in-law, admitted 1 * to thy coun- 

15 cils, and honoured in thy house ? Did I at that day 
begin to inquire 3 of God for him? be it far 4 from me. 
Let not the king impute 5 any thing unto his servant, nor 
to all the house of my father : for thy servant knew nothing 

16 of all this, less or more. 6 And the king said, Thou shalt 
surely die, Ahimelech, thou and all thy father's house. 

17 And the king said unto the runners that stood 7 about him, 
Turn, 8 and put to death the priests of the Eternal ; because 
their hand also is with David, and because they knew 
when he fled, and did not reveal it to mine ear. But 
the servants of the king would not put forth 9 their 

18 hand to fall 10 upon the priests of the Eternal. And the 
king said to Doeg, Turn 8 thou, and fall 10 upon the priests. 
And Doeg the Edomite turned, 11 and he fell 12 upon the 
priests, and put do death on that day fourscore and five 

19 persons that did wear a linen ephod. And Nob, the city 
of the priests, smote he with the edge 13 of the sword, from 
man to woman, from infant to suckling, and oxen, 14 and 

20 asses, and sheep, with the edge 13 of the sword. And there 
escaped one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, 

21 and his name was Abiathar, and fled after David. And 
Abiathar told David that Saul had slain the priests of the 

22 Eternal. And David said unto Abiathar, I knew it that 
day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would 
surely tell Saul: I have occasioned the death of all the 

23 persons 15 of thy father's house. Abide thou with me, fear 
not ; for he that seeketh my life 16 seeketh thy life : 16 but 
with me thou shalt be a charge. 

1 asked. * departing. 3 ask. * unworthy. * put. 6 a small or a great thing. 
7 were placed. 8 encompass. 9 send. 10 light. n encompassed. ,s lighted. 
13 mouth. u herd. 15 souls. 16 soul. 
138 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXIII. 



Chap. XXIII. 

1 Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines 
fight against Keilah, and they spoil the threshing-floors. 

2 Therefore David inquired 1 of the Eternal, saying, Shall I 
go and smite these Philistines? And the Eternal said 
unto David, Go, and smite the Philistines, and save 

3 Keilah. And David's men said unto him, Behold, we are 
afraid here in Judah : how much more then if we come to 

4 Keilah against the ranks of the Philistines ? Then David 
inquired of the Eternal yet again. 2 And the Eternal 
answered him, and said, Arise, go down to Keilah ; for I 

5 will give the Philistines into thy hand. So David and his 
men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and 
brought 3 away their cattle, and smote them with a great 
slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah. 

6 And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech 
fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod 

7 in his hand. And it was told Saul that David was come 
to Keilah. And Saul said, God hath delivered|| him into 
my hand ; for he is shut in, by coming into a town that 

8 hath gates and bolts. And Saul summoned all the people 
together to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David 

9 and his men. And David knew that Saul secretly con- 
trived evil against him ; and he said to Abiathar the priest, 

10 Reach hither the ephod. Then said David, O Eternal 
God of Israel, thy servant hath certainly heard that Saul 
seeketh to come to Keilah, to destroy 4 the city for my sake. 

11 Will the men of Keilah deliver 5 me up into his hand? will 
Saul come down as thy servant hath heard ? O Eternal 
God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy servant. And the 

12 Eternal said, He will come down. Then said David, Will 
the men 6 of Keilah deliver 5 me and my men into the hand 
of Saul ? And the Eternal said, They will deliver 5 thee up. 

13 Then David and his men, who were about six hundred, 
arose and went out of Keilah, and went about whither- 
soever they could go about. And it was told Saul that 
David was escaped from Keilah: and he forbare 7 to go forth. 

14 And David abode in the desert in strong holds, and abode 
in a mountain in the desert of Ziph : and Saul sought him 

1 asked. 2 continued yet to ask of the Eternal. 3 led. * corrupt. s shut. 
6 owners. 7 ceased. 
139 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXIII. 

15 all the days; but God gave him not into his hand. And 
David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life I 1 and 

1 6 David was in the desert of Ziph in the wood. And Jonathan, 
Saul's son, arose, and went to David into the wood, and 

17 strengthened his hand in God. And he said unto him, 
Fear not ; for the hand of Saul my father shall not find 
thee : and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I shall be 
next in rank unto thee ; and that also Saul my father 

18 knoweth. And they two made 2 a covenant before the 
Eternal. And David abode in the wood, and Jonathan 

1 9 went to his house. Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to 
the Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself with us 
in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which 

20 is on the right of the solitude ? Now therefore, O king, 
come down, according to all the desire of thy soul to come 
down ; and it is for us to deliver 3 him into the king's hand. 

21 And Saul said, Blessed be ye of the Eternal; for ye have 

22 compassion on 4 me. Pray go, prepare yet, and know and 
see his place where his haunt 5 is, and who hath seen him 
there: for it is told 6 me that he dealeth very subtlely. 

23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking-places 
where he hideth himself, and return to me with the cer- 
tainty, 7 and I will go with you : and it shall come to pass, 
if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout 

24 all the thousands of Judah. And they arose, and went to 
Ziph before Saul: but David and his men were in the 
desert of Maon, in the plain on the south of the solitude. 

25 Saul also and his men went to seek him. And they told 
David : wherefore he came down the rock, and abode in 
the desert of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued 

26 David in the desert of Maon. And Saul went on this side 
of the mountain, and David and his men on that 8 side of 
the mountain : and David hurried precipitately to get 
away 9 for fear of Saul ; for Saul and his men were sur- 

27 rounding David and his men to catch them. But there came 
a messenger unto, Saul saying, Haste thee, and come ; for 

28 the Philistines have spread 10 over the land. Wherefore 
Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against 
the Philistines : therefore they called that place Sela- 

29 hammah-lekoth. And David went up from thence, and 
abode in strong holds at En-gedi. 

■ soul. 2 cut. 3 shut. 4 pitied. 5 foot. 6 said. 7 established. 8 this. 9 go. 

10 unfolded. 
140 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXIV. 



Chap. XXIV. 

1 And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from follow- 
ing 1 the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold , 

2 David is in the desert of En-gedi. Then Saul took three 
thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to seek 

3 David and his men upon the crags of the wild goats. And 
he came to the flock-cotes by the way, where was a cave ; 
and Saul went in to shelter his feet : and David and his 

4 men remained in the sides 2 of the cave. And the men of 
David said unto him, Behold the day of which the Eternal 
said unto thee, Behold, I will give thine enemy into thy 
hand, that thou mayest do to him as it shall seem good in 
thine eyes. Then David arose, and cut off the skirt 3 of 

5 Saul's mantle privily. And it came to pass afterwards, 
that David's heart smote him, because he had cut off 

6 Saul's skirt. 3 And he said unto his men, May I be rejected" 1 
by the Eternal if I do this thing unto my lord the anointed 
of the Eternal, to stretch forth 5 my hand against him, for 

7 he is the anointed of the Eternal. So David stayed 6 his 
servants with these words, and suffered 7 them not to rise 
against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the cave, and went 

8 on his way. David also rose afterwards, and went out of 
the cave, and called after Saul saying, My lord the king. 
And when Saul looked behind him, David bowed with his 

9 face 8 to the earth, and prostrated himself. And David 
said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men's words, saying, 

10 Behold, David seeketh thy hurt? 9 Behold, this day thine 
eyes have seen how that the Eternal had given thee to-day 
into my hand in the cave : and some bade 10 me kill thee ; 
but mine eye spared thee : and I said, I will not put forth 11 
my hand against my lord ; for he is the anointed of the 

11 Eternal. Moreover, my father, see; yea, see the skirt 3 of 
thy mantle in my hand : for in that I cut off the skirt 3 of 
thy mantle, and killed thee not, know thou and see that 
there is neither evil nor transgression in my hand, and I 
have not sinned against thee ; yet thou liest in wait for my 

12 soul to take it. The Eternal judge between me and thee, 
and the Eternal avenge me of thee : but my hand shall 

13 not be upon thee. As saith the proverb of the ancient, 

1 after. 3 thighs. 3 wing. 4 unworthy. 5 send. ° rent asunder. 7 gave. 8 nostrils - 
9 evil. 10 said. u send. 
141 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXIV. XXV. 

Wickedness goeth forth from the wicked: but my hand 

14 shall not be upon thee. After whom is the king of Israel 
come out ? after whom dost thou pursue ? after a dead 

15 dog, after one flea. The Eternal therefore be pronouncer of 
judgment between me and thee, and see, and plead my 

16 cause, 1 and deliver 2 me out of thy hand. And it came to 
pass, when David had finished speaking these words unto 
Saul, that Saul said, Is this thy voice, my son David ? 

17 And Saul lifted up his voice and wept. And he said to 
David, Thou art more righteous than I : for thou hast 
requited me the good, whereas I have requited thee the 

18 evil. And thou hast shewed 3 this day how that thou hast 
dealt 4 well with me : forasmuch as, when the Eternal had 

19 delivered 5 me into thy hand, thou killedst me not. For if 
a man find his enemy, will he let him go well away ? 6 
Wherefore the Eternal requite thee good for that thou hast 

20 done unto me this day. And now, behold, I know well 
that thou wilt surely reign, and that the kingdom of Israel 

21 shall be established 7 in thy hand. Swear now therefore 
unto me by the Eternal, if that thou cut off my seed after 
me, and if thou exterminate my name out of my father's 

22 house . . . And David sware unto Saul. And Saul went 
home : but David and his men went up unto the hold. 



Chap. XXV. 

1 And Samuel died : and all the Israelites were gathered to- 
gether 8 and bewailed him, and buried him in his house at the 
Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the desert 

2 of Paran. And there was a man in Maon whose posses- 
sions 9 were in Carmel ; and the man was very great, and 
he had three thousand sheep, 10 and a thousand goats : and 

3 he was shearing his flock in Carmel. Now the name of 
the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife Abigail ; and 
she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful 
countenance r 11 but the man was churlish, 12 and evil in his 

4 doings ; and he was of Caleb. And David heard in the 

5 desert that Nabal did shear his flock. And David sent 

out ten lads; and David said unto the lads, Go up 

to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and ask him in my name after 

1 quarrel my quarrel. * judge. 3 told. 4 done. s shut. 6 on a good way. 
7 arise. s stored up. 9 deed. I0 flock. n form. I2 hard. 

142 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXV. 

6 his peace. And thus shall ye say, Unto life I 1 Peace be 
to thee, and peace be to thy house, and peace be unto all 

7 that thou hast. And now I have heard that thou hast 
shearers : now, the shepherds who are thine were with us, 
we hurt them 3 not, neither was there ought missing unto 

8 them, all the days they were in Carmel. Ask thy lads, 
and they will tell thee. Wherefore let the lads find favour 
in thine eyes ; for we come in a good day : pray, give, 
whatsoever cometh to 3 thy hand unto thy servants, and to 

9 thy son David. And when David's lads came, they spake 
to Nabal according to all those words, in the name of 

10 David, and rested. And Nabal answered David's servants, 
and said, Who is David ? and who is the son of Jesse ? 
There are many servants now-a-days that break away 

11 every man from his lord. Shall I then take my bread and 
my water, and my flesh 4 that I have killed for my shearers, 
and give it unto men whom I know not whence they are ? 

12 So David's lads turned their way, and returned, and came 

13 and told him all those words. And David said unto his 
men, Gird ye on every man his sword. And they girded 
on every man his sword, and David also girded on his 
sword : and there went up after David about four hundred 

14 men ; and two hundred abode by the stuff. 5 But one of 
the lads told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, Behold, David 
sent messengers out of the desert, to salute 6 our lord ; and 

15 he railed on them. But the men were very good unto us, 
and we were not hurt, 2 neither missed 7 we anything, as 
long as we went about with them, when we were in the 

16 fields : They were a rampart unto us both by night and 
day, all the days we were with them feeding the flock. 

17 Now therefore know and see what thou wilt do; for the 
evil is determined against our lord, and against all his 
h.ox\sehold: for he is such a son of perdition, that a man 

18 cannot speak to him. Then Abigail made haste, and took 
two hundred loaves, 8 and two bottles of wine, and five 
sheep ready dressed, 9 and five seahs of parched corn, 
and a hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes 

19 of figs, and put them on the asses. And she said unto her 
lads, Go on before me : behold, I come after you. But she 

20 told not her husband Nabal. And it was so, as she rode 
on the ass, that she came down by the covert 10 of the 

1 unto the living one. 3 confounded. 3 findeth. 4 killing. 5 vessels. 6 bless. 
7 visited. 8 bread. 9 of the flock made. 10 secret. 

143 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXV. 

mountain, and, behold, David and his men came down 

21 towards her; and she met them. Now David had said, 
Surely in vain 1 have I kept all that this fellow hath in the 
desert, so that nothing was missed of all that pertained 

22 unto him : and he hath requited 2 me evil for good. So 
do God unto the enemies of David, and so may he con- 
tinue, if I allow to remain of all that pertain to him, by 

23 the morning light, any that pisseth against the wall. And 
when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and went down from 
the ass, and fell before 3 David on her face, and prostrated 

24 herself to the earth. And fell at his feet, and said, Upon 
me, my lord, upon me, let this iniquity be ; and pray let thy 
maidservant speak in thine ears, and hear the words of thy 

25 maidservant. Pray, let not my lord regard 4 this man of 
perdition, even Nabal : for as his name is, so is he ; Nabal 
is his name, and a base deed is with him : but I thy maid- 
servant saw not the lads of my lord, whom thou didst 

26 send. Now therefore, my lord, as the Eternal liveth, and 
as thy soul liveth, since the Eternal hath withholden 5 thee 
from coming to shed blood, 6 and from avenging 7 thyself 
with thine own hand, now let thine enemies, and they that 

27 seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal. And now this blessing, 
which thy handmaid hath brought unto my lord, let it 

28 even be given unto the lads that follow 8 my lord. Pray 
bear with the trespass of thy maidservant : for the Eternal 
will certainly make my lord a sure 9 house ; because my 
lord flghteth the wars of the Eternal, and evil shall not be 

29 found in thee all thy days. Yet a man is risen to pursue 
thee, and to seek thy soul : but the soul of my lord shall 
be bound up in the bundle of life with the Eternal thy 
God; and the soul of thine enemies, them shall he sling 

30 out, as out of the middle 10 of the sling. And it shall come 
to pass, when the Eternal shall have done to my lord 
according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning 
thee, and shall have appointed 11 thee chief over Israel, 

31 That this shall be no cause for staggering unto thee, nor 
stumbling-block in the heart unto my lord, either that 
thou hast shed blood causeless, 12 or that my lord hath 
avenged 13 himself: but when the Eternal shall have dealt 
well with my lord, then remember thy maidservant. 

1 to the falsehood. 2 restored. 3 to the nostrils. * put his heart to. 5 refrained. 
6 into blood. 7 saving. 8 go at the feet of. 9 faithful. 10 hollow, "com- 
manded. 12 gratuitously. 13 save. 

144 



L SAMUEL, Chap. XXV. XXVI. 

32 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the Eternal God of 

33 Israel, who sent thee this day towards me: And blessed 
be thy understanding, and blessed be thou, who hast with- 
held me this day from coming to shed blood, 1 and from 

34 avenging 2 myself with mine own hand. For in very deed, 
as the Eternal God of Israel liveth, who hath kept 3 me 
back from doing evil unto thee, except thou hadst hasted, 
and come towards me, surely there had not been left unto 
Nabal, by the morning light, any that pisseth against the 

35 wall. So David received 4 of her hand that which she had 
brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thy 
house : see, I have hearkened to thy voice, and have 

36 accepted thy person. 5 And Abigail came to Nabal : and, 
behold, he had a feast in his house, like the feast of the 
king ; and Nabal's heart teas merry 6 within him, for he 
was very drunken : wherefore she told him nothing less or 

37 more, 7 until the morning light. But it came to pass in 
the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and 
his wife had told him these things, that his heart died 

38 within him, and he became as a stone. And it came to 
pass, about ten days after, that the Eternal plagued Nabal, 

39 that he died. And when David heard that Nabal was 
dead, he said, Blessed be the Eternal, that hath pleaded 
the cause 8 of my disgrace from the hand of Nabal, and 
hath kept his servant from evil: for the Eternal hath 
returned 9 the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. 
And David sent and communed 10 with Abigail, to take her 

40 to him to wife. And when the servants of David were 
come to Abigail to Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, 

41 David sent us unto thee to take thee to him to wife. And 
she arose, and prostrated herself on her face 11 to the earth, 
and said, Behold, let thy maidservant be a handmaid to 

42 lave the feet of the servants of my lord. And Abigail 
hasted, and arose, and rode upon the ass, with five damsels 
of her's that went after her ; 12 and she went after the mes- 

43 sengers of David, and became his wife. David also took 
Ahinoam of Jezreel ; and they were also both of them his 

44 wives. But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's 
wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, who was of Gallim. 

Chap. XXVI. 
1 And the Ziphites came unto Saul to the Gibeah, saying 

1 into blood. 2 saving. 3 refrained. 4 took. * lifted up thy face. 6 good. 7 a 
word little or great. 8 quarrel. 9 restored. w spoke. " nostrils. 12 at her foot. 
145 l 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXVI. 

Doth not David hide himself in the hill of Hachilah, which 

2 is before the solitude ? Then Saul arose, and went down 
to the desert of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men 
of Israel with him, to seek David in the desert of Ziph. 

3 And Saul encamped in the hill of Hachilah which is before 
the solitude, by the way : but David abode in the desert ; 
and he saw that Saul came after him into the desert. 

4 David therefore sent out spies, and knew that Saul was 

5 come in very deed. And David arose, and came to the 
place where Saul had encamped : and David beheld the 
place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the 
officer of his host : and Saul lay within the compass, and 

6 the people encamped round about him. Then answered 
David, and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai 
the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go 
down with me to Saul to the camp ? And Abishai said, I 

7 will go down with thee. So David and Abishai came to 
the people by night : and, behold, Saul lay sleeping 
within the compass, and his spear stuck in the ground at 
the resting-place for his head ; but Abner and the people 

8 lay round about him. Then said Abishai to David, God 
hath delivered 1 thine enemy into thy hand this day : now, 
therefore, pray let me smite him with the spear even to 
the earth at once, and I will not smite him the second time, 

9 And David said to Abishai, Destroy 2 him not : for who 
hath stretched 3 forth his hand against the anointed of the 

10 Eternal, and was guiltless? David said furthermore, As 
the Eternal liveth, the Eternal shall plague him; or his 
day shall come to die ; or he shall go 4 down to the war and 

11 be swept away. May I be rejected 5 by the Eternal if I 
stretch forth 6 my hand against the anointed of the Eternal : 
but pray take thou now the spear that is at the resting- 
place for his head, and the cruse of water, and let us go. 

12 So David took the spear and the cruse of water from 
the resting-place of Saul's head ; and they went away, and 
no man saw it, nor knew it, neither awaked ; for they were 
all asleep ; because an overpowering sleep from the Eternal 

13 was fallen upon them. Then David passed over to the 
other side, and stood on the top 7 of the mountain afar off; a 

14 great space 8 being between them ; And David called to the 
people, and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, Answerest 

1 shut. a corrupt. 3 sent. 4 to. 5 unworthy. • send. 7 head. 8 the numerous 

place. 
146 l 2 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXVI. XXVII. 

thou not, Abner? Then Abner answered and said, Who 

15 art thou that callest to the king? And David said to 
Abner, Art not thou a valiant man ? and who is like to 
thee in Israel ? wherefore then hast thou not kept thy 
lord the king? for there came one of the people in to 

16 destroy 1 the king thy lord. This thing is not good that 
thou hast done. As the Eternal liveth, ye are worthy to 
die, 2 because ye have not kept your lord, the anointed 
of the Eternal. And now see where the king's spear is, 
and the cruse of water that was at the resting-place of his 

17 head. And Saul recognised David's voice, and said, Is 
this thy voice, my son David ? And David said, It is my 

18 voice, my lord, O king. And he said, Wherefore doth my 
lord thus pursue after his servant ? for what have I done? 

1 9 or what evil is in my hand ? Now therefore, pray let my 
lord the king hear the words of his servant. If the Eternal 
have enticed thee against me, he will accept 3 an oblation : 
but if they be the children of men, cursed be they before 
the Eternal ; for they have driven me out this day so as 
not to admit me to the inheritance of the Eternal, saying, 

20 Go, serve other gods. Now, therefore, let not my blood 
fall to the earth distant from the face of the Eternal : for 
the king of Israel is come out to seek a flea, as when one 

21 doth pursue a partridge in the mountains. Then said 
Saul, I have sinned : return, my son David ; for I will no 
more do thee harm, because my soul was precious in thine 
eyes this day : behold, I have played the fool and have 

22 erred exceedingly. And David answered and said, Behold, 
the king's spear ! and let one of the lads come over and 

23 take it. The Eternal render 5 to every man his righteous- 
ness, and his faithfulness : for the Eternal gave thee into my 
hand to-day; but I would not stretch forth 6 my hand against 

24 the anointed of the Eternal. And, behold, as thy life 7 was 
much set 8 by this day in mine eyes, so let my life 7 be 
much set 9 by in the eyes of the Eternal, and let him deliver 

25 me out of every distress. Then Saul said to David, Blessed 
be thou, my son David : thou shalt both do great things, 
and also shalt still prevail. So David went on his way, 
and Saul returned to his place. 

Chap. XXVII. 

1 And David said in his heart, I shall now be swept away 

one day by the hand of Saul : there is nothing better for 

me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the 

'corrupt. 2 sons of death, 'smell. 5 restore, "send. 7 soul. fi great. Q high. 

147 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXVII. XXVHI. 

Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any 
more in any boundary of Israel : so shall I escape out of 

2 his hand. And David arose, and he passed over, he and 
six hundred men that were with him, unto Achish, the son 

3 of Maoch, king of Gath. And David abode with Achish 
at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, 
even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, 

4 and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife. And it was 
told Saul that David was fled to Gath ; and he sought no 

5 more again 1 for him. And David said unto Achish, If I 
have now found favour in thine eyes, let them give me a 
place in one of the towns in the country, 2 that I may abide 
there : for why should thy servant abide in the royal city 3 

6 with thee? Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: 
wherefore Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto 

7 this day. And the number of days that David abode in the 
country of the Philistines was a full year 4 and four months. 

8 And David and his men went up and spread themselves 
over 5 the Geshurite, and the Gezrite, and the Amalekite : 
for they were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou 
9 earnest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt. And David 
smote the land, and kept neither man nor woman alive ; 
and took away flock and herd, asses and camels, and gar- 

10 ments, and returned and came to Achish. And Achish said, 
Where have ye spread yourselves to-day ? And David said, 
Over the south of Judah, and over the south of the Jerah- 

11 meelite, and over the south of the Kenite. And David 
kept neither man nor woman alive to bring tidings to Gath, 
saying, Lest they should tell of us, saying, So did David, 
and so was his manner 6 all the days he abode in the 

12 country of the Philistines. And Achish believed David, 
saying, He hath made his people Israel utterly to abhor 7 
him ; therefore he shall be my servant for ever. 

Chap. XXVHI. 

1 And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines 
gathered 8 their armies 9 together into a 10 host, to fight with 
Israel. And Achish said unto David, Know thou assuredly, 
that thou shalt go out with me into the camp, thou and 

2 thy men. And David said to Achish, Surely 11 thou shalt 
know what thy servant can do. And Achish said to 
David, Therefore will I make 12 thee keeper of my head all 

3 the days. Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had be- 

1 continued not to seek. 2 field. 3 city of the kingdom. 4 days. 5 unfolded. 
6 judgment. 7 stink. 8 stored up. a camps. 10 the. ll therefore. 12 put. 
148 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXVIII. 

wailed him, and buried him in the Ramah, even in his own 
city. And Saul had removed those that had familiar 

4 spirits, and the wizards, out of the land. And the Philis- 
tines gathered themselves together, 1 and came and en- 
camped in Shunem : and Saul gathered 2 all Israel together, 

5 and they encamped in the Gilboa. And when Saul saw 
the camp of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart 

6 greatly trembled. And when Saul asked of the Eternal, 
the Eternal answered him not, neither by the dreams, nor 

7 by the Urim, nor by the prophets. Then said Saul unto 
his servants, Seek me a woman owner of a familiar spirit, 
that I may go to her, and inquire of her. And his ser- 
vants said to him, Behold, there is a woman owner of a 

8 familiar spirit at En-dor. And Saul disguised himself, 
and put on other garments, and he went, and two men 
with him, and they came to the woman by night : and he 
said, Pray divine unto me by the familiar spirit, and bring 

9 me him up whom I shall name 3 unto thee. And the 
woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest what Saul 
hath done, how he hath cut off those that have familiar 
spirits, and the wizards, out of the land : wherefore then 

10 layest thou a snare for my soul, to cause me to die ? And 
Saul sware to her by the Eternal, saying, As the Eternal 
liveth, if there shall happen to thee a punishment 4 for this 

11 thing . . . Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up 

12 unto thee? And he said, Bring me up Samuel. And 
when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud 5 
voice : and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast 

13 thou deceived me? for thou art Saul. And the king said 
unto her, Be not afraid : for what sawest thou ? And the 
woman said unto Saul, I saw gods going up out of the 

14 earth. And he said unto her, What form is he of? And 
she said, An old man cometh up ; and he is wrapped up in 
a mantle. And Saul knew that it was Samuel, and he 

15 bowed twice to the earth, and prostrated himself. And 
Samuel said to Saul, Wherefore hast thou disquieted me, 
to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore dis- 
tressed; for the Philistines fight against me, and God is 
departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by 
the prophets, nor by the dreams : therefore I have called 
thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do. 

16 Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of me, 
seeing the Eternal is departed from thee, and is become 

1 were stored up. - stored up. 3 say. 4 iniquity. 5 great. 
149 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXVIII. XXIX. 

1 7 thine enemy ? And the Eternal hath done to him, as he 
spake by 1 me : for the Eternal hath rent the kingdom out 
of thy hand, and given it to thy fellow, even to David : 

18 Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the Eternal, 
nor executedst 2 his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore 
hath the Eternal done this thing unto thee this day. 

19 Moreover the Eternal will also give Israel with thee into 
the hands of the Philistines: and to-morrow shalt thou 
and thy sons be with me : also the camp of Israel shall 

20 the Eternal give into the hand of the Philistines. Then 
Saul fell straightway all along on the earth, 3 and was sore 
afraid, because of the words of Samuel : and there was no 
strength in him ; for he had eaten no bread all the day, 

2 1 nor all the night And the woman came unto Saul, and 
saw that he was sore troubled, 4 and said unto him, Behold, 
thy handmaid hath obeyed thy voice, and I have put my 
life in my hand, 5 and have hearkened unto thy words 

22 which thou spakest unto me. Now therefore, pray hearken 
thou also unto the voice of thy handmaid, and let me put 
a morsel of bread before thee ; and eat, that thou mayest 

23 have strength, when thou goest on the way. But he 
refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together 
with the woman, pressed him ; and he hearkened unto 
their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the 

24 bed. And the woman had a stalled calf in the house; 
and she hasted, and killed 6 it, and took meal, and kneaded 

25 it, and did bake unleavened cakes thereof: And she 
brought 7 it before Saul, and before his servants ; and they 
did eat. Then they rose up, and went away that night. 

Chap. XXIX. 

1 Now the Philistines gathered together 8 all their armies 9 
to Aphek : and the Israelites encamped by the fountain 10 

2 which is in Jezreel. And the lords 11 of the Philistines 
passed on by hundreds, and by thousands : but David and 

3 his men passed on in the rereward with Achish. Then 
said the officers of the Philistines, What do these Hebrews 
here ? And Achish said unto the officers of the Philistines, 
Is not this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, 
who hath been with me these days, or these years, and I 
have found no fault in him since he fell unto me unto this 

4 day ? And the officers of the Philistines were angry with 
him; and the officers of the Philistines said unto him, 

1 by my hand. 2 didst. 3 and Saul hastened and fell his full length to the earth. 
4 amazed. 5 hollow. 6 sacrificed. 7 reached. 8 stored up. 9 camps. l0 eye. u axles. 
150 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXIX. XXX. 

Make this man return, that he may return to his place 
which thou hast appointed him, and let him not go down 
with us to the war, lest in the war he be a hinderer to us : 
for wherewith should he reconcile himself unto his lord ? 

5 should it not be with the heads of these men ? Is not this 
David, of whom they sang 1 one to another in dances, 
saying, Saul smote his thousands, and David his myriads. 

6 Then Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely, as 
the Eternal liveth, thou hast been upright, and thy going 
out and thy coming in with me in the camp is good in my 
eyes : for I have not found evil in thee since the day of 
thy coming unto me unto this day : but in the eyes of the 

7 lords 2 thou art not desirable. 3 Wherefore now return, 
and go in peace, and do not evil in the eyes of the lords 2 

8 of the Philistines. And David said unto Achish, But 
what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy 
servant so long as I have been with thee unto this day, 
that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the 

9 king? And Achish answered and said to David, I know 
that thou art good in mine eyes, as an angel 4 of God : not- 
withstanding the officers of the Philistines have said, He 

10 shall not go with us to the war. Wherefore now rise up 
early in the morning with thy lord's servants that are come 
with thee : and as soon as ye be up early in the morning, 

11 and have light, go. So David and his men rose up early 
to go in the morning, to return into the land of the Philis- 
tines. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel. 

Chap. XXX. 

1 And it came to pass, when David and his men were come 
to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had 
invaded 5 the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and 

2 burned it with fire; And had captured the women that 
were therein : they slew not any, either great or small, but 

3 carried 6 them away, and went on their way. So David 
and his men came to the city, and, behold, it was burnt 
with fire, and their wives, and their sons, and their 

4 daughters, were captured. Then David and the people 
that were with him lifted up their voice and wept, until 

5 they had no more strength to weep. And David's two 
wives were captured, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail 

6 the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. And David was 
greatly distressed ; for the people spake 7 of stoning 
him : because the soul of all the people was grieved, 8 every 

'answered. 2 axles. 3 good. 4 messenger. 5 unfolded, "led. 7 said. 8 bitter. 
151 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXX. 

man for his sons and for his daughters : but David 

7 strengthened himself in the Eternal his God. And David 
said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, Pray reach 
me the ephod. And Abiathar reached the ephod to David. 

8 And David asked of the Eternal, saying, Shall I pursue 
after this troop ? shall I overtake them ? And he answered 
him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake them, and 

9 without fail deliver all. So David went, he and the six 
hundred men that were with him, and came to the brook 

10 Besor, where those that were left behind stayed. 1 But 
David pursued, he and four hundred men : for two hundred 
abode behind, 1 who were too exhausted to pass over the 

1 1 brook Besor. And they found an Egyptian in the field, 
and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he 

12 did eat; and they made him drink water; And they 
gave him a slice of a cake of figs, and two clusters of 
raisins : and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to 
him ; for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, 

13 three days and three nights. And David said unto him, 
To whom belongest thou ? and whence art thou ? And he 
said, I am an Egyptian lad, servant to an Amalekite ; and 
my lord forsook me, because I have been sick these three days. 

14 We spread 2 ourselves over the south of the Cherethites, and 
over that which belongeth to Judah, and over the south of 

15 Caleb; and Ziklag we burnt with fire. And David said 
to him, Canst thou bring me down to this troop ? And 
he said, Swear unto me by God, if thou put me to death, 
or deliver 3 me into the hands of my lord, .... and I will 

16 bring thee down to this troop. And when he had brought 
him down, behold, they were spread abroad 4 over the face 
of all the earth, eating, and drinking, and celebrating a 
feast, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out 
of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah. 

17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the 
evening of the next day ; and there escaped not a man of 
them, save four hundred lads who rode upon the camels 

18 and fled. 5 And David delivered all that Amalek had 

19 taken away; and David delivered his two wives. And 
there was nothing lacking 6 to them, neither small nor great, 
neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that 

20 they had taken to them : David recovered 7 all. And 
David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drave 8 

1 stood. 2 unfolded, 3 shut. 4 let. 5 ran away. 6 left behind. 7 restored. 8 led. 
152 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXX. XXXL 

before those other cattle, and said, This is David's spoil. 

21 And David came to the two hundred men, who were too 
exhausted to follow 1 David, whom they had made also to 
abide at the brook Besor : and they went forth towards 
David, and towards the people that were with him : and 
David stepped near to the people, and saluted them. 2 

22 Then answered all the wicked, and men of perdition, of 
those that went with David, and said, Because they went 
not with us, we will not give them ought of the spoil that 
we have recovered, 3 save to every man his wife and his 

23 children, that they may lead them away, and go. Then 
said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that 
which the Eternal hath given us, who hath preserved 4 us, 
and given the troop that came against us into our hand. 

24 For who will hearken unto you in this thing ? but as his 
portion is that goeth down to the war, so shall his portion 
be that abideth by the vessels: they shall divide alike. 

25 And it was so, from that day forward, that he made 5 it a 

26 statute and a judgment for Israel unto this day. And 
when David came to Ziklag, he sent forth of the spoil unto 
the elders of Judah, even to his friends, 6 saying, Behold a 
present 7 for you of the spoil of the enemies of the Eternal. 

27 To them who were in Beth-el, and to them who were in 

28 Ramoth-negeb, and to them who were in Jattir, And to 
them who were in Aroer, and to them who were in Siph- 

29 moth, and to them who were in Eshtemoa, And to them 
who were in Rachal, and to them who were in the cities of 
the Jerahmeelite, and to them who were in the cities of 

30 the Kenite, And to them who were in Hormah, and to 
them who were in Chor-ashan, and to them who were in 

31 Athach, And to them who were in Hebron, and to all the 
places where David himself and his men wandered about. 

Chap. XXXL 

1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel ; and the men of 
Israel ran away from before the Philistines, and fell down 

2 stabbed in mount Gilboa. And the Philistines followed 
hard upon Saul, and upon his sons; and the Philistines 
smote Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchi-shua, Saul's 

3 sons. And the battle went sore 8 against Saul and the 
archers hit 9 him; and he was greatly terrified by the 

1 go after. • asked them to peace. 3 delivered. 4 kept. 5 put. 6 fellow. 
7 blessing. s the war was heavy. 9 the men with bows found. 
153 



I. SAMUEL, Chap. XXXI. 

4 archers. Then said Saul unto his armour-bearer, Draw 
thy sword, and thrust me through therewith, lest these 
uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. 
But his armour-bearer would not ; for he was sore afraid : 

5 therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it. And when 
his armour-bearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise 

6 upon his sword, and died with him. So Saul died, and 
his three sons, and his armour-bearer, and all his men, 

7 that same day together. And when the men of Israel that 
were on the other side of the valley, and they that were on 
the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel 
ran away, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they for- 
sook the cities and ran away ; and the Philistines came and 

8 abode in them. And it came to pass on the morrow, when 
the Philistines came to strip the stabbed, that they found 

9 Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa. And they 
cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, 2 and sent 
into the land of the Philistines round about, to bear the 
tidings to the house of their idols, and among the people. 

10 And they put his armour 1 in the house of Ashtaroth ; and 

11 they fixed his body on the rampart of Beth-shan. And 
when the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard of that which 

12 the Philistines had done to Saul, All the men of force 
arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul, and 
the bodies of his sons, from the rampart of Beth-shan, and 

13 came to Jabesh, and burnt them there. And they took 
their bones, and buried them under the tamarisk at Jabesh, 
and fasted seven days. 



1 vessels. 2 unfolded his vessels. 



END OF THE FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL. 



154 



II. SAMUEL. 



Chap. I. 



1 Now it came to pass, after the death of Saul, when David 
was returned from smiting Amalek, and David had abode 

2 two days in Ziklag; It came even to pass on the third 
day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul, 
with his garments rent, and earth 1 upon his head : and it 
was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and 

3 prostrated himself. And David said unto him, From 
whence comest thou ? And he said unto him, Out of the 

4 camp of Israel have I escaped. And David said unto him, 
How went the matter? 2 pray tell me. And he answered, 
That the people are run away from the battle, 3 and many 
of the people are also fallen and dead; and Saul and 

5 Jonathan his son are dead also. And David said unto the 
lad that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and 

6 Jonathan his son are dead ? And the lad that told him 
said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, 
Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and 

7 horsemen followed hard after him. And when he turned 
behind him, he saw me, and called unto me : and I an- 

8 swered, Here am I. And he said unto me, Who art thou ? 

9 And I answered him, I am an Amalekite. He said unto 
me again, Pray stand upon me, and slay me ; for con- 
fusion hath seized me ; for as long as the soul is in me . . . 

10 So I stood upon him, .and slew him ; because I knew 
that he could not live after that he was fallen; and 

1 ground. 2 word. 3 war. 
155 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. I. 

I took the diadem that was upon his head, and the clasp 
that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto 

11 my lord. Then David took hold on his garments, and 
rent them ; and likewise all the men that were with him : 

12 And they bewailed, and wept, and fasted until the even, for 
Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the 
Eternal, and for the house of Israel ; because they were 

13 fallen by the sword. And David said unto the lad 
that told him, Whence art thou? And he answered, 

14 I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite. And David 
said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth 1 

15 thy hand to destroy 2 the anointed of the Eternal? And 
David called one of the lads and said, Step near, 
and fall 3 upon him. And he smote him that he died. 

16 And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head: 
for thy mouth hath testified 4 against thee, saying, I have 

17 slain the anointed of the Eternal. And David lamented 
with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son : 

18 Also he bade 5 them teach the children of Judah the use of 

19 the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher: The 
roebuck of Israel is stabbed upon thy high places : how 

20 are the heroes fallen I Tell it not in Gath, announce not 
the tidings in the streets of Askelon ; lest the daughters of 
the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircum- 

21 cised triumph. Ye mountains of the Gilboa, let there be no 
dew, neither let there be rain upon you, nor fields of heave- 
offerings : for there the shield of the heroes was lothed, 
the shield of Saul, as though it had not been anointed with 

22 oil. From the blood of the stabbed, from the fat of the 
heroes, the bow of Jonathan receded not, and the sword of 

23 Saul returned not empty. Saul and Jonathan, lovely and 
pleasant in their lives, were in their death not parted : they 
were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions. 

24 Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you 
in shining red, with other delights ; who put on 6 ornaments 

25 of gold upon your apparel. How are the heroes fallen in 
the midst of the war ! O Jonathan, thou wast stabbed in 

26 thy high places. I am distressed for thee, my brother 
Jonathan : very pleasant hast thou been unto me : thy love 

27 to me was wonderful, passing the love of women. How 
are the heroes fallen, and the vessels of war perished ! 

1 send. 2 corrupt. 3 alight. 4 answered. 5 said. 6 brought up. 
156 



IL SAMUEL, Chap. II. 



Chap. II. 

1 And it came to pass after this, that David inquired 1 of the 
Eternal, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah ? 
And the Eternal said unto him, Go up. And David said, 

2 Whither shall I go up ? And he said, Unto Hebron. So 
David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam 
the Jezreelitess, and Abigail, Nabal's wife, the Carmelite. 

3 And his men that ivere with him did David bring up, 
every man with his household: and they abode in the 

4 cities of Hebron. And the men of Judah came, and there 
they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And 
they told David, saying, That the men of Jabesh-gilead 

5 were they that buried Saul. And David sent messengers 
unto the men of Jabesh-gilead, and said unto them, Blessed 
be ye of the Eternal, that ye have shewed 2 this mercy unto 

6 your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him. And 
now the Eternal shew 3 mercy and truth unto you : and I 
also will requite 3 you this kindness, because ye have done 

7 this thing. Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, 
and be ye valiant : 4 for your lord Saul is dead, and also the 

8 house of Judah have anointed me king over them. But 
Abner the son of Ner, officer of Saul's host, took Ish-bosheth 

9 the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim : And 
he made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, 
and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, 

10 and over all Israel. Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, was forty 
years old 5 when he became king 6 over Israel, and reigned 
two years. But the house of Judah followed 7 David. 

11 And the number of days that David was king in Hebron, 
over the house of Judah, was seven years and six months. 

12 And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ish-bosheth 
the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon. 

13 And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, 
went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeon : and 
they sat down, the one on the one side 8 of the pool, and 

14 the other on the other side 8 of the pool. And Abner said 
to Joab, Let the lads now arise, and sport 9 before us. And 

1 asked. ' done. 3 do. 4 sons of force. 5 a son of. G reigned. 7 were after. 
8 from this. 9 make merry. 
157 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. II. 

15 Joab said, Let them arise. Then there arose, and went 
over by number, twelve of Benjamin, who pertained to Ish- 
bosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of 

16 David. And they caught every one his fellow by the 
head, and thrust his sword in his fellow's side ; so they fell 
down together : wherefore that place was called Helkath- 

17 hazzurim, which is in Gibeon. And the battle was very 
sore 1 that day : and Abner was defeated, and the men of 

18 Israel, before the servants of David. And there were three 
sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel : and 
Asahel was as light of foot as a roebuck which is in the field. 

19 And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned 2 
not to the right hand nor to the left from behind Abner. 

20 Then Abner turned round, and said, Art thou Asahel ? 

21 And he answered, I am. And Abner said to him, Turn 3 thee 
aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and seize for thee one 
of the lads, and take thee his armour. But Asahel would 

22 not depart from behind him. And Abner continued to say 
to Asahel, Depart from behind me : wherefore should I smite 
thee to the earth ? how then should I lift up my face to 

23 Joab thy brother ? Howbeit, he refused to depart : where- 
fore Abner, with the hinder end of the spear, smote him 
into the abdomen, that the spear came out behind him ; 
and he fell down there, and died in the same place : and 
it came to pass, that every one that came to the place where 

24 Asahel fell down and died, stood still. Joab also and 
Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down 
when they were come to the bill of Ammah, that lieth 

25 before Giah, by the way of the desert of Gibeon. And 
the children of Benjamin gathered 4 themselves together 
after Abner, and became one troop, 5 and stood on the top 

26 of a hill. Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the 
sword devour 6 everlastingly ? knowest thou not that it will 
be bitterness in the latter end ? how long shall it be then 
ere thou bid 7 the people return from behind their brethren? 

27 And Joab said, As God liveth, unless thou hadst spoken, 
surely then in the morning the people had gone up every 

28 one from behind his brother. So Joab blew 8 the cornet, 
and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no 

29 more, neither continued they to fight. And Abner and 
his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed 

1 hard. s inclined not to go. ' incline. * stored up. * bundle. 6 eat. 7 say. 

8 fixed. 
158 



IL SAMUEL, Chap. II. III. 

over the Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they 

30 came to Mahanaim. And Joab returned from after Abner : 
and when he had gathered 1 the people together, there were 

31 missed of David's servants nineteen men and Asahel. But 
the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of 
Abner's men, so that three hundred and three-score men 

32 died. And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the 
burying-place of his father, which was in Beth-lehem. 
And Joab and his men went all night, and at Hebron 
daylight shone upon them. 



Chap. III. 

1 Now there was long war between the house of Saul and 
the house of David : but David waxed stronger 2 and 
stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker and weaker. 3 

2 And unto David were sons born in Hebron : and his first- 

3 born was Ammon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess ; And his 
second in order, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the 
Carmelite ; and the third, Absalom, the son of Maacah the 

4 daughter of Talmai king of Geshur ; And the fourth, 
Adonijah, the son of Haggith ; and the fifth, Shephatiah, 

5 the son of Abital; And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah, 
David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron. 

6 And it came to pass, while the war was between the house 
of Saul and the house of David, that Abner made himself 

7 strong for the house of Saul. And Saul had a concubine, 
whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah : and Ish- 
bosheih said to Abner, Why hast thou come unto my father's 

8 concubine ? Then was Abner very wroth, 4 for the words 
of Ish-bosheth, and said, Am I a dog's head, who against 
Judah do shew 5 mercy this day unto the house of Saul thy 
father, to his brethren, and to his friends, and have not 
delivered thee 6 into the hand of David, that thou visitest 

9 upon me to-day an iniquity concerning this woman ? So 
do God to Abner, and so may he continue, except as the 

10 Eternal hath sworn to David, even so I do to him; To 
cause the kingdom to pass from the house of Saul, and to 
raise the throne 7 of David over Israel, and over Judah from 

11 Dan even to Beer-sheba. And he could not answer 8 

1 stored up. 2 going and strong. * going and indigent. * glowed. s do. 6 made 
thee find ' chair. 8 restore. 
159 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. III. 

12 Abner a word again, because he feared him. And Abner 
sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is 
the land ? saying also, Make 1 thy covenant with me, and, 
behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all Israel 

13 unto thee. And he said, Well; I will make 1 a covenant 
with thee: but one thing I ask of thee, that is, Thou 
shalt not see my face, except thou first bring Michal, Saul's 

14 daughter, when thou comest to see my face. And David 
sent messengers to Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, saying, Give 
me my wife Michal, whom I betrothed to myself for a 

15 hundred foreskins of the Philistines. And Ish-bosheth 
sent, and took her from her husband, even from Phaltiel 

16 the son of Laish. And her husband went with her along 
weeping behind her to Bahurim. Then said Abner unto 

17 him, Go, return. And he returned. And Abner had 
communication 2 with the elders of Israel, saying, Ye sought 

18 for David in times past 3 to be king over you : Now then 
do it: for the Eternal hath spoken of David, saying, By 
the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel 
out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of 

19 all their enemies. And Abner also spake in the ears of 
Benjamin : and Abner went also to speak in the ears of 
David in Hebron all that seemed good to Israel, and to the 

20 whole house of Benjamin. So Abner came to David to 
Hebron, and twenty men with him: and David made 

21 Abner, and the men that were with him, a feast. And 
Abner said unto David, I will arise and go, and will gather 4 
all Israel unto my lord the king, that they may make 1 a 
covenant with thee, and that thou mayest reign over all 
that thy heart lusteth. And David sent Abner away ; and 

22 he went in peace. And, behold, the servants of David 
and Joab came from pursuing the troop, and brought in a 
great spoil with them : but Abner was not with David in He- 
bron ; for he had sent him away, and he was gone in peace. 

23 When Joab and all the host that was with him were come, 
they told Joab, saying, Abner the son of Ner came to the 
king, and he hath sent him away, and he is gone in peace. 

24 Then Joab came to the king, and said, What hast thou 
done ? behold, Abner came unto thee ; why is it that thou 



cut. 2 the word of Abner was. 3 also yesterday also before yesterday. 
4 store up. 
160 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. III. 

25 hast sent him awa}', and he is quite gone? Thou 
knowest Abner the son of Ner, that he came to persuade 
thee, and to know thy going out, and thy coming in, and 

26 to know all that thou doest. And when Joab was come 
out from David, he sent messengers after Abner, who 
brought 1 him again from the pit of Sirah : but David knew 

27 it not. And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab 
took him aside 3 in the gate to speak with him quietly, and 
smote him there into the abdomen, that he died, for the 

28 blood of Asahel his brother. And afterward when David 
heard it, he said, I and my kingdom are guiltless before 
the Eternal for ever from the blood of Abner the son of 

29 Ner: Let it fasten on the head of Joab, and on all his 
father's house; and let there not fail 3 from the house of 
Joab one that hath an issue, or that is a leper, or that lay- 
eth hold on a staff, || or that falleth on the sword, or that 

30 lacketh bread. So Joab and Abishai his brother slew 
Abner, because he had put to death their brother Asahel 

31 at Gibeon in the war. And David said to Joab, and to 
all the people that were with him, Rend your garments, 
and gird you with sackcloth, and bewail Abner. And king 

32 David himself followed the bier. 4 And they buried Abner 
in Hebron : and the king lifted up his voice, and wept at the 

33 burying-place of Abner ; and all the people wept. And 
the king lamented over Abner, and said, Was Abner to die 

34 like a worthless man ? Thy hands were not bound, nor 
thy feet put 5 into fetters : as a man falleth before wicked 
men, 6 so fellest thou. And all the people wept again 7 over 

35 him. And when all the people came to cause David to 
eat bread while it was yet day, David sware, saying, So do 
God to me, and so may he continue, if I taste bread, or 

36 ought else, before the sun be down . . . And all the peo- 
ple took notice of it, and it pleased them: 8 as whatsoever 

37 the king did was good in the eyes of the people. And all 
the people, and all Israel, knew that day, that it was not 

38 of the king to put to death Abner the son of Ner. And 
the king said unto his servants, Know ye not that there is 

39 an officer and a great man fallen this day in Israel ? And 
I am this day weak, 9 though anointed king; and these 

1 restored. 2 inclined him. 3 be cut off. 4 went after the bed. 5 reached. 6 sons 
of unrighteousness. 7 continued to weep. 8 recognized and it was good in their 
eyes. 9 tender. 
161 M 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. III. IV. 

men the sons of Zeruiah are too hard for me : the Eternal 
shall repay the doer of evil according to his wickedness. 

Chap. IV. 

1 And when Saul's son heard that Abner was dead in 
Hebron, his hands were feeble, and all the Israelites were 

2 amazed. And Saul's son had two men that were officers of 
troops ; the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of 
the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the 
children of Benjamin : for Beeroth also was reckoned 1 to 

3 Benjamin: And the Beerothites fled to Gittaim, and 

4 sojourned there until this day. And Jonathan, Saul's son, 
had a son that was lame of his feet, and was five years old 
when the tidings came of Saul and Jonathan out of Jez- 
reel, and his nurse carried him and fled : 2 and it came to 
pass, as she hurried precipitately to flee, 3 that he fell, and 

5 halted. And his name was Mephibosheth. And the sons 
of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, went, and 
came about the heat of the day to the house of Ish-bosheth, 

6 who lay on a place of repose for the noon : And they 
came thither into the midst of the house, as though they 
would have fetched 4 wheat ; and they smote him into the 
abdomen : and Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped. 

7 For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in 
his bed- 5 chamber ; and they smote him, and put him to 
death, and removed his head, and went away the way of 

8 the plain all night. And they brought the head of Ish- 
bosheth unto David to Hebron, and said to the king, 
Behold the head of Ish-bosheth, the son of Saul thine 
enemy, who sought thy life ; 6 and the Eternal hath given 
vengeance to my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his 

9 seed. And David answered Rechab, and Baanah his bro- 
ther, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said unto 
them, As the Eternal liveth, who hath released my soul 

10 out of all distress, When one told me, saying, Behold, 
Saul is dead, thinking to have brought good tidings, 7 I 
seized him, and slew him in Ziklag, who thought that I 

11 would have given him a reward for his tidings. How 
much more, when wicked men have slain a righteous 

1 thought. s ran away. 3 run away. 4 taken. s place of repose. 6 soul. 7 and 
he was in his eyes like a bearer of tidings. 
162 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. IV. V. 

person in his own house upon his place of repose ? shall I 
not therefore now seek his blood of your hand, and put 
12 you away from the earth? And David commanded the 
lads, and they slew them, and cut off their hands and their 
feet, and hanged them up over the pool in Hebron. But 
they took the head of Ish-bosheth, and buried it in the 
burying-place of Abner in Hebron. 



Chap. V. 

1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, 
and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 

2 Also, in times past, 1 when Saul was king over us, thou 
wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel ; and the 
Eternal said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and 

3 thou shalt be a leader of Israel. So all the elders of Israel 
came to the king to Hebron; and king David made 2 a 
covenant with them in Hebron before the Eternal ; and 

4 they anointed David king over Israel. David was thirty 
years old 3 when he began to reign, and he reigned forty 

5 years. In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and 
six months ; and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three 

6 years over all Israel and Judah. And the king and his 
men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants 
of the land; who spake unto David, saying, Thou shalt 
not come in hither, except thou remove the blind and the 

7 lame : saying, David cannot come in hither. Nevertheless 
David conquered the hold of Zion : the same is the city of 

8 David. And David said on that day, Whosoever toucheth 
the gutter, smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the 
blind, that are hated of David's soul, . . . wherefore they 
said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the 

9 house. So David abode in the hold, and called it The 
city of David : and David built round about, from Millo 

10 and inward. And David went on, and grew great; and 

1 1 the Eternal God of hosts was with him. And Hiram king 
of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar-trees, and 
carpenters, and masons;* and they built David a house. 

12 And David knew that the Eternal had established him 

1 yesterday and before yesterday. 2 cut. 3 a son of. 4 and engravers of wood 
and engravers of stones for walls. 
163 m 2 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. V. VI. 

king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for 

13 his people for Israel's sake. And David took him more 1 con- 
cubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come 
from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters 

14 born to David. And these are the names of those that 
were born unto him in Jerusalem ; Shammuah, and Sho- 

15 bab, and Nathan, and Solomon, Ibhar also, and Elishua, 

16 and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and 

17 Eliphalet. But when the Philistines heard that they had 
anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came 
up to seek David ; and David heard of it, and went down 

18 to the hold. The Philistines also came, and spread 2 them- 

19 selves in the valley of Rephaim. And David asked of the 
Eternal, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines ? wilt thou 
give them into my hand? And the Eternal said unto 
David, Go up; for I will doubtless give the Philistines 

20 into thy hand. And David came to Baal-perazim, and 
David smote them there, and said, The Eternal hath burst 
forth upon mine enemies before me, as the bursting forth 
of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place 

21 Baal-perazim. And there they left 3 their idols, and David 

22 and his men carried them away. And the Philistines 
came up yet again, 4 and spread 5 themselves in the valley 

23 of Rephaim. And when David asked of the Eternal, he 
said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind 
them, and come upon them over against the mulberry- 

24 trees. || And let it be, when thou hearest the sound 6 of a 
step in the tops 7 of the mulberry-trees, || that then thou 
shalt bestir 8 thyself: for then shall the Eternal go out 

25 before thee, to smite the camp of the Philistines. And 
David did so, as the Eternal had commanded him ; and 
smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to 
Gazer. 

Chap. VI. 

1 Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of 

2 Israel, thirty thousand. And David arose, and went with 
all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to 
bring up from thence the ark y of God, over which is called 
the name, — the name of The Eternal of hosts, that abideth 

3 between the cherubims. And they set 10 the ark^ of God 

1 yet. 2 let. 3 forsook. 4 continued. s were let. 6 voice. 7 heads. 8 be sharp. 
9 case. l0 caused to ride. 
164 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. VI. 

upon a new wagon, and brought it out of the house of 
Abinadab that was in the Gibeah : and Uzzah and Ahio, 

4 the sons of Abinadab, drave 1 the new wagon. And they 
carried it out of the house of Abinadab, which was at the 
Gibeah, being with the ark 2 of God : and Ahio went before 

5 the ark. 2 And David, and all the house of Israel, played 3 
before the Eternal on all manner of instruments made of 
cypress-wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on 

6 timbrels, and on sistra,j| and on cymbals. And when they 
came to Nachon's threshing-floor, Uzzah put forth his hand 
to the ark 2 of God, and took hold 4 of it ; for those of the 

7 herd had broken loose. 5 And the wrath of the Eternal 
glowed against Uzzah, and God smote him there for his 

8 temerity ; and there he died by the ark 2 of God. And 
David was displeased, 6 because the Eternal had made 7 a 
breach upon Uzzah : and he called the name of the place 

9 Perez-uzzah to this day. And David feared the Eternal 
that day, and said, How shall the ark 2 of the Eternal come 

10 to me? So David was not willing to remove the ark 2 of 
the Eternal unto him into the city of David ; but David 
carried 8 it aside into the house of Obed-edom the Gittite. 

11 And the ark 2 of the Eternal abode in the house of Obed- 
edom the Gittite three months : and the Eternal blessed 

12 Obed-edom, and all his household. And it was told the king 
David, saying, The Eternal hath blessed the house of 
Obed-edom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of 
the ark 2 of God, So David went and brought up the ark 2 
of God from the house of Obed-edom into the city of 

13 David with gladness. And it was so, when they that bare 
the ark 2 of the Eternal had gone six paces, he sacrificed one of 

14 the herd and a fading. And David danced before the 
Eternal with all his might ; and David was girded with a 

15 linen ephod. So David and all the house of Israel brought 
up the ark 2 of the Eternal with shouting, 9 and with the 

16 sound 10 of the cornet. And as the ark 2 of the Eternal came 
into the city of David, Michal, Saul's daughter, glanced 
through the window, and saw the king David leaping and 
dancing before the Eternal ; and she despised him in her 

17 heart. And they brought in the ark 2 of the Eternal, and 
set it in its place, in the midst of the tent that David had 
pitched 8 for it: and David offered 11 burnt-offerings and 

• led. 2 case. 3 made merry. 4 seized. 5 remitted. 6 glowed. 7 burst forth. 
8 inclined. 9 din. l0 voice. " brought up. 
165 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. VL VII. 

18 feast-offerings before the Eternal. And as soon as David 
had finished offering 1 the burnt-offerings and the feast- 
offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the Eternal 

19 of hosts. And he apportioned to all the people, even to 
the whole crowd of Israel, as well to the women as men, 
to every one one pierced cake of bread, and one good 
piece of fiesh,\ and one grape cake. So all the people 

20 went every man to his house. Then David returned to 
bless his household. And Michal, the daughter of Saul, 
went out towards David, and said, How honoured was the 
king of Israel to-day, who uncovered 2 himself to-day in 
the eyes of the maidservants of his servants, as one of the 

21 empty fellows shamelessly uncovereth 3 himself! And David 
said unto Michal, Before the Eternal, who chose me rather 
than thy father, and all his house, to appoint 4 me leader of 
the people of the Eternal, of Israel : I made merry before 

22 the Eternal. But even for this I am too vile, I am too 
base in mine own eyes : and of the maidservants, whom thou 

23 hast spoken 5 of, of them shall I be had in honour. And 
Michal, the daughter of Saul, had no child unto the day of 
her death. 

Chap. VII. 

1 And it came to pass, when the king abode in his house, 
and the Eternal had given him rest round about from all 

2 his enemies, That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, 
See now, I abide in a house of cedars, but the ark 6 of 

3 God abideth within curtains. 7 And Nathan said to the 
king, Go, do all that is in thy heart : for the Eternal is 

4 with thee. And it came to pass that night, that the word 

5 of the Eternal came unto Nathan, saying, Go and tell my 
servant David, Thus saith the Eternal, Shalt thou build 

6 me a house for me to abide in ? Whereas I have not 
abode in any house, since the time that I brought up the 
children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have 

7 walked in a tent and in a dwelling. In all the places 
wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel, 
spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I 
commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build 

8 ye not me a house of cedars ? Now therefore so shalt thou 
say unto my servant David, Thus saith the Eternal of 
hosts, I took thee from the sheep-cote 8 from behind the 

1 bringing up. 2 revealed. 3 revealing revealeth. 4 command. ' said. 6 case. 
7 in the midst of the curtain. 8 abode. 
166 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. VII. 

9 flock, to be leader of my people of Israel : And I was with 
thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine 
enemies from before thee, and have made thee a great name, 
like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth. 

10 Moreover, I have appointed 1 a place for my people Israel, 
and planted them, that they may dwell in a place of their 
own, 2 and move 3 no more ; neither shall the children of 

1 1 wickedness afflict them any more, as at first, And as since 
the day that I commanded judges to be over my people 
Israel, for I have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies : 
now the Eternal telleth thee that the Eternal will make 

12 thee a house: And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou 
shalt lie with thy fathers, I will raise thy seed after thee, 
which shall go forth out of thy bowels, and I will establish 4 

13 his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I 

14 will establish the throne 5 of his kingdom for ever. I will 
be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit 
iniquity, I will chasten 6 him with the staff of men, and 

15 with the afflictions of the children of men: But my mercy 
shall not depart away from him, as I removed it from Saul, 

16 whom I removed before thee. And thy house and thy 
kingdom shall be faithful for ever before thee : thy throne 

17 shall be firm for ever. According to all these words, and 
according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto 

18 David. Then came king David, and sat 7 before the 
Eternal ; and he said, Who am I, O Lord Eternal ? and 
what 8 is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto ? 

19 And this was yet too little in thine eyes, O Lord Eternal; 
but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great 
while to come. 9 As though this were the right 10 of the 

20 man, O Lord Eternal. And what can David yet say more 11 
unto thee ? for thou, Lord Eternal, knowest thy servant. 

2 1 For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast 
thou done all these great things, 12 to make thy servant 

22 know them. Wherefore thou art great, O Eternal God : 
for there is none like thee, neither is there any God besides 
thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears. 

23 And who is like thy people, like Israel, an only nation in 
the earth, whom God went to release for a people to him- 
self, and to make 13 him a name, and to do for you great 
things, 14 and dreadful, for thy land, on account of thy 

1 put. * underneath themselves. 3 shake. 4 prepare. 5 chair. 6 argue. 

7 abode. 8 who. 8 from a distance. 10 law. u continue to say. 12 this greatness. 
13 put. M the greatness. 
167 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. VII. VIII. 

people, which thou releasedst to thee from Egypt, from the 

24 nations and their gods? For thou hast established for 
thyself thy people Israel, to be a people unto thee for ever : 

25 and thou, Eternal, art become their God. And now, O 
Eternal God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning 
thy servant, and concerning his house, establish 1 it for ever, 

26 and do as thou hast said. And let thy name be great for 
ever, saying, The Eternal of hosts is the God over Israel : 
and let the house of thy servant David be established 

27 before thee. For thou, O Eternal of hosts, God of Israel, 
hast revealed to the ear of thy servant, saying, I will build 
thee a house: therefore hath thy servant found in his 

28 heart to pray this prayer unto thee. And now, O Eternal 
God, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou 

29 hast promised 2 this goodness unto thy servant: Therefore 
now be willing to bless the house of thy servant, that it 
may be for ever before thee : for thou, O Eternal God, 
hast spoken it ; and from thy blessing let the house of thy 
servant be blessed for ever. 

Chap. VIII. 

1 And it came to pass after this, that David smote the 
Philistines, and humbled them: and David took Me- 
theg-hammah out of the hand of the Philistines. And 

2 he smote Moab, and measured them with the cord, 
causing them to lie on the earth; and he measured the 
length of two cords to put to death, and one full cord to 
keep alive : and so the Moabites became David's servants, 

3 bearing gifts. 3 David smote also Hadadezer, the son of 
Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border, 4 

4 at the river Euphrates. And David took 5 from him a 
thousand and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thou- 
sand men on foot: and David lamed all the chariot horses, 

5 but left of them a hundred chariots. And when the 
Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of 
Zobah, David smote of the Syrians two and twenty thou- 

6 sand men. Then David put garrisons 6 in Syria of Damas- 
cus: and the Syrians became servants to David, bearing 
gifts. 3 And the Eternal preserved 7 David whithersoever 

7 he went. And David took the shields || of gold that were 

on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to 

! raise. 2 spoken. 3 oblation, 4 restore his hand. 5 conquered. 6 stationed 
ones. ' saved. 

168 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. VIII. IX. 

8 Jerusalem. And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of 
Hadadezer, the king David took exceeding much copper. 

9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten 

10 all the host of Hadadezer, Then Toi sent Joram his son 
unto the king David, to salute him, 1 and to bless him, because 
he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for 
Hadadezer had wars 2 with Toi : and he brought with him 3 
vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of copper ; 

1 1 Them also the king David did consecrate unto the Eternal, 
with the silver and gold that he had consecrated of all 

12 nations which he subdued ; Of Syria, and of Moab, and 
of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of 
Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, 

13 king of Zobah. And David gat 4 himself a name when he 
returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of Salt, 

14 being eighteen thousand men. And he put garrisons 5 in 
Edom ; throughout all Edom put he garrisons : 5 and all 
they of Edom became David's servants. And the Eternal 

15 saved David whithersoever he went. And David reigned 
over all Israel ; and David did judgment and righteousness 

16 unto all his people. And Joab the son of Zeruiah was 
over the host; and Jehosophat the son of Ahilud was 

17 recorder; And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech 
the son of Abiathar, were the priests ; and Seraiah was the 

18 scribe ; And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada ivas over both 
the Cherethite and the Pelethite : and David's sons were 
chief rulers. 6 

Chap. IX. 

1 And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house 
of Saul, that I may shew 7 him mercy for Jonathan's sake ? 

2 And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name 
was Ziba : and when they had called him unto David, the 
king said unto him, Art thou Ziba ? And he said, Thy 

3 servant is he. And the king said, Is there not yet any of 
the house of Saul, that I may shew 7 the mercy of God 
unto him ? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath 

4 yet a son, who is hurt in his feet. And the king said 
unto him, Where is he? and Ziba said unto the king, 
Behold, he is in the house of Machir the son of Ammiel, 

1 to ask him after peace. 2 a man of wars. 3 in his hand were. 4 made. 
5 stationed ones. 6 priests. 7 do. 

169 



IL SAMUEL, Chap. IX. X. 

5 in Lo-debar. Then king David sent, and fetched 1 him 
out of the house of Machir the son of Ammiel, from Lo- 

6 debar. Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, 
the son of Saul, was come unto David, he fell on his face, 
and prostrated himself. And David said, Mephibosheth ! 

7 And he answered, Behold thy servant. And David said 
unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew 2 thee mercy for 
Jonathan thy father's sake, and will restore thee all the 
fields of Saul thy father ; and thou shalt eat bread at my 

8 table continually. And he prostrated himself, and said, 
What is thy servant, that thou shouldest turn to such a 

9 dead dog as I am ? Then the king called to Ziba, Saul's 
servant, 3 and said unto him, All that pertained 4 to Saul, 
and to all his house, I have given unto thy master's son. 

10 Thou therefore, and thy sons, and thy servants, shall till 5 
the ground for him, and thou shalt bring in the fruits, that 
thy master's son may have bread to eat : but Mephibosheth, 
thy master's son, shall eat bread always at my table. Now 

11 Ziba had fifteen sons, and twenty servants. Then said 
Ziba unto the king, According to all that my lord the king 
hath commanded his servant, so shall thy servant do. As 
for Mephibosheth, said the king, he shall eat at my table, 

12 as one of the king's sons. And Mephibosheth had a young 6 
son, whose name was Micha. And all that dwelt ' in the 

13 house of Ziba were servants unto Mephibosheth. So 
Mephibosheth abode in Jerusalem: for he did eat con- 
tinually at the king's table ; and was hurt in both his feet. 

Chap. X. 

1 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children 
of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead. 

2 Then said David, I will shew kindness 7 unto Hanun the 
son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness 8 unto me. 
And David sent to comfort him, by the hand of his servants, 
for his father. And David's servants came into the land 

3 of the children of Ammon. And the officers of the chil- 
dren of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Doth David 
forsooth honour thy father in thine eyes, that he hath sent 
comforters unto thee ? Is it not for the purpose of searching 9 
the city, spying it out, overthrowing it, that David hath sent 

4 his servants to thee? Wherefore Hanun took David's 

1 took. 2 do. 3 lad. 4 was. * serve. 6 little. 7 do mercy. 8 did mercy. 
8 investigating. 

170 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. X. 

servants, and clipped the one half of their beards, and cut 
off their raiments in the middle, even to their buttocks, 

5 and let them go. When they told it unto David, he sent 
towards them, because the men were greatly confounded : 
and the king said, Abide at Jericho until your beards be 

6 grown, and then return. And when the children of Ammon 
saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon 
sent and hired the Syrians of Beth-rehob, and the Syrians 
of Zoba, twenty thousand men on foot, and of king Maacah a 

7 thousand men, and of Ish-tob twelve thousand men. And 
when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of 

8 the heroes. And the children of Ammon came out, and 
put the battle 1 in array 2 at the entrance of the gate : and 
the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ish-tob, and 

9 Maacah, were by themselves in the field. When Joab saw 
that the front 3 of the battle 1 was against him before and 
behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put 

10 them in order against the Syrians : And the rest of the 
people he gave into the hand of Abishai his brother, that 
he might set them in order against the children of Ammon. 

1 1 And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then 
thou shalt help me : 4 but if the children of Ammon be too 

12 strong for thee, then I will go and save thee. Be strong, 
and let us strengthen ourselves for our people, and for the 
cities of our God : and the Eternal do that which seemeth 

13 good in his eyes. And Joab stepped nigh, and the people 
that were with him, unto the battle 1 against the Syrians : 

14 and they ran away before him. And when the children 
of Ammon saw that the Syrians were run away, then ran 
they away also before Abishai, and came into the city. So 
Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to 

15 Jerusalem. And when the Syrians saw that they were 
defeated before Israel, they gathered themselves together. 

1 6 And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were 
beyond 5 the river : and they came to Helam ; and Shobach, 
the officer of the host of Hadarezer, went before them. 

17 And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel 
together, and passed over the Jordan, and came to Helam. 
And the Syrians set themselves in order against David, 

18 and fought with him. And the Syrians ran away before 
Israel ; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots 
of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and Shobach 

1 war. 2 set in order. 3 face. 4 be to me for salvation. s from the side of. 
171 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. X. XI. 

1 9 the officer of their host, he smote, and he died there. And 
when all the kings that were servants to Hadarezer saw 
that they were defeated before Israel, they made peace 
with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to 
help 1 the children of Amnion any more. 



Chap. XI. 

1 And it came to pass, at the return of the year, at the time 
when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and 
his servants with him, and all Israel ; and they destroyed 2 
the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But 

2 David abode at Jerusalem. And it came to pass in an 
evening-time, that David arose from off his place of repose, 
and walked about upon the roof of the king's house : and 
from the roof he saw a woman laving herself; and the 

3 woman was of appearance very beautiful. And David 
sent and inquired after the woman. And one said, Is not 
this Bath-sheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah 

4 the Hittite ? And David sent messengers, and took her : 
and she came unto him, and he lay with her, and she 
was purifying 3 from her uncleanness, and returned unto 

5 her house. And the woman became pregnant, and sent 

6 and told David, and said, I am pregnant. And David 
sent to Joab, saying, Send me Uriah the Hittite. And 

7 Joab sent Uriah to David. And when Uriah was come 
unto him, David asked after the welfare 4 of Joab, the wel- 

8 fare 4 of the people, and the progress 4 of the war. And 
David said to Uriah, Go down to thy house, and lave thy 
feet. And Uriah went out of the king's house, and there 

9 went out after him a present from the king. But Uriah 
lay down at the entrance of the king's house, with all the 

1 servants of his lord, and went not down to his house. And 
when they had told David, saying, Uriah went not down 
to his house, David said unto Uriah, Camest thou not from 
a journey: 5 why then didst thou not go down unto thy 

1 1 house ? And Uriah said unto David, The ark, 6 and Israel, 
and Judah, abide in booths ; and my lord Joab, and the 
servants of my lord, are encamped in the open 7 fields : 
shall I then go into my house, to eat, and to drink, and to 
lie with my wife ? by thy life and the life of thy soul if I 

save. • corrupted. 3 sanctifying herself, 4 peace. 5 way. e case. 7 face of. 
172 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XI. 

12 do this thing. . . . And David said to Uriah, Abide here 
to-day also, and to-morrow I will let thee go. So Uriah 

13 abode in Jerusalem that day and the morrow. And when 
David had called him, he did eat and drink before him ; 
and he made him drunk : and at even he went out to lie 
on his place of repose with the servants of his lord, but 

14 went not down to his house. And it came to pass in the 
morning, that David wrote a letter 1 to Joab, and sent it by 

15 the hand of Uriah. And he wrote in the letter, 1 saying, 
Set 2 ye Uriah in the fore-front of the hottest battle, 3 and 

16 depart ye from him, that he maybe smitten and die. And 
it came to pass, when Joab observed 4 the city, that he 
assigned 5 Uriah unto a place where he knewthat men of force 

17 were. And the men of the city went out and fought with 
Joab : and there fell some of the people of the servants of 

18 David; and Uriah the Hittite died also. Then Joab sent 

19 and told David all the things concerning the war; And 
commanded the messenger, saying, When thou hast finished 

20 telling the matters 6 of the war unto the king, And if so be 
that the king's wrath arise, 7 and he say unto thee, Why 
stepped ye so nigh unto the city when ye did fight ? knew 

21 ye not that they would shoot from the rampart? Who 
smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth ? did not a 
woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the 
rampart, that he died in Thebez? wherefore stepped ye 
nigh the rampart ? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the 

22 Hittite is dead also. So the messenger went, and came 

23 and told David all that Joab had sent him for. And the 
messenger said unto David, Since the men prevailed 
against us, and came out unto us into the field, we were 

24 upon them even unto the entrance of the gate. And 
the shooters shot from off the rampart upon thy servants, 
and some of the king's servants are dead, and thy servant 

25 Uriah the Hittite is dead also. Then David said unto the 
messenger, Thus shalt thou say unto Joab, Let not this be 
evil in thine eyes ; for thus and thus the sword devoureth : 8 
make thy war strong against the city, and break it down ; 

26 and encourage 9 thou him. And when the wife of Uriah 
heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she bewailed 

27 her husband. And when the mourning was past, David 

1 book. 2 get. 3 strong war. 4 kept. 5 gave. 6 speaking the words. 7 go up. 
8 eateth. 9 strengthen. 

173 



IL SAMUEL, Chap. XL XII. 

sent and fetched 1 her to his house, and she became his 
wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had 
done was evil in the eyes of the Eternal. 



Chap. XII. 

1 And the Eternal sent Nathan unto David. And he came 
unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one 

2 city ; the one rich, and the other needy. The rich man 

3 had exceeding many flocks and herds : But the needy 
man had nothing save one little ewe lamb, which he had 
obtained and kept alive ; and it grew up together with 
him, and with his children : it did eat of his own morsel, 
and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was 

4 unto him as a daughter. And there came a traveller unto 
the rich man ; and he spared 2 to take of his own flock, 
and of his own herd, to dress 3 for the wayfarer that was 
come unto him ; but took the poor man's ewe lamb, and 

5 dressed 4 it for the man that was come to him. And David's 
wrath glowed greatly against the man; and he said to 
Nathan, As the Eternal liveth, the man that hath done 

6 this thing shall surely die : 5 And for the ewe-lamb he shall 
pay four-fold, because 6 he did this thing, and because he 

7 had no pity. And Nathan said to David, Thou art the 
man. Thus saith the Eternal God of Israel, I anointed 
thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand 

8 of Saul ; And I gave thee thy lord's house, and thy lord's 
wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel 
and of Judah ; and if that had been too little, I would, 
moreover, have given unto thee such and such things. 

9 Wherefore hast thou despised the word of the Eternal, to 
do evil in his eyes ? Uriah the Hittite thou hast smitten 
with the sword, and his wife thou hast taken to be thy wife, 
and him thou hast slain with the sword of the children of 

10 Ammon. Now therefore, the sword shall never depart 
from thy house ; because thou hast despised me, and hast 

11 taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife. Thus 

saith the Eternal, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee 

out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before 

thine eyes, and give them unto thy fellow, and he shall lie 

1 gathered. 2 pitied. 3 make. 4 made. 5 is a sou of death. 6 heel, conse- 
quence. 

174 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XII. 

12 with thy wives in the sight 1 of this sun. For thou didst it 
secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and 

13 before the sun. And David said unto Nathan, I have 
sinned against the Eternal. And Nathan said unto David, 
The Eternal also hath put away 2 thy sin ; thou shalt not 

14 die. Howbeit, because thou hast greatly provoked the 
enemies of the Eternal by this thing, the child also that is 

15 born unto thee shall surely die. And Nathan went unto 
his house. And the Eternal plagued the child that Uriah's 

16 wife bare unto David, and it was very sick. David there- 
fore besought God for the child ; and David kept 3 a fast, 

17 and stayed all night, and lay upon the earth. And the 
elders of his house arose, and went to him, to raise him up 
from the earth : but he would not, neither did he recruit 

18 himself with them. And it came to pass on the seventh 
day that the child died. And the servants of David feared 
to tell him that the child was dead : for they said, Behold, 
while the child was yet alive we spake unto him, and he 
would not hearken unto our voice ; how shall we tell him 

19 that the child is dead? he may do hurt 4 to himself. But 
when David saw that his servants whispered, David per- 
ceived that the child was dead : therefore David said unto 
his servants, Is the child dead ? And they said, He is dead. 

20 Then David arose from the earth, and laved, and ointed 
himself, and changed his apparel, 5 and came into the house 
of the Eternal, and prostrated himself: then he came to 
his own house ; and when he asked, they put bread before 

21 him, and he did eat. Then said his servants unto him, 
What thing is this that thou hast done ? for the child while 
alive thou didst fast and weep ; but when the child was 

22 dead, thou didst rise and eat bread. And he said, While 
the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept : for I said, Who 
can know whether God will be gracious to me, that the 

23 child may live ? But now he is dead, wherefore should I 
fast ? can I restore him again ? I shall go to him, but he 

24 shall not return to me. And David comforted Bath-sheba 
his wife, and came unto her, and lay with her : and she 
bare a son, and he called his name Solomon ; and the 

25 Eternal loved him. And he sent by the hand of Nathan 
the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah, because of 

26 the Eternal. And Joab fought against Rabbah of the 

1 eyes. 2 caused to pass. 3 fasted. 4 evil. 5 outer garments. 
175 



II SAMUEL, Chap. XII. XIII. 

children of Amnion, and conquered the city of royalty. 

27 And Joab sent messengers to David, and said, I have 
fought against Rabbah, and have taken the city of waters. 

28 Now therefore gather the rest of the people together, and 
encamp against the city, and conquer it : lest I take the 

29 city, and it be called after my name. And David gathered 
all the people together, and went to Habbah, and fought 

30 against it, and conquered it. And he took their king's crown 
from off his head, the weight whereof was a kikar of gold 
with the precious stones, and it was set on David's head : and 
the spoil 1 of the city he brought forth in great abundance. 

31 And the people that were therein he brought forth, and 
put them under saws, and under harrows || of iron, and 
under axes of iron, and made them pass through the brick- 
kiln : and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of 
Ammon. So David and all the people returned unto 



Jerusalem. 



Chap. XIII. 



1 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom, the son of 
David, had a beautiful sister, whose name was Tamar ; 

2 and Amnon the son of David loved her. And Amnon 
was so distressed, that he fell sick for his sister Tamar ; for 
she was a virgin : and Amnon thought it hard for him to 

3 do any thing to her. But Amnon had a friend, 8 whose 
name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, David's brother: 

4 and Jonadab was a very wise man. And he said unto 
him, Why art thou, being the king's son, lean from day to 
day ? 3 wilt thou not tell me ? And Amnon said unto him, 

5 I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister. And Jonadab 
said unto him, Lay thee down on thy bed, and feign to be 
sick : and when thy father cometh to see thee, say unto 
him, Pray, let my sister Tamar come and refresh me with 
food, 4 and make the refreshment in my sight, 5 that I may 

6 see it, and eat it at her hand. So Amnon lay down, and 
feigned to be sick : and when the king was come to see 
him, Amnon said unto the king, Pray, let Tamar my sister 
come, and make|| me two cakes in my sight, 5 that I may 

7 refresh myself at her hand. Then David sent home 6 to 
Tamar, saying, Pray, go to thy brother Amnon's house, 

1 plunder. 2 fellow. 3 in the morning in the morning. 4 bread. 5 eyes. 
6 to the house. 
176 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XIII. 

8 and make him the refreshment. So Tamar went to her 
brother Amnon's house ; and he was laid down. And she 
took the dough, and kneaded it, and made pancakes || in his 

9 sight, and did dress the pancakes. And she took the 
pan, and poured them out before him ; but he refused to 
eat And Amnon said, Let all men go out from me : and 

10 they went out every man from him. And Amnon said 
unto Tamar, Bring the refreshment into the chamber, that 
I may refresh myself at thy hand. And Tamar took the 
pancakes|| which she had made, and brought them into the 

11 chamber to Amnon her brother. And when she had 
reached them unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and 

12 said unto her, Come, lie with me, my sister. And she 
answered him, Nay, my brother, do not afflict me ; for no 
such thing ought to be done in Israel : do not thou this 

13 base deed. And I, whither shall I cause my disgrace to 
go ? and as for thee, thou shalt be as one of the base in 
Israel. Now therefore, pray, speak unto the king ; for he 

14 will not withhold 1 me from thee. Howbeit, he would not 
hearken unto her voice \ but, being stronger than she, 

15 afflicted her, and lay with her. Then Amnon hated her 
exceedingly ; 2 so that the hatred wherewith he hated her 
was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her: and 

16 Amnon said unto her, Arise, go. And she said unto him, 
On account of this evil greater than the other which thou 
didst unto me to send me away. . . . But he would not 

17 hearken unto her. But called his lad, his minister, and 
said, Send now this woman out from me, and bolt the door 

18 after her. And she had a long, sleeved garment upon her: 
for such mantles the king's daughters that were virgins put 
on. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the 

19 door after her. And Tamar put 3 ashes on her head, and 
the long, sleeved garment that was on her she rent, and 

20 put her hand on her head, and went on crying. And 
Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath Amnon 
thy brother been with thee ? and now, my sister, be 
silent : he is thy brother ; take 4 not this thing to heart. 
So Tamar abode, although desolate, in her brother 

21 Absalom's house. But when the king David heard of 



1 refrain. 2 a great hatred. 3 took. 4 set. 

177 n 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XIII. 

22 all these things he was very wroth. 1 And Absalom spake 
unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad : for Absa- 
lom hated Amnon, because he had afflicted his sister 

23 Tamar. And it came to pass after two full 2 years, that 
Absalom had sheep-shearers in JBaal-hazor, which is beside 

24 Ephraim : and Absalom invited 3 all the king's sons. And 
Absalom came to the king, and said, Behold now, thy ser- 
vant hath sheep-shearers ; pray, let the king and his ser- 

25 vants go with thy servant. And the king said to Absalom, 
Nay, my son, let us not all now go, lest we be chargeable 4 
unto thee. And he pressed him : howbeit he would not 

26 go, but blessed him. Then said Absalom, If not, pray, let 
my brother Amnon go with us. And the king said unto 

27 him, Why should he go with thee ? But Absalom pressed 
him, that he let Amnon and all the king's sons go with 

28 him. Now Absalom had commanded his lads, saying, 
Mark 5 ye now when Amnon's heart is merry 6 with wine, 
and I say unto you, Smite Amnon, then put him to death, 
fear not : have not I commanded you ? be courageous, 7 

29 and be valiant 8 And the lads of Absalom did unto Amnon 
as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king's sons 

30 arose, and every man rode upon his mule and fled.9 And 
it came to pass, while they were on the way, that the 
tidings came to David, saying, Absalom hath smitten all 

31 the king's sons, and there is not one of them left. Then 
the king arose, and rent his garments, and lay on the 
earth ; and all his servants stood 10 by with their garments 

32 rent. And Jonadab the son of Shimeah, David's brother, 
answered and said, Let not my lord say that they have 
put to death all the lads the king's sons ; for Amnon only 
is dead : for by the appointment 11 of Absalom this hath 
been determined from the day that he afflicted his sister 

33 Tamar. Now therefore let not my lord the king take 12 the 
thing to his heart, saying that all the king's sons are dead ; 

34 for Amnon only is dead. But Absalom fled. And the 
lad, the watcher, lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, 
much people going by the way behind him, from the side 

35 of the mountain. And Jonadab said unto the king, Be- 
hold, the king's sons come : as thy servant said, so it is. 

36 And it came to pass, when he had finished speaking, that, 

1 glowed exceedingly. s days. 3 called. 4 heavy. 5 see. 6 good. 1 strong. 
8 sons of force. 9 ran away. 10 were placed, " mouth. 12 set. 

178 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XIII. XIV. 

behold, the king's sons came, and lifted up their voice, and 
wept : and the king also and all his servants wept very 

37 sore. 1 But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of 
Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his 

38 son all the days. When Absalom had fled, and gone to 

39 Geshur, and been there three years, Then the soul of the 
king David longed 2 to go forth unto Absalom : for he was 
comforted concerning Amnon, seeing he was dead. 



Chap. XIV. 



1 Now Joab the son of Zeruiah knew that the king's heart 

2 was towards Absalom. And Joab sent to Tekoah, and 
fetched 3 thence a wise woman, and said unto her, Pray, 
feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on now garments 
of mourning, and oint not thyself with oil, but be as a 

3 woman that had a long time 4 mourned for the dead ; And 
come to the king, and speak unto him in these words. So 

4 Joab put the words in her mouth. And when the woman 
of Tekoah spake 5 to the king, she fell on her face 6 to the 

5 earth, and prostrated herself, and said, Save, O king. And 
the king said unto her, What aileth thee? And she 
answered, I am indeed a widow woman, and my husband 

6 is dead. And thy handmaid had two sons, and they two 
strove together in the field, and there was none to part 7 
them, but the one smote the other, and put him to death. 

7 And, behold, the whole family is risen against thy hand- 
maid, and they said, Give up the smiter of his brother, 
that we may put him to death, for the life 8 of his brother 
whom he slew ; and we will exterminate the heir also : 
and so they shall quench my burning coal which remained, 
and shall not leave 9 to my husband neither name nor re- 

8 mainder upon the earth. And the king said unto the 
woman, Go to thy house, and I will command concerning 

9 thee. And the woman of Tekoah said unto the king, My 

1 very great weeping. * finished, consumed. 3 took. 4 many days. 3 said. 
6 nose. 7 deliver. 8 soul. 9 put. 

179 n 2 - 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XIV. 

lord, king, the iniquity be on me, and on my father's 

10 house; and the king and his throne 1 be guiltless. And 
the king said, Whosoever speaketh unto thee, bring him to 

11 me, and he shall not touch thee any more. 2 Then said 
she, Pray, let the king remember the Eternal thy God, 
that thou wouldest not suffer the avengers 3 of blood to 
destroy any more, 4 lest they exterminate my son. And he 
said, As the Eternal liveth, if any of the hair of thy son 

12 fall to the earth Then the woman said, Let thy 

handmaid, pray, speak a word unto my lord the king. 

13 And he said, Speak. And the woman said, Wherefore 
then hast thou thought like that against the people of 
God ? for the king, by speaking this thing, is like one who 
is guilty, in that the king doth not restore his banished. 

14 For we must needs die, and are as water spilt on the earth, 
which cannot be gathered up again : neither doth God 
respect any person : 5 let him therefore devise means 6 that 

15 his banished be not thrust away from him. And now what I 
am come for to speak of this thing unto my lord the king, 
is that the people may be afraid of me : and thy hand- 
maid said, I will now speak unto the king ; it may be that 

16 the king will do the word of his handmaid. For the king 
will hear, to deliver his handmaid out of the hand 7 of the 
man that would exterminate me and my son together out 

17 of the inheritance of God. And thy handmaid said, May 
the word of my lord the king be a comfort : 8 for as an angel 1 * 
of God, so is my lord the king, to discern 9 the good and the 

18 bad; and may the Eternal thy God be with thee. Then 
the king answered and said unto the woman, Withhold not 
from me, pray, a thing that I shall ask thee. And the 

19 woman said, Pray, let my lord the king speak. And the 
king said, Is not the hand of Joab with thee in all this ? 
And the woman answered and said, By thy life, 10 my lord 
the king, if one can turn to the right or to the left from 
ought that my lord the king hath spoken : for thy servant 
Joab, he commanded me, and he put all these words in 

20 the mouth of thy handmaid : To bring about the face of 
the thing hath thy servant Joab done this thing : and my 
lord is wise, according to the wisdom of an angel 11 of God, 

21 to know all things that are in the earth. And the king 
said unto Joab, Behold now, I have done this thing: go 

1 chair. 2 continue. 3 redeemer. 4 increase. 6 bear a soul. 6 think thoughts. 
7 hollow. 8 repose. 9 hear. 10 soul. u messenger. 
180 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XIV. 

22 therefore, bring 1 the young man 2 Absalom again. And 
Joab fell on his face to the earth, and prostrated himself, 
and blessed the king : and Joab said, To-day thy servant 
knoweth that I have found favour in thine eyes, my lord, O 
king, in that the king hath fulfilled the request 3 of his ser- 

23 vant. So Joab arose, and went to Geshur, and brought 

24 Absalom to Jerusalem. And the king said, Let him turn 4 
to his own house, and let him not see my face. So Absa- 
lom returned 5 to his own house, and saw not the king's 

25 face. And like Absalom there was no man in Israel so 
beautiful, greatly to be praised : from the sole 6 of his foot 
even to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him. 

26 And when he polled his head, for it was at every year's 
end 7 that he polled it ; because the hair was heavy on him, 
therefore he polled it, he weighed the hair of his head at 

27 two hundred shekels, after the king's weight. 8 And unto 
Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, 
whose name was Tamar : she was a woman of a beautiful 

28 appearance. So Absalom abode two full 9 years in Jerusa- 

29 lem, and saw not the king's face. Therefore Absalom sent 
for Joab, to have sent him to the king ; but he would not 
come to him : and when he sent again the second time, he 

30 would not come. Therefore he said unto his servants, See, 
a portion of Joab's field is near mine, 10 and he hath barley 
there ; go and set it on fire. And Absalom's servants set 

31 the portion on fire. Then Joab arose, and came to Absalom 
unto his house, and said unto him, Wherefore have thy ser- 

32 vants set the portion of the field which is mine on fire ? And 
Absalom said to Joab, Behold, I sent unto thee, saying, 
Come hither, that I may send thee to the king, to say, 
Wherefore am I come from Geshur ? it had been good for me 
to have been there still : now therefore let me see the king's 

33 face ; and if there be any iniquity in me, let him put me 
to death. So Joab came to the king, and told him : and 
when he had called for Absalom, he came to the king, and 
prostrated himself on his face 11 to the earth before the 
king : and the king kissed Absalom. 

1 restore. a lad. 3 hath done the word. 4 compass. * compassed. 6 hollow. 
7 extremity. 8 stone. 9 days. 10 to my hand. " nostrils. 
181 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XV. 



Chap. XV. 

1 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared 1 him 
chariots, 2 and horses, and fifty men to run before him. 

2 And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside 3 the way of 
the gate : and it was so, that when any man that had a 
quarrel came to the king for judgment, then Absalom 
called unto him, and said, Of what city art thou ? And he 

3 said, Thy servant is of one of the tribes of Israel. And 
Absalom said unto him, See, thy words are good and 
straight ; but none heareth thee on the part of the king. 

4 Absalom said moreover, Oh that I were made judge 4 in 
the land, that every man who hath any quarrel or cause 5 

5 might come unto me, and I would do him justice. And it 
was so, that when any man approached to prostrate himself 
before him, he put forth 6 his hand and laid hold on him, 

6 and kissed him. And Absalom on this manner 7 did to all 
Israel that came to the king for judgment. So Absalom 

7 stole the hearts of the men of Israel. And it came to pass 
after 8 forty years, that Absalom said unto the king, Pray, 
let me go and pay my vow which I have vowed unto the 

8 Eternal in Hebron. For thy servant vowed a vow while 
I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, If the Eternal shall 
restore me indeed to Jerusalem, then I will serve the 

9 Eternal. And the king said unto him, Go in peace. So 

10 he arose, and went to Hebron. But Absalom sent spies 
throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye 
hear the sound 9 of the cornet, then ye shall say, Absalom 

11 reigneth in Hebron. And with Absalom went two hun- 
dred men out of Jerusalem, that were called; and they 
went in their simplicity, and they knew not any thing. 

12 And Absalom sent Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's coun- 
sellor, from his' city, even from Giloh, while he offered 10 the 
sacrifices. And the conspiracy was powerful ; for the peo- 

13 pie went on increasing with Absalom. And there came a 
messenger 11 to David, saying, The hearts of the men of 

14 Israel are after Absalom. And David said unto all his ser- 
vants that were with him at Jerusalem, Arise, and let us 
flee ; for there will not else be a deliverance from Absalom . 

1 made. 2 vehicle. 3 on the hand. 4 who will put me judge. s judgment. 
6 sent. 7 word. 8 at the extremity of. 9 voice. 10 sacrificed. " the teller. 
182 



IL SAMUEL, Chap. XV. 

hasten to depart, lest he hasten to overtake us, and thrust 
the evil upon us, and smite the city with the edge 1 of the 

15 sword. And the king's servants said unto the king, To 
whatever our lord the king chooseth, behold thy servants 

16 ready. And the king went forth, and all his household 
after him : 2 and the king left 3 ten women, concubines, to 

17 keep the house. And the king went forth, and all the 
people after him, 2 and tarried 4 in a house at the distance. 

18 And all his servants passed on beside him; 5 and all the 
Cherethites, and all the Pelethites ; and all the Gittites, six 
hundred men who came after him 6 from Gath, passed on 

19 before the king. Then said the king to Ittai the Gittite, 
Wherefore goest thou also with us ? return, and abide 
with the king; for thou art an alien, and mayest also 

20 wander to thy place. Yesterday thou earnest, should 
I this day move thee to go with us ? Seeing I go whither 
I may, return thou, and take back 7 thy brethren ; mercy 

21 and truth be with thee. And Ittai answered the king, and 
said, As the Eternal liveth, and by the life of my lord the 
king, only in what place my lord the king shall be, whether 

22 in death or life, even there also will thy servant be. And 
David said to Ittai, Go, and pass over. And Ittai the 
Gittite passed over, and all his men, and all the little ones 

23 that were with him. And all the country wept with a loud 3 
voice, and all the people passed over : the king also him- 
self passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people 

24 passed over towards the way of the desert. And, lo, 
Zadok also, and all the Levites were with him, bearing the 
ark 9 of the covenant of God : and they set down 10 the ark 9 
of God ; and Abiathar went up, until all the people had 

25 done 11 passing out of the city. And the king said unto 
Zadok, Carry back 7 the ark 9 of God into the city : if I 
shall find favour in the eyes of the Eternal, he will restore 

26 me, and shew me both it and his abode. But if he thus 
say, I have no delight in tjiee ; behold, here am I, let him 

27 do to me as seemeth good in his eyes. The king said also 
unto Zadok the priest, Dost thou see it Jit ? return into 
the city in peace, and Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan the 

28 son of Abiathar, your two sons with you. See, I will tarry 
in the passages of the desert, until there come word from 

1 mouth. s at his feet. 3 forsook. * stood. 5 on his hand. 6 at his foot. 
7 restore. 6 great. 9 case. 10 poured. u complete. 
183 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XV. XVI. 

29 you to tell me. Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried 1 

30 the ark 2 of God to Jerusalem ; and they abode there. And 
David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as 
he went up, and had his head covered ; and he went bare- 
foot : and all the people that was with him covered every 
man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went 

31 up. And one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among 
the conspirators with Absalom. And David said, O 
Eternal, pray, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolish- 

32 ness. And it came to pass, that when David was come to 
the top 3 of the mount, where he used to prostrate himself 
to God, behold, Hushai the Archite came towards him, 
with his inner garment rent, and earth 4 upon his head: 

33 And David said unto him, If thou passest on with me, 

34 then thou shalt be a burden unto me : But if thou return 
to the city, and say unto Absalom, Such was I from before till 
now, thy father's servant, O king, so will I now also be thy 
servant : then mayest thou for me make void the counsel of 

35 Ahithophel. And hast thou not there with thee Zadok 
and Abiathar the priests ? therefore it shall be, that what 
thing soever thou shalt hear out of the king's house, thou 

36 shalt tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests. Behold, 
they have there with them their two sons, Ahimaaz, Zadok's 
son, and Jonathan, Abiathar's son ; and through their hand 

37 ye shall send unto me every thing that ye may hear. So 
Hushai, David's friend, came into the city, and Absalom 

38 came into Jerusalem. 

Chap. XVI. 

1 And when David was a little past the top 3 of the hill, be- 
hold, Ziba the servant 5 of Mephibosheth came towards him, 
with a team of asses saddled, and upon them two hundred 
loaves of bread, and a hundred cakes of dried raisins, 
and an hundred of summer fruits, and a jar of wine. 

2 And the king said unto Ziba, What meanest thou by 
these ? And Ziba said, The asses are for the king's house- 
hold to ride on ; and the bread and summer fruit for the 
lads to eat; and the wine, that such as be faint in the 

3 desert may drink. And the king said, And where is 
thy master's son ? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, 
he abideth at Jerusalem: for he said, To-day shall the 

1 restored. 2 case. 3 head. 4 ground. b lad. 
184 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XVI. 

house of Israel restore me the kingdom of my father. 

4 Then said the king to Ziba, Behold, thine are all that 
pertained unto Mephibosheth. And Ziba said, I prostrate 
myself; may I find favour in thine eyes, my lord, O king. 

5 Andwhen king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came 
out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name 
zoas Shimei, the son of Gera : he came forth, and execrated 

6 still as he came. And he cast 1 stones at David, and at all 
the servants of the king David : and all the people, and all 

7 the heroes were on his right and on his left. And thus said 
Shimei when he execrated, Come out, come out, thou 

8 man of blood, and thou man of perdition : The Eternal 
hath returned 2 upon thee all the blood of the house of Saul, 
in whose stead thou hast reigned ; and the Eternal hath 
given the kingdom into the hand of Absalom thy son : 
and, behold thee in thine evil, because thou art a man of 

9 blood. Then said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the 
king, Why should this dead dog execrate my lord the 

10 king, let me go over, pray, and take off 3 his head. And 
the king said, What have I to do with you, 4 ye sons of 
Zeruiah ? So let him execrate, and if the Eternal hath 
said unto him, Execrate David, who shall then say, Why 

1 1 hast thou done so ? And David said to Abishai, and to 
all his servants, Behold, my son, who came forth of my 
bowels, seeketh my life : how much more now may this 
Benjamite do it ? Let him alone, and let him execrate : 

12 for the Eternal hath bidden 5 him. Perhaps the Eternal 
will see my misery, and the Eternal will requite 6 me good 

13 for his execration this day. And David and his men went 
by the way, Shimei went along on the mountain's side 7 
over against him, and execrated as he went, and threw 1 

14 stones at him, and cast 8 dust. And the king, and all the 
people that were with him, came faint, and refreshed them- 

15 selves there. And Absalom, and all the people, the men 
of Israel, came to Jerusalem, and Ahithophel with him. 

16 And it came to pass, when Hushai the Archite, David's 
friend, was come unto Absalom, that Hushai said unto 

17 Absalom, May the king live, may the king live. And 
Absalom said to Hushai, Is this thy kindness 9 to thy friend? 

18 why wentest thou not with thy friend ? And Hushai said 

1 stoned. 2 restored. 3 remove. 4 what to me and to you. 5 said. 6 restore. 
7 rib. 8 dusted. ° mercy. 
185 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XVI. XVII. 

unto Absalom, Nay; but whom the Eternal, and this 
people, and all the men of Israel, choose, his will I be, and 

19 with him will I abide. And again, 1 whom will I serve? 
is it not before his son ? As I have served before thy 

20 father, so will I be before thee. Then said Absalom to 

21 Ahithophel, Get you counsel what we shall do. And 
Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Come unto thy father's 
concubines, whom he hath left 2 to keep the house ; and all 
Israel shall hear that thou art abhorred of thy father ; then 

22 shall the hands of all that are with thee be strong. So 
they spread 3 Absalom the tent upon the roof; and Absalom 
came unto his father's concubines before the eyes of all Israel. 

23 And the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counselled in 
those days, was as if a man asked at the oracle 4 of God : 
so was all the counsel of Ahithophel, both with David and 
with Absalom. 



Chap. XVIL 

1 Moreover, Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now 
choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and 

2 pursue after David this night: And I will come upon 
him while he is weary and weak-handed, and frighten him : 
and all the people that are with him shall run away ; and 

3 I will smite the king only. And I will bring back 5 all the 
people unto thee when all return except the man whom 

4 thou seekest, so all the people will be in peace. And the 
thing pleased 6 in the eyes of Absalom, and all the elders 

5 of Israel. Then said Absalom, Call now Hushai the 
Archite also, and let us hear likewise what he saith. 7 

6 And when Hushai was come to Absalom, Absalom spake 
unto him, saying, Ahithophel hath spoken after this 
manner : 8 shall we do after his word ? if not, speak thou. 

7 And Hushai said unto Absalom, The counsel that Ahi- 

8 thophel hath given 9 is not good at this time. And Hushai 
said, Thou knowest thy father and his men, that they are 
heroes, and they are chafed in their minds, 10 as a bear robbed 
of her young in the field : and thy father is a man of war, 

1 the second. 2 placed. 3 inclined. 4 word. s restore. 6 was straight. T in 
his mouth. 8 word. 9 counselled. I0 bitter of soul. 
186 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XV1L 

9 and will not lodge with the people. Behold, he is hid 
now in one of the cavities, or in some one of the places : 
and it will come to pass, when some of them fall at the 
first, that whosoever heareth 1 it will say, There was a 

10 slaughter 2 among the people that follow 3 Absalom. And 
he also that is valiant, 4 whose heart is as the heart of a lion, 
shall utterly melt : for all Israel knoweth that thy father is 
a hero, and they who are with him are valiant men. 5 

11 Therefore I should counsel that all Israel be generally 
gathered unto thee, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, as the 
sand that is by the sea for multitude, and that thou go 

12 to the combat in thine own person. 6 So shall we come 
upon him in one of the places where he shall be found, and 
we will light 7 upon him as the dew falleth on the ground : 
and of him and of all the men that are with him, there 

13 shall not be left so much as one. Moreover, if he be 
gotten 8 into a city, then shall all Israel brings cords to that 
city, and we will drag it into the brook, until there be not 

14 one small stone found there. And Absalom and all the 
men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the Archite is 
better than the counsel of Ahithophel. For the Eternal 
had appointed 10 to make void the good counsel of Ahitho- 
phel, to the intent that the Eternal might bring evil upon 

15 Absalom. Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar 
the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom 
and the elders of Israel ; and thus and thus have I coun- 

16 selled. Now therefore send quickly, and tell David, 
saying, Lodge not this night in the plains of the desert, 
nay, speedily pass over ; lest the king be swallowed up, 

17 and all the people that are with him. Now Jonathan and 
Ahimaaz stayed 11 by En-rogel, and the handmaid was wont 
to go and tell, as they might not be seen by coming into 

18 the city; and they went and told the king David. Never- 
theless a lad saw them, and told Absalom : but they went 
both of them away quickly, and came to a man's house in 
Bahurim, who had a well in his in closure, whither they went 

19 down. And the woman took and spread the screen over the 
well's mouth, 12 and spread abroad ground corn thereon; and 

20 the thing was not known. And when Absalom's servants 

1 the hearer that heareth. s pestilence. 3 is after. 4 a son of force. 5 sons 
of force. 6 thy face. 7 encamp. 8 gathered. ° cause to carry. i0 commanded. 
11 stood. n face. 
187 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XVII. XVIII. 

came to the woman to the house, they said, Where is 
Ahimaaz and Jonathan ? And the woman said unto them, 
They are gone over the reservoir|| of water. And when 
they had sought and could not find them, they returned to 

21 Jerusalem. And it came to pass, after they were departed, 
that they came up out of the well, and went and told king 
David, and said unto David, Arise, and pass quickly over 
the water : for thus hath Ahithophel counselled against you. 

22 Then David arose, and all the people that were with him, 
and they passed over the Jordan : by the morning light 
there lacked not one of them that was not gone over the 

23 Jordan. And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not 
followed, 1 he saddled his ass, and arose, and went to his house, 
to his city, and put his household in order, 2 and strangled 
himself, and died, and was buried in the burying-place of 

24 his father. Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom 
passed over the Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with 

25 him, And appointed 3 Amasa over the host instead of Joab : 
and Amasa was a man's son whose name was Ithra, the 
Israelite, that came to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister 

26 to Zeruiah, Joab's mother. So Israel and Absalom en- 

27 camped in the land of Gilead. And it came to pass, when 
David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of 
Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir 
the son of Ammiel of Lo-debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite 

28 of Rogelim, Brought 4 couches, and basons, and potter's 
vessels, and wheat, and barley, and meal, and parched 

29 corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse, And 
honey, and clotted cream, and flocks, and cheese of the 
herd, for David, and for the people that were with him, to 
eat : for they said, The people is hungry, and weary, and 
thirsty in the desert. 

Chap. XVIII. 

1 And David mustered the people that were with him, and 
set 5 officers of thousands and officers of hundreds over 

2 them. And David sent forth the people, the third part 
under the hand of Joab, and the third part under the 
hand of Abishai the son of Zeruiah Joab's brother, and the 
third part under the hand oflttaithe Gittite. And the king 

1 done. 2 commanded concerning his house. 3 made Absalom over. 
4 reached. 5 put. 
188 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XVIII. 

said unto the people, I will surely go forth with you myself 

3 also. But the people answered, Thou shalt not go forth : 
for if we run away, they will not care 1 for us ; neither if 
half of us die will they care 1 for us r 1 but now thou art 
worth 2 ten thousand of us : therefore now it is better that 

4 thou help us out of the city. And the king said unto them, 
What seemeth you best I will do. And the king stood by 
the gate side, 3 and all the people came out by hundreds 

5 and by thousands. And the king commanded Joab and 
Abishai and Ittai, sayin, Deal gently for my sake with the 
young man, 4 even with Absalom. And all the people heard 
when the king commanded all the officers concerning 

6 Absalom. So the people went out into the field against 
Israel : and the battle was in the forest of Ephraim ; 

7 Where the people of Israel were beaten before the servants 
of David ; and there was there a great slaughter 5 that day 

8 of twenty thousand men. For the battle 6 was there scat- 
tered over the face of all the country: and the forest 
devoured 7 more people that day than the sword devoured. 7 

9 And Absalom met 8 the servants of David. And Absalom 
rode upon the mule, and the mule went under the entan- 
gled boughs of a great terebinth, and his head caught hold 
of the terebinth, and he was taken up 9 between the 
heaven and the earth ; and the mule that was under him 

10 passed away. And a certain 10 man saw it, and told Joab, 
and said, Behold, I saw Absalom hanged in the terebinth. 

11 And Joab said unto the man that told him, And, behold, 
thou sawest him; and why didst thou not smite him there 
to the earth ? and I would have given thee 11 ten shekels of 

12 silver and a girdle. And the man said unto Joab, Though 
I should receive 12 a thousand shekels of silver in my hand, 13 
yet would I not put forth my hand against the king's son : 
for in our hearing 14 the king commanded thee and Abishai 
and Ittai, saying, Whoever it may be, let him beware of the 

13 young man, 4 of Absalom. Otherwise I should have wrought 
falsehood against mine own life : for there is no matter 15 
withheld from the king, and thou thyself wouldest have 

14 set 16 thyself against me, Then said Joab, I may not tarry 
thus with thee. And he took three darts 17 in his hand, 
and thrust 18 them through the heart of Absalom, while he 

1 put heart. 2 like as. 3 hand. 4 lad. 5 pestilence. 5 war. 7 ate. 6 hap- 
pened. 9 given. 10 one. n and upon me to give thee. 12 weigh. 13 hollow. 
14 ears. 15 word. 16 placed. 17 staves. 18 fixed. 
189 



IL SAMUEL, Chap. XVIII. 

15 was yet alive in the midst 1 of the terebinth. And ten young 
men 2 that bare Joab's armour 3 compassed about, and smote 

16 Absalom, and put him to death. And Joab blew 4 the 
cornet, and the people returned from pursuing after Israel: 

17 for Joab kept back the people. And they took Absalom, 
and cast him into the great cavity in the forest, and laid a 
very great heap of stones upon him : and all Israel ran 

18 away every one to his tent. Now Absalom in his life-time 
had taken and reared up 5 for himself a monument, which 
is in the king's valley : for he said, I have no son to keep 
my name in remembrance : and he called the monument 
after his own name : and it is called Absalom's Hand unto 

19 this day. And Ahimaaz the son of Zadok said, Pray, let 
me run and bear the king tidings, that the Eternal hath 

20 avenged 6 him of his enemies. And Joab said unto him, 
Thou shalt not bear tidings 7 this day, but thou shalt bear 
tidings another day; but this day thou shalt bear no 

21 tidings, since now the king's son is dead. Then said Joab 
to the Cushi, Go tell the king what thou hast seen. And 

22 Cushi prostrated himself unto Joab, and ran. Then said 
Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, yet again 8 to Joab, But, how- 
soever, 9 let me, pray, also run after the Cushi. And Joab 
said, Wherefore wilt thou run, my son, seeing that no 

23 tidings are found for you ? But, howsoever, 10 said he, let 
me run. And he said unto him, Run. Then Ahimaaz 

24 ran by the way of the plain, and passed the Cushi. And 
David sat between the two gates : and the watchman went 
up to the roof over the gate unto the rampart, and lifted 
up his eyes, and saw, and, behold, a man running alone. 

25 And the watchman called out, and told the king. And 
the king said, If he be alone, there are tidings in his mouth. 

26 And he went on approaching. And the watchman saw 
another man running, and the watchman called unto the 
porter, and said, Behold, another man running alone. And 

27 the king said, He also beareth tidings. And the watch- 
man said, Me thinketh 11 the running of the first is like the 
running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok. And the king 
said, He is a good man, and with good tidings he cometh. 

28 And Ahimaaz called, and said unto the king, All is well. 12 
And he prostrated himself to the earth upon his face 15 

1 heart. 2 lads. s vessels. 4 fixed. s placed. " judged. 7 thou art not a man 
of tidings. e continued. 9 and let it be what. 10 and let be what. n I see. 
12 peace. 1S nostrils. 
190 



IL SAMUEL, Chap. XVIIL XIX. 

before the king, and said, Blessed be the Eternal thy God, 
who hath delivered up the men that lifted up their hand 

29 against my lord the king. And the king said, Is the 
young man Absalom safe ? l And Ahimaaz answered, I 
saw a great tumult when Joab sent the king's servant, and 

30 me thy servant, but I knew not what it was. And the 
king said unto him, Turn aside, and place thyself here. 

31 And he turned aside, and stood still. And, behold, the 
Cushi came ; and the Cushi said, Tidings, 2 my lord the 
king : for the Eternal hath avenged 3 thee this day of all 

32 them that rose up against thee. And the king said unto 
the Cushi, Is the young man Absalom safe F 1 And the 
Cushi answered, As this young man 4 be the enemies of my 

33 lord the king, and all that rise against thee for evil. And 
the king was agitated, and went up to the upper chamber 
over the gate, and wept ; and as he went, thus he said, O 
my son Absalom ! my son, my son Absalom I would I had 
died 5 for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son ! 

Chap. XIX. 

1 And it was told Joab, Behold, the king weepeth and 

2 mourneth for Absalom. And the salvation that day was 
turned into mourning unto all the people : for the people 
heard say that day how the king was pained for his son. 

3 And the people gat them by stealth 6 that day into the 
city, as people being confounded steal away when they ran 

4 away in the war. But the king covered his face, and the 
king cried with a loud 7 voice, O my son Absalom! O 

5 Absalom, my son, my son! And Joab came into the 
house to the king, and said, Thou hast shamed this day 
the faces of all thy servants, who this day have freed thy 
life, 8 and the lives 9 of thy sons, and of thy daughters, and 
the lives 9 of thy wives, and the lives 9 of thy concubines ; 

6 In that thou lovest thy haters, and hatest thy friends: 10 for 
thou hast declared 11 this day, that thou hast neither officers 
nor servants : for this day I know, that if Absalom were 
alive, and all we dead this day, then it had pleased thee 

7 well. 12 Now, therefore, arise, go forth, and speak com- 
fortably unto 13 thy servants : for I swear by the Eternal, if 
thou go not forth, if there shall lodge a man with thee this 

1 is peace to the lad Absalom ? 2 may he bring tidings to himself. 3 judged. 
4 lad. s who will give my death for thee 1 6 stole themselves to come. 7 great. 
8 soul. 9 souls. 10 lovers. ll told. 12 were right in thy eyes. IS upon the heart of. 
191 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XIX. 

night; . . . and that will be worse unto thee than all the 

8 evil that come upon thee from thy youth until now. Then 
the king arose, and sat 1 in the gate. And they told unto 
all the people, saying, Behold, the king doth sit 2 in the 
gate. And all the people came before the king; and 

9 Israel ran away, every man to his tent. And all the people 
were contending throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, 
The king delivered us out of the hand 3 of our enemies, 
and he freed us out of the hand 3 of the Philistines; 
and now he is run away out of the land for Absalom. 

10 And Absalom, whom we anointed over us, is dead in the 
war. Now, wherefore speak ye not a word 4 of restoring 

11 the king? And king David sent to Zadok and to 
Abiathar the priests, saying, Speak unto the elders of 
Judah, saying, Why are ye the last to restore the king to 
his house ? seeing the word of all Israel is come to the 

12 king, even to his house. My brethren ye are, my bone ye 
are, and my flesh : wherefore then are ye the last to restore 

13 the king? And say ye to Amasa, Art thou not of my 
bone, and of my flesh ? God do so to me, and continue 
thus, if thou be not officer of the host before me all the 

14 days instead of Joab. And he inclined the heart of all the 
men of Judah, even as the heart of owe man; so that they 
sent this word unto the king, Return thou, and all thy 

15 servants. So the king returned, and came to the Jordan. 
And Judah came to the Gilgal, to go towards the king, to 

16 cause the king to pass over the Jordan. And Shimei the son of 
Gera, the son of the Benjamite, who was of Bahurim, hasted, 
and came down with the men of Judah towards the king 

17 David. And there were a thousand men of Benjamin with 
him, and Ziba the servant 5 of the house of Saul, and his 
fifteen sons, and his twenty servants with him ; and they 

18 went 6 over the Jordan before the king. And there went 
over a ferry-boat to carry over the king's household, and 
to do what was good in his eyes. And Shimei the son of 
Gera fell down before the king, as he passed over the 

19 Jordan; And said unto the king, Let not my lord impute 7 
iniquity unto me, neither do thou remember that which 
thy servant did perversely the day that my lord the king 
went out of Jerusalem, that the king should take 8 it to his 

20 heart. For thy servant doth know that I have sinned: 

1 abode. 2 abideth. 3 hollow. 4 are you silent. s lad. 6 catne mightily. 
7 think. 8 put. 
192 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XIX. 

and behold, I am come the first this day of all the house 

21 of Joseph, to go down towards my lord the king. But 
Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not 
Shimei be put to death for this, because he execrated the 

22 anointed of the Eternal ? And David said, What is it 
unto me and you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this 
day be hinderers unto me ? Shall there any man be put 
to death this day in Israel ? for do not I know that I am 

23 this day king over Israel ? Therefore the king said unto 
Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto 

24 him. And Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down 
towards the king, and had neither dressed 1 his feet, nor 
trimmed 1 his chin, nor washed his garments, from the day 

25 the king went until the day he came again in peace. And 
it came to pass, when he was come to Jerusalem towards 
the king, that the king said unto him, Wherefore wentest 

26 not thou with me, Mephibosheth? And he answered, My 
lord, O king, my servant deceived me : for thy servant 
said, I will saddle me the ass, that I may ride thereon, and 

27 go to the king ; because thy servant is lame. And he hath 
slandered 2 thy servant unto my lord the king ; but my 
lord the king is as an angel 3 of God: do, therefore, what is 

28 good in thine eyes. For all of my father's house were but 
dead men 4 before my lord the king : yet didst thou set thy 
servant among them that did eat at thine own table. What 
right 5 have I yet and what have I to cry yet unto the 

29 king ? And the king said unto him, Why speakest thou 
any more of thy matters ? 6 I have said, Thou and Ziba 

30 divide the field. And Mephibosheth said unto the king, 
Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is 

31 come again in peace unto his own house. And Barzillai 
the Gileadite came down from Rogelim, and passed over 
the Jordan with the king, to conduct 7 him over the 

32 Jordan. Now Barzillai was very old, a man 8 of fourscore 
years: and he had supported the king with sustenance 
while he abode at Mahanaim; for he was a very great 

33 man. And the king said unto Barzillai, Pass thou over 
with me, and I will support thee with me in Jerusalem. 

34 And Barzillai said unto the king, How many are the days 
of the years of my life, that I should go up with the king 

35 unto Jerusalem ? I am this day fourscore years old ; 9 and 

1 made. 2 spied. 3 messenger. 4 men of death. 5 righteousness. 6 words. 
7 let go. 8 son. 9 a son of. 
193 o 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XIX. 

do I discern 1 between good and evil? doth thy servant 
taste what I eat or what I drink ? do I hear any more the 
voice of singing-men and singing-women ? wherefore then 
should thy servant be yet a burden unto my lord the king? 

36 Scarcely can thy servant pass over the Jordan with the 
king : and why should the king requite me with such a 

37 requital ! Let thy servant, pray, return, that I may die in 
mine own city, and be buried by the burying-place of my 
father and of my mother : but, behold, thy servant Ghim- 
ham, let him pass over with my lord the king ; and do to 

38 him what is good in thine eyes. And the king answered, 
Chimham shall pass over with me, and I will do to him 
what is good in thine eyes : and whatsoever thou shalt 

39 require 2 of me, that will I do for thee. And all the people 
passed over the Jordan, and also the king passed over. 
And the king kissed Barzillai, and blessed him ; and he 

40 returned unto his own place. Then the king passed on to 
the Gilgal, and Chimham passed on with him: and all 
the people of Judah conducted 3 the king, and also half the 

41 people of Israel. And, behold, all the men of Israel came 
to the king, and said unto the king, Why have our breth- 
ren, the men of Judah, stolen thee away, and have 
brought 3 the king and his house hold, and all David's men 

42 with him, over the Jordan ? And all the men of Judah 
answered the men of Israel, Because the king is near of 
kin to us : wherefore then be ye angry 4 for this thing ? 
have we eaten anything of the king's cost? or hath he 

43 given us any gift ? And the men of Israel answered the 
men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, 
and we have also more right in David than ye : why then 
did ye slight us, that our advice 5 should not be first had in 
restoring our king ? And the words of the men of Judah 
were fiercer 6 than the words of the men of Israel. 



know. 2 choose. 3 caused to pass. 4 does it glow to thee. 5 word. 6 harder. 
194 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XX. 

Chap. XX. 

1 And there happened to be there a man of perdition, whose 
name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite man ; and 
he blew 1 the cornet, and said, We have no portion in 
David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse : 

2 every man to his tents, O Israel. So every man of Israel 
went up from after David, and followed Sheba the son of 
Bichri : but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from 

3 the Jordan even to Jerusalem. And David came to his 
house at Jerusalem ; and the king took the ten women his 
concubines, whom he had left 2 to keep the house, and put 3 
them in ward 4 and supported them, but came not unto 
them : so they were shut up 5 unto the day of their death, — 

4 a widowhood for life. Then said the king to Amasa, 
Summon unto me the men of Judah within three days, 

5 and be 6 thou here present. So Amasa went to summon 
the men of Judah; but he tarried longer than the appointed 

6 time which he had appointed him. And David said to 
Abishai, Now shall Sheba the son of Bichri do us more 
harm than did Absalom: take thou thy lord's servants, 
and pursue after him, lest he get 7 him fortified cities, and 

7 escape us. 8 And there went out after him, Joab's men, 
and the Cherethi, and the Pelethi, and all the heroes : 
and they went out of Jerusalem, to pursue after Sheba the 

8 son of Bichri. When they were at the great stone which 
is in Gibeon, Amasa went before them. And Joab had 
girded on his robe, his attire, and upon it a girdle with a 
sword attached to his loins in the sheath thereof; and as 

9 he went forth it fell out. And Joab said to Amasa, Art 
thou in health, 9 my brother ? And Joab seized Amasa by 

10 the beard with the right hand to kiss him. But Amasa 
took no heed of the sword that was in Joab's hand : so he 
smote him therewith in the abdomen, and shed out his 
bowels to the earth, and struck him not again ; 10 and he 
died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after 

11 Sheba the son of Bichri. And one of Joab's men 11 stood 
by him, and said, He that favoureth 12 Joab, and he that 13 

12 is for David, let him go after Joab. And Amasa wallowed 14 
in the blood in the midst of the highway. And when the man 
saw that all the people stood still, he removed 15 Amasa out 

1 fixed. 2 placed. 3 gave. 4 house of ward. 5 bound up. 6 stand. 7 find. 
8 deliver our eyes. 9 Peace thou? 10 repeated not. n lads. 12 who liketh. 
13 who. 14 rolled himself. 15 led about. 
195 o2 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XX. 

of the highway into the field, and cast a garment upon 
him, when he saw that every one that came by him stood 

13 still. When he was taken off of the highway, all the peo- 
ple went on after Joab, to pursue after Sheba the son of 

14 Bichri. And he went through all the tribes of Israel unto 
Abel, and to Beth-maachah, and all the Berites ; and they 

15 were assembled, and went also after him. And they came 
and besieged him in Abel of Beth- maachah, and they cast 
up 1 a bank against the city, and it stood in the trench : 
and all the people that were with Joab battered 3 the ram- 

16 part, to throw it down. 3 Then cried a wise woman out of 
the city, Hear, hear ; pray, say unto Joab, Approach 

17 hither, that I may speak with thee. And when he 
had approached unto her, the woman said, Art thou 
Joab ? And he answered, I am he. Then she said unto 
him, Hear the words of thy maid-servant. And he answered, 

18 I do hear. Then she spake, saying, They were wont to 
speak in old times, 4 saying, They shall surely ask counsel 

1 9 at Abel : and so they ended 5 the matter. I am one of them 
that are peaceable and faithful in Israel : thou seekest to 
destroy 6 a city and a mother in Israel: why wilt thou 

20 swallow up the inheritance of the Eternal? And Joab 
answered and said, It were unworthy, unworthy of me, if I 

2 1 were to swallow up or destroy. 7 The thing is not so : but 
a man of mount Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by 
name, hath lifted up his hand against the king, even against 
David : deliver 8 him only, and I will depart 9 from the city. 
And the woman said unto Joab, Behold, his head shall be 

22 cast to thee over the rampart. Then the woman went unto 
all the people in her wisdom : and they cut off the head 
of Sheba the son of Bichri, and cast it out to Joab. And 
he blew 10 the cornet, and they dispersed from the city, 
every man to his tent. And Joab returned to Jerusalem 

23 unto the king. Now Joab was over all the host of Israel ; 
and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethi, 

24 and over the Pelethi ; And Adoram was over the tribute ; 

25 and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder ; And 
Sheva was scribe : and Zadok and Abiathar were priests : 

26 And Ira also, the Jairite, was priest unto David. 

1 shed. 2 corrupted. 3 cause it to fall. 4 at first. 5 completed. 6 put to 
death. 7 corrupt. 8 give. 9 go. ,0 fixed. 
196 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XXI. 



Chap. XXI. 



1 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, 
year after year ; and David inquired 1 of the Eternal. And 
the Eternal answered, It is for Saul, and for the house of 

2 blood, because he put to death the Gibeonites. And the 
king called the Gibeonites, and said unto them ; — now the 
Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but of the 
remnant 2 of the Amorite ; and the children of Israel had 
sworn unto them ; and Saul sought to smite them in his 

3 zeal to the children of Israel and Judah; — Wherefore 
David said unto the Gibeonites, What shall I do for you ? 
and wherewith shall I make expiation, that ye may bless 

4 the inheritance of the Eternal ? And the Gibeonites said 
unto him, We will have no silver nor gold of Saul, nor of 
his house ; neither any man in Israel to be put to death 
for us. And he said, What you shall say, that will I do for 

5 you. And they said to the king, The man that consumed us, 
and that conspired 3 against us — we were destroyed from 

6 remaining 4 in any of the boundaries of Israel, — Let seven 
men of his sons be given unto us, and we will hang 5 them 
up unto the Eternal in Gibeah of Saul, the chosen of the 

7 Eternal And the king said, I will give them. But the 
king pitied Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of 
Saul, because of the oath of the Eternal that was between 

8 them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul. And 
the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, 
whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth ; 
and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom 
she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meho- 

9 lathite ; And he gave them into the hands of the Gibeon- 
ites, and they hanged 6 them in the mountain before the 
Eternal : and they fell all seven together, and were put to 
death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the be- 

10 ginning of barley-harvest And Rizpah the daughter of 
Aiah took the sack, and spread 7 it for her upon the crag, 
from the beginning. of harvest until water poured down 
upon them out of heaven, and suffered 8 neither the bird of 

1 sought the face. 2 rest. 3 imagined. 4 placing ourselves. s dislocate. 
6 dislocated. 7 inclined. 8 gave. 

197 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XXI. 

the heaven to rest on them by day, nor the animal of the 

11 field by night. And it was told David what Rizpah the 

12 daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done. And 
David went and took the bones of Saul, and the bones of 
Jonathan his son, from the owners of Jabesh-gilead, who 
had stolen them from the street of Beth-shan, where the 
Philistines had hanged 1 them, on the day the Philistines had 

13 smitten Saul in the Gilboa : And he brought up from thence 
the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son ; and 

14 they gathered the bones of them that were hanged. 1 And 
they buried the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son in the 
land of Benjamin in Zelah, in the burying-place of Kish 
his father ; and they did all that the king commanded : 

15 and God was entreated for the land after that. And the 
Philistines had yet war again with Israel ; and David went 
down, and his servants with him, and fought against the 

16 Philistines : and David waxed faint, And Ishbi at Nob, 
who was of those born of Rafah, — the weight of his spear|| 
weighed three hundred shekels of copper in weight, — he 
being girded with a new sword, thought 2 to have smitten 

17 David: But Abishai the son of Zeruiah helped him, and 
smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of 
David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out 
with us to the war, that thou quench not the lamp of 

18 Israel, And it came to pass after this, that there was again 
the war with the Philistines at Gob : then Sibbechai the 
Hushathite smote Saph, who was of those born of Rafah. 

19 And there was again the war in Gob with the Philistines, 
where El-hanan the son of Jaare-oregim, a Beth-lehemite, 
smote Goliath the Gittite, the wood of whose spear was 

20 like a weaver's beam. And there was yet the war in Gath, 
where was a man of contention, that had on every hand 
six fingers, and on every foot six toes, 3 four and twenty in 

21 number; and he also was born to Rafah. And when he 
insulted Israel, Jonathan, the son of Shimeah, the brother 

22 of David, smote him. These four were born to Rafah in 
Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his 
servants. 



dislocated. 2 said. 3 and the fingers of his hands and the fingers of his feet. 

198 



IL SAMUEL, Chap. XXIL 

Chap. XXIL 

1 And David spake unto the Eternal the words of this song, 
in the day that the Eternal had delivered him out of the 
hand 1 of all his enemies, and out of the hand 1 of Saul : 

2 And he said, The Eternal is my rock, and my hold, 
and my rescuer ; 

3 The God of my rock; 2 in him will I trust: he is my 
shield, and the horn of my salvation, my fortress, and my 
refuge, my saviour : thou savest me from violence. 

4 Praised, I will call, is the Eternal, and I shall be saved 
from mine enemies. 

5 For the waves of death hemmed me in, the brooks of 
perdition affrighted me : 

6 The cords of the grave compassed me about ; the snares 
of death prevented 3 me. 

7 In my distress I called upon the Eternal, and called to my 
God ; and he did hear my voice out of his temple, and my 
cry for help did enter into his ears. 

8 Then the earth shook and quaked ; the foundations of 
the heaven moved and shook, because he glowed. 

9 There went up a smoke in his wrath, and fire out of his 
mouth devoured : 4 burning coals were consuming thereout. 

10 And he inclined the heavens and came down; and thick 
darkness was under his feet. 

11 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he ap- 
peared upon the wings of wind. 

12 And he made 5 darkness pavilions 6 round about him, mass 
of waters, out of thick clouds of the skies. 

13 From the brightness before him burning coals of fire 
were consuming. 

14 The Eternal thundered from heaven, and the Most High 
uttered 7 his voice. 

15 And he sent out arrows, and scattered them ; lightning, 
and confounded them. 

16 And the sources of the sea appeared, the foundations of 
the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the Eternal, 
at the breath of the wind of his nostrils. 8 

1 7 He sent from the height, he took me ; he drew9 me out 
of many waters ; 

18 He delivered me from my powerful enemy, and from 
my haters : for they were too strong 10 for me. 

1 hollow. 2 crag. 3 anticipated. 4 will eat. e set. 6 booths. 7 will give. 
8 nose. 9 pulled. 10 firm. 
199 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XXII. 

19 They prevented 1 me in the day of my calamity: but the 
Eternal was my stay. 

20 He brought me forth also into a large place ; he set me 
free, because he delighted in 2 me. 

21 The Eternal requited me according to my righteousness: 
according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recom- 
pensed 3 me. 

22 For I have kept the ways of the Eternal, and have not 
wickedly departed from my God. 

23 For all his judgments were before me : and as for his 
ordinances, I did not depart from them. 

24 I was also perfectly his, and have kept myself from mine 
iniquity. 

25 Therefore the Eternal hath recompensed 4 me according to 
my righteousness ; according to my cleanness in his eye- 
sight. 

26 With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, and 
with the upright man 5 thou wilt shew thyself upright. 6 

27 With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure ; and with the 
perverse thou wilt act intricately. 

28 And a poor people thou wilt save : and thou cast down thy 
eyes upon the lofty. 

29 For thou art my lamp, O Eternal; and the Eternal will 
lighten my darkness. 

30 For by thee I run through a troop : by my God I leap 
over a wall. 

3 1 As for God, his way is perfect ; the saying of the Eternal is 
refined : he is a shield to all them that trust in him. 

32 For who is God, save the Eternal ? and who is a rock, 7 save 
our God? 

33 God is my place of strength and force : and he maketh|| 
my way perfect. 

34 He maketh my feet equal to those of hinds ; and setteth 8 
me upon my high places. 

35 He teacheth my hands to war ; so that a bow of copper 
is broken 9 by my arms. 

36 Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation : and 
thy concession 10 hath made me great. 11 

37 Thou hast enlarged my paces under me; so that my 
ancles did not slip. 

1 anticipated. 2 liked. 3 restored unto me. 4 restored. 5 perfect hero. 6 per- 
fect. 7 crag. 8 causeth to stand. 9 dismayed. ,0 answering. " numerous. 
200 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XXII. XXIII. 

38 I have pursued my enemies, and exterminated them ; and 
turned not again until I had consumed them. 

39 And I have consumed them, and shattered them, that 
they could not arise : yea, they are fallen under my feet. 

40 For thou hast girded me with force to the war, thou 
hast laid low my opponents under me. 

41 Thou hast also turned to me the backs 1 of mine enemies, 
my haters, that I may annihilate them. 

42 They looked, 2 but there was no saviour; even unto the 
Eternal, but he answered them not. 

43 Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth, 
I did stamp them as the mire in the outside, and did spread 3 
them abroad. 

44 Thou also hast freed me from the quarrels of my people, 
thou hast kept me to be head of nations : a people which I 
knew not shall serve me. 

45 Sons of strangers shall dissemble unto me : at the mere 
report 4 they shall be obedient unto me. 

46 Sons of strangers shall fade away, and gird themselves 
coming forth from their close places. 

47 The Eternal liveth ; and blessed be my rock ; 5 and 
exalted be the God of the rock 5 of my salvation. 

48 It is God that giveth me vengeance, and that bringeth 
down the people under me, 

49 And that bringeth me forth from mine enemies: and 
above my opponents thou hast lifted me up on high : thou 
hast delivered me from the man of violence. 

50 Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O Eternal, among 
the nations, and I will hymn unto thy name. 

51 He is a tower of salvation for his king; and sheweth 6 
mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for ever. 

Chap. XXIIL 

1 Now these are the latter words of David. Declaration of 
David the son of Jesse, and declaration of the man 7 who 
was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, 

2 and the sweet psalmist 8 of Israel, The Spirit of the 
Eternal spake by me, and his discourse was in my tongue. 

3 The God of Israel said, the Rock 5 of Israel spake to me, 
A righteous ruler over men, a ruler in the fear of God : 

4 And as a light of morning, when the sun shineth, even a 

1 given me the nape of the neck. 2 regarded. 3 expanded. 4 to the hearing of 
the ear. 5 crag. 6 doeth. 7 grown up man. 8 pleasant one of hymns. 
201 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XXIII. 

morning without clouds ; when through clear, shining rain, 

5 through sprouts from the earth. . . That my house, be not 
thus with God ; for he hath made with me a covenant for 
ever, arranged in all things, and sure :* for this is all my 
salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow. 

6 But the sons of perdition are all of them as thorns thrust 

7 away, because they cannot be taken with hands. But the 
man that shall touch them must be fenced 2 with iron, and 
the staff 3 of a spear ; and they shall be utterly burned with 

8 fire in the abode. These are the names of the heroes 
whom David had : The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, 
head of the fighting men ; the same was Adino the 
Eznite ; on account of eight hundred slain 4 at one time. 

9 And after him was Eleazar, the son of Dodo the Ahohite, 
one of the three heroes with David, when they insulted the 
Philistines that were there gathered together to the war, 

10 and the men of Israel went up. He arose and smote the 
Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand elave 
unto the sword : and the Eternal wrought 5 a great salvation 
that day ; and the people returned after him only to spoil. 6 

11 And after him was Shammah, the son of Agee the moun- 
taineer: and the Philistines were gathered together into a 
troop,|| where was a portion of the field full of lentiles; 

12 and the people ran away from the Philistines: But he 
placed himself in the midst of the portion, and defended 7 
it, and smote the Philistines : and the Eternal wrought 5 a 

13 great salvation. And three of the thirty chief 8 went down, 
and came to David in the harvest unto the cave of Adullam : 
and the troop|| of the Philistines encamped in the valley 

14 of giants. And David was then in the hold, and the 

15 garrison 9 of the Philistines was then in Beth-lehem. And 
David lusted, and said, Oh that one 10 would give me drink 
of the water of the well of Beth-lehem, which is by the 

16 gate I And the three heroes brake 11 through the camp of 
the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Beth- 
lehem, that was by the gate, and carried it, and brought it 
to David : nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but 

17 poured it out unto the Eternal; And he said, It were 
unworthy of me, O Eternal, that I should do this : is not 
this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their 
lives? 12 therefore he would not drink it. These things 

1 kept. a filled. 3 wood. 4 stabbed to death. s did. 6 unfold, spread. 
7 delivered. 8 head. 9 station. 10 who. " clave. 1S with their souls. 
202 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XXm. 

18 did these three heroes. And Abishai, the brother of Joab, 
the son of Zeruiah, was head of the three : and he wielded 
his spear against three hundred, stabbing them to death, 

19 and had the name among the three. Was he not most 
honourable of the three? therefore he was their officer: 

20 howbeit he attained 1 not unto the first three. And Benaiah 
the son of Jehoiada, the son of a man of force, of Kabzeel, 
who had done many acts, he smote two lion-like men of 
Moab : he went down also and smote the lion in the midst 

21 of the pit in time 2 of snow. And he smote an Egyptian 
man, a goodly 3 man : and the Egyptian had a spear in his 
hand ; but he went down to him with a staff, 4 and took 
violently the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew 

22 him with his own spear. These things did Benaiah the 
son of Jehoiada, and had the name among the three heroes. 

23 He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained 1 
not to the first three : and David put him in his councils. 

23 Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty ; Elhanan 

25 the son of Dodo of Beth-lehem, Shammah the Harodite, 

26 Elika the Harodite, Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of 

27 Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai 

28 the Hushathite. Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Neto- 

29 phathite, Heleb the son of Baanah, a Netophathite ; Ittai 
the son of Ribai, out of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin, 

30 Benaiah a Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash, 

31 Abi-albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite, 

32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite ; of the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, 

33 Shammah the mountaineer, Ahiam the son of Sharar the 

34 Hararite, Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the 
Maachathite ; Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite, 

35 36 Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite, Igal the son 

37 of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite, Zelek the Am- 
monite ; Naharai the Beerothite, armour 5 -bearer to Joab 

38 the son of Zeruiah, Ira an Ithrite, Gareb an Ithrite, 

39 Uriah the Hittite : thirty and seven in alL 



1 came. 2 a dav. 3 right. 4 rod. 5 vessels. 
203 



H. SAMUEL, Chap. XXIV. 



Chap. XXIV. 



1 And the wrath of the Eternal continued to glow against 
Israel, and he enticed David against them to say, Go, count 

2 Israel and Judah. And the king said to Joab the officer of 
the force who was with him, Go now to and fro through all 
the tribes of Israel, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, and 
muster ye the people, that I may know the number of the 

3 people. And Joab said unto the king, Now the Eternal 
thy God add unto the people, how many soever they be, 
an hundred-fold, and that the eyes of my lord the king 
may see it : but why doth my lord the king delight in 1 

4 this thing ? Notwithstanding the king's word prevailed 2 
against Joab, and against the officers of the force : and 
Joab and the officers of the force went out from before the 

5 king, to muster the people of Israel. And they passed 
over the Jordan, and encamped in Aroer, on the right of 
the city that lieth in the midst of the brook of Gad, and 

6 towards Jazer : Then they came to the Gilead, and to 
the land of Tahtim-hodshi ; and they came to Dan-jaan, 

7 and about to Zidon, And came to the fortress of Tyre, 
and to all the cities of the Hivite, and of the Canaanite : 
and they went out to the south of Judah, even to Beer-sheba. 

8 And they went to and fro through all the land, and came 
to Jerusalem at the end 3 of nine months and twenty days. 

9 And Joab gave up the sum of those mustered of the people 
unto the king : and there were in Israel eight hundred 
thousand men of force that drew the sword ; and the men 

10 of Judah were five hundred thousand men. And David's 
heart smote him after that he had numbered the people. 
And David said unto the Eternal, I have sinned greatly 
in that I have done: and now, pray, O Eternal, take 
away the iniquity of thy servant, for I have done very 

1 1 foolishly. David rose in the morning, and the word of the 
Eternal came unto the prophet Gad, David's seer, saying, 

12 Go and say unto David, Thus saith the Eternal, I offer 4 thee 

1 like. 2 was strong. 3 extremity. 4 impose. 
204 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XXIV. 

three things ; choose thee one of them, that I may do it unto 

13 thee. So Gad came to David, and told him, and said unto 
him, Shall seven years of famine come unto thee in thy 
land? or wilt thou run away three months before thine 
adversaries, while they pursue thee ? or that there be 
three days' pestilence in thy land? Now know and 

14 see what answer I shall return 1 to him that sent me. 
And David said unto Gad, I am sorely distressed : 
let us fall now into the hand of the Eternal, for his 
mercies are great: 2 and let me not fall into the hand of 

15 man. So the Eternal sent 3 a pestilence upon Israel, from 
the morning even to the time appointed : and there died 
of the people, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, seventy 

16 thousand men. And when the angel 4 stretched 3 out his 
hand upon Jerusalem to destroy 6 it, the Eternal repented 
him of the evil, and said to the angel 4 that destroyed the 
people, It is enough; stay 7 now thy hand. And the 
angel 4 of the Eternal was by the threshing-place of 

17 Araunah the Jebusite. And David spake unto the Eternal 
when he saw the angel 4 that smote the people, and said, 
Lo, I have sinned, and I have acted perversely : but these 
sheep, 8 what have they done? Let thy hand, pray, be 

18 against me, and against my father's house. And Gad came 
that day to David, and said unto him, Go up, raise an 
altar unto the Eternal in the threshing-floor of Araunah 

19 the Jebusite. And David, according to the word of Gad, 

20 went up, as the Eternal commanded. And Araunah 
looked, 9 and saw the king and his servants coming on 
towards him : and Araunah went out, and prostrated him- 

21 self before the king on his face 10 upon the earth. And 
Araunah said, Why is my lord the king come to his ser- 
vant ? And David said, To obtain the threshing-floor of 
thee, to build an altar unto the Eternal, that the plague 

22 may be restrained from the people. And Araunah said 
unto David, Let my lord the king take and offer 11 up 
what seemeth good in his eyes : see they of the herd are for 
burnt-sacrifice, and threshing instruments and other vessels 

23 for the herd for wood. All these things did Araunah, the 
king, give unto the king : and Araunah said unto the 

"24 king, The Eternal thy God accept thee graciously. And 
the king said unto Araunah, Nay ; but I will surely obtain 

1 restore. 2 numerous. 3 gave. * messenger. 5 sent. 8 corrupt. 7 fail. 8 flock. 
9 glanced. 10 nostrils. ll bring up. 

205 



II. SAMUEL, Chap. XXIV. 

it of thee at a price : neither will I offer 1 burnt-offerings 
unto the Eternal my God for nothing. So David obtained 
the threshing-floor and the herd for fifty shekels of silver. 
25 And David built there an altar unto the Eternal, and 
offered 2 burnt-offerings and feast-offerings. So the Eternal 
was entreated for the land, and the plague was restrained 
from Israel. 

1 bring up. 2 brought up. 



END OF THE SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL. 



206 



I. KINGS. 



Chap. I. 

1 Now king David was old and stricken in years ; l and they 
covered him with the garments, but he gat no heat. 

2 Wherefore his servants said unto him, Let there be sought 
for my lord the king a damsel, a virgin ; and let her stand 
before the king, and let her cherish him, and let her lie in 

3 thy bosom, that my lord the king may get heat. So they 
sought for a fair damsel throughout all the boundaries of 
Israel, and found Abishag the Shunammite, and brought 

4 her to the king. And the damsel was very fair, and 
cherished the king, and ministered to him : but the king 

5 knew her not. Then Adonijah the son of Haggith raised 
himself, saying, I will be king: and he prepared 2 him 
chariots and horsemen, and fifty men running before him, 

6 And his father had not pained him at any time 3 in saying, 
Why hast thou done so ? and he also was of a very goodly 

7 form ; and his mother bare him after Absalom. And he 
conferred 4 with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abia- 
thar the priest : and they following 5 Adonijah, helped him. 

8 But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, 
and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the 
heroes who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah. 

9 And Adonijah slew 6 some of the herd and flock and fat 
calves by the stone of Zoheleth, which is by En-rogel, and 
1 come in days. % made. 3 from his days. * his words were. 6 after. 

6 sacrificed, 

207 



I. KINGS, Chap. I. 

called all his brethren the king's sons, and all the men of 

10 Judah the king's servants : But Nathan the prophet, and 
Benaiah, and the heroes, and Solomon his brother, he 

11 called not. Wherefore Nathan spake unto Bath-sheba the 
mother of Solomon, saying, Hast thou not heard that 
Adonijah the son of Haggith doth reign, and David our 

12 lord knoweth it not ? Now therefore come, pray, let me 
give 1 thee counsel, that thou mayest rescue thine own life, 2 

13 and the life 2 of thy son Solomon. Go and come unto king 
David, and say unto him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, 
swear unto thy maid-servant, saying, Assuredly Solomon 
thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my 

14 throne ? 3 why then doth Adonijah reign ? Behold, while 
thou yet speakest there with the king, I also will come in 

15 after thee, and confirm 4 thy words. And Bath-sheba went 
in unto the king into the chamber : and the king was very 
old; and Abishag the Shunammite ministered unto the 

16 king. And Bath-sheba bowed, and prostrated herself unto 

17 the king. And the king said, What wouldest thou? 5 And 
she said unto him, My lord, thou swarest by the Eternal 
thy God unto thy maid-servant, that Solomon thy son shall 

18 reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne : 3 And 
now, behold, Adonijah reigneth ; and now, my lord the 

19 king, thou knowest it not: And he hath slain 6 oxen 7 and 
fat calves, and some of the flock in multitude, and hath 
called all the sons of the king, and Abiathar the priest, and 
Joab the officer of the host : but Solomon thy servant hath 

20 he not called. And thou, my lord, O king, the eyes of all 
Israel are upon thee, that thou shouldest tell them who 
shall sit on the throne 3 of my lord the king after him. 

21 Otherwise it shall come to pass, when my lord the king 
shall lie with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon shall 

22 be like offenders. And, lo, while she yet talked with the 

23 king, Nathan the prophet also came in. And they told 
the king, saying, Behold, Nathan the prophet. And 
when he was come in before the king, he prostrated him- 

24 self before the king with his face 8 to the earth. And 
Nathan said, My lord, O king, thou hast said, Adonijah 
shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne. 3 

25 For he is gone down this day, and hath slain 6 oxen 7 and 
fat calves and some of the flock in multitude, and hath 

1 counsel. 2 soul. 3 chair. * fulfil. * what unto thee. 6 sacrificed. 7 one 
of the herd. 8 nostrils. 
208 



L KINGS, Chap. I. 

called all the king's sons, and the officers of the host, and 
Abiathar the priest : and, behold, they eat and drink be- 

26 fore him, and say, May the king Adonijah live. But me, 
even me thy servant, and .Zadok the priest, and Benaiah 
the son of Jehoiada, and thy servant Solomon, hath he not 

27 called. If this thing is done by my lord the king, and thou 
hast not made it known unto thy servant, who should sit on 

28 the throne 1 of my lord the king after him. . . Then the king 
David answered and said, Call me Bath-sheba. And she 

29 came before the king, and stood before the king. And the 
king sware, and said, As the Eternal liveth, that hath re- 

30 leased my soul out of all distress, Even as I sware unto 
thee by the Eternal God of Israel, saying, that Solomon 
thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne 1 

31 in my stead; even so will I do this day. Then Bath-sheba 
bowed with Jier face 2 to the earth, and prostrated herself to 
the king, and said, Let my lord the king David live for 

32 ever. And the king David said, Call me Zadok the priest, 
and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada. 

33 And they came before the king. The king also said unto 
them, Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause 
Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring 

34 him down to Gihon: And let Zadok the priest and 
Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel : and 
blow 3 ye with the cornet, and say, May king Solomon live. 

35 Then ye shall come up after him, that he may come and 
sit upon my throne j 1 for he shall be king in my stead : and 
I have appointed 4 him to be leader of Israel and of Judah. 

36 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king, and 
said, Amen : the Eternal God of my lord the king say so 

37 too. As the Eternal hath been with my lord the king, 
even so be he with Solomon, and magnify his throne 1 more 

38 than the throne 1 of my lord the king David. So Zadok 
the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son 
of Jehoiada, and the Cherethite, and the Pelethite, went 
down, and caused Solomon to ride upon king David's 

39 mule, and led him to Gihon. And Zadok the priest took 
a horn of the oil out of the tent, and anointed Solomon. 
And they blew 5 the cornet; and all the people said, May 



1 chair. 2 nostrils. 3 fix. 4 commanded. 5 fixed. 
209 p 



I. KINGS, Chap. I. 

40 the king Solomon live. And all the people came up after 
him ; and the people piped with pipes, and rejoiced with 
great joy, so that the earth was cleft with the voice of them. 

41 And Adonijah, and all those called that were with him, 
heard it, as they had finished eating. And when Joab heard 
the sound 1 of the cornet, he said, Why is this noise 1 of the 

42 town uproarious? And while he yet spake, behold, Jonathan 
the son of Abiathar the priest came ; and Adonijah said unto 
him, Come in ; for thou art a man of force, and bearest good 

43 tidings. And Jonathan answered and said to Adonijah, 
Not so, our lord king David hath made Solomon king. 

44 And the king hath sent with him Zadok the priest, and 
Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and 
the Cherethite and the Pelethite, and they have caused him 

45 to ride upon the king's mule : And Zadok the priest and Na- 
than the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon; and they 
are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the town is in an 

46 uproar. 2 This is the noise 1 that ye have heard. And also 

47 Solomon sitteth 3 on the throne 4 of royalty. And, moreover, 
the king's servants came to bless our lord the king David, 
saying, God make the name of Solomon better than thy 
name, and magnify his throne 4 more than thy throne. 4 

48 And the king prostrated himself upon the couch. And 
also thus said the king, Blessed he the Eternal God of 
Israel, who hath given one to sit 5 on my throne 4 this day, 

49 mine eyes even seeing it. And all those called that were 
with Adonijah trembled, and rose up, and went every 

50 man his way. And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, 
and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the 

51 altar. And it was told Solomon, saying, Behold, Adonijah 
feareth the king Solomon : for, lo, he hath caught hold on 
the horns of the altar, saying, Let the king Solomon swear 
unto me as the day, if he put his servant to death with 

52 the sword. . . . And Solomon said, If he will shew him- 
self a worthy man, 6 there shall not a hair of him fall to the 

53 earth : but if evil shall be found in him, he shall die. So 
the king Solomon sent, and they brought him down from 
the altar. And he came and prostrated himself to the king 
Solomon : and Solomon said unto him, Go to thy house. 



voice. a confounded. 3 abide th. 4 chair. 5 abide. 6 will be a son of force. 
210 



I. KINGS, Chap. II. 



Chap. II. 



1 Now the days of David approached that he should die : 

2 and he commanded Solomon his son, saying, I go the 
way of all the earth : be thou strong therefore, and be a 

3 man ; And keep the charge of the Eternal thy God, to 
go in his ways, to keep his ordinances, and his command- 
ments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is 
written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest act wisely 
in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thy- 

4 self; That the Eternal may establish his word, which he 
spake concerning me, saying, If thy children keep their 
way, to walk before me in truth with all their heart and 
with all their soul, there shall not fail 1 thee, said he, a man 

5 on the throne 2 of Israel. Moreover, thou knowest also 
what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did 
to the two officers of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the 
son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he 
slew, and shed 3 the blood of war in peace, and put 4 the 
blood of war in his girdle that was about his loins, and in 

6 his shoes that were on his feet. Do therefore according to 
thy wisdom, and let not his gray hair go down to the grave 

7 in peace. But shew kindness 5 unto the sons of Barzillai 
the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at thy table : 
for so they approached me when I fled because of Absalom 

8 thy brother. And, behold, thou hast with thee Shimei the 
son of Gera, a Benjamite 6 of Bahurim, and he execrated 
me with a grievous execration in the day when I went to 
Mahanaim : but he came down towards me at the Jordan, 
and I sware to him by the Eternal, saying, If I put thee 

9 to death with the sword. . . . Now therefore hold him 
not guiltless ; for thou art a wise man, and knowest what 
thou oughtest to do unto him ; and thou shalt bring down 

10 his gray hairs to the grave with blood. So David lay with 

1 1 his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. And the 
days that David reigned over Israel were forty years : in 
Hebron he reigned seven years, and in Jerusalem he 

12 reigned thirty and three. And Solomon sat 7 upon the 
throne 2 of David his father ; and his kingdom was esta- 

13 blished greatly. And Adonijah the son of Haggith came 
to Bath-sheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, 

1 be cut off. 2 chair. 3 put. 4 gave. 5 do mercy, 6 Benjamite son. 7 abode. 
211 p 2 



I. KINGS, Chap. II. 

14 Comest thou peaceably ?* And he said, Peaceably. 2 He 
said moreover, I have a word unto thee. And she said, 

15 Speak. And he said, Thou knowest.that the royalty was 
mine, and that all Israel set 3 their faces on me, that I 
should reign : howbeit the royalty is turned about, and is 

16 become my brother's ; for it was his from the Eternal. And 
now I ask one petition of thee, deny me not. 4 And she 

17 said unto him, Speak. 5 And he said, Pray, speak unto 
Solomon the king, for he will not say thee nay, 6 that he 

18 give me Abishag the Shunammite to wife. And Bath- 
sheba said, Well ; I will speak for thee unto the king. 

19 Bath-sheba therefore came unto king Solomon, to speak 
unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up towards 
her, and prostrated himself unto her, and sat down 7 on his 
throne 8 , and sat a chair for the king's mother; and she sat 7 

20 on his right. Then she said, I ask one small petition of 
thee, say me not nay. 9 And the king said unto her, Ask 

21 on, my mother; for I will not say thee nay. 6 And she said, 
Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah thy 

22 brother to wife. And the king Solomon answered and said 
unto his mother, And wherefore dost thou ask Abishag 
the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the royalty 
also ; for he is mine elder brother ; even for him, and for 
Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah. 

23 Then king Solomon sware by the Eternal, saying, God do 
so to me, and continue so, that Adonijah has spoken this 

24 word against his own life. 10 Now therefore, as the Eternal 
liveth, who hath established 11 me, and caused me to sit on 
the throne 8 of David my father, and who has made me a 
house, as he spoke, Adonijah shall be put to death this 

25 day. And the king Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiah 
the son of Jehoiada ; and he fell 12 upon him that he died. 

26 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Go to Ana- 
thoth, unto thine own fields: for thou art worthy of 
death; 13 but I will not at this time put thee to death, 
because thou barest the ark 14 of the Lord the Eternal be- 
fore David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted 

27 in all wherein my father was afflicted. So Solomon 
drove out Abiathar from being priest unto the Eternal; 

1 is thy coming peace T 2 peace. 3 put. 4 cause to return, restore not my face, 
5 say. 6 cause to return, restore thy face. 7 abode. 8 chair. 9 cause not to turn, 
restore not my face. 10 soul, "prepared. ,2 met. 13 a man of death. 14 case. 
212 



I. KINGS, Chap. II. 

that he might fulfil the word of the Eternal which he 

28 spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh. And the 
report came to Joab : for Joab had inclined after Adonijah, 
though he inclined not after Absalom : and Joab ran away 
unto the tent of the Eternal, and caught hold on the horns 

29 of the altar. And it was told king Solomon that Joab had 
ran away unto the tent of the Eternal : and, behold, he is 
by the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of 

30 Jehoiada, saying, Go fall 1 upon him. And Benaiah came 
to the tent of the Eternal, and said unto him, Thus saith 
the king, Come forth. And he said, Nay ; but I will die 
here. And Benaiah brought 2 the king word again, saying, 

31 Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me. And the king 
said unto him, Do as he hath spoken, and fall 1 upon him, 
and bury him ; that thou mayest remove the innocent 
blood, which Joab shed, from me and from the house of 

32 my father. And the Eternal shall return 3 his blood upon 
his own head, who fell 4 upon two men more righteous and 
better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father 
David not knowing thereof, to wit, Abner the son of Ner, 
officer of the host of Israel, and Amasa, the son of Jether, 

33 officer of the host of Judah. Their blood shall therefore 
return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his 
seed for ever : but upon David, and upon his seed, and 
upon his house, and upon his throne, 5 shall there be peace 

34 for ever from the Eternal. So Benaiah the son of Jeho- 
iada went up, and fell 4 upon him, and put him to death ; 

35 and he was buried in his own house in the desert. And 
the king put 6 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over 
the host ; and Zadok the priest did the king put 7 in the 

36 room of Abiathar. And the king sent and called for 
Shimei, and said unto him, Build thee a house in Jerusa- 
lem, and abide there, and go not forth thence any whither. 

37 For it shall be, that on the day thou goest out, and passest 
over the brook Kidron, thou shalt know for certain that 
thou shalt surely die : thy blood shall be upon thine own 

38 head. And Shimei said unto the king, The word is good : 
as my lord the king hath said, so will thy servant do. And 

39 Shimei abode in Jerusalem many days. And it came to 
pass at the end 8 of three years, that two of the servants of 
Shimei fled unto Achish son of Maachah, king of Gath : 
and they told Shimei, saying, Behold, thy servants are in 

1 meet. 2 restored. 3 restore. 4 met. 5 cbair. 6 gave. 7 give. 8 extremity. 
213 



I. KINGS, Chap. III. 

40 Gath. And Shimei arose, and saddled his ass, and went 
to Gath, to Achish, to seek his servants : and Shimei went 

41 and brought his servants from Gath. And it was told 
' Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath, 

42 and was come again, And the king sent and called for 
Shimei, and said unto him, Did I not adjure thee by the 
Eternal, and protested unto thee, saying, Know for a cer- 
tain, that on the day thou goest out, and walkest abroad 
any whither, that thou shalt surely die ? And thou saidst 

43 unto me, The word that I have heard is good. Why then 
hast thou not kept the oath of the Eternal, and the com- 

44 mandment that I have commanded thee ? The king said, 
moreover, to Shimei, Thou knowest all the evil which thy 
heart knoweth, that thou didst to David my father : there- 
fore the Eternal shall return 1 thine evil upon thine own 

45 head: And king Solomon shall be blessed, and the 
throne 2 of David shall be established before the Eternal for 

46 ever. So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoi- 
ada; and he went out, and fell 3 upon him, that he died. 
And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon. 



Chap. III. 

And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, 
and took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought her into the 
city of David, until he had finished building his own house, 
and the house of the Eternal, and the rampart of Jerusa- 
lem round about. Only the people sacrificed in the high 
places, because there was no house built unto the name of 
the Eternal until those days. And Solomon loved the 
Eternal, walking in the ordinances of David his father: only 
he sacrificed and caused offerings to ascend in fumes in high 
places. And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there ; for 
that was the great high place : a thousand burnt-offerings did 
Solomon offer up 4 on that altar. In Gibeon the Eternal 
appeared to Solomon in the dream by night : and God 
said, Ask what I shall give thee. And Solomon said, 
Thou hast shewed 5 unto thy servant David my father great 
mercy, according as he walked before thee in truth, and 
in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with thee ; 
and thou hast kept for him this great mercy, that thou 
1 restore. - chair. 3 met. 4 bring up. 5 done. 
214 



I. KINGS, Chap. III. 

hast given him a son to sit 1 upon his throne, 2 as it is this 

7 day. And now, O Eternal, my God, thou hast made thy 
servant king instead of David my father ; and I am but a 

8 little lad : I know not how to go out or come in. And 
thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast 
chosen, a numerous people, that cannot be counted nor 

9 numbered for multitude. Give therefore thy servant an 
understanding 3 heart to judge thy people, that I may dis- 
cern 4 between good and bad : for who is able to judge this 

10 thy so great 5 a people? And the thing was good in the 
eyes of the Eternal, that Solomon bad asked this thing. 

11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this 
thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life ; 6 neither 
hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life 7 of 
thine enemies ; but hast asked for thyself understanding to 

12 discern 8 judgment ; Behold, I have done according to thy 
word : lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding 
heart ; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither 

13 after thee shall any arise like unto thee. And I have also 
given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches and 
honour; so that there shall not be any among the kings 

14 like unto thee all thy days. And if thou wilt walk in my 
ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as thy 

15 father David did walk, then I will lengthen thy days. And 
Solomon awoke ; and, behold, it was a dream. And he 
came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark 9 of the cove- 
nant of the Eternal, and offered up 10 burnt-offerings, and 
offered 10 feast-offerings, and made a feast to all his servants. 

16 Then came there two women, harlots, unto the king, and 

17 stood before him. And the one woman said, O my lord, 
I and this woman abide in one house ; and I was delivered 

18 of a child 11 with her in the house. And it came to pass, 
the third day after that I was delivered, 12 that this woman 
was delivered 11 also : and we were together ; there was no 
stranger 13 with us in the house, save we two in the house. 

1 9 And this woman's child died in the night ; because she 

20 overlaid it. And she arose in the midst of the night, and 
took my son from beside me, while thy handmaid slept, 
and laid it in her bosom, and laid her dead child in my 

21 bosom. And when I arose in the morning to suckle my 
son, behold, he was dead ; but when I had considered him 

1 abide. 2 chair. 3 hearing. 4 understand. 5 heavy. 6 many days. 7 soul. 
8 hear. 9 case. I0 made. " bare. 12 of my bearing. 13 layman. 

215 



I. KINGS, Chap. III. IV. 

in the morning, behold, it was not my son whom I did 

22 bear. And the other woman said, Nay : but the living is 
my son, and the dead is thy son. And this said, No ; but 
jhe dead is thy son, and the living is my son. Thus they 

23 spake before the king. Then said the king, The one 1 
saith, This is my son that liveth, and thy son is the dead : 
and the other 1 saith, Nay ; but thy son is the dead, and 

24 my son is the living. And the king said, Bring 2 me a 
sword. And they brought the sword before the king. 

25 And the king said, Cut asunder the living child in two, 

26 and give half to the one, and half to the other. Then 
spake the woman whose the living child was unto the 
king, for her compassion was excited towards her son, and 
she said, O my lord, give her the living child, and in no 
wise put it to death. But the other 1 said, Let it be neither 

27 mine nor thine, but cut it asunder. Then the king an- 
swered and said, Give her the living child, and in no wise 

28 put it to death : she is the mother thereof. And all Israel 
heard of the judgment which the king had judged ; and 
they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of 
God was in him, to do judgment. 



Chap. IV. 

1 2 So the king Solomon was king over all Israel. And 
these were the officers whom he had ; Azariah, the son of 

3 Zadok the priest; Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of 
Shisha, scribes ; Jehoshapat the son of Ahilud, the recorder. 

4 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host ; and 

5 Zadok and Abiathar were the priests ; And Azariah the 
son of Nathan was over the superintendents ; and Zabud the 

6 son of Nathan was priest, the king's friend ; And Ahishar was 
over the household ; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over 

7 the tribute. And Solomon had twelve superintendents 
over all Israel, who supported the king and his household : 
a month in the year it was incumbent upon each 3 to sup- 

8 port. And these are their names : The son of Hur, in mount 

9 Ephraim. The son of Dekar, in Makaz, and in Shaalbim, 
10 and Beth-shemesh, and Elon-beth-hanan. The son of 

Hesed, in Aruboth ; to him pertained Sochoh, and all the 
1 this. 2 take. 3 one. 
216 



I. KINGS, Chap. IV. V. 

1 1 land of Hepher. The son of Abinadab, in all the region 
of Dor ; who had Taphath the daughter of Solomon to wife. 

12 Baana, the son of Ahilud; to him pertained Taanach and 
Megiddo, and all Beth-shean, which is by Zartanah 
beneath Jezreel, from Beth-shean to Abel-meholah, even 

13 unto the place that is beyond Jokneam. The son of Geber, 
in Ramoth-gilead; to him pertained the hamlets of Jair the 
son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead : to him also per- 
tained the region 1 of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore 

14 great cities, with ramparts and copper bolts. Ahinadab 

15 the son of Iddo had Mahanaim. Ahimaaz was in Naph- 
tali ; he also took Basmath the daughter of Solomon to wife, 

16 Baanah the son of Hushai was in Asher and in Aloth. 

17 18 Jehosaphat the son of Paruah in Issachar. Shimei the 

19 son of Elah in Benjamin. Geber the son of Uri was in 
the country of Gilead, in the country of Sihon king of the 

' Amorites, and of Og king of Bashan ; and one superinten- 

20 dent who was in the land. Judah and Israel were numerous, 
as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and 
drinking, and rejoicing. 



Chap. V. 

1 And Solomon had dominion over all kingdoms from the 
river to the land of the Philistines, and unto the boundary 
of Egypt : they brought presents, 2 and served Solomon all 

2 the days of his life. And Solomon's provision 3 for one day 

3 was thirty kor of flour, and threescore kor of meal, Ten 
fat oxen, 4 and twenty oxen 4 out of the pastures, and a 
hundred of the flock, beside harts, and gazelles, and fallow 

4 deer, || and fattened birds. || For he ruled over all the region 
on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over 
all the kings on this side the river : and he had peace on 

5 all sides round about him. And Judah and Israel abode 
in safety, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, 
from Dan even to Beer-sheba, all the days of Solomon. 

6 And Solomon had forty thousand stalls for horses for his 

7 vehicles, and twelve thousand horsemen. And those 
superintendents supported king Solomon, and all that 
approached unto the king Solomon's table, every man in his 

1 line. 2 reaching oblations. 3 bread. 4 herd. 
217 



I. KINGS, Chap. V. 

8 month : they omitted nothing. The barley also and the 
straw for the horses and racers, brought they unto the 
place where it was to be, every man according to his charge. 1 

9 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding 
exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand 

10 that is on the sea-shore. 2 And Solomon's wisdom excelled 3 
the wisdom of all the children of the east, and all the 

1 1 wisdom of Egypt. For he was wiser than all men : than 
Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, 
the sons of Mahol : and his name was in all nations round 

12 about. And he spake three thousand parables: and his 

13 songs were a thousand and five. And he spake of the 
trees, from the cedar-tree that is in Lebanon, even unto 
the hyssop that cometh forth out of the wall : he spake also 
of the beasts, and of the fowl, and of the creeping things, 

14 and of the fishes. And there came of all the peoples to 
hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the earth, 

15 who had heard of his wisdom. And Hiram king of Tyre 
sent his servants unto Solomon ; for he had heard that they 
had anointed him king instead of his father ; for Hiram 

16 was ever 4 a lover of David. And Solomon sent to Hiram, 

17 saying, Thou knowest how that David my father could 
not build a house unto the name of the Eternal his God, 
for the wars which surrounded him, until the Eternal put 5 

18 them under the soles 6 of his feet But now the Eternal 
my God hath given me rest round about, so that there is neither 

19 hinderer nor evil occurrent. And, behold, I purpose 7 to 
build a house unto the name of the Eternal my God, as the 
Eternal spake unto David my father, saying, Thy son 
whom I will set 8 upon thy throne 9 instead of thee, he shall 

20 build the house unto my name. Now therefore command 
thou that they cut down for me cedar-trees out of Lebanon ; 
and my servants shall be with thy servants : and unto thee 
will I give hire for thy servants, according to all that thou 
shalt say : for thou knowest that there is not among us any 

21 knowing to cut down trees like unto the Sidonians. And 
it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, 
that he rejoiced greatly, and said, Blessed be the Eternal 
this day, who hath given unto David a wise son over this 



judgment. 2 lip. 3 increased 4 all the days. 5 gave. 6 hollows. 7 say. 
8 give. 9 chair. 
218 



I. KINGS, Chap. V. VI. 

22 numerous people. And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I 
have heard what thou sentest to me for : and I will do all 
thy desire concerning cedar-trees, and concerning fir||-trees. 

23 My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the 
sea ; and I will make 1 them into floats in the sea unto the 
place that thou shalt appoint 2 me, and will take them to 
pieces there, and thou shalt carry them : and thou shalt do 

24 my desire in giving bread for my household. So Hiram 
gave Solomon cedar-trees and fir||-trees, according to all his 

25 desire. And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand kor 
of wheat for food to his household, and twenty kor of oil 

26 beaten: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year. And 
the Eternal gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him ; 
and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon ; and 

27 they two made 3 a covenant together. And king Solomon 
raised a levy 4 out of all Israel ; and the levy 5 was thirty 

28 thousand men. And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thou- 
sand the month by courses ; a month they were in Lebanon, 
and two months at home : and Adoniram was over the levy. 5 

29 And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare 
burdens, and fourscore thousand hewers in the mountains : 

30 Besides the officers of Solomon's superintendents who were 
over the work, three thousand and three hundred who ruled 

31 over the people that wrought in the work. And the king 
commanded, and they brought 6 great stones, costly stones, 

32 to lay the foundation of the house, hewed stones. And 
Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders did hew them, and 
the Giblim : so they prepared the trees and stones to build 
the house. 



Chap. VI. 

1 And it came to pass, in the four hundred and eightieth 
year after the children of Israel were come out of the land 
of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, 
in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began 

2 to build 7 the house of the Eternal. And the house which 
king Solomon built for the Eternal, the length thereof was 
threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty cubits, 

put. 2 send. 3 cut. 4 brought up a tribute. 5 tribute. 6 caused to journey. 

7 built. 
219 



I. KINGS, Chap. VI. 

3 and the height thereof thirty cubits. And the porch before 
the temple of the house, twenty cubits was the length 
thereof, according to 1 the breadth of the house ; and ten 

4 cubits was the breadth thereof before 1 the house. And 

5 for the house he made windows of timber| latticed. 2 And 
against the wall of the house he built a passage | round 
about, against the walls of the house round about, both of 
the temple and of the oracle : and he made side chambers 3 

6 round about. The nethermost passage]] was five cubits 
broad, and the middle was six cubits broad, and the third 
was seven cubits broad : for without in the wall of the house 
he made offsets round about, in order not to fasten 4 in the 

7 walls of the house. And the house, when it was in building, 
was built of stone made ready 5 before it was brought thither : 6 
so that there was neither hammer, nor axe, nor any tool 7 

8 of iron heard in the house while it was in building. The 
door for the middle side-chamber 8 was in the right side 9 
of the house : and they went up with winding stairs 10 into 
the middle passage, and out of the middle into the third. 

9 So he built the house, and finished it ; and secured the 

10 house with planks and ranks in cedar. And he built the 
passage against all the house, five cubits the height thereof: 

11 and they joined 4 the house with timber 11 of cedar. And 

12 the word of the Eternal came 12 to Solomon, saying, Con- 
cerning this house which thou art in building, if thou wilt 
walk in my ordinances, and do my judgments, and keep all 
my commandments to walk in them ; then will I perform 13 
my word with thee, which I spake unto David thy father : 

13 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not 

14 forsake my people Israel. So Solomon built the house, 

15 and finished it. And he built the walls of the house within 
with boards 3 of cedar, from the floor of the house to the 
walls of the ceiling : and he laid them over on the inside 
with wood, and laid over the floor of the house with planks 3 

16 of fir. And he built twenty cubits from the sides 14 of the 
house, from the floor to the walls, with boards 3 of cedar: 
he even built them for it within, even for the oracle, even 

1 7 for the most holy 15 place. And forty cubits was the house, that 

18 is the temple, 16 at the front. And the cedar of the house within 
was carved with knops|| and flowers budded forth : all was 

19 cedar; there was no stone seen. And the oracle he prepared in 
1 upon the face of. 2 closed. 3 ribs. 4 seized. s complete. 6 journey. 
7 vessel. 8 rib. 9 shoulder. 10 mingled. n wood. 12 was. 13 establish. 

14 two thighs. 15 holiness of holiness. 15 palace. 
220 



I. KINGS, Chap. VI. 

the house within, to set 1 there the ark 2 of the covenant of 

20 the Eternal. And the oracle in the fore part was twenty- 
cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty 
cubits in the height thereof: and he overlaid it with pure 3 

2 1 gold ; and he overlaid the altar with cedar. So Solomon 
overlaid the house within with pure 3 gold : and he made 
a partition by the chains of gold before the oracle : and he 

22 overlaid it with gold. And the whole house he overlaid 
with gold, until he had completed all the house : also the 
whole altar that was by the oracle he overlaid with gold. 

23 And he made within the oracle two cherubim of olive 4 - 

24 tree, the height of each ten cubits. And five cubits was the 
one wing of the cherub, and five cubits the second wing of 
the cherub : ten cubits were from the extremities of the 

25 wings to to the extremities of the wings. And ten cubits 
was the second cherub: both the cherubim were of one 

26 measure and one shape. The height of the one cherub 

27 was ten cubits, and so was it of the second cherub. And 
he set 5 the cherubim within the inner house : and they 
spread the wings of the cherubim, so that the wing of the 
one touched the one wall, and the wing of the other 
cherub touched the second wall ; and their wings touched 

28 one another 6 in the midst of the house. And he overlaid 

29 the cherubim with gold. And he carved 7 all the walls of 
the house round about with carved figures of cherubim 
and palm-trees, and flowers budded forth within and with- 

30 out. And the floor of the house he overlaid with gold, 

31 within and without. And for the entrance of the oracle 
he made doors o/olive 4 -tree : the lintel || and side-posts were 

32 a fifth part of the wall. The two doors also were of olive-- 
tree : and he carved 7 upon them carvings of cherubim and 
palm-trees, and flowers budded forth, and overlaid them 
with gold, and spread|| gold upon the cherubim and upon 

33 the palm-trees. So also made he for the entrance of the 
temple side-posts o/olive 4 -tree, from a fourth part of the wall. 

34 And the two doors were of fir-tree : the two leaves 8 of the 
one door were folding,! and the two leaves 8 of the other 

35 door ivere folding. [| And he carved 7 thereon cherubim and 
palm-trees, and flowers budded forth; and overlaid them 

36 with gold fitted upon the engraven work. And he built 



1 give. 2 case. 3 shut. 4 oil. s gave. 6 wing to wing. 7 slung. 8 ribs. 
221 



I. KINGS, Chap. VI. VII. 

the inner inclosure with three rows of hewed stone, and a 

37 row of cedar beams 1 . In the fourth year was the founda- 
tion of the house of the Eternal laid, in the month Zif : 

38 And in the eleventh year, in the month Bui, which is the 
eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the 
parts 2 thereof, and according to all the fashion 3 of it. So 
was he seven years in building it. 



Chap. VII. 



1 But Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, 

2 and he finished all his house. He built also the house of 
the forest of Lebanon ; the length thereof was a hundred 
cubits, and the breadth thereof fifty cubits, and the height 
thereof thirty cubits, upon four rows of cedar columns, 

3 with cedar-beams 1 upon the columns. And it was secured 
with cedar above upon the beams, 4 that lay on forty-five 

4 columns, fifteen in a row. And there was timber || in three 

5 rows, and window |j was against window | three times. And 
all the entrances and side-posts were square timbered;! 

6 and window || was against window|| three times. And he 
made a porch of columns: the length thereof was fifty 
cubits, and the breadth thereof thirty cubits : and a porch 
was before them : and the other columns and the thick 

7 beam I were before them. Then he made a porch for the 
throne, 5 where he might judge, even the porch of judg- 
ment : and it was secured with cedar from floor to floor. 

8 And his house where he abode had another inclosure 
within the porch, which was of the like work. Solomon 
made also a house for Pharaoh's daughter, whom he had 

9 taken to wife, like unto this porch. All these were of costly 
stones, according to the measures of hewed stones, sawed 
with saws, within and without, even from the foundation unto 
thecoping||, and soon the outside towards the great inclosure. 

10 And the foundation was laid with costly stones, even great 
stones, stones of ten cubits, and stones of eight cubits. 

1 1 And above were costly stones, after the measure of hewed 

12 stones, and cedars. And the great inclosure round about 

1 cut off. 2 words. 3 judgment. 4 ribs. 5 chair. 
222 



I. KINGS, Chap. VII. 

was with three rows of hewed stones, and a row of cedar- 
beams, 1 both for the inner inclosure of the house of the 

1 3 Eternal, and for the porch of the house. And king Solomon 

14 sent, and fetched 2 Hiram out of Tyre. He was a widow's 
son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of 
Tyre, an artificer in copper : and he was filled with wisdom 
and understanding, and knowledge to do all works in the 
copper. And he came to king Solomon, and did all his 

15 work. For he cast the two columns of copper: eighteen 
cubits was the height of the one, and a thread of twelve 

1 6 cubits did compass the second column ; And he made two 
chapiters of molten copper, to set 3 upon the tops 1 of the 
columns : the height of the one chapiter was five cubits, 

17 and the height of the other chapiter was five cubits: And 
entwinings of entwined work, and tassels of chain-work, 
for the chapiters which were upon the top of the columns; 
seven for the one chapiter, and seven for the other chapiter. 

18 And he made the columns, and two rows round about upon 
the one entwined work, to cover the chapiters that were 
upon the top 5 of the pomegranates: and so did be for the other 

19 chapiter. And the chapiters that were upon the top 5 of the 

20 columns were of lily-work in the porch, four cubits. And 
the chapiters upon the two columns were also above, over 
against the belly which was by the entwined work : and 
the pomegranates were two hundred, in rows round about 

21 upon the second chapiter. And he set up 6 the columns in 
the porch of the temple ; and he set up 6 the right column, 
and called the name thereof Jachin ; and he set up 6 the 

22 left column, and called the name thereof Boaz. And upon 
the top 5 of the columns was lily-work : so was the work of 

23 the columns completed. And he made the molten sea, 
ten cubits from the one brim to the other: 7 it was round 
all about, and its height teas five cubits ; and a line of 

24 thirty cubits did compass it round about. And under the 
brim 8 of it round about there were knopsll surrounding it, ten 
in a cubit, surrounding the sea round about : the knops|| were 

25 cast in two rows, when it was cast. It stood upon twelve 
oxen, 9 three turning towards the north, and three turning 
towards the west, 10 and three turning towards the south, and 



' cut off. 2 took. a give. 4 heads. 5 head. 6 established. 7 from its lip to its 
lip. 8 lip. 9 herd. l0 sea. 
223 



I. KINGS, Chap. VII. 

three turning towards the sun-rise : and the sea was set 
above upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward. 

26 And its thickness was a hand-breath, and the brim 1 thereof 
was wrought like the brim 1 of a cup, with blossoms of lilies: 

27 it could contain two thousand baths. And he made ten 
bases of copper : four cubits was the length of the one 
base, and four cubits the breadth thereof, and three cubits 

28 the height of it. And thus was the work of the bases : 
they had edges, and the borders were between the join- 

29 ings: And on the edges that were between the joinings 
were lions, oxen, 2 and cherubim : and thus it was upon the 
joinings above : and beneath the lions and oxen 2 were 

30 garlands, sloping- work. And every base had four copper 
wheels, and axles of copper : and the four corners 3 thereof 
had undersetters : 4 under the laver were undersetters molten, 

31 from the side of each 5 sloped garlands. And the mouth of 
it, within the chapiter and above, was about a cubit : but 
the mouth thereof was round, after the work 6 of the frame, 
a cubit and an half; and also upon the mouth of it were 

32 carvings, with their edges, foursquare, not round. And 
under the edges were four wheels ; and the axle-trees 7 of 
the wheels were joined to the base, and the height of a 

33 wheel was a cubit and half a cubit. And the work 6 of the 
wheels was like the work of a vehicle-wheel ; their axle- 
trees, 7 and their naves, 8 and their felloes, and their spokes, 

34 were all molten. And the four undersetters 4 were on the 
four corners of the one base : and the undersetters 4 were of 

35 the very base itself. And in the top 9 of the base was 
there a round compass of half a cubit height : and on the 
top 9 of the base, the handles 7 thereof, and the edges 

36 thereof, were of the same. And he graved on the tablets 
of the handles 7 thereof, and on the edges thereof, cherubim, 
lions, and palm trees, according to the interstices of every 

37 one, 11 and garlands round about. Thus he made the ten 
bases : all of them had one casting, one measure, and one 

38 shape. Then made he ten lavers of copper : one laver 
could contain forty baths ; and every laver was four cubits : 

39 and upon every one of the ten bases one laver. And he 
put 13 five bases on the right side 13 of the house, and five on 



lip. 2 herd. 3 stroke-step. 4 shoulders. 3 man. 6 deed. 7 hands. s backs. 
9 head. l0 height, "amau. 12 gave. 13 shoulder. 
224 



I. KINGS, Chap. VII. 

the left side 1 of the house ; and he set 2 the sea on the right 

40 side 1 of the house eastward, over against the south. And 
Hiram made the lavers, and the shovels, and the basons. 
So Hiram finished doing all the work that he made for the 

41 king Solomon for the house of the Eternal; Two columns, 
and the bowls 3 of the chapiters that were on the top 4 of the 
two columns ; and the two entwined-works, to cover the 
two bowls 3 of the chapiters which were upon the top 4 of 

42 the columns ; And four hundred pomegranates for the two 
entwined-works, even two rows of pomegranates for one 
entwined-work, to cover the two bowls 3 of the chapiters 

43 that were upon the columns ; And the ten bases, and ten 

44 lavers on the bases; And one sea, and twelve oxen 5 

45 under the sea; And the pots, and the shovels, and the 
basons : and all these vessels, which Hiram made to king 
Solomon for the house of the Eternal, were of polished 

46 copper. In the circuit of the Jordan did the king cast 
them, in the thick of the ground, between Succoth and 

47 Zarthan. And Solomon left all the vessels unweighed, because 
they were exceeding many : neither was the weight of the 

48 copper investigated. And Solomon made all the vessels 
that 'pertained unto the house of the Eternal : the altar of 
gold, and the table of gold, whereupon the shew 6 -bread 

49 was, And the candelabra of pure 7 gold, five on the right 
side, and five on the left, before the oracle with the blos- 

50 soms, and the lamps, and the tongs, of gold ; And the 
basons, and the snuffers, || and the bowls, and the spoons, 8 
and the censers, of pure 7 gold: and the hinges|| o/gold, 
both for the doors of the inner house, the most holy place, 9 

51 and for the doors of the house, to wit, of the temple. So 
was accomplished all the work that king Solomon made 
for the house of the Eternal. And Solomon brought in 
the things which David his father had hallowed ; even the 
silver, and the gold, and the vessels, did he put 10 among 
the treasures of the house of the Eternal. 



shoulder. 2 gave. 3 tanks. 4 head. 5 herd. 6 face. 7 shut. 8 hollows. 
9 holiness of holiness. 10 give. 
225 Q 



I. KINGS, Chap. VIII. 

Chap. VIII. 

1 Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the 
heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the chil- 
dren of Israel, unto the king Solomon in Jerusalem, that 
they might bring up the ark 1 of the covenant of the 

2 Eternal out of the city of David, which is Zion. And all 
the men of Israel assembled themselves unto the king 
Solomon at the festival, in the month Ethanim, which is 

3 the seventh month. And all the elders of Israel came, and 
i 4 the priests carried the ark. 1 And they brought up the ark 1 

of the Eternal, and the appointed tent, and all the vessels 
of holiness, that were in the tent, even those did the 

5 priests and the Levites bring up. And the king Solomon, 
and all the congregation of Israel, that were met by him, 
was with him before the ark, 1 sacrificing sheep 2 and oxen, 3 
that could not be counted nor numbered for multitnde. 

6 And the priests brought in the ark 1 of the covenant of the 
Eternal unto his place, into the oracle of the house, to the 
most holy placed even under the wings of the cherubim. 

7 For the cherubim spread forth their two wings over the 
place of the ark, 1 and the cherubim sheltered the ark, 1 and 

8 the staves thereof, above. And the staves were so long, 
that the ends 5 of the staves were seen out in the holy 
place 4 before the oracle, and they were not seen without : 

9 and there they are unto this day. There was nothing in 
the ark, 1 save the two tablets of stone, which Moses placed 
there at Boreb, when the Eternal made 6 a covenant with 
the children of Israel, when they came out of the land of 

10 Egypt. And it came to pass, when the priests were come 
out of the holy place, 4 that the cloud filled the house of the 

11 Eternal. So that the priests could not stand to minister 
because of the cloud : for the glory of the Eternal had 

12 filled the house of the Eternal. Then spake Solomon, The 

13 Eternal said that he would dwell in the thick cloud. I 
have surely built thee a house of residence, an establish- 

14 ment for thee to abide in for ever. And the king turned 
his face about, and blessed all the assembly of Israel : and 

15 all the assembly of Israel stood: And he said, Blessed be 
the Eternal God of Israel, who spake with his mouth unto 
David my father, and hath with his hand fulfilled it, say- 

16 ing, Since the day that I brought forth my people Israel 

•case. 2 flock. 3 herd. 4 holiness of holiness 8 heads. 6 cut. 
226 



I. KINGS, Chap. VIII. 

out of Egypt, I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel 
to build a house, that my name might be therein ; but I 

17 chose David to be over my people Israel. And it was in 
the heart of David my father to build a house for the name 

18 of the Eternal God of Israel. And the Eternal said unto 
David my father, Whereas it was in thy heart to build a 
house unto my name, thou didst well that it was in thy 

19 heart: Nevertheless thou shalt not build the house; but 
thy son, that shall come forth out of thy loins, he shall 

20 build the house unto my name. And the Eternal hath 
performed 1 his word that he spake ; and I am risen up in 
the room 2 of David my father, and sit 3 on the throne 4, of 
Israel, as the Eternal spake, and have built the house for the 

21 name of the Eternal God of Israel. And I have set 5 there 
a place for the ark, 6 wherein is the covenant of the Eternal, 
which he made 5 with our fathers, when he brought them 

22 out of the land of Egypt. And Solomon stood before the 
altar of the Eternal, opposite all the assembly of Israel, and 

23 spread forth his hands 7 towards the heaven: And he said, 
Eternal God of Israel, there is no God like thee, in the 
heaven above, or on the earth beneath, who keepest the 
covenant and the mercy with thy servants that walk before 

24 thee with all their heart; Who hast kept with thy servant 
David my father that thou promisedst him : thou spakest 
also with thy mouth, and hast fulfilled it with thy hand, as 

25 it is this day. Therefore now, Eternal God of Israel, keep 
with thy servant David my father that thou promisedst 
him, saying, There shall not fail 8 thee a man in my sight 
to sit on the throne 4 of Israel ; so that thy children keep 
to their way, that they walk before me, as thou hast walked 

26 before me. And now, O God of Israel, pray, let thy word 
be verified, which thou spakest unto thy servant David my 

27 father. But will God indeed abide on the earth ? Behold, 
the heaven, and the heaven of heavens, cannot contain thee ; 

28 how much less this house that I have builded ! Yet turn 
unto the prayer of thy servant, and to his supplication, O 
Eternal my God, to hearken unto the cry and to the 
prayer which thy servant prayeth before thee to-day : 

29 That thy eyes may be open towards this house night and 



1 established. "• instead. 3 abide. 4 chair. 5 cut. 6 case. 7 hollows. 8 be 

cut off. 

227 q2 



I. KINGS, Chap. VIII. 

day, even towards the place of which thou hast said, My 
name shall be there ; that thou mayest hearken unto the 
prayer which thy servant shall make 1 towards this place. 

30 And hearken thou to the supplication of thy servant, and 
of thy people Israel, when they shall pray towards this 
place : and hear thou in the heaven thy abode ; and when 

31 thou hearest, forgive. If any man sin to his neighbour, 
and lay 2 upon him an oath 3 to cause him to swear, 4 and the 

32 oath 3 come before thine altar in this house : Then hear 
thou in the heaven, and do, and judge thy servants, 
declaring guilty the wicked, to bring 5 his way upon his 
head; and declaring innocent the righteous, to give him 

33 according to his righteousness. When thy people Israel 
be defeated before the enemy, because they have sinned 
against thee, and shall turn again to thee, and confess thy 
name, and pray, and make supplication unto thee in this 

34 house : Then hear thou in the heaven, and forgive the sin 
of thy people Israel, and restore unto the land 6 which thou 

35 gavest unto their fathers. When heaven is restrained, and 
there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee ; if 
they pray towards this place, and confess thy name, and 

36 turn from their sin, when thou answerest them : Then 
hear thou in the heaven, and forgive the sin of thy ser- 
vants, and of thy people Israel, that thou teach them the 
good way wherein they should walk, and give rain upon 
thy land which thou hast given to thy people for an in- 

37 heritance. If there be in the land famine, if there be 
pestilence, blasting, mildew, 7 locust, or if there be cater- 
pillar|| ; if their enemy besiege them in the land of their 
cities, 8 whatsoever affliction, whatsoever sickness, there be, 

38 What prayer and supplication soever be made by any man 
of all thy people Israel, when they know every man the 
affliction of his heart, and spread forth his hands 9 towards 

39 this house : Then hear thou in heaven the establishment of 
thy abode, and forgive, and do, and give to every man 
according to his ways, whose heart thou knowest ; for thou, 
even thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of 

40 men ; That they may fear thee all the days that they live 
upon the face of the land 6 which thou gavest unto our 



1 pray. 2 bear. 3 execration. 4 execrate. 5 give. 6 ground. 7 wasting. 
8 gates. 9 hollows. 
228 



I. KINGS, Chap. VIII. 

41 fathers. Moreover, concerning the alien that is not of thy 
people Israel, but cometh out of a far country for thy 

42 name's sake — For they shall hear of thy great name, and 
of thy strong hand, and of thy stretched-out 1 arm — when 

43 he shall come and pray towards this house : Hear thou in 
the heaven the establishment of thy abode, and do accord- 
ing to all that the alien calleth to thee for ; that all people 
of the earth may know thy name, to fear thee, as do thy 
people Israel ; and that they may know that this house, 

44 which I have builded, is called by thy name. If thy people 
go out to the war against their enemy, whithersoever thou 
shalt send them, and shall pray unto the Eternal towards 2 
the city which thou hast chosen, and the house that I have 

45 built for thy name : Then hear thou in the heaven their 

46 prayer and their supplication, and do their judgment : If 
they sin against thee, for there is no man that sinneth not, 
and thou be wroth with them, and deliver 3 them to the 
enemy, so that their captors carry them away captives 

47 unto the land of the enemy, far or near ; Yet if they shall 
bethink themselves 4 in the land whither they were carried 
captives, and return, and implore thee in the land of cap- 
tors, saying, We have sinned, and have done perversely, 

48 we have committed wickedness ; And so return unto thee 
with all their heart, and with all their soul, in the land of 
their enemies who led them away captive, and pray unto 
thee towards 5 their land which thou gavest unto their 
fathers, the city which thou hast chosen, and the house 

49 which I have built for thy name : Then hear thou their 
prayer and their supplication in the heaven the establish- 

50 ment of thy abode, and do their judgment. And forgive 
thy people that have sinned against thee, and all their 
transgressions wherein they have transgressed against thee, 
and give them compassion before their captors, that they 

5 1 may have compassion on them : For they are thy people, 
and thine inheritance, whom thou broughtest forth out of 

52 Egypt, from the midst of the furnace of iron: That thine 
eyes may be open unto the supplication of thy servant, 
and unto the supplication of thy people Israel, to hearken 

53 unto them in all that they call for unto thee ; For thou 
didst separate them from among all the peoples of the 
earth, to be thine inheritance, as thou spakest by the 
hand of Moses thy servant, when thou broughtest our 

1 inclined. 2 way. 3 give. 4 restore to their heart. 5 the way of. 
229 



I. KINGS, Chap. VIII. 

54 fathers out of Egypt, O Lord Eternal. And it was so, that 
when Solomon had finished praying all this prayer and 
supplication unto the Eternal, he arose from before the 
altar of the Eternal, from kneeling 1 on his knees with his 

55 hands spread up to heaven. And he stood, and blessed all 

56 the assembly of Israel with a loud 2 voice, saying, Blessed 
be the Eternal, that hath given repose unto his people 
Israel, according to all that he spake : there hath not failed 3 
one word of all his good promise, 4 which he spake by the 

57 hand of Moses his servant. The Eternal our God be with 
us, as he was with our fathers : let him not forsake us, nor 

58 leave 5 us ; That he may incline our hearts unto him, to 
walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and 
his statutes, and his judgments, which he commanded our 

59 fathers. And let these my words, wherewith I have im- 
plored before the Eternal, be nigh unto the Eternal our 
God day and night, that he do the judgment of his servant, 
and the judgment of his people Israel at all times, as the 

60 matter shall require ; 6 That all the peoples of the earth 
may know that the Eternal is God, and that there is none 

61 else. Let your heart, therefore, be complete with the 
Eternal your God, to walk in his statutes, and to keep his 

62 commandments, as at this day. And the king, and all 

63 Israel with him, offered 7 sacrifice before the Eternal. And 
Solomon sacrificed a sacrifice of feast-offerings, which he 
sacrificed unto the Eternal, two and twenty thousand of 
the herd, and a hundred and twenty thousand of the flock. 
So the king and all the children of Israel dedicated the 

64 house of the Eternal. The same day did the king hallow 
the middle of the inclosure that was before the house of 
the Eternal : for there he offered 8 the burnt-offering, and 
the oblation, and the fat of the feast-offerings ; because the 
copper altar that was before the Eternal was too little to 
receive 9 the burnt-offerings and oblations, and the fat of 

65 the feast-offerings. And at that time Solomon held the 
festival, and all Israel with him, a great assembly, from the 
entering in of Hamath unto the brook of Egypt, before the 
Eternal our God, seven days and seven days even fourteen 

66 days. On the eighth day he let the people go : and they 



stooping down. 2 great. 3 fallen. 4 word. 5 let. 6 the thing of the day on 
its day. 7 sacrificed. s made. 9 contain. 
230 



I. KINGS, Chap. VIII. IX. 

blessed the king, and went unto their tents joyful and glad 1 
of heart, for all the goodness that the Eternal had done for 
David his servant, and for Israel his people. 



Chap. IX. 

1 And it came to pass, when Solomon had finished the 
building of the house of the Eternal, and the king's house, 

2 and all Solomon's desire which he liked to do, That the 
Eternal appeared to Solomon the second time, as he had 

3 appeared unto him at Gibeon. And the Eternal said unto 
him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication that 
thou hast made 2 before me : I have sanctified this house 
which thou hast built, to put my name there for ever ; and 

4 mine eyes and my heart shall be there perpetually. 3 And 
if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, in 
integrity of heart, and in uprightness, to do according to 
all that I have commanded thee, and wilt keep my statutes 

5 and my judgments ; Then I will establish the throne 4 of 
thy kingdom upon Israel for ever, as I promised to David 
thy father, saying, There shall not fail 5 thee a man upon 

6 the throne 4 of Israel. But if you shall at all turn 6 from 
after me, you or your children, and will not keep my com- 
mandments and my ordinances which 1 have set 7 before 
you, but go and serve other gods, and prostrate yourselves 

7 to them ; Then will I destroy Israel from the face of the 
land 8 which I have given them : and the house which I 
have sanctified for my name, will I cast 9 out of my sight; 10 
and Israel shall be a proverb 11 and a satire among all 

8 peoples: And at this house, which is high, 12 every one 
that passeth by it shall be astonished, 13 and shall hiss ; and 
they shall say, What for hath the Eternal done thus unto 

9 this land, and to this house ? And they shall say, Because 
they forsook the Eternal their God, who brought forth 
their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold 
upon other gods, and prostrated themselves to them, and 
served them : therefore hath the Eternal brought upon 

10 them all this evil. And it came to pass at the end 14 of 
twenty years, when Solomon had built the two houses, the 

1 good. 2 implored. 3 all the days. 4 chair. 5 be cut off. 6 return. 7 given. 
8 ground. 9 send. 10 face. u parable. 12 supreme. 13 desolate. u extremity. 
231 



I. KINGS, Chap. IX. 

1 1 house of the Eternal, and the king's house, — Now Hiram 
the king of Tyre had furnished 1 Solomon with cedar-trees, 
and fir-trees, and with gold, according to all his desire, 2 — 
that then Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land 

12 of Galilee. And Hiram came out from Tyre to see the 
cities which Solomon had given him ; and they pleased 

13 him not. 3 And he said, What cities are these which thou 
hast given me, my brother ? And he called them the land 

14 of Cabul unto this day. And Hiram sent to the king six 

15 kickar of gold. And this is the reason 4 of the tribute 
which king Solomon raised: 5 for to build the house of the 
Eternal, and his own house, and Millo, and the rampart of 

16 Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer. Pharaoh 
king of Egypt had gone up and conquered Gezer, and 
burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that abode in 
the city, and given it for a dowr} 76 unto his daughter, 

17 Solomon's wife. And Solomon built Gezer, and Beth- 

18 horon the nether, And Baalath, and Tadmor in the 

19 desert, in the land, And all the cities of store that Solo- 
mon had, and cities for the chariots, and cities for the 
horsemen, and that which Solomon desired 7 to build in 
Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his 

20 dominion. And all the people that were left of the Amorite, 
Hittite, Perizzite, Hivite, and Jebusite, who ivere not of 

2 1 the children of Israel, Their children that were left after 
them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were 
not able to doom to destruction, upon those did Solomon levy 

22 a tribute of bond service 8 unto this day. But of the children 
of Israel did Solomon make no bond-men : 9 but they were 
men of war, and his servants, and his officers, and his 
fighting men, and officers of his chariots, and his horsemen. 

23 These were the officers of the superintendents that were 
over Solomon's work, five hundred and fifty, who bare rule 

24 over the people that wrought in the work. But Pharaoh's 
daughter came up out of the city of David unto her house 
which Solomon had built for her : then did he build Millo. 

25 And three times in a year did Solomon offer 10 burnt- 



1 elevated. 2 liking. 3 were not right in his eyes. 4 word. 5 brought up. 
6 sendings away. 7 and the delight of Solomon which he delighted. s bring up 
a serving tribute. 9 servant. lu bring up, 
232 



L KINGS, Chap. IX. X. 

offerings and feast-offerings upon the altar which he built 
unto the Eternal, and he caused them to ascend in fumes 
upon the altar that was before the Eternal. So he finished 

26 the house. And king Solomon made ships in Ezion-geber, 
which is beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red Sea, 2 in 

27 the land of Edom. And Hiram sent in a ship, his servants, 
shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants 

28 of Solomon. And they came to Ophir, and took from 
thence gold, four hundred and twenty kickar, and brought 
it to the kins Solomon. 



Chap. X. 

1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of 
Solomon, concerning 3 the name of the Eternal, she came 

2 to try him with riddles. And she came to Jerusalem with 
a very great train, 4 with camels bearing spices, and very 
much gold, and costly stones : and when she was come to 
Solomon, she spake with him of all that was in her heart. 

3 And Solomon told her all her questions : 5 there was not 

4 any thing hid from the king, which he told her not. And 
when the queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon's wisdom, 

5 and the house that he had built, And the meat of his 
table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of 
his ministers, and their apparel, and his butlers, and his 
burnt-offerings which he offered 6 in the house of the 

6 Eternal ; there was no more spirit in her, And she said 
to the king, The thing was true that I heard in mine own 

7 land of thy words and of thy wisdom. Howbeit I believed 
not the words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen it; 
and, behold, the half was not told me : thou hast added 

8 wisdom and goodness to the report which I heard. O 
happiness of thy men, O happiness of these thy servants, 
who stand continually before thee, and that hear thy 

9 wisdom. Blessed be the Eternal thy God, who is pleased 
in thee, to set 7 thee on the throne 8 of Israel : because the 
Eternal loved Israel for ever, therefore made 9 he the king, 

10 to do judgment and justice. And she gave the king a 
hundred and twenty kickar of gold, and of spices very 
great plenty, and costly stones : there came no more such 
abundance 10 of spices as these which the queen of Sheba 

1 lip. 3 sea of flags. 3 to. 4 heavy force. 5 words. 6 brought up. 7 give. 
8 chair. ,J put. lrt multitude. 
233 



I. KINGS, Chap. X. 

1 1 gave to the king Solomon. And the ships also of Hiram, 
that brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great 

12 plenty of sandal ||- wood, and costly stones. And the king 
made of the sandal||-wood a support for the house of the 
Eternal, and for the king's house, harps also and psalteries 
for the singers: there came no such sandal || -wood, nor was 

13 seen unto this day. And the king Solomon gave unto the 
queen of Sheba all her desire, whatsoever she asked, besides 
that which Solomon gave her according to the ability 1 of the 
king Solomon : so she turned, and went to her own land, 

14 she and her servants. Now the weight of gold that came 
to Solomon in one year was six hundred threescore and 

15 six kikar of gold, Besides that he had of the trading 2 -men, 
and of the traffic of the merchants, and of all the kings of 

16 the west, 3 and of the governors of the land. And the king 
Solomon made two hundred large shields of beaten || gold: 

17 six hundred shekels of gold went to one large shield. And 
he made three hundred shields of beaten || gold; three 
mogenim of gold went to one shield : and the king put 4 them 

18 in the house of the forest of Lebanon. Moreover, the king 
made a great throne of ivory, 5 and overlaid it with purified 

19 gold. The throne 6 had six steps, and the top 7 of the 
throne 6 was round behind : and there were stays on either 
side 8 on the place of the seat, and two lions stood beside 

20 the stays. And twelve lions stood there on the one side 
and on the other 9 upon the six steps : there was not the 

21 like made in any kingdom. And all king Solomon's 
drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the 
house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure 10 gold ; none 
were of silver : it was nothing accounted of in the days of 

22 Solomon. For the king had at sea a ship of Tharshish 
with the ship of Hiram : once in three years came the ship 
of Tharshish, bearing gold and silver, ivory, and apes, and 

23 peacocks. So the king Solomon was greater than all the 

24 kings of the earth in riches and wisdom. And all the 
earth sought to Solomon, to hear his wisdom, which God 

25 had put 11 in his heart. And they brought every man 



hand. 2 searching. 3 evening. 4 gave. s chair of tooth. 6 chair. 7 head. 
8 from this and this. 9 from this and from this. 10 shut. " given. 
234 



I. KINGS, Chap. X. XL 

his present, 1 vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and outer 
garments, and armour, and spices, horses, and mules, a 

26 rate 2 year by year. And Solomon gathered together 
chariots and horsemen : and he had a thousand and four 
hundred chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen, whom 
he ordered into the cities for chariots, and with the king 

27 at Jerusalem. And the king made 3 silver to be in Jerusa- 
lem as stones, and cedars made he to be as the sycamore-trees 

28 that are in the low-land, for multitude. And the export of the 
horses which Solomon had, out of Egypt, was in a train : the 

29 king's merchants took the train at a price. And a vehicle 
came up and went out of Egyyt for six hundred shekels of 
silver, and a horse for a hundred and fifty : and so for all 
the kings of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, did 
they bring them out by their means. 4 



Chap. XL 

1 But the king Solomon loved many alien women, together 
with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Am- 

2 monites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites; Of the na- 
tions concerning which the Eternal said unto the children 
of Israel, Ye shall not come among them, neither shall they 
come among you : for surely they will incline your heart 

3 after their gods. Solomon clave unto these in love. And 
he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hun- 
dred concubines : and his wives turned away 5 his heart. 

4 And it was at the time of the old age of Solomon, that his 
wives inclined his heart after other gods : and his heart 
was not completely with the Eternal his God, as was the 

5 heart of David his father. For Solomon went after Ashto- 
reth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the 

6 abomination of the Ammonites. And Solomon did tne 
evil in the eyes of the Eternal, and went 6 not fully after 

7 the Eternal, as did David his father. Then did Solomon 
build a high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, 
in the mountain that is before Jerusalem ; and for Molech, 

8 the abomination of the children of Ammon. And likewise 
did he for all his alien wives, who caused offerings to ascend 

9 in fumes, and sacrificed unto their gods. And the Eternal 

1 oblation. 2 the thing of a. 3 gave. * through their hand. 5 inclined. 
6 fulfilled. 
235 



I. KINGS, Chap. XL 

was wroth with Solomon, because his heart was turned 1 
from the Eternal God of Israel, who had appeared unto 

10 him twice. And had commanded him concerning this 
thing, that he should not go after other gods : but he kept 

1 1 not that which the Eternal commanded. Wherefore the 
Eternal said unto Solomon, Because this is with thee, and 
thou hast not kept my covenant and my ordinances, which 
I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom 

12 from thee, and will give it to thy servant. Notwithstanding, 
in thy days I will not do it, for David thy father's sake : 

13 but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son. Howbeit I 
will not rend away all the kingdom ; but will give one 
tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jeru- 

14 salem's sake, which I have chosen. And the Eternal 
stirred up 2 a hinderer unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite : 

15 he was of the king's seed in Edom, For it came to pass, 
when David was in Edom, and Joab, the officer of the 
host, was gone up to bury the slain, 3 after he had smitten 

16 every male in Edom, — For six months Joab abode there 
with all Israel, until he had destroyed every male in 

1 7 Edom — That Hadad fled, he, and certain 4 Edomites of his 
father's servants with him, to go into Egypt ; Hadad being 

18 yet a little lad. And they arose out of Midian, and came 
to Paran : and they took men with them out of Paran, and 
they came to Egypt, unto Pharaoh king of Egypt ; and he 
gave him a house, and appointed him victuals, 5 and gave 

19 him land. And Hadad found great favour in the eyes of 
Pharaoh, so that he gave him to wife the sister of his own 

20 wife, the sister of Tahpenes the mistress. And the sister 
of Tahpenes bare him Genubath his son, Tahpenes weaned 
him in Pharaoh's house : and Genubath was in Pharaoh's 

21 household, among the sons of Pharaoh. And when Hadad 
heard in Egypt that David lay with his fathers, and that 
Joab, the officer of the host, was dead, Hadad said to Pha- 

22 raoh, Let me go, that I may go to mine own country. Then 
Pharaoh said unto him, But what hast thou lacked with 
me, that, behold, thou seekest to go to thine own country ? 
And he answered, Nothing : howbeit let me go in any- 

23 wise. And God stirred 2 him up another hinderer, Rezon 
the son of Eliadah, who fled from his lord Hadadezer, king 

24 of Zobah. And he gathered 6 men unto him, and became 

1 inclined. 2 established. 3 stabbed to death. 4 men. s sent him bread. 
6 stored up, 
236 



I. KINGS, Chap. XL 

officer over a band, when David slew them of Zobali : and 
they went to Damascus, and abode therein, and reigned in 

25 Damascus. And he was a hinderer to Israel all the days 
of Solomon, besides the evil that Hadad did: and he 

26 harassed Israel, and reigned over Syria. And Jeroboam 
the son of Nebat, an Ephrathite of Zereda, Solomon's ser- 
vant, whose mother's name ivas Zeruah, a widow woman, 

27 even he raised his hand against the king. And this was 
the cause 1 that he raised his hand against the king : Solo- 
mon built Millo, and closed the breach of the city of 

28 David his father. And the man Jeroboam was a hero of 
force : and Solomon seeing the young man 2 that he was 
industrious, 3 he appointed him over all the charge 4 

29 of the house of Joseph. And it came to pass at that time, 
when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet 
Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had 
covered himself with a new outer garment : and they two 

30 were alone in the field : And Ahijah caught the new outer 
garment that ivas on him, and rent it in twelve pieces. 5 

31 And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces ; 5 for thus 
saith the Eternal, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend 
the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten 

32 tribes to thee : But he shall have one tribe for my servant 
David's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake, the city which I 

33 have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel : Because that 
they have forsaken me, and have prostrated themselves to 
Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god 
of Moab, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon ; 
and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right 
in mine eyes, and to keep my ordinances and my judg- 

34 ments, as did David his father. Howbeit I will not take 
the whole kingdom out of his hand : but I will make 6 him 
prince all the days of his life, for David my servant's sake, 
whom I chose, because he kept my commandments and 

35 my ordinances ; But I will take the royalty out of his 

36 son's hand, and will give it unto thee, even ten tribes. And 
unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant 
may have a lamp all the days before me in Jerusalem, the 

37 city which I have chosen me to put my name there. And 
I will take thee, -and thou shalt reign according to all that 

38 thy soul lusteth, and shalt be king over Israel. And it shall 
be, if thou wilt hearken unto all that I command thee, and 

1 word. 2 lad. 3 doing work. 4 burden. 3 rents. 6 set. 

237 



I. KINGS, Chap. XL XII. 

wilt walk in my ways, and do what is right in mine eyes, to 
keep my ordinances and my commandments, as David my 
servant did ; that I will be with thee, and build thee a 
faithful house, as I built for David, and will give Israel 

39 unto thee. And I will for this afflict the seed of David, 

40 but not for ever. Solomon sought therefore to put Jero- 
boam to death : and Jeroboam arose, and fled into Egypt, 
unto Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egpyt until the 

41 death of Solomon. And the rest of the acts 1 of Solomon, 
and all that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written 

42 in the book of the words of Solomon ? And the days that 
Solomon reigned in Jerusalem, over all Israel, was forty 

43 years. And Solomon lay with his fathers, and was buried 
in the city of David his father : and Rehoboam his son 
reigned in his stead. 



Chap. XII. 

1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem : for all Israel were come 

2 to Shechem to make him king. And it came to pass, when 
Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was yet in Egypt, heard 
of it, for he was fled from the presence of king Solomon, 

3 and Jeroboam abode in Egypt, That they sent and called 
him. And Jeroboam and air the assembly of Israel came, 

4 and spake unto Rehoboam, saying, Thy father made our 
yoke grievous : now, therefore, lighten thou the hard ser- 
vice of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon 

5 us, and we will serve thee. And he said unto them, Go 
yet for three days, then return to me. And the people went. 

6 And the king Rehoboam took counsel with the old men that 
stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, and 
said, How do you counsel, that I may answer this people ? 

7 And they spake unto him, saying, If thou wilt be a servant 
unto this people this day, and wilt serve them, and answer 
them, and speak good words to them, then they will be 

8 thy servants all the days. But he forsook the counsel of 

1 words. 
238 



I. KINGS, Chap. XII. 

the old men, which they had counselled him, and took 
counsel with the young men 1 that were grown up with 
9 him, and who stood before him ; And • he said unto them, 
What counsel ye, that we may answer 2 this people, who 
have spoken to me, saying, Lighten the yoke which thy 

10 father did put 3 upon us. And the young men 1 that were 
grown up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt 
thou say unto this people that spake unto thee, saying, 
Thy father made our yoke heavy, but lighten thou it unto 
us ; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little finger is 

11 thicker than my father's loins. And now, whereas my 
father did lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your 
yoke : my father hath chastised you with the whips, but I 

12 will chastise you with the scorpions. So Jeroboam and all 
the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king 

13 had spoken, saying, Come to me again the third day. And 
the king answered the people roughly, 4 and forsook the 

14 old men's counsel that they counselled him ; And spake to 
them after the counsel of the young men, 1 saying, My 
father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke : 
my father also chastised you with the whips, but I will 

15 chastise you with the scorpions. Wherefore the king 
hearkened not unto the people ; for the cause was from the 
Eternal, that he might perform 5 his word, which the Eter- 
nal spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son 

16 of Nebat. So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened 
not unto them, the people answered 6 the king, saying, 
What portion have we in David ? neither have we inherit- 
ance in the son of Jesse : to your tents, O Israel : Now see 
to thine own house, David. So Israel went unto their 

17 tents. But as for the children of Israel who abode in the 

18 cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them. Then king 
Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the tribute ; and 
all Israel overwhelmed him with stones, that he died : 
therefore king Rehoboam exerted himself to get him up 

19 to the vehicle, to flee 7 to Jerusalem. So Israel rebelled 8 

20 against the house of David unto this day. And it came to 
pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam had returned, 
that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and 
made him king over all Israel : there was none that fol- 
lowed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only. 

1 children. 2 restore word. 3 gave. 4 hard. * establish. 8 restored word. 
7 run away. 8 trespassed. 

239 



I. KINGS, Chap. XII. 

21 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assem- 
bled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, a 
hundred and four score thousand chosen men, warriors 1 , to 
fight against the house of Israel, to restore the royalty to 

22 Rehoboam the son of Solomon. But the word of God 

23 came unto Shemaiah the man of God, saying, Speak unto 
Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and unto 

■ all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the rest of 

24 the people, saying, Thus saith the Eternal, Ye shall not 
go up nor fight against your brethren the children of 
Israel : return every man to his house ; for this thing is 
from me. They hearkened therefore to the word of the 
Eternal, and returned to go, according to the word of the 

25 Eternal. Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, 
and abode therein ; and went out from thence, and built 

26 Penuel. And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the 

27 kingdom return to the house of David : If this people go 
up to do sacrifice in the house of the Eternal at Jerusalem, 
then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their 
lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall 

28 kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah. Where- 
upon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, 
and said unto them, It is much for you to go up to Jeru- 
salem : behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up 

29 out of the land of Egypt. And he put the one in Beth-el, 

30 and the other put 3 he in Dan. And this thing became a 
sin : for the people went to worship before the one, even 

31 unto Dan. And he made a house of high places, and made 
priests of the lowest 3 of the people, who were not of the 

32 sons of Levi. And Jeroboam ordained 4 a festival in the 
eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto 
the festival that is in Judah, and he offered 5 upon the 
altar, so did he in Beth-el, sacrificing unto the calves that 
he had made : and he placed 6 in Beth-el the priests of the 

33 high places whom he had made. So he offered 5 upon the 
altar which he had made in Beth-el, the fifteenth day of 
the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised 
of his own heart : and ordained 4 a festival unto the chil- 
dren i Israel: and he went up upon the altar, in order to 
cause offerings to ascend in fumes. 

1 makers of war. 2 gave. 3 extremities. 4 made. 5 brought up. 6 presented. 
240 



I. KINGS, Chap. XIII. 



Chap. XIII. 

1 And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by 
the word of the Eternal unto Beth-el : and Jeroboam stood 

2 by the altar to cause offerings to ascend in fumes. And 
he called out against the altar in the word of the Eternal, 
and said, O altar, altar ; thus saith the Eternal, Behold, a 
son shall be born unto the house of David, Josiah by 
name ; and upon thee shall he sacrifice the priests of the 
high places that cause offerings to ascend in fumes upon 

3 thee, and men's bones they shall burn upon thee. And 
he gave a sign the same day, saying, This is the sign 
which the Eternal hath spoken ; Behold, the altar shall 
be rent, and the ashes 1 that are upon it shall be poured 

4 out. 2 And it came to pass, when king Jeroboam heard the 
word of the man of God, who had called against the altar 
in Beth-el, that he put forth 3 his hand from the altar, 
saying, Catch him. And his hand, which he put forth 3 
against him, dried up, so that he could not pull it in again 4 

5 to him. The altar also was rent, and the ashes poured out 2 
from the altar, according to the sign which the man of God 

6 had given by the word of the Eternal. And the king 
answered and said unto the man of God, Beseech now the 
face of the Eternal thy God, and pray for me, that my 
hand may return to me. And the man of God besought 
the face of the Eternal, and the king's hand returned to 

7 him, and became as it was before. And the king said unto 
the man of God, Come home 5 with me, and refresh 6 thy- 

8 self, and I will give thee a gift. And the man of God said 
unto the king, If thou wilt give me half thy house I will 
not go in with thee, neither will I eat bread nor drink 

9 water in this place : For so was I commanded by the word 
of the Eternal, saying, Eat no bread, nor drink water, nor 

10 return by the same way that thou earnest. So he went 
another way, and returned not by the way that he came to 

1 1 Beth-el. Now there abode an old prophet in Beth-el ; 
and his sons came and related to him all the works 7 that 
the man of God had done that day in Beth-el ; the words 

1 animal ashes. 2 shed. 3 sent. 4 restore. 5 into the house. 6 sustain. 

7 deed. 
241 r 



I. KINGS, Chap. XIII. 

which he had spoken unto the king, them they told also to 

12 their father. And their father said unto them, What way 
went he ? for his sons had seen the way the man of God 

13 went who came from Judah. And he said unto his sons, 
Saddle me the ass. So they saddled him the ass, and he 

14 rode thereon, And went after the man of God, and found 
him sitting under the terebinth : and he said unto him, Art 
thou the man of God that earnest from Judah? And he 

15 said, I am. Then he said unto him, Go home 1 with me, 

16 and eat bread. And he said, I may not return with thee, 
nor go in with thee ; neither will I eat bread nor drink 

17 water with thee in this place : For it was said 2 to me by the 
word of the Eternal, Thou shalt eat no bread nor drink 
water there, nor turn again to go by the way that thou 

18 earnest. 3 He said unto him, I am a prophet also as thou 
art; and an angel 4 spake unto me by the word of the 
Eternal, saying, Bring him back 5 with thee into thy house, 
that he may eat bread and drink water. But he lied 6 unto 

19 him. So he went back with him, and did eat bread in his 

20 house, and drank water. And it came to pass, as they sat 
at the table, that the word of the Eternal came 7 unto the 

2 1 prophet that brought him back : And he called unto the 
man of God that came from Judah, saying, thus saith the 
Eternal, Forasmuch as thou hast disobeyed the mouth of 
the Eternal, and hast not kept the commandment which 

22 the Eternal thy God commanded thee, But returnedst, 
and hast eaten bread and drunk water in the place, of the 
which the Eternal did say to thee, Eat no bread, and drink 
no water ; thy carcase 8 shall not come unto the burying- 

23 place of thy fathers. And it came to pass after he had eaten 
bread, and after he had drunk, that he saddled for him the 
ass, to wit, for the prophet whom he had brought back. 

24 And when he was gone, a lion met 9 him by the way, and 
slew him ; 10 and his carcase 8 was cast in the way, and the 

25 ass stood by it, the lion also stood by the carcase. 8 And, 
behold, men passed by, and saw the carcase 8 cast in the 
way, and the lion standing by the carcase : 8 and they came 



1 to the house. 2 a word. 3 wentest. 4 messenger. 6 restore. 6 denied. 
7 was. 8 carrion. 9 found. ,0 put him to death. 
242 



L KINGS, Chap. XIII. XIV. 

26 and told it in the city where the old prophet abode. And 
when the prophet that brought him back 1 from the way 
heard thereof, he said, It is the man of God, who was dis- 
obedient unto the word of the Eternal; therefore the 
Eternal hath given him unto the lion, which hath torn 2 
him, and slain him, 3 according to the word of the Eternal, 

27 which he spake unto him. And he spake to his sons, 

28 saying, Saddle me the ass. And they saddled it. And 
he went, and found his carcase 4 cast in the way, and the 
ass and the lion standing by the carcase : 4 the lion had not 

29 eaten the carcase, 4 nor torn 2 the ass. And the prophet 
carried the carcase 4 of the man of God, and placed it upon 
the ass, and brought it back : 5 and the old prophet came to 

30 the city, to bewail and to bury him. And he placed his 
carcase 4 in his own burying-place ; and they bewailed 

31 him, saying, Alas, my brother ! And it came to pass, after 
he had buried him, that he said to his sons as follows, 
When I am dead, then bury me in the burying-place 
wherein the man of God is buried; beside his bones place 

32 my bones. For the saying 6 which he called by the word 
of the Eternal against the altar in Beth-el, and against all 
the houses of the high places which are in the cities 

33 of Samaria shall surely come to pass. After this thing 
Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again 7 
of the lowest 8 of the people priests of the high places: 
whosoever would, he consecrated him, and he became one 

34 of the priests of the high places. And this thing became 
sin unto the house of Jeroboam, even to extirpate it, and 
to exterminate it from off the face of the earth. 10 



Chap. XIV. 

1 2 At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell sick. And 
Jeroboam said to his wife, Pray, arise, and disguise thyself, 
and they will not know that thou art the wife of Jeroboam ; 
and go to Shiloh: behold, there is Ahijah the prophet; he 

3 told 11 me that I should be king over this people. And take 
with thee ten loaves, and cracknels,! and a flask of honey, 
and go to him : he shall tell thee what shall become of the 

restored him. 2 broken. s put him to death. 4 carrion. s restored it. e word. 
7 returned and made. B extremities. 9 filled his hand. 10 ground. n spoke. 
243 r 2 



I. KINGS, Chap. XIV. 

4 lad. And Jeroboam's wife did so, and arose, and went to 
Shiloh ; and came to the house of Ahijah. But Ahijah 
could not see, for his eyes were set 1 by reason of his age. 
■ 5 And the Eternal said unto Ahijah, Behold, the wife of 
Jeroboam cometh to ask a thing of thee for her son, for he 
is sick : thus and thus shalt thou say unto her ; for it shall 
be, when she cometh in, that she shall feign herself to be a 

6 stranger. And it was so, when Ahijah heard the sound 2 of 
. her feet, as she came in at the entrance, that he said, Come 

in, thou wife of Jeroboam; why feignest thou thyself to be 

7 a stranger ? for I am sent to thee with heavy 3 tidings. Go, 
tell Jeroboam, Thus saith the Eternal God of Israel, Foras- 
much as I raised thee from among the people, and made* 

8 thee leader of my people Israel, And rent the kingdom 
away from the house of David, and gave it thee ; and yet 
thou hast not been as my servant David, who kept my com- 
mandments, and who went after me with all his heart, to 

9 do that only which was right in mine eyes ; But hast done 
evil above all that were before thee : for thou hast gone 
and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke 

10 me to anger, and hast cast me behind thy back; Therefore, 
behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam, and 
will cut off from Jeroboam him that pisseth against the wall, 
and him that is restrained or forsaken in Israel, and will put 
away the remnant of 5 the house of Jeroboam, as a man putteth 

11 away dung, till it be all gone. 6 Him that dieth of Jeroboam 
in the city shall the dogs eat ; and him that dieth in the field 
shall the fowls of the heaven eat : for the Eternal hath 

12 spoken it. Arise, thou, therefore, go to thine own house ; 
and when thy feet come into the city, the child shall die. 

13 And all Israel shall bewail him, and bury him : for he only 
of Jeroboam shall come to a burying-place, because in him 
there is found some good thing towards the Eternal God of 

14 Israel in the house of Jeroboam. Moreover, the Eternal 
shall establish him a king over Israel, who shall cut off the 
house of Jeroboam on that day, and what exists also now. 

15 For the Eternal shall smite Israel as a reed 7 is shaken in the 
water, and he shall root up Israel out of this good land 
which he gave to their fathers, and shall disperse them 



1 rose. a voice. 8 hard. 4 gave. * after. • completed. 7 the cane. 
244 



I. KINGS, Chap. XIV. 

beyond the river, because they have made their groves, 1 

16 provoking the Eternal to anger. And he shall give Israel 
up, because of the sins of Jeroboam, who did sin, and who 

17 made Israel to sin. And Jeroboam's wife arose, and went, 
and came to Tirzah : and when she came to the thres- 

18 hold of the house, the child died. And they buried 
him ; and all Israel bewailed him, according to the word 
of the Eternal, which he spake by the hand of his 

19 servant Ahijah the prophet. And the rest of the acts 2 of 
Jeroboam, how he warred 3 and how he reigned, behold, 
they are written in the book of the Chronicles 4 of the 

20 kings of Israel. And the days which Jeroboam reigned 
were two and twenty years : and he lay with his fathers, 

21 and Nadab his son reigned in his stead. And Rehoboam 
the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was 
forty and one years old 5 when he began to reign, 6 and he 
reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the 
Eternal did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his 
name there. And his mother's name was Naamah, the 

22 Ammonitess. And Judah did evil in the eyes of the 
Eternal, and they provoked him to jealousy 7 with their 
sins which they had done, above all that their fathers had 

23 done. For they also built them high places, and images, 8 
and groves, 1 on every high hill, and under every bushy 

24 tree, And there were also male prostitutes in the land ; 
and they did according to all the abominations of the 
nations which the Eternal dispossessed before the children 

25 of Israel. And it came to pass, in the fifth year of king 
Rehoboam, that Shishak king of Egypt came up against 

26 Jerusalem : And he took away the treasures of the house 
of the Eternal, and the treasures of the king's house ; he 
even took away all : and he took away all the shields of 

27 gold which Solomon had made. And king Rehoboam 
made in their stead copper shields, and committed them 
unto the hands of the officers of the runners, who kept the 

28 entrance of the king's house. And it was so, when the 
king went into the house of the Eternal, that the runners 
bare them, and brought them backs into the runner's 

29 apartment. Now the rest of the acts 2 of Rehoboam, and 
all that he did, are they not written in the book of the 

30 Chronicles* of the kings of Judah ? And there was war 

1 happy ones. a words. 3 fought. 4 words of the days. 5 a son. 8 reigned. 

7 envied. 8 monuments. 9 restored them. 

245 i - 



I. KINGS, Chap. XIV. XV. 

31 between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all their days. And 
Rehoboam lay with his fathers, and was buried with his 
fathers in the city of David. And his mother's name was 
Naamah, the Ammonitess. And Abijam his son reigned in 
his stead. 

Chap. XV. 

1 Now, in the eighteenth year of the king Jeroboam the 

2 son of Nebat, reigned Abijam over Judah. Three years 
reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was 

3 Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. And he walked in 
all the sins of his father, which he had done before him : 
and his heart was not completely with the Eternal his God, 

4 as the heart of David his father. Nevertheless, for David's 
sake, did the Eternal his God give him a lamp in Jerusa- 
lem, to set up 1 his son after him, and to establish 2 Jerusa- 

5 lem : Because David did what was right in the eyes of 
the Eternal, and departed not from any thing that he com- 
manded him all the days of his life, save only in the matter 3 

6 of Uriah the Hittite. And there was war between Reho- 

7 boam and Jeroboam all the days of his life. Now the rest 
of the acts 3 of Abijam, and all that he did, are they not 
written in the book of the Chronicles 4 of the kings of 
Judah ? And there was war between Abijam and Jero- 

8 boam. And Abijam lay with his fathers ; and they buried 
him in the city of David: and Asa his son reigned 

9 in his stead, And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king 

10 of Israel reigned Asa over Judah. And forty and one years 
reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was 

1 1 Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. And Asa did what 
was right in the eyes of the Eternal, as did David his 

12 father. And he took away 5 the male prostitutes out of the 
land, and removed all the idols 6 that his fathers had made. 

13 And also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from 
being mistress, because she had made an idol 7 in a grove : 8 
and Asa cut down her idol, 7 and burnt it by the brook 

14 Kidron. But the high places were not removed: 9 
nevertheless Asa's heart was completely with the Eternal 

15 all his days. And he brought in the things which 
his father had dedicated, 10 and the things which him- 
self had dedicated, 10 into the house of the Eternal, 

1 establish. 2 to cause to stand. 3 words. 4 words of the days. 5 caused to pass. 
6 dung. 7 affrighting image. s to the happy one. 9 did not depart. 10 holiness. 
246 



I. KINGS, Chap. XV. 

16 silver, and gold, and vessels. And there was war between 

17 Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days. And Baasha 
king of Israel went up against Judah, and built the Ramah, 
that he might not suffer 1 any to go out or come in to Asa 

18 king of Judah. Then Asa took all the silver and the gold 
that were left in the treasures of the house of the Eternal, 
and the treasures of the king's house, and gave them into 
the hand of his servants : and king Asa sent them to Ben- 
hadad, the son of Tabrimon, the son of Hezion, king of 

1 9 Syria, that abode at Damascus, saying, There is a covenant 
between me and thee, and between my father and thy father : 
behold, I have sent unto thee a present 2 of silver and gold ; 
come and make void thy covenant with Baasha king of 

20 Israel, that he may depart 3 from me. So Ben-hadad 
hearkened unto king Asa, and sent the officers of the forces 
which he had against the cities of Israel, and smote Ijon, 
and Dan, and Abel-be th-maachah, and all Cinneroth, 

21 with all the land of Naphtali. And it came to pass, when 
Baasha heard thereof, that he qeased building the Ramah, 

22 and abode in Tirzah. Then king Asa made a proclamation 
throughout all Judah; none icas exempted; 4 and they 
carried away the stones of the Ramah, and the timber 5 
thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded : and king Asa 

23 built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah. The 
rest of all the acts 6 of Asa, and all his might, and all that 
he did, and the cities which he built, are they not written 
in the book of the Chronicles 7 of the kings of Judah ? 
Nevertheless in the time of his old age he was diseased in 

24 his feet. And Asa lay with his fathers, and was buried 
with his fathers in the city of David his father : and Jeho- 

25 shaphat his son reigned in his stead. And Nadab the son 
of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year 
of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years. 

26 And he did evil in the eyes of the Eternal, and walked in 
the way of his father, and in his sin wherewith he made 

27 Israel to sin. And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house 
of Issachar, conspired 8 against him : and Baasha smote 
him at Gibbethon, which belongeth to the Philistines when 



give. 2 bribe. 3 go up. 4 guiltless. 5 woods. 6 words. 7 words of the days. 

8 tied. 
247 



L KINGS, Chap. XV. XVI. 

28 Nadab and all Israel were besieging Gibbethon ; Even in 
the third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha put him to 

29 death, and reigned in his stead. And it came to pass, 
when he reigned, that he smote all the house of Jeroboam ; 
he left not to Jeroboam any that breathed, 1 until he had 
exterminated him, according unto the word of the Eternal, 

30 which he spake by his servant Ahijah the Shilonite : Be- 
cause of the sins of Jeroboam which he sinned, and which 
he made Israel sin, by his provocation wherewith he pro- 

31 voked the Eternal God of Israel to anger. Now the rest 
of the acts 2 of Nadab, and all that he did, are they not 
written in the book of the Chronicles 3 of the kings of 

32 Israel ? And there was war between Asa and Baasha 

33 king of Israel all their days. In the third year of Asa 
king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign 

34 over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years. And he 
did evil in the eyes of the Eternal, and walked in the way 
of Jeroboam, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to 
sin. 



Chap. XVI. 

1 Then the word of the Eternal came to Jehu the son of 

2 Hanani, against Baasha, saying, Forasmuch as I raised 
thee out of the dust, and made thee leader of my people 
Israel, and thou hast walked in the way of Jeroboam, and 
hast made my people Israel to sin, to provoke me to anger 

3 with their sins ; Behold, I will take away 4 the posterity 
of 5 Baasha, and the posterity of 5 his house ; and will make 6 
thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat. 

4 Him that dieth of Baasha in the city shall the dogs eat ; 
and him that dieth of his in the fields shall the fowls of the 

5 heaven eat. Now the rest of the acts 2 of Baasha, and what 
he did, and his might, are they not written in the book of 

6 the Chronicles 3 of the kings of Israel ? So Baasha lay 
with his fathers, and was buried in Tirzah : and Elah his 

7 son reigned in his stead. And also by the hand of the 
prophet Jehu, the son of Hanani, came 7 the word of the 
Eternal concerning Baasha, and concerning his house, even 
for all the evil that he did in the eyes of the Eternal, in 

all breath. 2 words. 3 words of the days. 4 lav waste. 5 after. 6 give. 7 was. 
248 



I. KINGS, Chap. XVI. 

provoking him to anger with the work of his hands, in 
being like the house of Jeroboam ; and because he smote 

8 him. In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah 
began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, 

9 two years. And his servant Zimri, officer of half his chariots, 
conspired 1 against him as he was in Tirzah, drinking him- 
self drunk in the house of Arza, who was over the house 

10 in Tirzah. And Zimri went, and smote him, and put 
him to death, in the twenty and seventh year of Asa king 

11 of Judah, and reigned in his stead. And it came to pass, 
when he began to reign, as soon as he sat on his throne, 2 
that he smote all the house of Baasha : he suffered not to 
remain of him one that pisseth against a wall, neither of his 

12 kinsfolks 3 nor of his friends. 4 Thus did Zimri exterminate 
all the house of Baasha, according to the word of the 
Eternal, which he spake against Baasha by Jehu the 

13 prophet : For all the sins of Baasha, and the sins of Elah 
his son, by which they sinned, and by which they made 
Israel to sin, in provoking the Eternal God of Israel to 

14 anger with their vanities. Now the rest of the acts 5 of 
Elah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book 

15 of the Chronicles 6 of the kings of Israel? In the twenty 
and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign 
seven days in Tirzah. And the people were encamped 

16 against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines. And 
the people that were encamped heard say, Zimri hath 
conspired, 1 and hath also smitten the king: wherefore all 
Israel made Omri, the officer of the host, king over Israel 

17 that day in the camp. And Omri went up from Gibbethon, 

18 and all Israel with him, and they besieged Tirzah. And 
it came to pass, when Zimri saw that the city was conquered, 
that he went into the citadel || of the king's house, and burnt 

19 the king's house over him with fire, and died, For his 
sins which he sinned in doing evil in the eyes of the 
Eternal, in walking in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin 

20 which he did, to make Israel to sin. Now the rest of the 
acts 5 of Zimri, and his conspiracy that he wrought, 1 are 
they not written in the book of the Chronicles 6 of the kings 

21 of Israel? Then were the people of Israel divided into 



tied. 2 chair. 3 redeemers, 4 fellow, 5 words, fi words of the days. 
249 



I. KINGS, Chap. XVI. 

two parts i 1 half of the people followed 3 Tibni the son of 

22 Ginath, to make him king ; and half followed 2 Omri. But 
the people that followed 2 Omri prevailed 3 against the people 
that followed 2 Tibni the son of Ginath : so Tibni died, and 

23 Omri reigned. In the thirty and first year of Asa king of 
Judah did Omri reign over Israel, twelve years : six years 

24 reigned he in Tirzah. And he obtained the mountain 
Samaria of Shemer for two kikar of silver, and built on the 
mountain, and called the name of the city which he built, 
after the name of Shemer, lord of the mountain, Samaria. 

25 But Omri did evil in the eyes of the Eternal, and did worse 

26 than all that were before him. For he walked in all the 
way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and in his sin where- 
with he made Israel to sin, to provoke the Eternal God of 

27 Israel to anger with their vanities. Now the rest of the 
acts 4 of Omri which he did, and his might that he shewed, 5 
are they not written in the book of the Chronicles 6 of the 

28 kings of Israel ? So Omri lay with his fathers, and was 
buried in Samaria : and Ahab his son reigned in his stead. 

29 And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah, 
did Ahab the son of Omri reign over Israel : and Ahab 
the son of Omri reigned over Israel, in Samaria, twenty 

30 and two years. And Ahab the son of Omri did evil in 
the eyes of the Eternal above all that were before him. 

31 And it came to pass — was it too light a thing for him to 
walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat ? — that he 
took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the 
Zidonians, and went and served the Baal, and prostrated 

32 himself to him. And he reared up 7 an altar for the Baal 
in the house of the Baal, which he had built in Samaria. 

33 And Ahab made the grove ; 8 and Ahab did more 9 to pro- 
voke the Eternal God of Israel to anger than all the kings 

34 of Israel that were before him. In his days did Hiel the 
Bethelite build Jericho: in Abiram his first-born he laid 
the foundation thereof, and in Segub his younger son he 
set up the doors thereof, according to the word of the 
Eternal, which he spake by Joshua the son of Nun. 



1 half. 2 after. 3 was strong. ' words. s did. 6 words of the days. 7 esta- 
blished. ° happy one. 9 continued. 
250 



I. KINGS, Chap. XVII. 



Chap. XVII. 

1 And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the sojourners of 
Gilead, said unto Ahab, As the Eternal God of Israel 
liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain 

2 these years, but according to my word. And the word of the 

3 Eternal came unto him, saying, Go from hence, and turn 
thee eastward, and hide 1 thyself by the brook Cherith, that 

4 faces 3 the Jordan. And it shall be, that thou shalt drink of 
the brook ; and I have commanded the ravens to nourish 

5 thee there. So he went, and did according unto the word 
of the Eternal : for he went and abode by the brook that 

6 faces 3 the Jordan. And the ravens brought him bread and 
flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening: 

7 and he drank of the brook. And it came to pass, after a 
while,* that the brook dried up, because there had been no 

8 shower in the land. And the word of the Eternal came 

9 unto him, saying, Arise, go to Zarephath, which belongeth 
to Zidon, and abide there : behold, I have commanded a 

10 widow woman there to nourish thee. So he arose, and 
went to Zeraphath. And when he came to the entrance 
of the city, behold, the widow woman was there picking up 
sticks : 5 and he called to her, and said, Pray, fetch 6 me a 

1 1 little water in the vessel, that I may drink. And as she 
was going to fetch 6 it, he called to her, and said, Pray, bring 

12 me a morsel of bread in thy hand. And she said, As the 
Eternal thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but a hand'ful 
of meal in the pitcher, and a little oil in the cruse: and 
behold, I am, picking up two sticks, 5 that I may go in and 
dress 8 it for me and my son, that we may eat it, and die. 

13 And Elijah said unto her, Fear not; go, and do as thou 
hast said : but make me thereof a little hearth-cake first, 
and bring it out unto me, and for thee and for thy son 

14 make after : For thus saith the Eternal God of Israel, The 
pitcher of the meal shall not waste, 9 neither shall the cruse 
of oil fail: 10 until the day that the Eternal sendeth showers 

15 upon the earth. And she went, and did according to the 
word of Elijah : and she, and he, and her house, did eat 

16 many days. And the pitcher of the meal wasted 11 not, 
neither did the cruse of oil fail, 10 according to the word of 

1 screen. 2 face. 3 upon the face. i at the extremity of days. 5 woods. 6 take. 
7 hollow. 8 make. ° finish. I0 lack. n finished. 
251 



I. KINGS, Chap. XVII. XVIII. 

17 the Eternal, which he spake by Elijah. And it came to 
pass, after these things, that the son of the woman, the 
owner of the house, fell sick ; and his sickness was so sore 1 

18 that there was no breath left in him. And she said unto 
Elijah, What have I to do with thee, O thou man of God ? 
thou art come unto me to call my sin to remembrance, and 

19 to put my son to death. And he said unto her, Give me 
thy son. And he took him out of her bosom, and carried 
him up into the upper chamber where he abode, and laid 

20 him upon his own bed. And he called unto the Eternal, 
and said, O Eternal my God, hast thou also brought evil 
upon the widow with whom I sojourn, to put her son to 

2 1 death ? And he stretched himself upon the child three 
times, and called unto the Eternal, and said, O Eternal 

22 my God, pray, let this child's soul return into him. And 
the Eternal heard the voice of Elijah, and the soul of the 

23 child returned into him, and he lived. And Elijah took 
the child, and brought him down out of the upper chamber 
into the house, and gave him unto his mother : and Elijah 

24 said, See, thy son liveth ! And the woman said to Elijah, 
Now by this I know that thou art a man of God, and that 
the word of the Eternal in thy mouth is truth. 



Chap. XVIII. 

1 And it came to pass, after many days, that the word of the 
Eternal came to Elijah in the third year, saying, Go shew 
thyself unto Ahab ; and I will send 3 rain upon the face of 

2 the ground. And Elijah went to shew himself unto Ahab. 

3 And the famine was sore 1 in Samaria. And Ahab called 
Obadiah, who was over the house ; and Obadiah feared 

4 the Eternal greatly : For it was so, when Jezebel cut off 
the prophets of the Eternal, that Obadiah took a hundred 
prophets and, hid them by fifty 4 in a cave, and nourished 

5 them with bread and water. And Ahab said unto Obadiah, 
Go into the land, unto all fountains of water, and unto all 
brooks : peradventure we may find grass to save the horses 

1 strong. 2 what to me and to thee. 3 give. * fifty men. 
252 



I. KINGS, Chap. XVIII. 

6 and mules alive, that we lose 1 not all the beasts. So they 
divided the land between them, to pass throughout it: 
Ahab went one way by himself, and Obadiah went another 

7 way by himself. And as Obadiah was in the way, behold, 
Elijah met 2 him : and he recognised him, and fell on his 

8 face, and said, Art thou that my lord Elijah? And he 
answered him, I am : go, tell 3 thy lord, Behold, Elijah is 

9 here. And he said, What have I sinned, that thou wouldest 
give thy servant into the hand of Ahab to put me to death ? 

10 As the Eternal thy God liveth, if there be a nation or 
kingdom whither my lord hath not sent to seek thee, and 
they said, He is not there, and he adjured the kingdom and 

1 1 nation, because they found thee not. . . And now thou say est, 

12 Go, tell 3 thy lord, Behold, Elijah is here. And it shall 
come to pass, as soon as I am gone from thee, that the 
Spirit of the Eternal shall carry thee whither I know not; 
and so when I come and tell Ahab, and he cannot find 
thee, he shall slay me : but I thy servant fear the Eternal 

13 from my youth. Was it not told my lord what I did when 
Jezebel slew the prophets of the Eternal, how I hid a 
hundred men of the prophets of the Eternal, by fifty 4, in a 

14 cave, and nourished them with bread and water ? And 
now thou sayest, Go, tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah is here : 

15 and he shall slay me. And Elijah said, As the Eternal of 
hosts liveth, before whom I stand, that I will be seen by 

16 him to-day. So Obadiah went towards Ahab, and told 

17 him: and Ahab went towards Elijah. And it came to 
pass, when Ahab saw Elijah, that Ahab said unto him, Art 

18 thou he that trouble th Israel? And he answered, I have 
not troubled Israel ; but thou and thy father's house, in 
that ye have forsaken the commandments of the Eternal, 

19 and wentest after the Baalim. Now therefore send, and 
gather 5 to me all Israel unto mount Carmel, and the pro- 
phets of the Baal four hundred and fifty, and the prophets 
of the groves 6 four hundred, who eat at Jezebel's table. 

20 So Ahab sent unto all the children of Israel, and gathered 7 

21 the prophets together unto mount Carmel. And Elijah 
stepped nigh unto all the people, and said, How long halt 
ye between two opinions? if the Eternal be God, follow 8 
him : but if the Baal, then follow 8 him. And the people 

1 exterminate. * was towards. 3 say. 4 fifty fifty men. 5 store up. e happy 
one. 7 stored up. 8 go after. 
253 



I. KINGS, Chap. XVIII. 

22 answered him not a word. Then said Elijah unto the 
people, I, even I only, was left a prophet of the Eternal ; 
but the prophets of the Baal are four hundred and fifty 

23 men. Let them therefore give us two bulls ; and let them 
choose one bull for themselves, and sever it in pieces, and 
put it on the wood, and put no fire under : and I will dress 1 
the one bull, and lay 2 it on the wood, and put no fire under : 

24 And call ye on the name of your gods, and I will call on 
the name of the Eternal : and the God that answereth by 
fire, let him be God. And all the people answered and 

25 said, The thing is good. And Elijah said unto the prophets 
of the Baal, Choose you one bull for yourselves, and dress 1 
it first ; for ye are the many : and call on the name of your 

26 gods, but put no fire under : And they took the bull which 
one gave them, and they dressed 3 it, and called on the name 
of the Baal, from morning even until noon, saying, O Baal, 
answer us ! But there was no voice, nor any that answered. 

27 And they leaped upon the altar which one had made. And it 
came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked them, and said, 
Call with a loud 4 voice; for he is a god: either he is 
talking, or gone aside, || or he is in a journey, 5 orperadven- 

28 ture he sleepeth, and must be awaked. And they called 
with a loud 5 voice, and cut themselves after their manner, 6 
with swords and lances, till the blood gushed 7 out upon 

29 them. And it came to pass, when mid-day was passed, 
and they prophesied until the time of the offering 8 of the 
evening oblation, that there was neither voice, nor any to 

30 answer, nor any that attended. And Elijah said unto all 
the people, Step near unto me. And all the people stepped 
near unto him. And he repaired^ the altar of the Eternal 

31 that was pulled down. And Elijah took twelve stones, 
according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, 
unto whom the word of the Eternal was, saying, Israel shall 

32 be thy name : And with the stones he built an altar in the 
name of the Eternal : and he made a trench about 
the altar, as great as would contain 10 two seahs of seed. 

33 And he set the wood in order, and severed the bull in 
pieces, and put it on the wood, and said, Fill four 
pitchers with water, and pour it on the burnt-sacrifice, 

34 and on the wood. And he said, Do it the second 

1 make. 2 give. 3 made. 4 great. 5 way. 6 judgment. 7 shed. 
8 bringing up. 9 healed. l0 as a house of. 
254 



I. KINGS, CnAP. XVIII. XIX. 

time : and they did it the second time. And he said, Do 

35 it the third time : and they did it the third time. And 
the water went round about the altar ; and he filled the 

36 trench also with water. And it came to pass, at the time 
of the offering 1 of the evening oblation, that Elijah the 
prophet stepped near, and said, Eternal God of Abraham, 
Isaac, and of Israel, let it be known this day that thou art 
God in Israel, and that I am thy servant, and that I have 

37 done all these things at thy word. Hear 2 me, O Eternal, 
hear 2 me ; that this people may know that thou art the 
Eternal God, and that thou hast turned 3 their heart back. 

38 Then the fire of the Eternal fell, and consumed 4 the burnt- 
sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and 

39 licked up the water that was in the trench. And when all 
the people saw it, they fell on their faces : and they said, 
The Eternal, he is the God ; the Eternal, he is the God. 

40 And Elijah said unto them, Seize the prophets of the 
Baal ; let not one of them escape. And they seized them : 
And Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and 

41 slaughtered them there. And Elijah said unto Ahab, Go 
up, eat and drink ; for there is a sound 5 of abundance 6 of 

42 rain. So Ahab went up to eat and to drink. And Elijah 
went up to the top of the Carmel ; and he bent himself 
down upon the earth, and put his face between his knees, 

43 And said to his lad, Go up now, look towards 7 the sea. 
And he went up, and looked, and said, TJiere is nothing. 

44 And he said, Return, seven times. And it came to pass 
at the seventh time, that he said, Behold, there goeth up 
a little thick cloud out of the sea, like a man's hand. 8 And 
he said, Go up, say unto Ahab, Prepare thy chariot, 9 and 

45 go down, that the shower stop 10 thee not. And it came to 
pass in the mean while, that the heaven was darkened with 
thick clouds and wind, and there was a great shower. 

46 And Ahab rode, and went to Jezreel. And the hand of 
the Eternal was on Elijah : and he girded up his loins, and 
ran before Ahab to the entrance 11 of Jezreel. 



Chap. XIX. 
1 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, and 
withal, how he had slain all the prophets with the sword. 

going up. J answer. 3 led about. 4 ate. 5 voice. 6 crowd. T way. 8 hollow. 
9 bind. 10 restrain. n coming. 
255 



L KINGS, Chap. XIX 

2 Then Jezebel sent a messenger unto Elijah, saying, So let 
the gods do to me, and thus shall they continue that I 
make 1 thy life 2 as the life 2 of one of them by to-morrow 

3 about this time. And when he saw that, he arose, and 
went for his life, 3 and came to Beer-sheba, which belongeih 

4 to Judah, and left 3 his lad there. But he himself went a 
day's journey 4 into the desert, and came and sat down 5 
under a broom : and he requested for himself 6 that he 
might die ; and said, It is enough ; now, O Eternal, take 

5 away my life ; for I am not better than my fathers. And 
as he lay and slept under a broom, behold, then an angel 7 

6 touched him, and said unto him, Arise and eat. And he 
looked, and, behold, there was at the resting-place for his 
head a hearth-cake baken on the coals, || and a cruse of 
water. And he did eat and drink, and laid him down 

7 again. 8 And the angel 7 of the Eternal returned the second 
time, and touched him, and said, Arise and eat : because 

8 the journey 4 is too great 9 for thee. And he arose, and did 
eat and drink, and went in the strength of that eating forty 
days and forty nights, unto Horeb the mount of God. 

9 And he came thither unto the cave, and lodged there over 
night ; and, behold, the word of the Eternal came to him, 
and he said unto him, What doest thou 10 here, Elijah ? 

10 And he said, I have been very jealous for the Eternal God 
of hosts : for the children of Israel have forsaken thy cove- 
nant, pulled down thine altars, and slain thy prophets 
with the sword : and I, even I only, am left ; and they seek 

11 my life, 2 to take it away. And he said, Go forth, and 
stand upon the mount before the Eternal. And, behold, 
the Eternal passed by, and a great and strong wind rent 11 
the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks, before the 
Eternal, but the Eternal was not in the wind : and after 
the wind an earthquake ; but the Eternal was not in the 

12 earthquake. And after the earthquake a fire; but the 
Eternal was not in the fire ; and after the fire a voice — 

13 a soft whisper 12 . And it was so, when Elijah heard it, that 
he wrapped his face in his robe, and went out, and stood 
in the entrance of the cave. And, behold, there came a 
voice unto him, and said, What doest thou 13 here, Elijah ? 

14 And he said, I have been very jealous for the Eternal God 
of hosts ; because the children of Israel have forsaken thy 

1 put. 2 soul. 3 placed. 4 way. s abode. 6 asked his soul. 7 messenger. 
8 returned. 9 numerous. ,0 unto thee. n broke off. n small silence. 13 to thee. 
256 



I. KINGS, Chap. XIX. XX. 

covenant, pulled down thine altars, and slain thy prophets 
with the sword : and I, even I only, am left ; and they seek 

15 my life, 1 to take it away. And the Eternal said unto him, 
Go, return on thy way to the desert of Damascus : and 
when thou comest, anoint Hazael to be king over Syria : 

16 And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king 
over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphat, of Abel- 
meholah, shalt thou anoint to be prophet instead of thee. 

17 And it shall come to pass, that him that escapeth the sword 
of Hazael shall Jehu put to death ; and him that escapeth 

18 from the sword of Jehu shall Elisha put to death. Yet I 
have allowed to remain seven thousand in Israel, all the 
knees which have not stooped down unto the Baal, and 

19 every mouth which hath not kissed him. So he went 
thence, and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was 
ploughing, twelve teams of oxen were before him, and he 
was with the twelfth : and Elijah passed by him, and cast 

20 his robe upon him. And he left 2 the oxen, 3 and ran aftei 
Elijah, and said, Pray, let me kiss my father and my 
mother, and then I will go after thee. And he said unto 

2 1 him, Go return : for what have I done to thee ? And he 
returned back from him, and took a team of the herd, and 
slew 4 them, and boiled their flesh with the instruments 5 of 
the herd, and gave unto the people, and they did eat : then 
he arose, and went after Elijah, and ministered unto him. 

Chap. XX. 

1 And Ben-hadad the king of Syria gathered 6 all his force 
together : and there were thirty and two kings with him, 
and horses and chariots: and he went up and besieged 

2 Samaria, and fought against it. And he sent messengers to 
Ahab king of Israel into the city, and said unto him, Thus 

3 saith Ben-hadad, Thy silver and thy gold is mine ; thy 
wives also and thy children, even the goodliest, are mine. 

4 And the king of Israel answered and said, According to thy 

5 word, My lord, O king, I am thine, and all that I have. And 
the messengers returned, and said, Thus speaketh 7 Ben- 
hadad, saying, That I have sent unto thee, saying, Thy 
silver, and thy gold, and thy wives, and thy children, thou 

6 shalt give me .... But to-morrow about this time, I will 
send my servants unto thee, and they shall search thy 

1 soul. * forsook. 3 herd. 4 sacrificed. 3 vessels. 6 stored up. T sayeth. 
257 s 



I. KINGS, Chap. XX. 

house, and the houses of thy servants ; and it shall be, that 
whatsoever is pleasant in thine eyes, they shall put it in 

7 their hand, and take it away. Then the king of Israel 
called all the elders of the land, and said, Pray, know and 
see that this man seeketh evil : for he sent unto me for my 
wives, and for my children, and for my silver, and for my 

8 gold, and I denied 1 him not. And all the elders and all 
the people said unto him, Hearken not unto him, nor con- 

9 sent. Wherefore he said unto the messengers of Ben- 
hadad, Tell my lord the king, All that thou didst send for 
to thy servant at the first I will do : but this thing I may 
not do. And the messengers went, and brought 2 him word 

10 again. And Ben-hadad sent unto him, and said, The gods 
do so unto me, and thus may they continue, if the dust of 
Samaria shall suffice for the palms of the hand for all the 

1 1 people that are at my feet. And the king of Israel answered 
and said, Speak ye, Let not him that girdeth on his harness 

12 boast himself, as he that ungirdeth. And it came to pass, 
when Ben-hadad heard this thing, as he was drinking, he 
and the kings in the booths, that he said unto his servants, 
Put yourselves in array : and they put themselves in array 

13 against the city. And, behold, one prophet stepped unto 
Ahab king of Israel, saying, Thus saith the Eternal, Hast 
thou seen all this great crowd ? behold, I will give it into 
thy hands this day ; and thou shalt know that I am the 

14 Eternal. And Ahab said, By whom ? And he said, Thus 
saith the Eternal, Even by the lads of the officers of the 
provinces. Then he said, Who shall order 3 the battle? 4 

15 And he answered, Thou. Then he mustered the lads of 
the officers of the provinces, and they were two hundred 
and thirty-two : and after them he mustered all the people, 

16 even all the children of Israel, being seven thousand. And 
they went out at the noon : but Ben-hadad was drinking 
himself drunk in the booths, he and the kings, the thirty 

17 and two kings that helped him. And the lads of the 
officers of the provinces went out first; and Ben-hadad 
sent out, and they told him, saying, There are men come 

18 out of Samaria. And he said, If they are come out for 
peace, seize them alive ; and if they are come out for war, 

19 alive seize them. So these came out of the city — the lads 
of the officers of the provinces, and the force which fol- 

20 lowed 5 them. And they smote every one his man : and 

1 refrained. 2 restored. 3 bind. * wtr. s belinl. 
258 



I. KINGS, Chap. XX. 

the Syrians ran away ; and Israel pursued them : and Ben- 
hadad the king of Syria escaped on a horse with 1 horse- 

21 men. And the king of Israel went out, and smote the 
horses and chariots, and smote the Syrians with a great 

22 slaughter. And the prophet stepped to the king of Israel, 
and said unto him, Go, strengthen thyself, and know and 
see what thou doest : for at the return of the year the king 

23 of Syria will come up against thee. And the servants of 
the king of Syria said unto him, Gods of mountains are 
their gods, therefore they were stronger than we : but let 
us fight against them in the plain, whether we shall not be 

24 stronger than they. And do this thing : Remove the kings, 
every man from his place, and put captains in their room : 

25 And number 2 thee a force like the force that fell by thee, 
horse like the horse, and chariot like the chariot : and we 
will fight against them in the plain; if we shall not be 
stronger than they And he hearkened unto their 

26 voice, and did so. And it came to pass, at the return of 
the year, that Ben-hadad mustered the Syrians, and went 

27 up to Aphek, to the war against Israel. And the children 
of Israel were mustered and provisioned, 3 and went against 
them : and the children of Israel encamped before them 
like two little flocks || of goats ; but the Syrians filled the 

28 country. And a man of God stepped nigh, and spake unto 
the king of Israel, and said, Thus saith the Eternal, Because 
the Syrians have said, The Eternal is God of mountains, 

' but he is not God of valleys ; therefore will I give all this 
great crowd into thy hand, and ye shall know that I am 

29 the Eternal. And they encamped these over against those 
seven days ; and so it was, that in the seventh day the war 
approached : and the children of Israel smote of the Syrians 

30 a hundred thousand men on foot in one day. And those 
that were left ran away to Aphek, into the city ; and there 
the rampart fell upon twenty and seven thousand of the 
men that were left. And Ben-hadad ran away, and came 

31 into the city, into an inner chamber. 4 And his servants 
said unto him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings 
of the house of Israel are merciful kings : 5 pray, let us put 
sackcloth on our loins, and cords upon our heads, and 
go out to the king of Israel ; peradventure he will save thy 

32 life. 6 So they girded sackcloth on their loins, and put 
cords on their heads, and came to the king of Israel, and 

1 and. 2 count. s supported. 4 chamber in chamber. * kings of mercy. 
6 keep alive thy soul. 
259 s2 



I. KINGS, Chap. XX. XXI. 

and said, Thy servant Ben-hadad saith, pray, let itne 1 live. 

33 And he said, Is he yet alive ? he is my brother. Now the 
men divined, hastened and ascertained! whether it was 
meant of him : and they said, Thy brother Ben-hadad. 
Then he said, Come ye, bring 3 him. Then Ben-hadad 
came forth to him ; and he caused him to come up into the 

34 vehicle. And Ben-hadad, said unto him, The cities which 
my father took from thy father I will restore ; and thou 
shalt make 3 streets for thee in Damascus, as my father made 
in Samaria. Then, said Ahab, I will send thee away with 
the covenant. So he made 4 a covenant with him, and sent 

35 him away. And one man of the sons of the prophets said 
unto his fellow in the word of the Eternal, Smite me, pray. 

36 And the man refused to smite him. Then said he unto 
him, Because thou hast not obeyed the voice of the 
Eternal, behold, as soon as thou art gone from me, a lion 
shall slay 5 thee. And as soon as he was gone from him, a 

37 lion found him, and slew 6 him. Then he found another 
man, and said, Smite me, pray. And the man smote him, 

38 so that in smiting he wounded him. So the prophet went, 
and waited 7 for the king by the way, and disguised him- 

39 self with a fillet over his eyes. And as the king was passing 
by, he cried unto the king : and he said, Thy servant went 
out into the midst of the war ; and, behold, a man turned 
aside, 8 and brought a man unto me, and said, Keep this 
man : if by any means he be missing, then shall thy life 9 
be for his life, 9 or else thou shalt weigh a kikar of silver. 

40 And as thy servant was busy 10 here and there, he was 
gone. 11 And the king of Israel said unto him, So shall thy 

41 judgment be; thyself hast decided it. And he hasted, and 
removed the fillet from over his eyes; and the king of 

42 Israel recognised him that he was of the prophets. And he 
said unto him, Thus saith the Eternal, Because thou hast 
let go out of thy hand the man of my doom, therefore thy 
life 9 shall be for his life, 9 and thy people for his people. 

43 And the king of Israel went to his house displeased and 
troubled, and came to Samaria. 

Chap. XXI. 

1 And it came to pass after these things, that Naboth 
the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard 

2 by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria. And Ahab spake 

1 my soul. 2 take. 3 put. * cut. 4 smite. ° smote. 7 stood. 8 departed. 
9 soul. 10 doing. H was not. 
260 



I. KINGS, Chap. XXL 

unto Naboth, saying, Give me thy vineyard, that I may 
have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near unto 
my house ; and I will give thee for it a better vineyard 
than it : or, if it seem good in thy eyes, I will give thee 

3 money the price of it. And Naboth said to Ahab, It were 
unworthy of me by the Eternal, that I should give the 

4 inheritance of my fathers unto thee. And Ahab came 
into his house displeased and troubled, because of the word 
which Naboth the Jezreeiite had spoken to him ; for he 
had said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fathers. 
And he laid him down upon his bed, and turned away his 

5 face, and would eat no bread. But Jezebel his wife came 
to him, and said unto him, Why 1 is thy spirit so displeased, 

6 that thou eatest no bread ? And he spoke unto her, Be- 
cause I spake unto Naboth the Jezreeiite, and said unto 
him, Give me thy vineyard for money ; or else, if it please 
thee, I will give thee another vineyard for it: and he said, 

7 I will not give thee my vineyard. And Jezebel his wife 
said unto him, Thou still exercisest 2 royalty over Israel. 
Arise, and eat bread, and let thy heart be merry : I will 
for certain give thee the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreeiite, 

8 So she wrote letters 3 in Ahab s name, and sealed them with 
his seal, and sent the letters 3 unto the elders and to the 

9 nobles that were in his city, dwelling with Naboth. And 
she wrote in the letters, 3 saying, Proclaim 4 a fast, and set 5 

10 Naboth at the head of the people ; And set 5 two men, 
sons of perdition, before him, that they may bear witness 6 
against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme 7 God and the 
king : and then carry him out, and stone him, that he may 

11 die. And the men of his city, even the elders and the 
nobles, who were the inhabitants in his city, did as Jezebel 
had sent unto them, and as it was written in the letters 3 

12 which she had sent unto them : They proclaimed 8 a fast, 

13 and set 5 Naboth at the head of the people. And there 
came two men, children of perdition, and sat before him : 
and the men of perdition bore witness 9 against him, even 
against Naboth in the presence of 10 the people, saying, 
Naboth did blaspheme 7 God and the king. Then they 
carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him with 

14 stones, that he died. Then they sent to Jezebel, saying, 

15 Naboth is stoned, and is dead, And it came to pass, when 

1 what this. ' J doest. 3 books. * call. 6 cause to sit. 6 protest. 7 bless. 
6 called. 9 protested. 10 against. 
261 



I. KINGS, Chap. XXL 

Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that 
Jezebel said to Ahab, Arise, take possession of 1 the vineyard 
of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for 

16 money: for Naboth is not alive, but dead. And it came 
to pass, when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, that 
Ahab rose up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the 

17 Jezreelite, to take possession of 1 it. And the word of the 

18 Eternal came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying, Arise, go 
down towards Ahab, king of Israel, who is in Samaria : 
behold, he is in the vineyard of Naboth, whither he is gone 

19 down to possess it. And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, 
Thus saith the Eternal, Hast thou killed, and also possessed ? 
And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the 
Eternal, In the place where the dogs licked the blood of 

20 Naboth, shall the dogs lick thy blood, even thine. And Ahab 
said to Elijah, Hast thou found me, O mine enemy ? And 
he answered, I have found thee; because thou hast sold 

21 thyself to do evil in the eyes of the Eternal. Behold, I 
will bring evil upon thee, and will put away thy posterity, 2 
and will destroy from Ahab him that pisseth against the 

22 wall, and him that is shut up 3 or forsaken in Israel, And 
will make 4 thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son 
of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah, 
for the provocation wherewith thou hast provoked me to 

23 anger, and made Israel to sin. And of Jezebel also spake 
the Eternal, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall 

24 of Jezreel. Him that dieth of Ahab in the city the dogs 
shall eat ; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of 

25 the heaven eat. But there was none like unto Ahab, who 
did sell himself to do the evil in the eyes of the Eternal, 

26 whom Jezebel his wife enticed. And he did very abomi- 
nably in going after idols, 5 according to all that the Amorite 
did, whom the Eternal dispossessed before the children of 

27 Israel. And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, 
that he rent his garments, and put sackcloth upon his flesh, 
and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and walked about softly. 

28 And the word of the Eternal came to Elijah the Tishbite, 

29 saying, Seest thou how Ahab humble th himself before 
me ? Because he humbleth himself before me, I will not 
bring the evil in his days ; but in his son's days will I 
bring the evil upon his house. 

1 possess. ? behind thee. 3 restrained. 4 give. 5 dung. 
262 



I. KINGS, Chap. XXII. 



Chap. XXII. 

1 And they abode three years quietly, there was no war be- 

2 tween Syria and Israel. And it came to pass, in the third 
year, that Jehoshaphat the king of Judah came down to 

3 the king of Israel. And the king of Israel said unto his 
servants, Know ye that Ramoth-gilead is ours, and we 
hold our peace, and take it not out of the hand of the king 

4 of Syria ? And he said unto Jehoshaphat, Wilt thou go 
with me to the war to Ramoth-gilead ? And Jehoshaphat 
said to the king of Israel, I am as thou art, my people as 

5 thy people, my horses as thy horses. And Jehoshaphat 
said unto the king of Israel, Inquire, pray, at the word of 

6 the Eternal to-day. 1 Then the king of Israel gathered 2 
the prophets together, about four hundred men, and said 
unto them, Shall I go against Ramoth-gilead to the war, 
or shall I forbear ? 3 And they said, Go up ; for the Eternal 

7 shall give it into the hand of the king. And Jehoshaphat 
said, Is there not still here a prophet of the Eternal, that 

8 we might enquire of him ? And the king of Israel said 
unto Jehoshaphat, There is yet one man, Micaiah the son 
of Imlah, by whom we may inquire of the Eternal : but I 
hate him ; for he doth not prophesy good concerning me, 
but evil. And Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so. 

9 Then the king of Israel called a eunuch, and said, Hasten 

10 hither Micaiah the son of Imlah. And the king of Israel 
and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah sat each on his throne, 4 
having put on their robes, in a barn in the entrance of the 
gate of Samaria : and all the prophets prophesied before 

1 1 them. And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made him 
horns of iron : and he said, Thus saith the Eternal, With 
these shalt thon push the Syrians, until thou have con- 

12 sumed 5 them. And all the prophets prophesied so, saying, 
Go up to Ramoth-gilead, and prosper: for the Eternal 

13 shall give it into the king's hand. And the messenger that 
was gone to call Micaiah spake unto him, saying, Behold 
now, the words of the prophets declare good unto the king 
with one mouth : let thy word, pray, be like the word of 

14 one of them, and speak that which is good. And Micaiah 
said, As the Eternal liveth, what the Eternal saith unto me, 

1 as the day. - stored up. 3 cease. 4 chair. { finished. 
263 



I. KINGS, Chap. XXII. 

15 that will I speak. So he came to the king. And the 
king said unto him, Micaiah, shall we go against 
Ramoth-gilead to the war, or shall we forbear ? x And he 
answered him, Go, and prosper : for the Eternal shall give 

16 it into the hand of the king. And the king said unto him, 
How many times shall I adjure thee that thou tell 2 me 

17 nothing but truth in the name of the Eternal? And he 
said, I saw all Israel scattered upon the mountains, as a 
flock that has not a shepherd : and the Eternal said, They 
are ought but lords to these ; let them return every man to 

18 his house in peace. And the king of Israel said unto Jeho- 
shaphat, Did I not tell 3 thee that he would prophesy no 

19 good concerning me, but evil? And he said, Hear thou, 
therefore the word of the Eternal : I saw the Eternal sitting 
on his throne, 4 and all the host of heaven standing by him, 

20 on his right and on his left. And the Eternal said, Who 
shall persuade Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth- 
gilead ? And one said on this manner, and another said 

21 on that manner. And there came forth the Spirit, and 
stood before the Eternal, and said, I will persuade him. 

22 And the Eternal said unto him, Wherewith? And he 
said, I will go forth, and I will be a spirit of falsehood in 
the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt 

23 persuade him, and prevail also : go forth, and do so. Now 
therefore, behold, the Eternal hath put 5 a spirit of falsehood 
in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and the Eternal 

24 hath spoken evil concerning thee. But Zedekiah the son 
of Chenaanah stepped nigh, and smote Micaiah on the 
cheek, and said, Which way passed the Spirit of the Eternal 

25 from me to speak unto thee ? And Micaiah said, Behold, 
thou shalt see in that da} r , when thou shalt go into an inner 

26 chamber 6 to hide thyself. And the king of Israel said, 
Take Micaiah, and carry 7 him back unto Amon the officer 

27 of the city, and to Joash the king's son ; And say, Thus 
saith the king, Put this fellow in the house of detention, and 
give him to eat bread of affliction, 8 and to drink water of 

28 affliction, 8 until I come in peace. And Micaiah said, If 
thou return at all in peace, the Eternal hath not spoken 

29 by me. And he said, Hearken, O peoples, all of you. 
So the king of Israel, and Jehoshaphat the king of 

1 cease. s speak. s say. 4 chair. s given. 6 chamber in chamber. 7 restore. 

8 oppression. 
264 



I. KINGS, Chap. XXII. 

30 Judah, went up to Ramoth-gilead. And the king of Israel 
said unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise myself, 1 and come 
into the war ; but put thou on thy garments. And the king 

31 of Israel disguised himself, and came into the war. But 
the king of Syria commanded the officers of the chariots 
whom he had, thirty-two in number, saying, Fight neither 
with small nor great, save only with the king of Israel. 

32 And it came to pass, when the officers of the chariots saw 
Jehoshaphat, that they said, Surely it is the king of Israel. 
And they turned aside 2 to fight against him : and Jehosha- 

33 phat cried out. And it came to pass, when the officers of 
the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel, that they 

34 turned back from pursuing 3 him. And a certain man drew 
a bow in his simplicity, and smote the king of Israel 
between the joints and the coat of mail: wherefore he 
said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn thy hand, and 

35 carry me out of the camp ; for I am wounded. And the 
battle increased 4 that day ; and the king was stayed up in 
his vehicle against the Syrians, and died at even : and the 
blood ran out 5 of the wound 6 into the midst 7 of the chariot. 

36 And there went a cry throughout the camp about the 
going down of the sun, sajung, Every man to his city, and 

37 every man to his own country. So the king died, and was 
brought 8 to Samaria ; and they buried the king in Samaria. 

38 And one rinsed the chariot in the pool of Samaria, and the 
dogs licked up his blood, and the harlots laved in it, 

39 according to the word of the Eternal which he spake. Now 
the rest of the acts 9 of Ahab, and all that he did, and the 
ivory 10 house which he built, and all the cities that he 
built, are they not written in the book of the Chronicles 11 

40 of the kings of Israel ? So Ahab lay with his fathers ; and 

41 Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead. And Jehoshaphat 
the son of Asa began to reign 12 over Judah in the fourth 

42 year of Ahab king of Israel. Jehoshaphat was thirty and 
live years old when he began to reign ; 12 and he reigned 
twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's 

43 name was Azubah, the daughter of Shilhi. And he walked 
in all the ways of Asa his father ; he departed not from it, 
doing that which was right in the eyes of the Eternal: 
nevertheless the high places were not taken away ; 13 for the 

1 disguise thyself. * departed. 3 behind. 4 went up. ' poured out. 6 smiting. 
7 bosom. 8 came. 9 words. 10 tooth. n the words of the days. 12 reigned. 
13 departed not. 
265 



I. KINGS, Chap. XXII, 

people sacrificed and caused yet offerings to ascend in 

44 fumes in the high places. And Jehoshaphat made peace 

45 with the king of Israel. Now the rest of the acts 1 of 
Jehoshaphat, and his might that he shewed, 2 and how he 
warred, 3 are they not written in the book of the Chronicles 4 

46 of the kings of Judah ? And the rest of the male prosti- 
tutes, which remained in the days of his father Asa, he put 

47 away out of the land. There was then no king in Edom: 

48 a deputy was king. Jehoshaphat made ships of Tarshish 
to go to Ophir for gold ; but they went not : for the ships 

49 were broken at Ezion-geber. Then said Ahaziah the son 
of Ahab unto Jehoshaphat, Let my servants go with thy 

50 servants in the ships : but Jehoshaphat would not. And 
Jehoshaphat lay with his fathers, and was buried with his 
fathers in the city of David his father : and Jehoram his 

51 son reigned in his stead. Ahaziah the son of Ahab began 
to reign 5 over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of 
Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over 

52 Israel. And he did what was evil in the eyes of the 
Eternal, and walked in the way of his father, and in the 
way of his mother, and in the way of Jeroboam the son of 

53 Nebat, who made Israel to sin : For he served the Baal, 
and prostrated himself to him, and provoked to anger the 
Eternal God of Israel, according to all that his father had 
done. 

1 words. * did. 3 fought. 4 the words of the days. 5 reigned. 



END OF FIRST BOOK OF KINGS. 



266 



II. KINGS, 



Chap. I. 



1 Then Moab rebelled 1 against Israel after the death of 

2 Ahab. And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his 
upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick : and he 
sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, inquire of Baal- 
zebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover 2 of this 

3 disease. But an angel 3 of the Eternal said to Elijah the 
Tishbite, Arise, go up towards the messengers of the king 
of Samaria, and say unto them, Is it not because there is 
not a God in Israel, that ye go to inquire of Baal-zebub, 

4 the god of Ekron ? Now, therefore, thus saith the Eternal, 
Thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou 
art gone up, but shalt surely die. And Elijah departed. 4 

5 And when the messengers returned unto him, he said 

6 unto them, Why are ye now 5 returned ? And they said 
unto him, A man came up towards us, and said unto us, 
Go, return unto the king that sent you, and say unto him, 
Thus saith the Eternal, Is it not because there is not a 
God in Israel, that thou sendest to inquire of Baal-zebub, 
the god of Ekron: therefore thou shalt not come down 
from that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely 

7 die. And he said unto them, What is the manner of the 
man who came up towards you, and told you these words? 

8 And they said to him, He was a hairy man, 6 and girt with 
1 transgressed. 2 live. 3 messenger. 4 went. 5 what this. 6 a man owner of hair. 

267 



II. KINGS, Chap. I. 

a girdle of skin about his loins. And he said, It is Elijah 
9 the Tishbite. Then the king sent unto him an officer of 
fifty with his fifty. And he went up to him ; and, behold, 
he sat on the top 1 of the mountain ; and he spake unto 
him, Thou man of God, the king hath spoken, Come 

10 down. And Elijah answered and said to the officer of the 
fifty, If I am a man of God, then let fire come down from 
heaven, and consume 2 thee and thy fifty. And there came 
down fire from heaven, and consumed 2 him and his fifty. 

11 Again 3 also he sent unto him, another officer of fifty with 
his fifty. And he answered and said unto him, O man of 

12 God, thus hath the king said, Come down quickly. And 
Elijah answered and said unto them, If I am a man of 
God, let fire come down from heaven, and consume 2 thee 
and thy fifty. And the fire of God came down from 

13 heaven, and consumed 2 him and his fifty. And he sent 
again 4 an officer of the third fifty with his fifty. And the 
third officer of fifty went up, and came and fell 5 on his 
knees before Elijah, and implored him, and said unto him, 
O man of God, pray, let my life, 6 and the life 6 of these fifty 

14 thy servants, be precious in thine eyes. Behold, there 
came fire down from heaven, and consumed 3 the two offi- 
cers of the former fifties with their fifties : therefore let my 

15 life 6 now be precious in thine eyes. And the angel 7 of the 
Eternal spake unto Elijah, Go down with him ; be not 
afraid of him. And he arose, and went down with him 

16 unto the king. And he said unto him, Thus saith the 
Eternal, Forasmuch as thou hast sent messengers to in- 
quire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, is it not because 
there is no God in Israel to inquire of his word ? therefore 
thou shalt not come down off that bed on which thou art 

17 gone up, but shalt surely die. So he died, according to 
the word of the Eternal, which Elijah had spoken : and 
Jehoram reigned in his stead, in the second year of 
Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah ; because 

18 he had no son. Now the rest of the acts 8 of Ahaziah 
which he did, are they not written in the book of the 
Chronicles 9 of the kings of Israel ? 



1 head. 9 eat. ' and he returned. * returned. 6 knelt. 6 soul. T messenger. 
8 words of the days. 9 there. 

268 



II. KINGS, Chap. II. 

Chap. II. 

1 And it came to pass, when the Eternal caused Elijah to 
go up into the heaven by the whirlwind, that Elijah went 

2 with Elisha from the Gilgal. And Elijah said unto Elisha, 
Pray, abide here ; for the Eternal hath sent me to Beth-el. 
And Elisha said unto him, As the Eternal liveth, and as 
thy soul liveth, If I leave thee ... So they went down 

3 to Beth-el. And the sons of the prophets that were at 
Beth-el came forth to Elisha, and said unto him, Knowest 
thou that the Eternal will take thy lord from over thy head 
to-day ? And he said, Yea, I know it ; hold you your 

4 peace. And Elijah said unto him, Elisha, Pray, abide 
here : for the Eternal hath sent me to Jericho. And he 
he said, As the Eternal liveth, and as thy soul liveth, If I 

5 leave thee ... So they came to Jericho. And the sons 
of the prophets that were at Jericho stepped to Elisha, and 
said unto him, Knowest thou that the Eternal will take 
thy master from over thy head to-day? And he answered, 

6 Yea, I know it ; hold you your peace. And Elijah said 
unto him, Pray, abide here : for the Eternal hath sent me 
to the Jordan. And he said, As the Eternal liveth, and 
as thy soul liveth, If I leave thee .... And they two 

7 went on. And fifty men of the sons of the prophets went, 
and stood opposite afar off: and they two stood by the 

8 Jordan. And Elijah took his robe, and wrapped it 
together, and smote the waters, and they were divided, 1 
hither and thither ; so that they two went over on dry 2 

9 land. And it came to pass, when they were gone over, 
that Elijah said unto Elisha, Ask what I shall do for thee, 
before I am taken away from thee. And Elisha said, Pray, 

10 let a double portion 3 of thy spirit be upon me, And he 
said, Thou hast asked a hard thing : nevertheless, if thou 
see me when I am taken from thee, it shall be so unto 

11 thee; but if not, it shall not be so. And it came to 
pass, as they went on, walking and talking, that, behold, 
there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and 
parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by the 

12 whirlwind into the heaven. And Elisha saw it, and he cried, 
My father, my father ! the chariot of Israel, and the horse- 
men thereof. And he saw him no more : and he took hold 

13 of his own garments, and rent them in two pieces. 4 He took 
up 5 also the robe of Elijah that fell from him, and returned 

1 halved. 2 dried up. 3 the mouth of two. i rents. 9 raised. 

269 



II. KINGS, Chap. II. III. 

14 and stood by the bank 1 of the Jordan; And he took the 
robe of Elijah that fell from him, and smote the waters, 
and said, Where is the Eternal God of Elijah? And when 
he also had smitten the waters, they parted 2 hither and 

15 thither: and Elisha went over. And when the sons of the 
prophets, who were opposite at Jericho, saw him, they 
said, The spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. And they came 
towards him, and prostrated themselves to the earth before 

16 him: And they said unto him, Behold now, there be with 
thy servants fifty strong men; 3 pray, let them go, and 
seek thy lord ; peradventure the Spirit 4 of the Eternal 
hath carried him up, and cast him upon one of the moun- 
tains, or into one of the glens. And he said, Ye shall not 

1 7 send. And when they urged him till he was ashamed, he 
said, Send. They sent, therefore, fifty men; and they 

18 sought three days, but found him not. And when they 
returned to him, and he abode at Jericho, he said unto 

19 them, Did I not say unto you, Go not? And the men of 
the city said unto Elisha, Pray, behold, the situation of this 
city is good, as my lord seeth : but the water is bad, and 

20 the land is depopulating. 5 And he said, Bring me a new 
platter, and put salt therein. And they brought it to him. 

21 And he went forth unto the spring 6 of the waters, and cast 
salt in there, and said, Thus saith the Eternal, I have 
healed these waters ; there shall not be from thence any 

22 more death or depopulation. 5 So the waters were healed 
unto this day, according to the word of Elisha which he 

23 spake. And he went up from thence unto Beth-el : and 
as he was going up by the way, there came forth little 
children 7 out of the city, and reviled him, and said unto 

24 him, Go up, thou bald head ; go up, thou bald head. And 
he turned back, and looked 8 on them, and execrated them 
in the name of the Eternal. And there came forth two 
she-bears out of the forest, and tare 9 forty and two children 

25 of them. And he went from thence to mount Carmel; 
and from thence he returned to Samaria, 

Chap. in. 

1 Now Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign 10 over Israel 
in Samaria the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of 

1 lip. 9 were halved. ' sons of force. 4 wind. * robbing of young ones. 
6 going out. 7 lads. s saw. 9 clave. 10 reigned. 
270 



II. KINGS, Chap. III. 

2 Judah, and reigned twelve years. And he did what was 
evil in the eyes of the Eternal ; but not like his father, and 
like his mother ; and he removed the image 1 of the Baal 

3 that his father had made. Nevertheless he cleaved unto 
the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to 

4 sin; he departed not therefrom. And Mesha king of 
Moab was a sheep-master, and rendered 2 unto the king of 
Israel a hundred thousand fattened lambs, and a hundred 

5 thousand rams, with the wool. But it came to pass, when 
Ahab was dead, that the king of Moab rebelled 3 against 

6 the king of Israel. And the king Jehoram went out of 

7 Samaria on that day, and mustered all Israel. And he went 
and sent to Jehoshaphat the king of Judah, saying, The 
king of Moab hath rebelled 3 against me : wilt thou go with 
me against Moab to the war ? And he said, I will go up : 
As I «^j thou art, as my people so thy people, as my horses 

8 so thy horses. And he said, Which way shall we go up ? 
And he answered, The way through the desert of Edom. 

9 So the king of Israel went, and the king of Judah, and 
the king of Edom : and they fetched a compass of seven 
days' journey : and there was no water for the camp, and 

10 for the cattle that followed them. 4 And the king of Israel 
said, Alas ! that the Eternal hath called these three kings 

1 1 together, to give them into the hand of Moab ! But Jeho- 
shaphat said, Is there not here a prophet of the Eternal, 
that we may inquire of the Eternal by him ? And one of 
the king of Israel's servants answered and said, Here is 
Elisha the son of Shaphat, who poured water on the hands 

12 of Elijah. And Jehoshaphat said, The word of the Eternal 
is with him. So the king of Israel, and Jehoshaphat, and 

13 the king of Edom, went down to him. And Elisha said 
unto the king of Israel, What have I to do with thee ? 5 
go to the prophets of thy father, and to the prophets of thy 
mother. And the king of Israel said unto him, Nay : for 
the Eternal hath called these three kings together, to give 

14 them into the hand of Moab. And Elisha said, As the 
Eternal of hosts liveth, before whom I stand, surely were it 
not that I regard 6 the presence 7 of Jehoshaphat the king of 

15 Judah, if I would glance towards thee, or see thee. . . But 
now bring me a minstrel. And it came to pass when the 
minstrel played, that the hand of the Eternal was upon 

monument. 2 restored. 3 trespassed. * at their feet. * what unto me and 
thee 1 c bear. 7 face. 

271 



II. KINGS, Chap. III. IV. 

16 him. And he said, Thus saith the Eternal, Make this 

17 valley 1 full of ditches : 2 For thus saith the Eternal, Ye shall 
not see wind, neither shall ye see rain ; yet that valley 1 
shall be tilled with water, that ye may drink, both ye, and 

18 your cattle, and your beasts. And this is but a light thing in 
the eyes of the Eternal : he will give Moab also into your 

19 hand. And ye shall smite every fortified city, and every 
choice city, and shall fell every good tree, and stop all 
springs of water, and mar 3 every good piece of land with 

20 stones. And it came to pass in the morning, when the 
oblation was offered, 4 that, behold, there came water by 
the way of Edom ; and the country was filled with the 

21 water. And when all Moab heard that the kings were 
come up to fight against them, they were summoned, from 
every one that girded on a girdle and upwards, and stood 

22 in the boundary. And they rose up early in the morning, 
and the sun shone upon the water, and the Moabites saw 

23 the water from opposite as red as blood : And they said, 
This is blood : the kings are surely ruined, and they have 
smitten one another: 5 now therefore, Moab, to the spoil. 

24 And when they came to the camp of Israel, Israel rose up 
and smote Moab, so that they ran away before them : and 

25 they smote Moab in their own country. 6 And they pulled 
down the cities, and on every good piece of land 7 cast every 
man his stone, and filled it ; and they stopped every spring 
of water, and felled every good tree : only in the Kir- 
haraseth suffered they the stones to remain ; howbeit, the 

26 slingers encompassed it, and smote it. And when the king 
of Moab saw that the war was too sore 8 for him, he took 
with him seven hundred men that drew swords, to break 9 
through even unto the king of Edom : but they could not. 

27 Then he took his first-born son, that should have reigned 
in his stead, and offered 10 him for a burnt offering upon the 
rampart. And there was great indignation against Israel : 
and they departed 11 from him, and returned to their own 
land. 

Chap. IV. 

1 Now one woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets 
cried unto Elisha, saying, Thy servant my husband is dead ; 

i brook. 2 ditches, ditches. 3 cause to be sore. 4 went up. s a man his fellow. 
• in it going forward and smiting. 7 portion. 8 strong. 9 cleave. ,0 brought up. 

11 journeyed. 
272 



IL KINGS, Chap. IV. 

and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the Eternal : 
and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to 

2 be servants. And Elisha said unto her, What shall I do 
for thee ? tell me : what hast thou in the house ? And she 
said, Thy handmaid hath not any thing in the house save 

3 a vessel for anointing-oil. Then he said, Go, ask for thee 
vessels abroad of all thy neighbours, even empty vessels ; 

4 let them not be few. And when thou art come in, thou 
shalt shut the door upon thee and upon thy sons, and shalt 
pour out into all those vessels, and thou shalt set aside that 

5 which is full. So she went from him, and shut the door 
upon her and upon her sons, they reached the vessels to 

6 her, and she poured out. And it came to pass, when the 
vessels were full, that she said unto her son, Reach me yet 
a vessel. And he said unto her, There is not a vessel more. 

7 And the oil stayed. 1 Then she came and told the man of 
God : and he said, Go, sell the oil, and pay thy debt, and 

8 live thou and thy children of the rest. And it was on a 
day, that Elisha passed to Shunem, where was a great 
woman ; and she constrained 2 him to eat bread. And so 
it was, that, as oft as he passed by, he turned in 3 thither to 

9 eat bread. And she said unto her husband, Behold now, 
I know that this is a holy man of God who passeth by us 

10 continually. Pray, let us make a little upper chamber, on 
the wall ; and let us put for him there a bed, and a table, 
and a chair, and a candelabrum : and it shall be, when he 

11 cometh to us, that he shall turn in 4 thither. And it was on 
a day that he came thither, and he turned 3 into the upper 

12 chamber, and lay there. And he said to Gehazi his lad, 
Call this Shunammite. And when he had called her, she 

13 stood before him. And he said unto him, Say now unto 
her, Behold, thou hast been careful 5 for us with all this 
care ; 6 what is to be done for thee ? wouldest thou be 
spoken for to the king, or to the officer of the host ? And 

14 she answered, I abide among mine own people. And he 
said, What then is to be done for her? And Gehazi 
answered, Verily she hath no child, 7 and her husband is 

15 old. And he said, Call her. And when he had called her, 

16 she stood in the entrance. And he said, At this appointed 
time as the time that liveth, thou shalt embrace a son. 
And she said, Nay, my lord, thou man of God, do not state 

1 stood. 2 laid hold. 3 departed. i depart. s trembled. 6 trembling. 7 son. 
273 t 



II. KINGS, Chap. IV. 

17 a falsehood unto thy handmaid. And the woman con- 
ceived, and bare a son at that appointed time as the time 

18 that liveth, which Elisha had told 1 her. And when the 
child was grown, it was on a day that he went out to his 

19 father to the reapers. And he said unto his father, My 
head, my head ! And he said to the lad, Carry him to his 

20 mother. And when he had carried him, and brought him 
to his mother, he sat on her knees till noon, and then died. 

21 And she went up, and laid him on the bed of the man of 

22 God, and shut the door upon him, and went out. And she 
called unto her husband, and said, Pray, send me one of the 
lads, and one of the she-asses, that I may run to the man 

23 of God, and return. And he said, Why wilt thou go to 
him to-day ? it being neither new moon nor sabbath. And 

24 she said, Peace ! Then she saddled the she-ass, and said to 
her lad, Lead, and go forward; slack 2 not thy riding for me, 

25 except I bid 3 thee. So she went, and came unto the man 
of God to mount Carmel. And it came to pass, when the 
man of God saw her afar off, that he said to Gehazi his ser- 

26 vant, Behold, yonder is that Shunammite : Run now, pray, 
towards her; and say unto her, Is peace unto thee? is 
peace unto thy husband? is peace unto the child? And 

27 she answered, Peace. And when she came to the man of 
God to the mountain, she laid hold of him by the feet: 
but Gehazi stepped nigh to thrust her away. And the 
man of God said, Let her alone ; 4 for her soul is vexed 3 
within her: and the Eternal hath hid it from me, and 

28 hath not told me. Then she said, Did I ask a son of my 

29 lord? did I not say, Do not deceive | me? Then he said 
to Gehazi, Gird up thy loins, and take my staff 6 in thy 
hand, and go thy way : if thou find any man, salute 7 him 
not ; and if any salute 7 thee, answer him not : and put my 

30 staff 6 upon the face of the lad. And the mother of the lad 
said, As the Eternal liveth, and as thy soul liveth, if I 

31 leave thee And he arose, and went after her. And 

Gehazi passed on before them, and put the staff 6 upon the 
face of the lad ; but there was neither voice nor attending : 
wherefore he returned towards him, and told him, saying, 

32 The lad is not awaked. And when Elisha was come into 
the house, behold, the lad was dead, and laid upon his bed. 

33 He went in therefore, and shut the door upon them twain, 

34 and prayed unto the Eternal. And he went up, and lay 

1 said. a restrain. 3 say. * loosen her. 5 bitter. 6 stay. 7 bless. 
274 



IL KINGS, Chap. IV. V. 

upon the child, and put his mouth upon his mouth, and 
his eyes upon his eyes, and his hands upon his hands ; and 
he stretched himself upon the child, and the flesh of the 

35 child waxed warm. Then he returned, and walked in the 
house to and fro ; and went up, and stretched himself upon 
him : and the lad sneezed seven times, and the lad un- 

36 closed his eyes. And he called Gehazi, and said, Call this 
Shunammite. So he called her. And when she was come 

37 in unto him, he said, Carry thy son. Then she went in, 
and fell at his feet, and prostrated herself to the earth, and 

38 carried her son, and went out. And Elisha returned to the 
Gilgal, and the famine was in the land, and the sons of the 
prophets were sitting before him : and he said unto his 
servant, Set on the great pot, and seethe pottage for the 

39 sons of the prophets. And one went out into the field to 
gather herbs, || and found a vine of the field, and collected 
thereof wild gourdsll his lap full, and came out and shred 

40 them into the pot of pottage : for they knew them not. So 
they poured out for the men to eat : and it came to pass, 
as they were eating of the pottage, that they cried out, 
and said, O thou man of God, there is death in the pot ; 

41 and they could not eat thereof. But he said, Then take 
meal. And he cast it into the pot ; and he said, Pour 
out for the people, that they may eat. And there was 

42 no evil thing in the pot. And there came a man from 
Baal-shalisha, and brought the man of God bread of the 
first-fruits, twenty loaves 1 of barley, and ears of fruitful 
soil in his bag. And he said, Give unto the people, that 

43 they may eat. And his minister said, What, should I set 2 
this before a hundred men? He said again, Give the 
people, that they may eat: for thus saith the Eternal, 

44 They shall eat, and shall leave thereof. So he set 3 it 
before them, and they did eat, and left thereof, according 
to the word of the Eternal. 

Chap. V. 

1 Now Naaman, officer of the host of the king of Syria, 
was a great man with his lord, and honourable ; 4 because 
by him the Eternal had given deliverance 5 unto Syria : 

2 he was also a hero of force ; but he was a leper. And the 
Syrians had gone out in troops, and had captured out 
of the land of Israel a little damsel ; and she waited 

1 bread. 3 give. 3 gave. 4 borne of face. s salvation. 

275 t 2 



II. KINGS, Chap. V. 

3 on 1 Naaman's wife. And she said unto her mistress, Would 
that my lord were with the prophet that is in Samaria ! for 

4 he would recover 2 him of his leprosy. And he came and 
told his lord, saying;, Thus and thus said the damsel that 

5 is of the land of Israel. And the king of Syria said, Go 
to, go 3 and I will send a letter 4 unto the king of Israel. 
And he went, and took with him ten kikar of silver, and 
six thousand pieces of gold, and ten changes of garments. 

6 And he brought the letter 4 to the king of Israel, saying, 
Now, when this letter 4 is come unto thee, behold, I have 
therewith sent Naaman my servant to thee, that thou 

7 mayest recover 2 him of his leprosy. And it came to pass, 
when the king of Israel had read the letter, 5 that he rent 
his garments, and said, Am I God, to put to death and to 
make alive, that this man doth send unto me to recover 2 a 
man of his leprosy ? Wherefore, pray, know and see how 

8 he seeketh a pretence against me. And it was so, when 
Elisha the man of God had heard that the king of Israel 
had rent his garments, that he sent to the king, saying, 
Wherefore hast thou rent thy garments ? let him come now 
to me, and he shall know that there is a prophet in Israel. 

9 So Naaman came with his horses and with his chariot, and 

10 stood at the entrance of the house of Elisha. And Elisha 
sent a messenger unto him, saying, Go and lave in the 
Jordan seven times, and thy flesh shall come again 6 to 

11 thee, and thou shalt be clean. But Naaman was angry, 
and went away, and said, Behold, I thought, He will surely 
come out to me, and stand and call on the name of the 
Eternal his God, and wave his hand over the place, and 

12 recover 2 the leper. Are not Abana and Pharpar, rivers of 
Damascus, better than all the waters of Israel ? may I not 
lave in them, and be clean? So he turned, and went away 

13 in a fury. And his servants stepped nigh, and spake unto 
him, and said, My father, if the prophet had bid thee do 
some great thing, wouldest thou not have done it? how 
much rather then, when he saith to thee, Lave, and be 

14 clean ? Then went he down, and dipped himself seven 
times in the Jordan, according to the word of the man of 
God : and his flesh came again 7 like unto the flesh of a 

15 little child, 8 and he was clean. And he returned to the 

1 was before. 2 gather. 3 come. 4 book. * called the book. 8 return. 
7 returned. 8 lad. 

276 



II. KINGS, Chap. V. 

man of God, he and all his company, 1 and came and stood 
before him : and he said, Behold, now I know that there is 
no God in all the earth but in Israel : now therefore, pray, 

16 take a blessing of thy servant. But he said, As the Eternal 
liveth, before whom I stand, if I take . . . And he pressed 

17 him to take it; but he refused. And Naaman said, If not, 
pray, let there be given to thy servant a burthen of earth 2 
for a team of mules: for thy servant will further offer 3 
neither burnt-offering nor sacrifice unto other gods, but 

18 unto the Eternal. In this thing the Eternal pardon thy 
servant, that when my lord goeth into the house of Rim- 
monto prostrate himself there, and he leaneth on my hand, 
I prostrate myself also in the house of Rimmon ; when I 
prostrate myself in the house of Rimmon, the Eternal par- 

1 9 don thy servant in this thing. And he said unto him, Go in 

20 peace. So he departed from him a kibrath of land. But 
Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Be- 
hold, my lord hath spared 4 Naaman this Syrian, in not 
taking at his hands that which he brought : but, as the 
Eternal liveth, I will run after him, and take somewhat of 

21 him. So Gehazi followed 5 after Naaman. And when 
Naaman saw him running after him, he lighted 6 down from 

22 the vehicle towards him, and said, Is it for peace ? And 
he said, Peace. My lord hath sent me, saying, Behold, 
even now there are come to me from mount Ephraim two 
lads of the sons of the prophets : give them, pray, a kikar 

23 of silver, and two changes of garments. And Naaman said, 
Pray, consent, take two kikar. And he pressed him, and 
bound two kikar of silver in two bags,|| with two changes 
of garments, and gave them to two of his lads ; and they 

24 bare them before him. And when he came to the tower, | 
he took them from their hand and bestowed 7 them in the 

25 house : and he let the men go, and they departed. But 
he went in, and stood before his lord. And Elisha said 
unto him, Whence comest thou, Gehazi ? And he said, Thy 

26 servant went no whither. And he said unto him, My heart 
had not gone, when the man turned again from his vehicle 
towards thee. Is it a time to take money, and to take 
garments, and olive-yards, and vineyards, and the flocks 

27 and herds, and men-servants, and handmaids ? Therefore 
the leprosy of Naaman shall cleave unto thee, and unto thy 

1 camp. 2 ground. 3 make. 4 kept back. 5 pursued. c fell. 7 visited. 

277 



II. KINGS, Chap. V. VI. 

seed for ever. And he went out from his presence 1 a 
leper as white as snow. 



Chap. VI. 



1 And the sons of the prophets said unto Elisha, Behold now, 
the place where we abide with thee is too strait for us. 

2 Let us go, pray, unto the Jordan, and take thence every 
man one beam, and let us make us a place there, where 

3 we may abide. And he answered, Go ye. And the one 
said, Pray, consent, and go with thy servants. And 

4 he answered, I will go. So he went with them. And 
when they came to the Jordan, they hewed down the 

5 wood. But as the one was felling the beam, the axe-head 2 
fell into the water : and he cried, and said, Alas, my lord ! 

6 for it was borrowed. 3 And the man of God said, Where 
fell it ? And he shewed him the place. And he cut down 
a stick, 4 and cast it in thither, and it caused the iron to 

7 float. And he said, Take it up 5 to thee. And he put out 6 

8 his hand, and took it. Then the king of Syria fought 
against Israel, and took counsel with his servants, saying, 

9 In such and such a place shall be my encampment. And 
the man of God sent unto the king of Israel, saying, 
Beware of passing such a place ; for thither the Syrians 

10 are descending.! And the king of Israel sent to the place 
which the man of God told him and enlightened him, and 

1 1 took heed there, not once nor twice. Therefore the heart 
of the king of Syria was agitated for this thing ; and he 
called his servants, and said unto them, Will ye not tell 

12 me which of us is for the king of Israel? And one of his 
servants said, None, my lord, O king: but Elisha, the 
prophet that is in Israel, telleth the king of Israel the words 

13 that thou speakest in thy bed 7 -chamber. And he said, 
Go and see where he is, that I may send and fetch 8 him. 
And it was told him, saying, Behold, he is in Dothan. 

14 Therefore sent he thither horses, and chariots, and a great 9 
force : and they came by night, and surrounded the city. 

15 And when the minister of the man of God was risen early, 

1 face. s iron. 3 asked. * wood. 5 raise. 6 sent. 7 place of repose. 8 take. 

9 heavy. 

278 



II. KINGS, Chap. VI. 

and "gone forth, behold, a force compassed the city, both 
with horses and chariots. And his lad said unto him, 

16 Alas, my master! how shall we do? And he answered, 
Fear not ; for they that are with us are more than they 

17 that are with them. And Elisha prayed, and said, Eternal, 
pray, unclose his eyes, that he may see. And the Eternal 
unclosed the eyes of the lad: and he saw, and, behold, 
the mountain was full of horses, and chariots of fire round 

18 about Elisha. And when they came down to him, Elisha 
prayed unto the Eternal, and said, Pray, smite this nation 
with blindness And he smote them with blindness, 

19 according to the word of Elisha. And Elisha said unto 
them, This is not the way, neither is this the city ; follow 1 
me, and I will lead you to the man whom ye seek. But 

20 he led them to Samaria. And it came to pass, when they 
were come into Samaria, that Elisha said, Eternal, unclose 
the eyes of these men, that they may see. And the Eternal 
unclosed their eyes, and they saw ; and, behold, they were 

21 in the midst of Samaria. And the king of Israel said unto 
Elisha, when he saw them, My father, shall I smite, smite 

22 them? And he said, Thou shalt not smite them : hast thou 
captured with thy sword and with thy bow that thou 
wouldest smite ? Put bread and water before them, that 

23 they may eat and drink, and go to their lord. And he 
prepared 2 great provision! for them : and when they had 
eaten and drunk, he let them go, and they went to their 
lord. So the troops of Syria continued not to come into 

24 the land of Israel. And it came to pass after this, that 
Ben-hadad king of Syria gathered 3 all his camp, and went 

25 up, and besieged Samaria. And there was a great famine 
in Samaria: and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass's 
head was sold for fourscore pieces of silver, aud the fourth 

26 part of a cab of dove's dung for five pieces of silver. And 
as the king of Israel was passing by upon the rampart, 
there cried a woman unto him, saying, Save, my lord, O 

27 king! And he said, If the Eternal do not save thee, 
whence shall I save thee? out of the barn-floor, or out of 

28 the wine-press ? And the king said unto her, What aileth 
thee ? And she answered, This woman said unto me, 
Give thy son, that we may eat him to-day, and we will eat 

29 my son to-morrow. So we boiled 4 my son, and did eat 

1 follow after. 2 dug. 3 stored up * cooked. 
279 



II. KINGS, Chap. VL VII. 

him : and I said unto her on the next 1 day, Give thy son, 

30 that we may eat him ; and she hath hid her son. And it 
came to pass, when the king heard the words of the woman, 
that he rent his garments ; and he passed by upon the 
rampart, and the people saw, and, behold, he had the sack- 

31 cloth within upon his flesh. Then he said, God do so to me 
and continue, if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat shall 

32 stand on him this day. But Elisha sat in his house, and 
the elders sat with him : and the king sent a man from 
before him : but ere the messenger came to him, he said 
to the elders, See ye how this son of the murderer hath 
sent to take away 2 my head? see, when the messenger 
cometh, shut the door, and press him with the door : is 

33 not the sound 3 of his lord's feet behind him ? And while 
he yet spoke with them, behold, the messenger came down 
unto him, and he said, Behold, this evil is of the Eternal ; 
what should I wait for the Eternal any longer? 

Chap. VII. 

1 Then Elisha said, Hear ye the word of the Eternal ; Thus 
saith the Eternal, To-morrow, about this time, shall a seah 
of flour be sold for a shekel, and two seahs of barley for a 

2 shekel, in the gate of Samaria. Then the fighting man, 
on whose hand the king leaned, answered the man of God, 
and said, Behold, the Eternal maketh apertures in the 
heaven ! might this thing be ? And he said, Behold, thou 

3 shalt see it with thine eyes, but shalt not eat thereof. And 
there were four leprous men at the entrance in of the gate : 
and they said one to another, Why 4 abide we here until 

4 we die ? If we say, We will enter 5 into the city, then the 
famine is in the city, and we shall die there : and if we 
abide here, we die also. Now therefore go, and let us fall 
unto the camp of the Syrians : if they keep us alive, we 
shall live ; and if they put us to death, we shall but die. 

5 And they rose up in the twilight, to go 5 unto the camp of the 
Syrians : and when they were come to the extremity of the 

6 camp of Syria, behold, there was no man there. For the Lord 
had made the camp of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, 3 
and a noise 3 of horses, even the noise 3 of a great force; and 
they said one to another, 6 Lo, the king of Israel hath hired 

1 other. 2 remove. 3 voice- 4 what. 5 come. 6 a man to his brother. 
280 



II. KINGS, Chap. VII. 

against us the kings of the Hittites, and the kings of the 

7 Egyptians, to come upon us. Wherefore they arose, and 
ran away in the twilight, and forsook their tents, and their 
horses, and their asses, even the camp as it was, and ran 

8 away for their life. 1 And when these lepers came to the 
extremity of the camp, they went into one tent, and did 
eat and drink, and carried thence silver, and gold, and 
garments, and went and secreted it; and returned, and 
came into another tent, and carried thence also, and went 

9 and secreted it. Then they said one to another, 2 We do 
not right : this day is a day of tidings, and we hold our 
peace : if we tarry till the morning light, some mischief 
will come upon us : 3 now therefore come, that we may go 

10 and tell the king's household. So they came, and called 
unto the gate-keeper of the city ; and they told them, 
saying, We came to the camp of the Syrians, and, behold, 
there was no man there, neither voice of a human being, 
but the horse tied, 4 and the ass tied, 4 and the tents as they 

1 1 were. And he called the gate-keepers ; and they told it to 

12 the king's house within. And the king arose in the night, 
and said unto his servants, I will now tell you what the 
Syrians have done to us : They know that we are hungry, 
therefore are they gone out of the camp to hide themselves 
in the field, saying, When they come out of the city, we 

13 shall catch them alive, and come into the city. And one 
of his servants answered and said, Pray, let some take five 
of the horses that remain, which remain in the city, 5 
behold, let them be as all the crowd of Israel that remain 
in it, or behold, let them be even as all the multitude of 
the Israelites that are consumed, 6 and let us send and see. 

14 They took therefore two chariots, with horses; and the 
king sent after the camp of the Syrians, saying, Go and see. 

15 And they went after them unto the Jordan ; and, lo, all 
the way teas full of garments and vessels, which the Syrians 
had cast away in their precipitate hurry : and the messen- 

16 gers returned, and told the king. And the people went 
out, and spoiled the camp of the Syrians. So a seah of 
flour was sold for a shekel, and two seahs of barley for 



soul. 2 a man to bis fellow. 3 iniquity will find us. 4 bound. 5 in it. 
6 complete. 
281 



II. KINGS, Chap. VII. VIII. 

17a shekel, according to the word of the Eternal. And the 
king appointed the righting man on whose hand he leaned 
over the gate : and the people trode upon him in the gate, 
and he died, as the man of God had spoken, who spake 

18 when the king came to him. And it came to pass, as the 
man of God had spoken to the king, saying, Two seahs of 
barley for a shekel, and a seah of flour for a shekel, shall 
be to-morrow, about this time, in the gate of Samaria : 

19 And the fighting man answered the man of God, and said, 
Now, behold, the Eternal maketh apertures in the heaven ! 
might such a thing be ? And he said, Behold, thou shalt 

20 see it with thine eyes, but shalt not eat thereof. And so 
it happened unto him : for the people trode upon him in 
the gate, and he died. 



Chap. VIII. 

And Elisha spake unto the woman whose son he had 
restored to life, saying, Arise, and go thou and thy house- 
hold, and sojourn wheresoever thou canst sojourn : for the 
Eternal hath called for the famine ; and it shall also come 
upon the land seven years. And the woman arose, and 
did according to the word of the man of God : and she 
went with her household, and sojourned in the land of the 
Philistines seven years. And it came to pass at the seven 
years' end, 1 that the woman returned out of the land of the 
Philistines : and she went forth to cry unto the king for 
her house and for her land. 2 And the king spake with 
Gehazi, the servant 3 of the man of God, saying, Pray, relate 
to me all the great things that Elisha hath done. And it 
came to pass, as he was relating to the king how he had 
restored the dead to life, that, behold, the woman, whose 
son he had restored to life, cried to the king for her house 
and for her field. And Gehazi said, My lord, O king, 
this is the woman, and this is her son whom Elisha restored 
to life. And when the king asked the woman, she related 
it to him. So the king appointed 4 unto her a certain officer, 5 
saying, Restore all that was hers, and all the increase of 
the field, since the day that she left 6 the land, even until 
now. And Elisha came to Damascus; and Ben-hadad 
the king of Syria was sick : and it was told him, saying, 
1 extremity. s field. 3 lad. 4 gave. * one eunuch. 6 forsook. 
282 



II. KINGS, Chap. VIII. 

8 The man of God is come hither. And the king said unto 
Hazael, Take a present 1 in thy hand, and go towards the 
man of God, and inquire of the Eternal by him, saying, 

9 Shall I recover 2 of this disease ? So Hazael went towards 
him, and took a present 1 with him, even all goods of 
Damascus, forty camels' burden, and came and stood 
before him, and said, Thy son Ben-hadad king of Syria 
hath sent me to thee, saying, Shall I recover 2 of this dis- 

10 ease? And Elisha said unto him, Go, say unto him, 
Thou mayest certainly recover: 3 howbeit, the Eternal 

1 1 hath shewed me that he shall surely die. And he settled 3 
his countenance and set it, until he was ashamed : and the 

12 man of God wept. And Hazael said, Why weepeth my 
lord ? And he answered, Because I know the evil that 
thou wilt do unto the children of Israel : their fortresses wilt 
thou set 4 on fire, and their young men wilt thou slay with 
the sword, and their babes thou wilt dash, their pregnant 

13 women thou wilt rip up. 5 And Hazael said, But what is 
thy servant the dog, that he should do this great thing? 
And Elisha answered, The Eternal hath shewed me thee 

14 as king over Syria. So he went from Elisha, and came to 
his lord ; and he said to him, What said Elisha to thee ? 
And he answered, He told me that thou shouldest surely 

15 recover. 2 And it came to pass on the morrow, that he 
took the carpet, and dipped it in the water, and spread it 
on his face, so that he died ; and Hazael reigned in his 

16 stead. And in the fifth year of Joram, the son of Ahab, 
king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, 
Jehoram, the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, began to 

17 reign. Thirty and two years old was he when he began to 

18 reign ; and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. And he 
walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house 
of Ahab ; for the daughter of Ahab was his wife : and he 

19 did what was evil in the eyes of the Eternal. Yet the 
Eternal would not destroy 6 Judah for David his servant's 
sake, as he promised to give to him always a light, and to 

20 his children. In his days Edom revolted 7 from under the 

21 hand of Judah, and made 8 a king over themselves. So 
Joram went over to Zair, and all the chariots with him : 
and he rose by night, and smote the Edomites who com- 
passed him about, and the officers of the chariots : and the 

1 oblation. * live. 3 caused to stand. 4 let go. 6 cleave. 6 corrupt. 7 trans- 
gressed. 8 caused to reign. 
283 



II. KINGS, Chap. VIII. IX. 

22 people ran away into their tents. Yet Edom revolted 1 
from under the hand of Judah unto this day. Then Lib- 

23 nah revolted 1 at the same time. And the rest of the acts 2 
of Joram, and all that he did, are they not written in the 

24 book of the Chronicles 3 of the kings of Judah? And 
Joram lay with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers 
in the city of David : and Ahaziah his son reigned in his 

25 stead. In the twelfth year of Joram, the son of Ahab king 
of Israel, did Ahaziah, the son of Jehoram king of Judah, 

26 begin to reign. Two and twenty years old* was Ahaziah 
when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in Jeru- 
salem : and his mother's name was Athaliah, the daughter 

27 of Omri king of Israel. And he walked in the way of the 
house of Ahab, and did what was evil in the eyes of the 
Eternal, as did the house of Ahab : for he was the son-in- 

28 law of the house of Ahab. And he went with Joram the 
son of Ahab to the war against Hazael king of Syria in 

29 Ramoth-gilead ; and the Syrians wounded 5 Joram. And 
king Joram went back to be healed in Jezreel of the 
wounds which the Syrians had given 6 him at the Ramah, 
when he fought against Hazael king of Syria. And 
Ahaziah, the son of Jehoram king of Judah, went down to 
see Joram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was 
sick. 



Chap. IX. 

1 And Elisha the prophet called one of the sons of the 
prophets, and said unto him, Gird up thy loins, and take 
this vial of oil in thy hand, and go to Ramoth-gilead. 

2 And when thou comest thither, look 7 out there Jehu, the 
son of Jehoshaphat, the son of Nimshi, and go in, and 
make him arise up from among his brethren, and carry 8 

3 him to an inner chamber : 9 Then take the vial of oil, and 
pour it on his head, and say, Thus saith the Eternal, I 
have anointed thee king over Israel. Then open the door, 

4 and run away, and tarry not. So the lad, even the lad, the 

5 prophet, went to Ramoth-gilead. And when he came, 
behold, the officers of the force were sitting : and he said, 

transgressed. 2 words. 3 words of the day. 4 a son of. 6 smote. 6 smitten. 
7 see. 8 bring. fl chamber in chamber. 

284 



II. KINGS, Chap. IX. 

I have a word to thee, O officer. And Jehu said, Unto 

6 which of all us? And he said, To thee, O officer. And 
he arose, and went into the house ; and he poured the oil 
on his head, and said unto him, Thus saith the Eternal 
God of Israel, I have anointed thee king over the people 

7 of the Eternal, even over Israel. And thou shalt smite the 
house of Ahab thy lord, that I may avenge the blood of 
my servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants 

8 of the Eternal, at the hand of Jezebel. For the whole 
house of Ahab shall perish ; and I will exterminate from 
Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is 

9 shut up 1 and forsaken in Israel : And I will make 2 the 
house of Ahab like the house of Jeroboam the son of 
Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah: 

10 And Jezebel shall the dogs eat in the portion of Jezreel, 
and there shall be none to bury her. And he opened the 

11 door and ran away. Then Jehu came forth to the servants 
of his lord : and one said unto him, Is all well ? 3 wherefore 
came this mad fellow to thee? And he said unto them, 

12 Ye know the man, and his talk. And they said, It is 
falsehood; tell us now. And he said, Thus and thus 
spake he to me, saying, Thus saith the Eternal, I have 

13 anointed thee king over Israel. Then they hasted, and 
took every man his garment, and put it under him on the 
top|| of the stairs, and blew 4 with the cornet, saying, Jehu 

14 is king. 5 So Jehu, the son of Jehoshaphat, the son of 
Nimshi, conspired against Joram. Now Joram was guard- 
ing Ramoth-gilead, he and all Israel, because of Hazael 

15 king of Syria. But Joram the king was returned to be healed 
in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given 6 
him, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria. And 
Jehu said, If it be your minds, 7 then let no fugitive go forth 

16 out of the city, to go to tell it in Jezreel. So Jehu rode, 
and went to Jezreel: for Joram lay there. And Ahaziah 

17 king of Judah was come down to see Joram. And the 
watchman stood on the tower in Jezreel, and he saw the 
company 8 of Jehu as he came, and said, I see a company. 8 
And Joram said, Take a horseman, and send towards 

18 them, and let him say, Is it peace ? So there went one on 
horseback 9 towards him, and said, Thus saith the king, Is 

1 restrained. 2 give. 3 peace. 4 fixed. 5 reigned. 6 smitten. ' soul. 6 abun- 
dance. 9 rider of the horse. 
285 



II. KINGS, Chap. IX. 

it peace ? And Jehu answered, What hast thou to do 
with peace P 1 turn thee behind me. And the watchman 
told, saying, The messenger came to them, but returned 

19 not. Then he sent out a second on horseback, 2 and he 
came to them, and said, Thus saith the king, 7s it peace ? 
And Jehu answered, What hast thou to do with peace? 1 

20 turn thee behind me. And the watchman told, saying, 
He came even unto them, and returned not : and the 
driving is like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi ; for 

21 he driveth madly. And Joram said, Make ready. 3 And 
his chariot was made ready. 4 And Joram king of Israel, 
and Ahaziah king of Judah, went out, each in his chariot, 
and they went out towards Jehu, and found him in the 

22 portion of Naboth the Jezreelite. And it came to pass, 
when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, Is it peace, Jehu ? 
And he answered, What peace, while the whoredoms of 
thy mother Jezebel, and her witchcrafts are so numerous ? 

23 And Joram turned his hands, and fled, 5 and said to 

24 Ahaziah, There is treachery, 6 O Ahaziah ! And Jehu 
drew 7 the bow, and smote Jehoram between his arms ; and 
the arrow went out at his heart, and he crouched down in 

25 his chariot. Then said Jehu to Bidkar his fighting-man, 
Carry, and cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth 
the Jezreelite : for remember how that when I and thou 
rode together 8 after Ahab his father, the Eternal laid this 

26 burden upon him ; If I have not seen yesternight the blood 
of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, . . is the declaration 
of the Eternal ; and I will pay thee in this portion is the 
declaration of the Eternal. Now therefore, carry and cast 
him into the portion, according to the word of the Eternal. 

27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled 5 
by the way of the garden-house : and Jehu pursued 
after him, and said, Smite him also in the vehicle. And 
they did so at the ascent to Gur, which is by Ibleam. 

28 And he fled 5 to Megiddo, and died there. And his 
servants carried 9 him in a vehicle to Jerusalem, and buried 
him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David. 

29 And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began 

30 Ahaziah to reign over Judah. And when Jehu was 
come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it : and she put paint 

1 what to thee and to peace. a rider of a horse. 3 bind. 4 bound. * ran away. 
6 subtlety. 7 filled his hand with. 8 teams. 9 made to ride. 
286 



II. KINGS, Chap. IX. X. 

on her eyes, and tired 1 her head, and glanced out at the 

31 window. And as Jehu came in at the gate, she said, Is it 

32 peace, O Zimri, slayer of his lord. And he lifted up his 
face to the window, and said, Who is on my side ? 2 who ? 

33 And there glanced out on him two or three eunuchs. And 
he said, Throw 3 her down. So they threw 4 her down : 
and some of her blood spirted on the wall, and on the 

34 horses : and he trode her under foot. And when he was 
come in, he did eat and drink, and said, Go, see 5 now this 
cursed woman, and bury her : for she is a king's daughter. 

35 And they went to bury her ; but they found no more of 
her than the scull and the feet, and the palms 6 of her 

36 hands. Wherefore they came again, and told him. And 
he said, This is the word of the Eternal, which he spake 
by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying, In the portion 

37 of Jezreel shall the dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel : And 
the carrion of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the 
field in the portion of Jezreel ; so that they shall not say, 
This is Jezebel. 

Chap. X. 

1 And Ahab had seventy sons in Samaria. And Jehu wrote 
letters, 7 and sent to Samaria, unto the officers of Jezreel, 
to the elders, and to the bringers-up of Ahab's children, 

2 saying, Now, as soon as this letter 8 cometh to you, seeing 
your lord's sons are with you, and there are with you the 
chariots and the horses, a fortified city also, and the armour. 

3 Look 9 even out the best and meetest 10 of your lord's sons, 
and set 11 him on his father's throne, 12 and fight for your 

4 lord's house. But they were exceedingly afraid, and said, 
Behold, the two kings stood not before him : how then shall 

5 we stand ? And he that was over the house, and he that 
was over the city, the elders also, and the bringers-up of 
the children, sent to Jehu, saying, We are thy servants, 
and will do all that thou shalt say to us ; we will not make 
any 13 king: do thou that which is good in thine eyes. 

6 Then he wrote a letter 8 the second time to them, saying, 
If ye be mine, and ifje will hearken unto my voice, take 
ye the heads of the men your lord's sons, and come to me 
to Jezreel to-morrow by this time. Now the king's sons, 
being seventy persons, were with the great men of the city, 

7 who brought them up. And it came to pass, when the 

1 made good. 2 with me. 3 remit. 4 remitted. * visit. 6 hollows. 7 books. 
8 book. 9 see. l0 right, "put. "chair. " a mao. 
287 



IL KINGS, Chap. X. 

letter 1 came to them, that they took the king's sons, and 
slaughtered seventy persons, and put their heads in baskets, 8 

8 and sent him them to Jezreel. And there came the mes- 
senger, and told him, saying, They have brought the heads 
of the king's sons. And he said, Lay 3 ye them in two heaps 

9 at the entrance in of the gate until the morning, And it 
came to pass in the morning, that he went out, and stood, 
and said to all the people, Ye be righteous : behold, I con- 
spired 4 against my lord, and slew him : but who slew all 

10 these? Know now that that there shall fall unto the earth 
nothing of the word of the Eternal, which the Eternal 
spake concerning the house of Ahab : for the Eternal hath 

11 done that which he spake by 5 his servant Elijah. So Jehu 
smote all that remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, 
and all his great men, and his familiars, and his priests, 

12 until he suffered him none to remain that escaped. And 
he arose and departed, and came to Samaria. And as he 
was at the meeting ||-house of the shepherds in the way, 

13 Jehu found the brethren of Ahaziah king of Judah, and 
said, Who are ye ? And they answered, We are the brethren 
of Ahaziah ; and we go down to salute 6 the children of the 

14 king, and the children of the mistress. And he said, 
Catch them alive. And they caught them alive, and 
slaughtered them at the pit of the meeting||-house, even 
two and forty men : neither suffered he any of them to 

15 remain. And when he was gone thence, he found Jeho- 
nadab the son of Rechab, coming towards him: and he 
saluted 7 him, and said to him, Is thy heart right, as my 
heart is with thy heart ? And Jehonadab answered, It is, 
it is, and said, Give me thy hand. And he gave him his hand ; 

16 and he took him up to him into the chariot. And he said, 
Come with me, and see my zeal for the Eternal. So they 

17 made him ride in his chariot. And when he came to 
Samaria, he smote all that remained unto Ahab in Samaria, 
till he had exterminated him, according to the word of the 

18 Eternal, which he spake to Elijah. And Jehu gathered 8 all 
the people together, and said unto them, Ahab served the 

19 Baal a little, but Jehu shall serve him much. Now there- 
fore call unto me all the prophets of the Baal, all his worship- 
pers, and all his priests; let none be missing: for I have 
a great sacrifice to do to Baal: whosoever shall be missing, 

1 book. 2 kettles. 3 set. 4 tied. 5 through the hand of. 6 the peace of. 
1 blessed. 8 stored up. 
288 



II. KINGS, Chap. X. 

he shall not live. But Jehu did it in fraud, to the intent 

20 that he might destroy the worshippers of the Baal. And 
Jehu said, Proclaim a solemn assembly 1 for the Baal. 

2 1 And they called it out. And Jehu sent through all Israel ; 
and all the worshippers of the Baal came, so that there 
remained not a man that came not: and they came into 
the house of the Baal ; and the house of the Baal was full 

22 from one end to another. 3 And he said unto him that 
was over the vestry, Bring forth attire for all the worship- 
pers of the Baal. And he brought them forth the attire. 

23 And Jehu went, and Jehonadab the son of Rechab, into 
the house of the Baal, and said unto the worshippers of 
the Baal, Search, and see that there be here with you none 
of the servants of the Eternal, but the worshippers of the 

24 Baal only. And they came to offer 3 sacrifices and burnt- 
offerings ; and Jehu appointed 4 fourscore men without, and 
said, If any of the men whom I bring into your hands 

25 escape, then life 5 shall be for life. 5 And it came to pass, 
as soon as he had finished offering the burnt-offering, that 
Jehu said to the runners and to the fighting men, Go in, 
and smite them ; let none 6 come forth. And they smote 
them with the edge 7 of the sword ; and the runners and 
the fighting men cast them out, and went to the city of the 

26 house of the Baal. And they brought forth the images 8 

27 out of the house of the Baal, and burned them. And they 
pulled down the image 9 of the Baal, and pulled down the 
house of the Baal, and made it into sinks unto this day. 

28 29 And Jehu exterminated the Baal out of Israel. How- 
beit, from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who 
made Israel to sin, Jehu departed not from after them, to 
wit, the golden calves that were in Beth-el, and that were 

30 in Dan. And the Eternal said unto Jehu, Because thou 
hast done well in doing what is right in mine eyes, and 
hast done unto the house of Ahab according to all that was 
in my heart, thy children of the fourth generation shall sit 

31 on the throne 10 of Israel. But Jehu took no heed 11 to walk 
in the law of the Eternal God of Israel with all his heart : 
for he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, who made 

32 Israel to sin. In those days the Eternal began to cut Israel 
short: and Hazael smote them in all the boundaries of 

33 Israel ; From the Jordan — the rising of the sun — all the 

1 sanctify a restriction. 2 mouth to mouth. 3 make. 4 put. 5 his soul. 6 not a man. 
1 mouth. 8 monuments. 9 monument. 10 chair. " kept not. 

289 u 



IL KINGS, Chap. X. XL 

land of the Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and 
the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the brook Arnon, 

34 even the Gilead and the Bashan. Now the rest of the 
acts 1 of Jehu, and all that he did, and all his might, are 
they not written in the book of the Chronicles 2 of the 

35 kings of Israel ? And Jehu lay with his fathers ; and they 
buried him in Samaria. And Jehoahaz his son reigned in 

36 his stead. And the days that Jehu reigned over Israel in 
Samaria were twenty and eight years. 

Chap. XL 

1 And when Athaliah, the mother of Ahaziah, saw that her 
son was dead, she arose, and destroyed all the seed royal. 3 

2 But Jehosheba the daughter of the king Joram, sister of 
Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him 
from among the king's sons who were to be put to death 
in the bed-chambers; and they screened him, even him 
and his nurse, from Athaliah, so that he was not put to 

3 death. And he was with her hid in the house of the 
Eternal six years. And Athaliah did reign over the land. 

4 And the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched 4 the 
officers over hundreds, with the guard|| and the runners, 
and brought them to him into the house of the Eternal, 
and made 5 a covenant with them, and adjured them in the 
house of the Eternal, and shewed them the king's son. 

5 And he commanded them, saying, This is the thing that 
ye shall do ; A third part of you entering in on the sabbath 
shall even be keepers of the watch 6 of the king's house ; 

6 And a third part shall be at the gate of Sur; and a third 
part at the gate behind the runners : so shall ye keep the 

7 charge of the house, ready for action. And two detach- 
ments of all you that go forth on the sabbath, even they 
shall keep the charge of the house of the Eternal about 

8 the king. And ye shall surround the king round about, 
every man with his weapons 7 in his hand : and he that 
cometh within the ranges, let him be put to death : and 
be ye with the king as he goeth out, and as he cometh in. 

9 And the officers over the hundreds did according to all 
things that Jehoiada the priest commanded : and they took 
every man his men that were to come in on the sabbath, 
with them that should go out on the sabbath, and came to 

10 Jehoiada the priest. And the priest gave to the officers 
over hundreds king David's spears and shields, that were 

1 words. * words of the days. 3 kingdom. 4 took. * cut. 6 charge. 7 vessels. 
290 



IL KINGS, Chap. XL XII. 

1 1 in the house of the Eternal. And the runners stood, every 
man with his weapons 1 in his hand, round about the king, 
from the right corner 2 of the temple to the left corner 3 of 

12 the temple, along by the altar and the temple. And he 
brought forth the king's son, and put 3 the diadem upon him, 
and gave him the testimony : and they made him king, and 
anointed him ; and they clapped 4 their hands, 5 and said, 

13 May the king live. And when Athaliah heard the noise 6 
of the runners and of the people, she came to the people 

14 into the house of the Eternal. And she saw, and, behold, 
the king stood on the platform, 7 as the manner 8 was, and 
the officers and the trumpeters by the king ; and all the 
people of the land rejoiced, and blew 9 with the trumpets : 
And Athaliah rent her garments, and called, Treason, 

1 5 treason ! But Jehoiada the priest commanded the officers 
of the hundreds, appointed of the force, and said unto 
them, Bring her forth within the ranges ; and him that 
followeth 10 her put to death with the sword. For the 
priest had said, Let her not be put to death in the house 

16 of the Eternal. And they made way for her: 11 and she 
went by the way by the which the horses came into the 

17 king's house: and there was she put to death. And Je- 
hoiada made 12 the covenant between the Eternal and the 
king and the people, that they should be the people of the 

18 Eternal; between the king also and the people. And all 
the people of the land came into the house of the Baal, 
and pulled it down ; his altars and his images brake they 
in pieces throughly, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal 
before the altars. And the priest made 13 appointments 

19 over the house of the Eternal. And he took the officers 
over the hundreds, and the captains, and the runners, and 
all the people of the land, and they brought down the king 
from the house of the Eternal, and came by the way of 
the gate of the runners to the king's house. And he sat 

20 on the throne 14 of the kings. And all the people of the 
land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet : and they put 
Athaliah to death with the sword beside the king's house. 

Chap. XII. 

1 Seven years old 15 was Jehoash when he began to reign. 

2 In the seventh year of Jehu, Jehoash began to reign ; and 
forty years reigned he in Jerusalem: and his mother's 

1 vessels. 2 shoulder. 3 gave. * smote. 5 hollows. ° voice. 7 column. 8 judgment. 
9 fixing. ' ° cometh after. u put hands to her. ia cut. 13 put. 14 chair. I5 a son. 
291 u 2 



II. KINGS, Chap. XII. 

3 name was Zibiah of Beer-sheba. And Jehoash did what 
was right in the eyes of the Eternal all his days, as Jehoi- 

4 ada the priest instructed 1 him. But the high places were 
not taken away: ? the people still sacrificed and caused 

5 offerings to ascend in fumes in the high places. And 
Jehoash said to the priests, All the money of the dedicated 
things 3 that is brought into the house of the Eternal, current 4 
money for persons, 8 the money according to the estimation 
of a person, and all money that cometh 6 into any man's 

6 heart to bring into the house of the Eternal, — Let the 
priests take it to them, every man of his acquaintance ; 
and let them repair 7 the damage of the house, where- 

7 soever any damage shall be found. But it was so, 
that, in the three and twentieth year of king Jehoash, 
the priests had not repaired 8 the damage of the house. 

8 Then king Jehoash called for Jehoiada the priest, and the 
other priests, and said unto them, Why repair 7 ye not the 
damage of the house? Now, therefore, take no more 
money of your acquaintance, but deliver 9 it for the damage 

9 of the house. And the priests consented to take no more 
money of the people, neither to repair 7 the damage of the 

10 house. But Jehoiada the priest took a case, and bored a 
hole in the lid 10 of it, and set 11 it beside the altar, on the 
right, as one cometh into the house of the Eternal : and 
the priests that kept the door put 11 therein all the money 

11 that was brought into the house of the Eternal. And it 
was so, when they saw that there was much money in the 
case, that the king's scribe and the high priest came up, 
and they put up in bags, and counted the money that was 

12 found in the house of the Eternal. And they gave the 
money, being told, into the hands of them that did the 
work, that were appointed over the house of the Eternal : 
and they laid it out 12 to the carpenters 13 and builders that 

13 wrought upon the house of the Eternal, And to masons, 
and hewers of stone, and to obtain wood and hewed stone to 
repair 7 the damage of the house of the Eternal, and for all 

14 that was laid out 14 for the house to repair 7 it. Howbeit, 
there were not made for the house of the Eternal basons 
of silver, snuffers, bowls, trumpets, any vessels of gold, or 
vessels of silver, of the money that was brought into the 

15 house of the Eternal : But they gave that to the workmen, 

1 shot. ' departed. 3 holiness. 4 passing. 6 souls. 6 goeth up. 7 strengthen. 
8 strengthened. 9 give. ,0 door. u gave. 1S caused it to go out. 13 engravers 
of wood. M will go forth. 
292 



H. KINGS, Chap. XII. XIII. 

16 and repaired 1 therewith the house of the Eternal : How- 
ever, they reckoned not with the men into whose hand 
they gave the money to give it to workmen: for they 

17 acted faithfully. The guilt-money and sin- money was 
not brought into the house of the Eternal : it was the 

18 priests'. Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought 
against Gath, and conquered it : and Hazael set 2 his face 

19 to go up to Jerusalem. And Jehoash king of Judah took 
all the hallowed things 3 that Jehoshaphat and Jehoram, 
and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had hallowed, 
and his own hallowed things, 3 and all the gold that was 
found in the treasures of the house of the Eternal, and in 
the king's house, and sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and 

20 he went away from Jerusalem. And the rest of the acts 4 
of Joash, and all that he did, are they not written in the 

2 1 book of the Chronicles 5 of the kings of Judah ? And his 
servants arose, and made 6 a conspiracy, and smote Joash 

22 in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla. For 
Jozachar the son of Shimeatb, and Jehozabad the son of 
Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died ; and they 
buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and 
Amaziah his son reigned in his stead. 

Chap. XIII. 

1 In the three and twentieth year of Joash, the son of 
Ahaziah king of Judah, Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, began 
to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen 

2 years. And he did what was evil in the eyes of the 
Eternal, and followed 7 the sins of Jeroboam the son of 
Nebat, who made Israel to sin ; he departed not therefrom. 

3 And the wrath of the Eternal glowed against Israel ; and 
he gave them into the hand of Hazael king of Syria, and 
into the hand of Ben-hadad the son of Hazael, all their 

4 days. And Jehoahaz besought the face of the Eternal, and the 
Eternal hearkened unto him ; for he saw the oppression 

5 of Israel, because the king of Syria oppressed them. And 
the Eternal gave Israel a saviour, so that they went out 
from under the hand of the Syrians : and the children of 

6 Israel abode in their tents as before-time. 8 Nevertheless 
they departed not from the sins of the house of Jeroboam, 

1 strengthened. 2 put. 3 holiness. 4 words. 5 words of the days. 6 tied. 7 went 
after. 8 yesterday hefore yesterday. 
293 



II. KINGS, Chap. XIII. 

who made Israel sin, but walked therein : and there re- 

7 mained 1 the grove 2 also in Samaria. Neither did he suffer 
to remain of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, 
and ten chariots, and ten thousand men on foot ; for the 
king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them 

8 like the dust by threshing. Now the rest of the acts 3 of 
Jehoahaz, and all that he did, and his might, are they not 
written in the book of the Chronicles 4 of the kings of 

9 Israel ? And Jehoahaz slept with his fathers ; and they 
buried him in Samaria : and Joash his son reigned in his 

10 stead. In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of 
Judah began Jehoash, the son of Jehoahaz, to reign over 

1 1 Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years. And he did 
what was evil in the eyes of the Eternal ; he departed not 
from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made 

12 Israel sin; but he walked therein. And the rest of the 
acts 3 of Joash, and all that he did, and his might where- 
with he fought against Amaziah king of Judah, are they 
not written in the book of the Chronicles 4 of the kings of 

13 Israel? And Joash slept with his fathers ; and Jeroboam 
sat upon his throne : 5 and Joash was buried in Samaria 

14 with the kings of Israel. Now Elisha was fallen sick, of 
his sickness whereof he died. And Joash the king of 
Israel came down unto him, and wept over his face, and 
said, O my father, my father ! the chariot of Israel, and 

15 the horsemen thereof I And Elisha said unto him, Take 
bow and arrows : and he took unto him bow and arrows. 

16 And he said to the king of Israel, Put 6 thy hand upon the 
bow : and he put 7 his hand upon it ; and Elisha put his 

17 hands upon the king's hands. And he said, Open the 
window eastward : and he opened it. Then Elisha said, 
Shoot: and he shot. And he said, The arrow of the 
Eternal's deliverance, and the arrow of deliverance from 
Syria ; for thou shalt smite the Syrians in Aphek till thou 

18 have consumed 8 them. And he said, Take the arrows : 
and he took them. And he said unto the king of Israel, 
Smite upon the earth : and he smote thrice, and stayed. 9 

19 And the man of God was wroth with him, and said, Thou 
shouldest have smitten five or six times, then hadst thou 
smitten Syria till thou hadst consumed 8 it : whereas now 

20 thou shalt smite Syria but thrice. And Elisha died, and 

1 stood. 2 happy one. 3 words. 4 words of the days. 5 chair. 6 make to ride. 
1 made to ride. s finished. 9 stood. 
294 



II. KINGS, Chap. XIII. XIV. 

they buried him. And the troops of the Moabites invaded 1 

21 the land at the coming in of the year. And it came to 
pass, as they were burying a man, that, behold, they saw 
a troop of men : and they cast the man into the burying- 
place of Elisha : and when the man was let down, 2 and 
touched the bones of Elisha, he revived, 3 and rose on his 

22 feet. But Hazael king of Syria oppressed Israel all the 

23 days of Jehoahaz. And the Eternal was gracious unto 
them, and had compassion on them, and turned unto 
them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and 
Jacob, and would not destroy 4 them, neither cast he them 

24 from his face as yet. So Hazael the king of Syria died ; 

25 and Ben-hadad his son reigned in his stead. And Jehoash, 
the son of Jehoahaz, returned and took out of the hand of 
Ben-hadad the son of Hazael, the cities which he had 
taken out of the hand of Jehoahaz his father in the war : 
three times did Joash smite him, and restored the cities of 
Israel. 

Chap. XIV. 

1 In the second year of Joash, son of Jehoahaz king of 
Israel, reigned Amaziah, the son of Joash king of Judah. 

2 He was twenty and five years old 5 when he began to reign, 
and reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem : and his 

3 mother's name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem. And he did 
what was right in the eyes of the Eternal, yet not like 
David his father : he did according to all things as Joash 

4 his father did. Howbeit the high places were not taken 
away : 6 as yet the people did sacrifice and caused offerings 

5 to ascend in fumes on the high places. And it came to 
pass, as soon as the kingdom was confirmed 7 in his hand, 
that he smote his servants who had smitten the king his 

6 father. But the children of the smiters he put not to 
death : according unto that which is written in the book 
of the law of Moses, wherein the Eternal commanded, 
saying, The fathers shall not be put to death for the chil- 
dren, nor the children be put to death for the fathers ; but 

7 every man shall be put to death for his own sin. He smote 
of Edom, in the glen of Salt, ten thousand, and seized 
Selah by war, and called the name of it Joktheel unto 

8 this day. Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash, 
the son of Jehoahaz, son of Jehu king of Israel, say- 
ing, Come, let us look one another in the face. 

1 came. 2 went. 3 lived. 4 corrupt. 5 a son. 6 departed not. 7 strong. 
295 



II. KINGS, Ohap. XIV. 

9 And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of 
Judah, saying, The bramble that is in the Lebanon sent 
to the cedar that is in the Lebanon, saying, Give thy 
daughter to my son to wife : and there passed by an animal 
of the field that was in the Lebanon, and trode down the 

10 bramble. Thou hast indeed smitten Edom, and thy heart 
hath lifted thee up : glory of this, and abide in thy house ; 
for why shouldest thou contend with misfortune, that thou 

11 shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee ? But Ama- 
ziah would not hear : therefore Jehoash king of Israel went 
up ; and he and Amaziah king of Judah looked 1 one ano- 
ther in the face at Beth-shemesh, which belongeth to Judah. 

12 And Judah was defeated before Israel ; and they ran away 

13 every man to their tents. And Jehoash king of Israel 
seized Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash, the son 
of Ahaziah, at Beth-shemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and 
brake down the rampart of Jerusalem, from the gate of 

14 Ephraim unto the corner-gate, four hundred cubits. And 
he took all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were 
found in the house of the Eternal, and in the treasures of 
the king's house, and the hostages, and returned to Samaria. 

15 Now the rest of the acts 2 of Jehoash which he did, and his 
might, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah, 
are they not written in the book of the Chronicles 3 of the 

16 kings of Israel ? And Jehoash lay with his fathers, and 
was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel ; and Jero- 

17 boam his son reigned in his stead. And Amaziah the son 
of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Jehoash son 

18 of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years. And the rest of 
the acts 2 of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of 

19 the Chronicles 3 of the kings of Judah? Now they made 4 
a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem : and he ran away 
to Lachish ; but they sent after him to Lachish, and put 

20 him to death there. And they carried him on the horses ; 
and he was buried at Jerusalem with his fathers, in the 

21 city of David. And all the people of Judah took Azariah, 
and he was sixteen years old, 5 and made him king instead 



1 saw. 2 words. 3 words of the days. i tied. s a son of. 
296 



II. KINGS, Chap. XIV. XV. 

22 of his father Amaziah. He built Elath, and restored it to 

23 Judah, after that the king lay with his fathers. In the 
fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah, 
Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel began to reign in 

24 Samaria, and reigned forty and one years. And he did 
what was evil in the eyes of the Eternal : he departed not 
from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made 

25 Israel to sin. He restored the boundary of Israel from 
the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according 
to the word of the Eternal God of Israel, which he spake 
by the hand of his servant Jonah, the son of Amittai, the 

26 prophet, who was of Gath-hepher. For the Eternal saw 
the affliction of Israel, that it was very bitter :* for there 
was not any restrained, nor any forsaken, nor any helper 

27 for Israel. And the Eternal said 2 not that he would blot 
out the name of Israel from under the heaven: but he 
saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash. 

28 Now the rest of the acts 3 of Jeroboam, and all that he did, 
and his might, that he fought, and that he restored Damas- 
cus, and Hamath, which belonged to Judah, for Israel, are 
they not written in the book of the Chronicles 4 of the 

29 kings of Israel? And Jeroboam lay with his fathers, even 
with the kings of Israel ; and Zachariah his son reigned in 
his stead. 



Chap. XV. 

1 In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel 
began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign. 

2 Sixteen years old 5 was he when he began to reign, and he 
reigned two and fifty years in Jerusalem : and his mother's 

3 name was Jecholiah of Jerusalem. And he did what was 
right in the eyes of the Eternal, according to all that his 

4 father Amaziah had done ; Save that the high places were 
not removed, 6 the people sacrificed and still caused offerings 

5 to ascend in fumes on the high places. And the Eternal 
plagued the king, so that he was a leper unto the day of 
his death, and abode in the house of retirement. 7 And 
Jotham the king's son was over the house, judging the 

6 people of the land. And the rest of the acts 3 of Azariah, 

rebellious. 2 spake. 3 words. 4 words of the days. 5 a son of. 6 departed 
not. " freedom. 

297 



II. KINGS, Chap. XV. 

and all that he did, are they not written in the book of 

7 the Chronicles 1 of the kings of Judah? So Azariah lay 
with his fathers ; and they buried him with his fathers in 
the city of David : and Jotham his son reigned in his stead. 

8 In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah 
did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in 

9 Samaria six months. And he did what was evil in the 
eyes of the Eternal, as his fathers had done: he departed 
not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made 

10 Israel to sin. And Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired 2 
against him, and smote him before the people, and put 

1 1 him to death, and reigned in his stead. And the rest of 
the acts 3 of Zachariah, behold, they are written in the book 

12 of the Chronicles 1 of the kings of Israel. This was the 
word of the Eternal which he spake unto Jehu, saying, 
Thy sons shall sit on the throne 4 of Israel unto the fourth 

13 generation. And so it came to pass. Shallum the son of 
Jabesh began to reign in the nine and thirtieth year of 
Uzziah king of Judah ; and he reigned a full month 5 in 

14 Samaria. For Menahem the son of Gadi went up from 
Tirzah, and came to Samaria, and smote Shallum the son 
of Jabesh in Samaria, and put him to death, and reigned 

15 in his stead. And the rest of the acts 3 of Shallum, and 
the conspiracy which he made, 2 behold, they are written 

16 in the book of the Chronicles 1 of the kings of Israel. Then 
Menahem smote Tiphsah, and all that were therein, and 
the boundaries thereof from Tirzah : because they opened 
not to him, therefore he smote it; and all that were preg- 

17 nant therein he ripped up. 6 In the nine and thirtieth 
year of Azariah king of Judah began Menahem the son of 
Gadi to reign over Israel, and reigned ten years in Samaria. 

18 And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Eternal : he 
departed not all his days from the sins of Jeroboam the 

19 son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin. And Pul the king 
of Assyria came against the land : and Menahem gave Pul 
a thousand kikar of silver, that his hand might be with 

20 him, to confirm 7 the kingdom in his hand. And Menahem 
exacted 8 the money of Israel, even of all the heroes of the 
force, of each man fifty shekels of silver, to give to the 
king of Assyria : so the king of Assyria returned and 

2 1 stayed 9 not there in the land. And the rest of the acts 3 of 
Menahem, and all that he did, are they not written in the 

1 words of the days. 2 tied. a words. 4 chair. 5 moon of days. 6 clave. 
7 strengthen. s brought forth. 9 stood. 
298 



II. KINGS, Chap. XV. 

22 book of the Chronicles 1 of the kings of Israel? And 
Menahem lay with his fathers : and Pekahiah his son 

23 reigned in his stead. In the fiftieth year of Azariah king 
of Judah, Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign 

24 over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years. And he 
did what was evil in the eyes of the Eternal; he departed 
not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made 

25 Israel to sin. But Pekah the son of Remaliah, a fighting 
man of his, conspired 2 against him, and smote him in Sama- 
ria, in the fort of the king's house, with Argob and Harieh, 
and with him fifty men of the sons of the Gileadites : and he 

26 put him to death, and reigned in his room. And the rest 
of the acts 3 of Pekahiah, and all that he did, behold, they 
are written in the book of the Chronicles 1 of the kings of 

27 Israel. In the two and fiftieth year of Azariah king of 
Judah, Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over 

28 Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years. And he did 
what was evil in the eyes of the Eternal ; he departed not 
from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made 

29 Israel to sin. In the days of Pekah king of Israel, came 
Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abel- 
beth-maachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and 
Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried 

30 them captive to Assyria. And Hosea the son of Elah 
made 2 a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, 
and smote him, and put him to death, and reigned in his 
stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah. 

31 And the rest of the acts 3 of Pekah, and all that he did, 
behold, they are written in the book of the Chronicles 1 of 

32 the kings of Israel. In the second year of Pekah the son 
of Remaliah king of Israel, began Jotham the son of Uzziah 

33 king of Judah to reign. Five and twenty years old 4 was 
he when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years 
in Jerusalem ; and his mother's name was Jerusha, the 

34 daughter of Zadok. And he did what was right in the 
eyes of the Eternal : he did according to all that his father 

35 Uzziah had done. Howbeit, the high places were not 
removed: the people sacrificed and caused offerings to 
ascend in fumes still in the high places. He built the 

36 upper gate of the house of the Eternal. Now the rest of 



1 words of the days. 2 tied. 3 words. 4 a son of. 
299 



IL KINGS, Chap. XV. XVI. 

the acts 1 of Jotham, and all that he did, are they not 
written in the book of the Chronicles 2 of the kings of 

37 Judah ? In those days the Eternal began to send 3 against 
Judah, Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of 

38 Remaliah. And Jotham lay with his fathers, and was 
buried with his fathers, in the city of David his father : and 
Ahaz his son reigned in his stead. 



Chap. XVI. 

1 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah, 
Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign. 

2 Twenty years old 4 was Ahaz when he began to reign, and 
reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not what was 
right in the eyes of the Eternal his God, like David his 

3 father. But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel ; 
yea, and made his son to pass through the fire, according 
to the abominations of the nations, whom the Eternal dis- 

4 possessed from before the children of Israel. And he 
sacrificed and caused incense to ascend in fumes in the 
high places, and on the hills, and under every bushy tree. 

5 Then Rezin king of Syria, and Pekah son of Remaliah 
king of Israel, came up to Jerusalem to war: and they 

6 besieged Ahaz, but could not fight him. At that time 
Rezin king of Syria restored Elath to Syria, and drave 
forth the Jews from Elath : and Syrians came to Elath, 

7 and abode there unto this day. So Ahaz sent messengers 
to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant, 
and thy son : come up and save me out of the hand 5 of 
the king of Syria, and out of the hand 5 of the king of Israel, 

8 who rise up against me. And Ahaz took the silver and 
gold that was found in the house of the Eternal, and in 
the treasures of the king's house, and sent it for a bribe to 

9 the king of Assyria. And the king of Assyria hearkened 
unto him ; for the king of Assyria went up against 
Damascus, and seized it, and carried the people of it captive 

10 to Kir, and Rezin he put to death. And king Ahaz went 
to Damascus towards Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and 
saw the altar that was at Damascus : and king Ahaz sent 
to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern 

1 words. • words of the days 3 cause to send. 4 a son of. 5 hollow. 
300 



IL KINGS, Chap. XVI. XVII. 

11 of it, according to all the work thereof. And Urijah the 
priest built the altar according to all that king Ahaz had 
sent from Damascus : so Urijah the priest made it against 

12 king Ahaz came from Damascus. And when the king 
was come from Damascus, the king saw the altar : and the 

13 king approached to the altar, and offered 1 thereon. And 
he caused his burnt-offering, and his oblation to ascend in 
fumes, and poured his drink-offering, and sprinkled the 

14 blood of his feast-offerings upon the altar. And the copper 
altar which was before the Eternal he brought 2 from the 
fore front of the house, from between the altar and the 
house of the Eternal, and put it on the north side 3 of the 

15 altar. And king Ahaz commanded Urijah the priest, 
saying, Upon the great altar, cause to ascend in fumes the 
morning burnt-offering, and the evening oblation, and the 
king's burnt-offering, and his oblation, with the burnt- 
offering of all the people of the land, and their oblation, 
and their drink-offerings; and sprinkle upon it all the 
blood of the burnt-offering, and all the blood of the sacri- 
fice : and the copper altar shall be for me to inquire 4 by. 

16 Thus did Urijah the priest, according to all that king Ahaz 

17 commanded. And king Ahaz split the rims of the bases, 
and removed the laver from off them ; and took down the 
sea from off the copper oxen 5 that were under it, and put 6 

18 it upon a foundation of stones : And the covert for the 
sabbath that they had built in the house, and the king's 
entry without, turned he from the house of the Eternal for 

19 the king of Assyria. Now the rest of the acts 7 of Ahaz 
which he did, are they not written in the book of the 

20 Chronicles 8 of the kings of Judah ? And Ahaz lay with 
his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of 
David : and Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead. 



Chap. XVII. 

1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah, began Hoshea 
the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years. 

2 And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Eternal, but 

3 not as the kings of Israel that were before him. Against 
him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria ; and Hoshea 

1 brought up. 2 approach. 3 thigh. 4 search. s herd. * gave. 7 words. 
8 words of the days. 
301 



II. KINGS, Chap. XVII. 

4 oecame his servant, and gave 1 him presents. 2 And the 
king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea : for he had 
sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought 3 no 
present 4 to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by 
year : therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, 5 and 

5 bound him in prison. Then the king of Assyria came up 
throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and 

6 besieged it three years. In the ninth year of Hoshea the 
king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel captive 
into Assyria, and placed 6 them in Halah, and in Habor by 

7 the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes. For 
so it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the 
Eternal their God, who had brought them up out of the 
land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of 

8 Egypt, and had feared other gods, And walked in the 
ordinances of the nations, whom the Eternal dispossessed 
from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, 

9 which they had made. And the children of Israel did secretly 
things that were not right against the Eternal their God, and 
they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower 

10 of the watchmen to the fortified city. And they set them up 
images 7 and groves 8 in every high hill, and under every 

1 1 bushy tree : And there they caused offerings to ascend in 
fumes in all the high places, like the nations whom the 
Eternal carried captive before them; and wrought evil 

12 things to provoke the Eternal to anger: For they served 
the idols, 9 whereof the Eternal had said unto them, Ye 

13 shall not do this thing. Yet the Eternal testified against 
Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all 
the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep 
my commandments and my ordinances, according to all 
the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I 

14 sent to you by my servants the prophets. Notwith- 
standing they would not hear, but hardened their necks, 10 
like to the neck 11 of their fathers, that did not believe in 

15 the Eternal their God. And they scorned his statutes, 
and his covenant that he made with their fathers, 
and his testimonies which he testified against them; 
and they went after the vanity, and became vain, and 



1 restored. 2 an oblation. s brought up. 4 oblation. 6 restrained him. 
6 caused to abide. 7 monuments. 8 happy ones. 9 dung. 10 their nape of the 
neck. " nape of the neck. 
302 



II. KINGS, Chap. XVII. 

after the nations that were round about them, concern- 
ing whom the Eternal had commanded them, that they 

16 should not do like them. And they left 1 all the command- 
ments of the Eternal their God, and made them molten 
images, even two calves, and made a grove, 2 and prostrated 
themselves to all the host of the heaven, and served the 

17 Baal. And they caused their sons and their daughters to 
pass through the fire, and used divination and divined, 
and sold themselves to do what was evil in the eyes of the 

18 Eternal, to provoke him to anger. Therefore the Eternal 
was very wroth with Israel, and removed them out of his 
sight: 3 there was none left but the tribe of Judah only. 

19 Also Judah kept not the commandments of the Eternal 
their God, but walked in the ordinances of Israel which 

20 they made. And the Eternal scorned all the seed of Israel, 
and afflicted them, and gave them into the hand of spoilers, 

21 until he had cast them out of his sight. 3 For he rent 
Israel from the house of David ; and they made Jeroboam, 
the son of Nebat, king : and Jeroboam drave Israel from 
following 4 the Eternal, and made them sin a great sin. 

22 For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jero- 

23 boam which he did ; they departed not from them ; Until 
the Eternal removed Israel out of his sight, 3 as he had 
said by all his servants the prophets. So was Israel carried 
captive out of their own land 5 to Assyria unto this day. 

24 And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and 
from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from 
Sepharvaim, and placed 6 them in the cities of Samaria, 
instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed 

25 Samaria, and abode in the cities thereof. And so it was, 
at the commencement of their abiding there, that they 
feared not the Eternal; therefore the Eternal sent forth 

26 the lions among them, which slew some of them. Where- 
fore they said to the king of Assyria, as follows, The 
nations which thou hast carried captive, and placed 7 in the 
cities of Samaria, know not the manner 8 of the God of the 
land : therefore he hath sent forth the lions among them, 
and, behold, they slay 9 them, because they know not the 

27 manner 8 of the God of the land. Then the king of Assyria 
commanded, saying, Carry thither one of the priests whom 



forsook. s happy one. 3 face. * after. 5 ground. 6 caused to abide. 
7 caused to dwell. 8 judgment. 9 put to death. 
303 



II. KINGS, Chap. XVII. 

ye carried captive from thence : and let them go and abide 
there, and let him teach 1 them the manner 2 of the God of 

28 the land. Then came one of the priests, whom they had 
carried captive from Samaria, and abode in Beth-el, and 

29 taught 3 them how they should fear the Eternal. Howbeit 
every nation made gods of their own, and placed them in 
the nouses of the high places which the Samaritans had 
made, every nation in their cities wherein they abode. 

30 And the men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, and the 
men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made 

31 Ashima, And the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak, and 
the Sepharvites burnt their children in the fire to Adram- 

32 melech and Anammelech the gods of Sepharvaim. So they 
feared the Eternal, and made unto themselves of the 
lowest 4 of them priests of the high places, and they 
sacrificed 5 for them in the houses of the high places. 

33 They feared the Eternal, and served their own gods, 
after the manner 2 of the nations whom they carried 

34 captive from thence. Unto this day they do after 
the former manners : 6 they fear not the Eternal, neither 
do they after their ordinances, or after their judgment, or 
after the law and commandment which the Eternal com- 
manded the children of Jacob, whom he named Israel ; 

35 With whom the Eternal had made 7 a covenant, and com- 
manded them, saying, Ye shall not fear other gods, nor 
prostrate yourselves to them, nor serve them, nor sacrifice to 

36 them : But the Eternal, who brought you up out of the land 
of Egypt with great strength and a stretched-out 8 arm, him 
shall ye fear, and to him shall ye prostrate yourselves, and 

37 to him shall ye sacrifice. And the statutes, and the ordi- 
nances, and the law, and the commandment, which he 
wrote for you, ye shall observe 9 to do all the days ; and ye 

38 shall not fear other gods. And the covenant that I have 
made with you ye shall not forget, neither shall ye fear other 

39 gods. But the Eternal your God ye shall fear; and he shall 

40 deliver you out of the hand of all your enemies. Howbeit 
they did not hearken, but they did after their former 

41 manner. 2 So these nations feared the Eternal, and served 
their graven images, both their children and their children's 
children : as did their fathers, so do they unto this day. 

1 shoot. 2 judgment. 3 shot. 4 extremities. * made. 6 judgments* 7 cut. 
8 inclined. 9 keep. 
304 



II. KINGS, Chap. XVIII. 

Chap. XVIIL 

1 Now it came to pass, in the third year of Hoshea son of 
Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of 

2 Judah began to reign. Twenty and five years old 1 was he 
when he began to reign ; and he reigned twenty and nine 
years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Abi, the 

3 daughter of Zachariah. And he did what was right in the 
eyes of the Eternal, according to all that David his father 

4 did. He removed the high places, and brake the images 3 
in pieces, and cut down the grove, 3 and beat in pieces the 
copper serpent that Moses had made : for unto those days 
the children of Israel caused offerings to ascend in fumes to 

5 it: and he called it Nehushtan. In the Eternal God of 
Israel he trusted ; so that after him was none like him 
among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before 

6 him. For he clave to the Eternal, and departed not from 
following 4 him, but kept his commandments, which the 

7 Eternal commanded Moses. And the Eternal was with 
him ; and he acted wisely whithersoever he went forth : 
and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served 

8 him not. He smote the Philistines, even unto Gaza, and 
the boundaries thereof, from the tower of the watchmen to 

9 the fortified city. And it came to pass in the fourth year 
of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea 
son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria 

1 came up against Samaria, and besieged it. And he con- 
quered it at the end 5 of three years, even in the sixth year 
of Hezekiah, that is, the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, 

1 1 Samaria was conquered. And the king of Assyria did 
carry Israel captive unto Assyria, and guided them 
to Halah and to Habor by the river of Gozan, and to the 

12 cities of Media: Because they obeyed not the voice of 
the Eternal their God, but transgressed 6 his covenant, and 
all that Moses the servant of the Eternal commanded, and 

13 would not hear them, nor do them. Now, in the fourteenth 
year of the king Hezekiah did Sennacherib king of Assyria 
come up against all the fortified cities of Judah, and seized 

14 them. And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of 
Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended ; 7 return from 
me : that which thou puttest 8 on me will I bear. And 
the king of Assyria put on Hezekiah king of Judah three 

1 a son. - monuments. 3 happy one. 4 after. s extremity. 6 passed. 7 sinned. 

8 givest. 
305 x 



II. KINGS, Chap. XVIII. 

15 hundred kikar of silver and thirty kikar of gold. And 
Hezekiah gave him all the silver that was found in the 
house of the Eternal, and in the treasures of the king's house. 

16 At that time did Hezekiah split the doors of the temple of 
the Eternal, and the pillars|| which Hezekiah king of Judah 
had overlaid with gold, and gave them to the king of 

17 Assyria. And the king of Assyria sent Tartan, and Rab- 
saris, and Rabshakeh, from Lachish to king Hezekiah, 
with a great 1 force against Jerusalem : and they went up, 
and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, 
they came and stood by the trench of the upper pool, 

18 which is in the highway of the washer's field. And when 
they had called to the king, there came out to them 
Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, 
and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the 

19 recorder. And Rab-shakeh said unto them, Say ye now 
to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, 

20 What trust is this wherein thou trustest? Thou sayest, 
Only a word of the lips are counsel and might for the war. 
Now, on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against 

2 1 me ? Now, behold, thou trustest upon the stay of this 
crushed cane, even upon Egypt, on which, if a man be laid, 
it will go into his hand 2 and pierce it : so is Pharoah king 

22 of Egypt unto all that trust on him. But if ye say unto 
me, We trust in the Eternal our God: is not he whose 
high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath removed ; and 
hath said to Judah and Jerusalem, Before this altar in 

23 Jerusalem ye shall prostrate yourselves ? Now therefore, 
pray, enter into a compact with my lord the king of 
Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou 

24 be able on thy part to set 3 riders upon them. How then 
wilt thou turn away 4 the face of one captain of the least of 
my master's servants, and trustest in Egypt for chariots and 

25 for horsemen ? Am I now come up without the Eternal 
against this place to destroy 5 it ? The Eternal said to me, 

26 Go up against this land, and destroy 5 it. Then said 
Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto 
Rab-shakeh, Pray, speak to thy servants Syrian, for we 



1 heavy. 2 hollow. 3 give. 4 restore. 4 corrupt. 
306 



II. KINGS, Chap. XVIII. XIX. 

understand 1 it: and speak not with us Jewish, in the ears 

27 of the people that are on the rampart. But Rab-shakeh 
said unto them, Hath my lord sent me to thy lord, and to 
thee, to speak these words ? hath he not sent me to the men 
who sit on the rampart, that they may eat their own excre- 

28 ments, and drink their own piss, with you? Then Rab- 
shakeh stood, and called with a loud 2 voice in Jewish, and 
spake, saying, Hear the word of the great king, the king of 

29 Assyria : Thus saith the king, Let not Hezekiah beguile 
you ; for he shall not be able to deliver you out of his hand : 

30 Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the Eternal, saying, 
The Eternal will surely deliver us, and this city shall not 

31 be given into the hand of the king of Assyria. Hearken 
not to Hezekiah ; for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make 
peace 3 with me, and come out to me, and then eat ye every 
man of his own vine, and every one of his fig-tree, and 

32 drink ye every one the waters of his cistern; 4 Until I 
come and take you to a land like your own land ; a land 
of corn and must, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of 
oil-olive 5 and of honey, that ye may live and not die: and 
hearken not unto Hezekiah, when he enticeth you, saying, 

33 The Eternal will deliver us. Hath any of the gods of the 
nations delivered at all his land out of the hand of the king 

34 of Assyria ? Where are the gods of Hamath, and of Arpad ? 
where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah ? have 

35 they delivered Samaria out of my hand ? Who are they, 
among all the gods of the countries, that have delivered 
their country out of my hand, that the Eternal should 

36 deliver Jerusalem out of my hand ? But the people were 
silent, and answered him not a word : for the king's com- 

37 mandment was, saying, Answer him not. Then came 
Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, 
and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the 
recorder, to Hezekiah, with their garments rent, and told 
him the words of Rab-shakeh. 



Chap. XIX. 



1 And it came to pass, when the king Hezekiah heard it, 
1 hear. 2 great. 3 blessing. 4 pit. * olive of brightness. 

307 x 2 



II. KINGS, Chap. XIX. 

that he rent his garments, and covered himself with the 

2 sackcloth, and went into the house of the Eternal. And he 
sent Eliakim, who was over the houseAoZtZ, and Shebna the 
scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with the sack- 

3 cloth, to Isaiah the prophet, son of Amoz. And they 
said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, A day of distress, and 
of rebuke, and insult is this day : for the children are come 
to the birth,|| and there is not strength to bring forth. 

4 Perhaps the Eternal thy God will hear all the words of 
Rab-shakeh, whom the king of Assyria his lord hath sent 
to insult the living God ; and will reprove 1 the words which 
the Eternal thy God hath heard : wherefore lift up thy 

5 prayer for the remnant that are left. 2 So the servants of 

6 king Hezekiah came to Isaiah. And Isaiah said unto 
them, Thus shall ye say to your lord, Thus saith the 
Eternal, Be not afraid of the words which thou hast heard, 
with which the servants 3 of the king of Assyria have reviled 

7 me. Behold, I will put it in his mind 4 that, when he hears 
a report, he shall return to his own land ; and I will cause 

8 him to fall by the sword in his own land. So Rab-shakeh 
returned, and found the king of Assyria fighting against 
Libnah : for he had heard that he was departed 5 from La- 

9 chish. And when he heard say of Tirhakah king of 
Ethiopia, Behold, he is come out to fight against thee ; he 

10 sent messengers again unto Hezekiah, saying, Thus shall 
ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying, Let not thy 
God in whom thou trustest beguile thee, saying, Jerusalem 
shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria. 

1 1 Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have 
done to all lands, by dooming them; and shalt thou be 

12 delivered? Have the gods of the nations delivered them 
which my fathers have destroyed ; 6 as Gozan, and Haran, 
and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which were in 

13 Thelasar? Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of 
Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, 

14 and Ivah? And Hezekiah took the letters 7 from the hand 
of the messengers, and read it : and Hezekiah went up into 
the house of the Eternal, and spread them before the Eternal. 

15 And Hezekiah prayed before the Eternal, and said, O 
Eternal God of Israel, who abidest between the cherubim, 
thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of 

1 ar^ue. 2 found. 3 lads. 4 give spirit in him. r ' journeyed. 6 corrupted. 7 book. 
308 



II. KINGS, Chap. XIX. 

the earth ; thou hast made the heaven and the earth. 

16 Eternal, incline thine ear, and hear : unclose, Eternal, thine 
eyes, and see; and hear the words of Sennacherib, who 

1 7 hath sent him to insult the living God. Of a truth, Eternal, 
the kings of Assyria have destroyed 1 the nations and their 

18 lands. And have cast 2 their gods into the fire: for they 
ivere no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone ; 

19 therefore they have destroyed them. Now, therefore, O 
Eternal our God, pray, save thou us out of his hand, that 
all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou art the 

20 Eternal God, even thou only. Then Isaiah the son of 
Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying, Thus saith the Eternal 
God of Israel, That which thou hast prayed to me con- 

21 cerning Sennacherib king of Assyria I have heard. This 
is the word that the Eternal hath spoken concerning him ; 
The virgin the daughter of Zion hath despised thee, and 
laughed thee to scorn ; the daughter of Jerusalem hath 

22 moved her head at thee. Whom hast thou insulted and 
reviled ? and against whom hast thou raised thy voice, and 
lifted up thine eyes on high ? even against the Holy One 

23 of Israel. By thy messengers thou hast insulted the 
Eternal, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots 
I am come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides 3 
of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall 4 cedar-trees thereof, 
and the choice cypresses thereof: and I will enter into the 
lodging of his borders 5 and into the forest of his fruitful soil. 

24 I have digged and drunk strange 6 waters, and with the 
sole 7 of my feet 8 will I dry up all the rivers of Matsor. 

25 Hast thou not heard it ? long ago I have done it, and of 
ancient times have I formed it, now have I brought it to ' 
pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste fortified cities into 

26 ruinous stone heaps. Therefore their inhabitants were of 
small power, 9 they were dismayed and confounded ; they 
were as the grass of the field, and as the green sprout, as 
the grass on roofs, and as corn blasted before it be grown 

27 up. 10 And thy abode, and thy going out, and thy coming 

28 in, I know, as also thy rage against me. Because thy rage 
against me and thy wantonness is come up into mine ears, 
therefore I will put my prickle in thy nose, and my bridle in 
thy lips, and I will turn thee back 11 by the way by which thou 

'devastated. '* given. 3 thighs. 4 siature of. s end. 6 lay, profane. 7 hollow, 
8 steps. 9 short of hand. l0 standing corn. " restore thee. 
309 



II. KINGS, Chap. XIX. XX. 

29 earnest. And this shall be a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat this year 
such things as grow of their own accord, and in the second 
year that which springe th of the same ; and in the third 
year sow ye and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the 

30 fruits thereof. And they that remained of them that escaped 
of the house of Judah shall yet again 1 take root down- 

31 wards, and bear 2 fruit upwards. For out of Jerusalem shall 
go forth a remnant, and they that escape out of mount 

32 Zion : the zeal of the Eternal of hosts shall do this. There- 
fore thus saith the Eternal concerning the king of Assyria, 
He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, 
nor come before 3 it with shield, nor cast 4 a bank against it. 

33 By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and 
shall not come into this city, is the declaration of the 

34 Eternal. For I will protect this city to save it, for mine 

35 own sake, and for my servant David's sake. And it came 
to pass that night, that the angel 5 of the Eternal went out, 
and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred four- 
score and five thousand : and when they arose early in the 

36 morning, behold, they were all dead carcases. So Senna- 
cherib king of Assyria journeyed, and went and returned, 

37 and abode at Nineveh. And it came to pass, as he was 
prostrating himself in the house of Nisroch his god, that 
Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the 
sword : and they escaped into the land of Aararat. And 
Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead. 

Chap. XX. 

1 In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And the 
prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz came to him, and said 
unto him, Thus saith the Eternal, Set thy house in order ; 6 

2 for thou shalt die, and not live. Then he turned his face 

3 to the wall, and prayed unto the Eternal, saying, I beseech 
thee, O Eternal, remember now how I have walked before 
thee in truth, and with a perfect 7 heart, and have done 
what is good in thine eyes. And Hezekiah wept sore. 8 

4 And it came to pass, afore Isaiah was gone out into the 
middle court, 9 that the word of the Eternal came 10 to him, 

5 saying, Return, and say to Hezekiah, the leader of my 
people, Thus saith the Eternal, the God of David thy 
father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: 
behold, I will heal thee ; on the third day thou shalt go 

1 continue. 2 make. 3 anticipate. i shed. s messenger. 6 command thy house. 
7 complete. 8 a great weeping. 9 inclosure. 10 was. 
310 



IL KINGS, Chap, XX. 

6 up unto the house of the Eternal. And I will add unto thy 
days fifteen years ; and I will deliver thee and this city out of 
the hand 1 of the king of Assyria ; and I will protect this city 

7 for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake. And 
Isaiah said, Take a cake of figs. And they took and put 

8 it on the inflammation, and he recovered. 2 And Hezekiah 
said unto Isaiah, What shall be the sign that the Eternal 
will heal me, and that I shall go up into the house of the 

9 Eternal the third day ? And Isaiah said, This sign shalt 
thou have of the Eternal, that the Eternal will do the 
thing that he hath spoken : the shadow hath gone forward 

10 ten degrees, if it shall return ten degrees . . And Hezekiah 
answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to incline ten 
degrees: nay, but let the shadow return backwards ten 

1 1 degrees. And Isaiah the prophet called unto the Eternal ; 
and he brought 3 the shadow ten degrees backwards, by 
which it had gone backwards in the dial 4 of Ahaz ten 

12 degrees. At that time Berodach-baladan, the son of 
Baladan king of Babylon, sent letters 5 and a present 6 unto 
Hezekiah: for he had heard that Hezekiah had been sick. 

13 And Hezekiah hearkened unto them, and shewed them the 
house of his spicery,| the silver, and the gold, and the 
spices, and the precious ointment, 7 and all the house of 
his armour, 8 and all that was found in his treasures : there 
was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that 

14 Hezekiah shewed them not. Then came Isaiah the 
prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, What 
said these men ? and from whence came they unto thee ? 
And Hezekiah said, They are come from a far country, 

15 even from Babylon. And he said, What have they seen in 
thy house ? And Hezekiah answered, All the things that 
are in my house have they seen : there is nothing among 

16 my treasures that I have not shewed them. And Isaiah 

1 7 said unto Hezekiah, Hear the word of the Eternal. Behold, 
the days come, that all that is in thy house, and that which 
thy fathers have treasured up unto this day, shall be carried 
unto Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith the Eternal. 

18 And of thy sons that shall go forth from thee, which thou 
shalt beget, shall they take away ; and they shall be 



1 hollow. 2 lived. 3 restored. * degrees. 5 books. 6 oblation. 7 good oil. 

8 vessels. 
311 



II. KINGS, Chap. XX. XXL 

19 eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon. Then said 
Hezekiah unto Isaiah, Good is the word of the Eternal 
which thou hast spoken. And he said, Is it not good, if 

20 peace and truth be in my days ? And the rest of the acts 1 
of Hezekiah, and all his might, and how he made the pool, 
and the trench, and brought the water into the city, are 
they not written in the book of the Chronicles 2 of the 

2 1 kings of Judah ? And Hezekiah lay with his fathers : and 
Manasseh his son reigned in his stead. 



Chap. XXI. 

1 Manasseh was twelve years old 3 when he began to reign, 
and reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem. And his 

2 mother's name was Hephzibah. And he did what was evil 
in the eyes of the Eternal, after the abominations of the 
nations, whom the Eternal dispossessed before the children 

3 of Israel. For he built up again 4 the high places which 
Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he established 
altars for the Baal, and made a grove, 5 as did Ahab king 
of Israel ; and prostrated himself to all the host of the 

4 heaven, and served them. And he built altars in the 
house of the Eternal, of which the Eternal said, In Jeru- 

5 salem will I put my name. And he built altars for all the 
host of the heaven in the two enclosures of the house of 

6 the Eternal. And he made his son pass through the fire, 
and observed clouds, and divined, and dealt 6 with familiar 
spirits || and wizards : he wrought much evil in the eyes of 

7 the Eternal, to provoke him to anger. And he put a 
graven image of the grove 5 that he had made in the house, 
of which the Eternal said to David, and to Solomon his 
son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen 
out of all tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever : 

8 Neither will I make the feet of Israel wander any more 
out of the land which I gave their fathers ; only if they 
will observe to do according to all that I have commanded 
them, and according to all the law that my servant Moses 

9 commanded them. But they hearkened not: and Manasseh 
seduced them to do more evil than did the nations whom 
the Eternal exterminated before the children of Israel. 

words. 2 words of the days. 3 a son of. 4 returned and built. 5 happy one. 

6 made. 
312 



II. KINGS, Chap. XXL 

10 And the Eternal spake by his servants the prophets, 

1 1 saying, Because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these 
abominations, and hath done wickedly above all that the 
Amorite did, who was before him, and hath made Judah 

12 also to sin with his idols; 1 Therefore thus saith the Eternal 
God of Israel, Behold, I am bringing such evil upon Jeru- 
salem and Judah, that whosoever heareth of it, both his 

13 ears shall tingle. And I will incline over Jerusalem the 
line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab : 
and I will wipe 2 Jerusalem as a man wipeth 3 a dish, 

14 wiping 4 it, and turning it upside down. 5 And I will for- 
sake 6 the remnant of mine inheritance, and give them into 
the hand of their enemies ; and they shall become a prey 

15 and a spoil to all their enemies; Because they have done 
what was evil in my eyes, and have provoked me to anger, 
since the day their fathers came forth out of Egypt, even 

16 unto this day. Moreover, Manasseh shed innocent blood 
very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to 
another; 7 besides his sin wherewith he made Judah to 
sin, in doing what was evil in the eyes of the Eternal. 

17 Now the rest of the acts 8 of Manasseh, and all that he did, 
and his sin that he sinned, are they not written in the 

18 book of the Chronicles 9 of the kings of Judah? And 
Manasseh lay with his fathers, and was buried in the 
garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza: and 

19 Amon his son reigned in his stead. Amon was twenty 
. and two years old 10 when he began to reign; and he 

reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name 

20 was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah. And 
he did what was evil in the eyes of the Eternal, as his 

21 father Manasseh did. And he walked in all the ways 
that his father walked in, and served the idols that his 

22 father served, and prostrated himself to them : And he 
forsook the Eternal God of his fathers, and walked not in 

23 the way of the Eternal. And the servants of Amon con- 
spired 11 against him, and put to death the king in his own 

24 house. And the people of the land smote all them that 
had conspired 11 against king Amon ; and the people of 

25 the land made Josiah his son king in his stead. Now the 
rest of the acts 8 of Amon which he did, are they not 

1 dung. 2 blot out. 2 blotteth out. i blotting out. 5 upon its face. 6 let. 
7 mouth te mouth. 8 words. 9 words of the days. 10 a son of. " tied. 
313 



II. KINGS, Chap. XXL XXIL 

written in the book of the Chronicles 1 of the kings of 
26 Judah? And one buried him in his sepulchre, in the 
garden of Uzza : and Josiah his son reigned in his stead. 



Chap. XXIL 

1 Josiah was eight years old 2 when he began to reign ; and 
he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem. And his 
mother's name was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of 

2 Boscath. And he did what was right in the eyes of the 
Eternal, and walked in all the way of David his father, 

3 and departed not to the right or to the left. And it came 
to pass, in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, that the king 
sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, the son of Meshullam the 

4 scribe, to the house of the Eternal, saying, Go up to 
Hilkiah the high priest, that he may sum 3 the silver which 
is brought into the house of the Eternal, which the keepers 

5 of the door have gathered of the people : And let them give 
it into the hand of the doers of the work, that are appointed 
over the house of the Eternal : and let them give it to the 
doers of the work which is in the house of the Eternal, to 

6 repair 4 the damages of the house, Unto carpenters, 5 and 
builders, and masons, and to obtain wood and hewn stone to 

6 repair 4 the house. Howbeit there was no reckoning made with 
them of the money that was given into their hand, because 

8 they dealt 6 faithfully. And Hilkiah the high priest said 
unto Shaphan the scribe, The book of the law I have 
found in the house of the Eternal. And Hilkiah gave the 

9 book to Shaphan, and he read it. And Shaphan the 
scribe came to the king, and brought 7 the king word again, 
and said, Thy servants have gathered 8 the money that was 
found in the house, and have given it into the hand of 
them that do the work, that are appointed over the house 

10 of the Eternal. And Shaphan the scribe told the king, 
saying, Hilkiah the priest hath given me a book. And 

1 1 Shaphan read it before the king. And it came to pass, 
when the king had heard the words of the book of the 

12 law, that he rent his garments. And the king commanded 
Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and 
Achbor the son of Michaiah, and Shaphan the scribe, 

1 words of the days. a a son of. 3 complete. 4 strengthen. 5 engravers. a did. 
7 restored. 8 caused to pour. 
314 



II. KINGS, Chap. XXIL XXIII. 

13 and Asahiah a servant of the king's, saying, Go ye, inquire 
of the Eternal for me, and for the people, and for all 
Judah, concerning the words of this book that is found : 
for great is the fury of the Eternal that is kindled against 
us, because our fathers have not hearkened unto the words 
of this book, to do according unto all that which is written 

14 concerning us. So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and 
Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asahiah, went unto Huldah 
the prophetess, the wife of Shullum the son of Tikvah, 
the son of Harhas, keeper of the garments ; now she abode 
in Jerusalem in the second quarter: and they spake with 

15 her. And she said unto them, Thus saith the Eternal God 

16 of Israel, Say to the man that sent you to me, Thus saith 
the Eternal, Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, and 
upon the inhabitants thereof, even all the words of the 

17 book which the king of Judah hath read: Because they 
have forsaken me, and have caused offerings to ascend in 
fumes unto other gods, that they might provoke me to 
anger with all the works of their hands ; therefore my 
fury shall be kindled against this place, and shall not go 

18 out. But to the king of Judah, who sent you to inquire 
of the Eternal, thus shall ye say to him, Thus saith the 
Eternal God of Israel, As touching the words which thou 

19 hast heard ; Because thy heart was tender, and thou hast 
humbled thyself before the Eternal, when thou heardest 
what I spake against this place and against the inhabitants 
thereof, that they should become a desolation and a curse, 
and hast rent thy garments, and wept before me ; I also 

20 have heard thee, saith the Eternal. Behold, therefore, 1 
will gather thee unto thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered 
into thy sepulchres in peace ; and thine eyes shall not see 
all the evil which I will bring upon this place. And they 
brought 1 the king word again. 

Chap. XXIII. 

1 And the king sent, and they gathered unto him all the 

2 elders of Judah and of Jerusalem. And the king went up 
into the house of the Eternal, and all the men of Judah, 
and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the 
priests, and the prophets, and all the people, both small and 
great : and he read in their ears all the words of the book of 

1 restored. 
315 



II. KINGS, Chap. XXIII. 

the covenant which was found in the house of the Eternal. 

3 And the king stood upon the pillar, and made 1 the cove- 
nant before the Eternal, to walk after the Eternal, and to 
keep his commandments and his testimonies and his ordi- 
nances, with all their heart, and all their soul, to per- 
form 2 the words of this covenant that were written in this 

4 book : and all the people stood to the covenant. And the 
king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, and the priests 
of the second order, and the keepers of the door, to bring 
forth out of the temple 3 of the Eternal all the vessels that 
were made for the Baal, and for the grove, 4 and for all the 
host of the heaven ; and he burnt them without Jerusalem 
in the fields of Kidron, and carried the dust of them unto 

5 Beth-el. And he put down 5 the idolatrous priests, whom 
the kings of Judah had ordained 6 to cause offerings to 
ascend in fumes in the high places in the cities of Judah, 
and in the places round about Jerusalem ; them also that 
caused offerings to ascend in fumes unto the Baal, to the 
sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the 

6 host of the heaven. And he brought out the grove 4 from 
the house of the Eternal, without Jerusalem, unto the 
brook Kidron, and burnt it at the brook Kidron, and 
stamped it small to dust, and cast the dust thereof upon 

7 the burying-place of the people. And he pulled down 
the houses of the male prostitutes, that were in the house 
of the Eternal, where the women wove tents 7 for the 

8 grove. 4 And he brought all the priests out of the cities of 
Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had 
caused offerings to ascend in fumes, from Geba to Beer- 
sheba, and pulled down the high places of the gates that 
were in the entrance of the gate of Joshua the officer of 
the city, which were on a man's left hand at the gate of the 

9 city. Nevertheless the priests of the high places came not 
up to the altar of the Eternal in Jerusalem, but they did 

10 eat unleavened bread among their brethren. And he 
defiled the Topheth, which is in the glen of the children 
of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his 

11 daughter to pass through the fire to the Molech. And 
he allowed not 5 the horses that the kings of Judah had 
given to the sun, to come into the house of the Eternal, 
placing them in the cell of Nathan-melech the chamberlain, 8 

1 cut. 2 establish. 3 palace. 4 happy one. 5 caused to leave off. a given. 
7 houses. e eunuch. 
316 



II. KINGS, Chap. XXIII. 

which was in the suburbs,! an d burnt the vehicles of the 

12 sun with fire. And the altars that were on the roof of the 
upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had 
made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two 
enclosures of the house of the Eternal, did the king pull 
down, and ran from thence, and cast the dust of them into 

13 the brook Kidron. And the high places that were before 
Jerusalem, which were on the right of the destroying 
mount, which Solomon the king of Israel had builded for 
Ashtoreth the abomination of the Zidonians, and for 
Chemosh the abomination of Moab, and for Milcom the 
abomination of the children of Ammon, did the king 

14 defile. And he brake in pieces the images, 1 and cut down 
the groves, 2 and filled their places with the bones of men. 

15 Moreover, the altar that was at Beth-el, and the high 
place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made 
Israel to sin, had made, both that altar and the high place, 
he pulled down, and burnt the high place, and stamped 

16 it small to dust, and burnt the grove. 3 And as Josiah 
turned himself, he saw the burying-places that were there 
in the mount, and sent, and took the bones out the burying- 
places, and burnt them upon the altar, and defiled it, 
according to the word of the Eternal, which the man of 

17 God called out, who called out these words. Then he said, 
What mound is that I see ? And the men of the city told 
him, It is the burying-place of the man of God who came 
from Judah, and called out these things that thou hast 

18 done against the altar of Beth-el. And he said, Let him 
alone ; let no man move his bones. So his bones rescued 

1 9 the bones of the prophet that came out of Samaria. And 
all the houses also of the high places that were in the cities 
of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke 
the Eternal to anger, Josiah removed, and did to them 
according to all the deeds that he had done in Beth-el. 

20 And he slew 4 all the priests of the high places that were 
there upon the altars, and burnt men's bones upon them, 

21 and returned to Jerusalem. And the king commanded 
all the people, saying, Keep 5 the passover unto the Eternal 
your God, as it is written in this book of the covenant. 



monuments. 2 happy ones. 3 happy one. 4 sacrificed. 3 make. 
31? 



II. KINGS, Chap. XXIII. 

22 For there was not holden 1 such a passover from the days 
of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the 

23 kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah ; But in the 
eighteenth year of the king Josiah, wherein this passover 

24 was holden 1 to the Eternal in Jerusalem. Moreover, the 
workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the 
teraphim, and the idols, 2 and all the abominations that 
were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did 
Josiah put away, that he might perform 3 the words of the 
law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest 

25 found in the house of the Eternal. And like unto him 
was there no king before him, that turned to the Eternal 
with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his 
might, according to all the law of Moses ; neither after him 

26 arose there any like him. Notwithstanding the Eternal 
turned not from the fierceness of his great wrath, where- 
with his wrath glowed against Judah, because of all the 
provocations that Manasseh had provoked him to anger. 

27 And the Eternal said, I will remove Judah also out of my 
sight, 4 as I have removed Israel, and will scorn this city 
Jerusalem which I have chosen, and the house of which I 

28 said, My name shall be there. Now the rest of the acts 5 
of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written in the 

29 book of the Chronicles 6 of the kings of Judah ? In his days 
Pharaoh-nechoh king of Egypt went up against the king 
of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and the king Josiah 
went towards him ; and he put him to death at Megiddo, 

30 when he had seen him. And his servants carried him in 
a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusa- 
lem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people 
of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed 

31 him, and made him king in his father's stead. Jehoahaz 
was twenty and three years old 7 when he began to reign ; 
and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his 
mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of 

32 Libnah. And he did what was evil in the eyes of the 

33 Eternal, according to all that his fathers had done. And 
Pharaoh-nechoh put him in bands at Riblah, in the land 
of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem ; and 
put 8 on the land a fine of a hundred kikar of silver, and 

1 made. a dung. * establish. 4 face. 5 words. a words of the days. 
7 a son of. 8 gave. 
318 



IL KINGS, Chap. XXIII. XXIV. 

34 a kikar of gold. And Pharaoh-nechoh made Eliakim the 
son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and 
turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away : 

35 and he came to Egypt and died there. And Jehoiakim 
gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh ; but he taxed the 
land to give the money according to the commandment of 
Pharaoh : he exacted the silver and the gold of the people 
of the land, of every one according to his valuation, to give 

36 it unto Pharaoh-nechoh. Jehoiakim was twenty and five 
years old 1 when he began to reign ; and he reigned eleven 
years in Jerusalem : and his mother's name was Zebudah, 

37 the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. And he did what was 
evil in the eyes of the Eternal, according to all that his 
fathers had done. 



Chap. XXIV. 

1 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, 
and Jehoiakim became his servant three years : then he 

2 turned and rebelled against him. And the Eternal sent 
forth against him troops of the Chaldees, and troops of the 
Syrians, and troops of Moab, and troops of the children of 
Ammon, and sent them forth against Judah to destroy it, 
according to the word of the Eternal, which he spake by 

3 his servants the prophets. Surely at the commandment 2 
of the Eternal came this upon Judah, to remove them out 
of his sight 3 for the sins of Manasseh, according to all that 

4 he did ; And also for the innocent blood that he shed, for 
he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood, which the Eternal 

5 would not pardon. Now the rest of the acts 4 of Jehoiakim, 
and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the 

6 Chronicles 5 of the kings of Judah ? So Jehoiakim lay with 
his fathers : and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead. 

7 And the king of Egypt continued not further to go forth 
out of his land : for the king of Babylon had taken, from 
the river of Egypt unto the river Euphrates, all that per- 

8 tained 6 to the king of Egypt. Jehoiachin was eighteen 
years old 1 when he began to reign: and he reigned in 
Jerusalem three months. And his mother's name was 



1 a son of. a mouth. s face. 4 words. 5 words of the days. * was. 
319 



II. KINGS, Chap. XXIV. XXV. 

9 Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem. And 
he did what was evil in the eyes of the Eternal, according 

10 to all that his father had done. At that time the servants 
of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jeru- 

1 1 salem, and the city was besieged. 1 And Nebuchadnezzar 
king of Babylon came against the city, and his servants 

1 2 did besiege it. And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out 
to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his ser- 
vants, and his officers, and his eunuchs ; and the king of 

13 Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign. And 
he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the 
Eternal, and the treasure of the king's house, and split all 
the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made 
in the temple 2 of the Eternal, as the Eternal had said. 

14 And he carried captive all Jerusalem, and all the officers, 
and all the heroes of the force, even ten thousand exiles, 
and all the craftsmen 3 and smiths : none remained save the 

15 poorest sort of the people of the land. And he carried 
captive Jehoiachin to Babylon, and the king's mother, and 
the king's wives, and his eunuchs, and the powerful of the 
land: those carried he into captivity from Jerusalem to 

16 Babylon. And all the men of the force, even seven thou- 
sand, and craftsmen 3 and smiths a thousand; all heroes 
and apt 4 for war, even them the king of Babylon brought 

17 into captivity to Babylon. And the king of Babylon made 
Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead, and 

18 turned his name to Zedekiah. Zedekiah was twenty and 
one years old 5 when he began to reign ; and he reigned 
eleven years in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was 

19 Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. And he 
did what was evil in the eyes of the Eternal, according to 

20 all that Jehoiachin had done. For through the wrath of 
the Eternal it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, until 
he had cast them out from his presence, 6 that Zedekiah 
rebelled against the king of Babylon. 



Chap. XXV. 

1 And it came to pass, in the ninth year of his reign, in the 
tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebu- 
chadnezzar king of Babylon came, he, and all his force, 

1 came into the siege. s palace. 3 engravers. '' doing. s a son of. 6 face. 
320 



II. KINGS, Chap. XXV. 

against Jerusalem, and encamped against it; and they 

2 built forts || against it round about. And the city was 

3 besieged 1 unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah. And 
on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed 2 
in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the 

4 land. And the city was broken up, 3 and all the men of 
war fled by night, by the way of the gate, between the 
two ramparts, which is by the king's garden : now the 
Chaldees were against the city round about : and the king 

5 went the way towards the plain. And the force of the 
Chaldees pursued after the king, and overtook him in the 
plains of Jericho : and all his force were scattered from 

6 him. So they seized the king, and brought him up to the 
king of Babylon to Riblah ; and they gave 4 judgment 

7 upon him. And the sons of Zedekiah they slaughtered 
before his eyes, and the eyes of Zedekiah they blinded, 
and bound him with fetters of copper, and brought him to 

8 Babylon. And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of 
the month, which is the nineteenth year of the king Nebu- 
chadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzar-adan, captain 
of the executioners, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto 

9 Jerusalem : And he burnt the house of the Eternal, and 
the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and 

10 every great man's house burnt he with fire. And all the 
force of the Chaldees, that were with the captain of the 
executioners, pulled down the ramparts of Jerusalem round 

1 1 about. Now the rest of the people that remained in the 
city, and the deserters that fell away to the king of 
Babylon, with the rest of the crowd, did Nebuzar-adan, 
the captain of the executioners, carry captive. But the 

12 captain of the executioners suffered of the poor sort to re- 

13 main in the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen. And 
the columns of copper that were in the house of the 
Eternal, and the bases, and the copper sea that was in the 
house of the Eternal, did the Chaldees break in pieces, 

14 and carried the copper of them to Babylon. And the pots 
and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the spoons, 5 and all 
the vessels of copper, wherewith they ministered, took they 

15 away. And the fire-pans, and the bowls, and such things 
as were of gold, in gold, and of silver, in silver, the captain 

16 of the executioners took away. The two columns, one sea, 
and the bases, which Solomon had made for the house of 

1 came into the siege. a was strong. 3 cleft. 4 spake. s hollows. 
321 y 



II. KINGS, Chap. XXV. 

the Eternal ; the copper of all these vessels was without 

1 7 weight. The height of the one column was eighteen cubits, 
and the chapiter upon it was copper : and the height of the 
chapiter three cubits ; and the wreathen work, and pome- 
granates upon the chapiter round about, all of copper : and 
like unto thes'e had the second column with wreathen work. 

18 And the captain of the executioners took Seraiah the head 
priest, and Zephaniah the priest second in rank, and the 

19 three keepers of the door: 1 And out of the city he took a 
eunuch that was an overseer over the men of war, and five 
men of them that see the king's face, who were found in 
the city, and the scribe, officer of the host, who convened 
the people of the land for the host, and threescore men of 

20 the people of the land that were found in the city : And 
Nebuzar-adan, captain of the executioners, took these, and 

■2 1 brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah. And the 
king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death at 
Riblah, in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried 

22 captive out of their land. And as for the people that 
remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar 
king of Babylon suffered to remain, even over them he 
appointed Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan. 

23 And when all the officers of the forces, they and their men, 
heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah 
governor, there came to Gedaliah, to Mizpah, even Ishmael 
the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Careah, and 
Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaaza- 

24 niah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men. And 
Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto 
them, Be not afraid of the servants of the Chaldees: abide 
in the land, and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be 

25 well with you, But it came to pass, in the seventh month, 
that Ishmael the son of Nathaniah, the son of Elishama, 
of the seed of royalty, came, and ten men with him, and 
smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chal- 

26 dees that were with him at the Mizpah. And all the 
people, both small and great, and the officers of the forces, 
arose, and came to Eg} r pt : for they were afraid of the Chal- 

27 dees. And it came to pass, in the seven and thirtieth year 
of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth 
month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, that 

1 threshold. 
322 



II. KINGS, Chap. XXV. 

Evil-Merodach king of Babylon, in the year that he began 
to reign did lift up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out 

28 of prison. 1 And he spake kindly 2 to him, and set 3 his 
throne 4 above the throne 4 of the kings that were with him 

29 in Babylon ; And changed 5 his prison 6 garments ; and he 
did eat bread continually before him all the days of his 

30 life ; And his allowance was a continual allowance given 
him of the king, a daily rate 7 on its day all the days of his 
life. 

1 house of restraint. 2 favours. 3 gave. 4 chair. 6 altered. 6 restraint. 7 tne 
thing of the day. 



END OF THE SECOND BOOK OF KINGS. 



323 



•na^n 



tod 

A HEBREW PRIMER AND PROGRESSIVE 
READING BOOK. 

WITH AN INTERLINEAR TRANSLATION ; 

Preparatory to the Study of the Hebrew Scriptures, and containing the 
Elements of the Hebrew Language. Price 3s. 

*#* The present Hebrew Primer is strictly progressive, leading, by 
imperceptible steps, from the simplest elements to the most compound ; 
and though confined to illustrating the rules necessary for reading, the 
sentences and the subjoined Delectus are yet so digested as aptly to 
elucidate the rules of Grammar, should the teacher deem it expedient to 
superadd that study. 

Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, Paternoster Row. 



This is an excellent little book, admirably adapted to its purpose. 
From the lucid arrangement of the materials, and the approved method 
followed, Dr. Benisch has fully succeeded in removing the difficulties 
generally besetting the path leading to the acquisition of the sacred 
tongue ; and we are confident that the task of learning to read may now 
be accomplished in half the time required for this attainment according 
to the prevailing method. Moreover, the simplicity of the sentences 
selected, as well as their interlinear translation, render the reading 
lessons most profitable for the study of the language. 

There is one feature especially in it which entitles it to the particular 
notice of our teachers of Hebrew. The inattention to the accent with 
which our youth pronounce the Hebrew, is a real torture to the ear of 
the scholar. There is a euphony in Hebrew, as well as in all other 
languages ; and, moreover, the meaning of the words often entirely 
depends upon the proper placing of the accent. Why, then, should we 
treat with negligence in one language, that which, in the speaking of 
another, would be the mark of a neglected education, and often would 
entirely pervert the sense of the words ? Dr. B. has, in the little work 
before us, succeeded in obviating this difficulty, by marking in each 
word the proper place of the accent. Altogether, therefore, this pro- 
duction has our entire approbation, and we cordially hope it will meet 
with the success it fully deserves. — Jewish Chronicle.